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tiality; but the ambition of friends, and the dread on his part of reducing to lower habits one justly qualified to shine in more elevated spheres of life, produced a separation, &c. The longest poem is Chrysis and Euryalus, a pastoral; but we must quote from a song, which shews that the author is not yet dead to the impression of female charms, under the regulation of prudence and virtue.

'Tis not Harriet's brilliant eyes,

Full of nature, full of fire, Which delight, confound, surprize, Wake, and yet chastise desire; Nor her softly blushing cheek, Where Love sits in dimples sleek; Nor her bosom, gently swelling,

Where around the Graces play; Nor her shape, all shapes excelling, Conquering with resistless sway: But within that form enshrined

Are native goodness, native truth,
Honour,-gem of noblest kind,—

Guileless, unsuspecting youth.
Sensibility her heart,
Bleeding quick at others' smart.
The good there ever, calm Content,

Fond Affection's matchless power, Heaven their native element,

Plants of Eden's blissful bower, &c.

Lave, M.A. Fellow of St. John's College, and Curate of Barnwell, Cambridge. Fcp. 8vo. pp. viii. 203.-The matter of these sermons is solemn, and their style plain. The author, having been "laid aside from the exercise of his ministry," has selected and published some of his latest discourses as a memorial. The second subject, which is entitled The New Birth (and which appropriately follows that of Original Sin), might, we think, have been treated more clearly; for, as the author has alluded to the controversies which beset the subject, he should either have said more, or less. When, however, at p. 28, he observes, "The strong words used in our baptismal service. I cannot but believe are to be used in the judgment of charity," we would add, that this view of the case, though objected to by Mr. Gresley, has a very respectable supporter in Bishop Carleton. "Israel was called to be a people of God, yet all that were so called were not so in truth; so all that receive baptism are called the children of God, regenerate, justified, for to us they must be taken for such in charity, until they show themselves other." (See an Examination, &c. 1626, 4to. pp. 96-106.) All the sermons have not been preached, but some have been written for the occasion, in order to make the volume more complete as a series of discourses.

The Christian Student: designed to assist Christians in general in acquiring Religious Knowledge. With a full List of Books on Religion. By the Rev. E. Bickersteth. Fcp. 8vo. pp. xiv. 567.— This we consider to be the most important of Mr. Bickersteth's works-indeed to be the one with which he will go down to posterity. The present edition is the fourth, and it differs from the preceding ones both in respect of compression and addition. Since the last was published, new controversies have arisen, which deserve a notice, not only in the body of the work, but also in the list of books appended to it. Mr. B. is in favour of the student's possessing a good collection, though, as he justly observes, there are many books which in their nature belong rather to public than private libraries. The critical remarks are short but clear, and will often serve to guide the student in his choice. We wish they had been more numerous, as several books in which

we have looked for the author's opinion are merely mentioned, without any character being given. Occasionally additions might be made, but a list which would not leave room for some is scarcely to be expected.

A Memorial to bring to Remembrance. Twelve Sermons preached in Christ Church, Barnwell. By the Rev. J, D,

The Treatise of John Chrysostom, Patriarch of Constantinople, on the Priesthood. Translated by E. G. Marsh, M.A. Canon of Southwell, &c. 8vo. pp. vii. 234.-"This work," observes the translator," has been continually quoted and appealed to by all subsequent writers on the qualifications of ministers of the gospel." (p. iv.) It is the oldest production on the subject, and, to quote further, it seems therefore desirable that the English reader should be put in possession of it. The translator has prefixed an eulogistic preface, and subjoined some notes, the purpose of which is professedly to combat "But some of the doctrinal allusions. (as he candidly says) the main subject of inquiry, the spirit in which the holy office of the ministry ought to be undertaken, and the manner in which it ought to be discharged, constitutes the value of the work, and will amply repay a diligent perusal." (p. vii.)

Vigilantius and his Times. By W. S. Gilly, D.D. Canon of Durham, and Vicar of Norham. 8vo. pp. xiv. 488.-This volume may, in some respects, be regarded as the expansion of the article on Vigilantius, in the last edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, which was written by

Dr. Gilly, who has printed it in a pamphlet along with his articles on Valdo and the Valdenses. The nature of the augmentations and additions is indicated by the title, which though short is full of meaning," Vigilantius and his Times." The fourth century is the ground on which the principal part of our present controversies are being fought, though of course the first and the nineteenth are the positions which it is sought to win and to occupy. This volume may accordingly be regarded as a contra-pendant to Mr. New man's translations from Fleury, which embrace a main part of that period. Apart, however, from considerations of that kind, it is important on account of the subject. We know little of Vigilantius, and for that little we are chiefly indebted to his enemies, who have handed him down to us in the character of a schismatic. Not that their reports have been taken entirely upon trust, for his testimony as a remonstrant has been duly estimated by those to whom it is deservedly valuable. The object of Dr. Gilly is, to show that he was a person of irreproachable character (from the admissions of his enemies), that he opposed prevalent corruptions, and that he was the forerunner of the Valdenses, not merely in respect of doctrine, but also of locality. The memorials of Vigilantius are introduced by sketches of the lives and characters of Martin of Tours, Sulpicius Severus, Paulinus, and Jerome. We hardly know how to characterise the principal part of the account of Vigilantius, except by saying that it is a fictitious narrative composed of genuine materials. Conversations and reflections are introduced like the speeches in Greek and Roman historians; but the attempt, though based on real ground, is a hazardous one, and for our own part we would have preferred a skein in which there was less mixture of threads. Still the author has grouped together a collection of facts and opinions relating to the fourth century which the student of ecclesiastical history cannot neglect, without exposing himself to the charge, perhaps of the inward suspicion, of partiality. It would, we think, have been better to leave the anecdote given at p. 157 in the original Latin, not to add that at p. 147. At

p. 181, Thrason, we believe, should be Thraso. How the misprints came to be so numerous we do not ask; but some additional care will be necessary in the next edition.

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.

Dec. 10. Edmund Markham Heale, Commoner of Queen's, was elected to the vacant Boden Sanscrit Scholarship.

The Port-Latin Exhibition of 50%. at

A Selection from the University Sermons of August Tholucke, D.D. Translated from the German. 8vo. pp. viii. 223. The author of these sermons is professor of theology and preacher in the University of Halle, before which learned body they were delivered, and published under the title of "Sermons on the Chief Articles of Christian Faith and Practice." In this country he is principally known by his Commentary on the Romans, which has been commended as a whole, and attacked in detail, by the American Professor Moses Stuart. The translator is Lady Adeliza Manners, aided by the revision of the Rev. William Selwyn. In judging of a volume of sermons, we must do as Johnson did by Potter's translation of the tragedies of Eschylus, namely, read one, and accordingly we have taken the first, which treats of The substance of Preaching, and the disposition of the Preacher," on the words of 1 Cor. ii. 1-5. From this we augur favourably of the others; but there is one passage at p. 12, which some readers would think very fine, and which we think decidedly open to criticism. "The government of the world is given into that hand which was PIERCED." Now, for government to be given into a hand is a figurative expression, while the piercing of the hand is a real one, on which account we think the ideas are confused and the diction vicious, although, to do the writer justice, an important truth is contained in the sentence, namely, that He, whose hands were pierced as a criminal, is exalted as a ruler. The following simpler passage is more to our taste, in respect of language, and not the less impressive for its simplicity:-" The house, therefore, whose only foundation is human wisdom, is built upon the sand. It may stand in splendour, and be the wonder of all admirers, so long as the wind blows not; but how long does the wind remain still in this stormy troublesome life?" The allusion, as will at once be perceived, is to Matt. vii. 27.

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

St. John's College, has recently been adjudged to Charles Thomas Culvert.

The prizes at Trinity College have been adjudged as follow:

English Declamations.-"On Sympathy

among the different Classes of Society." 1. Grant. 2. Pownall. 3. Ingle. Latin Declamations. "Hannibalis, Pœnorum ducis, laudatio." 1. Holden. 2. Fussell.

Latin Verse. - Lyrics, "Tibur," Holden. Hexameters, "M. Curtius in voraginem desulturus," Mr. Macleane. Elegiacs, "Andromache Græcos orat ut parcant filio," Mr. Macleane.

English Essay." The Abuse of Political Theories," Hon. W. F. Campbell (eldest son of Lord Campbell).

Reading Prizes.-1. Rendall. 2. Grant. Essay (on the conduct and character of King William III.)-J. Holmes, B.A.

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V. The Porson prize for the present year is Shakspere, Hamlet, Act I. from the beginning of scene 3, to the words though none else near." The metre to be Tragicum Iambicum Trimetrum Acatalecticum.

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WESTMINSTER SCHOOL.

The comedy selected for performance this year was the Eunuchus of Terence. The characters were thus cast:-Phædria, W. L. Smith; Parmeno, T. G. Smart ; Thais, A. Pechell; Gnatho, F. H. Cooper; Charea, G. W. Randolph; Thraso, A. Merewether; Pythias, H. Ingram; Chremes, E. R. Glynn; Dorias, R. W. Cotton; Dorus, G. F. Brown; Sanga, W. G. Rich; Sophrona, W. Scratton; Laches, E. C. Burton; Simalio, H. V. Williams; Donax, R. Burton; Syriscus, R. W. Smart; Pamphila, H. R. Barker. The prologue was spoken by Mr. Randolph, as captain of the school. In the epilogue Gnatho was the principal character, having abandoned the trade of parasite, and taken up that of animal magnetist. PROLOGUS IN EUNUCHUM, 1844. Cessare nolunt Britones: nec pristinis Temporibus ille notus orbis sufficit. Ultra itur hodie; ulterius usque tenditur ; Fortasse mundus universus partibus Patebit amplioribus: fors et novas Ornabit artes purior scientia, Rerumque minuet pristinarum gloriam. At cur futura cogitamus inscii? Vos convenire, sicut antea, juvat Jam nunc Terenti gratiâ, his in ædibus, Sales Latinos Atticamque fabulam Probâstis, et probatis, et probabitis. Nec nos honorem non servamus illius Quod vindicamus unicè, cognominis, Reginæ alumnis scilicet comœdia Cura est Terentiana, sicut antea Stat umbra magni nominis Britannici. Jubente Elizâ fabulam hanc spectabitis ; Evi memoriâ gaudeatis pristini: Lenes alumnis sitis usque judices.

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Credulitas populi mihi lucro vertitur, astu Confiso accrescunt gloria, opesque simul. Par. Oh! hominem audacem! se tollere laudibus ipsum [rum ? Non pudet? at cessas, Phædria, adire viPh. Te jubeo salvere, Gnatho. Gn. Mi Phædria, salve, [urbe tui? Et tu. Ph. Quis novus hic rumor in Quid cœptas? Gn. Homines (nova enim est inventa facultas),

Mesmerizo. Ph. Atqui nomen id unde? Gn. Rogas? [ter, Mesmerus quidam fuit olim hâc arte magisGloria sollertis summa decusque gregis; Hunc sequor-et quæ sit Mesmerica, quantaque virtus,

Exemplis doceo præcipioque palam: Quod magis ut faciam, juvenis comes additur, in quem

Fiat opus: nomen classicum Alexin habet. Ph. Quæ tamen est virtus? Gn. Doctrinæ arcana profundæ, [pium : Num scrutaris? age, hoc accipe princiEst fluidum subtile aliquid, Magneticus humor,

Intima corporibus per loca ubique fluens : Hunc, duo quum coëunt unà vicina, trahendo

Utrumque alternâ datque capitque vice: Qualis ubi nebulæ concurrunt æthere in alto, Mox Jovis exprimitur flamma, micantqué poli! [lones, Par. Aut ubi concurrunt unà duo cum nebu Mox scelus exprimitur turpe, vigentque doli.

Gn. Vosne intelligitis? Rectè tunc, ære soluto, Spectantum ut circa turba parata sedet, Sto coram, fixoque oculo patientis in ore, Passibus alternis doque adimoque manum: Hinc fit ut, e nostro qui missus corpore manet Humor, in alterius transeat. Par. Ah! teneo, [illac, Rimarum plena est, nunc hâc nunc perfluit Qua pueri fixo tenditur ore manus! Gn. Non ita, sed tanquam lassus vigilare videtur; [genæ ; Fixis stant nervis membra, rigentque Quæ modo flectuntur motumque sequuntur agentis,

Ceu vento inclinat flos utrobique caput: Pungis acu, sentitque nihil; das vulnera

pugno,

Immotâ colaphos sustinet aure datos: Et queis sufficerent validi vix Herculis artus, Cruribus, extensis pondera vasta gerit. Par. Vulnera non sentit? Quam vellet, prælia campo

Dum gerit, affectus hos subiisse Thraso. Gn. Grandior interdum se res obtrudit, et ultrà

Humanum erumpit vivida vis animi. En! cæsis oculis clarè videt omnia! quicquid

Aut procul aut coram, pone superve jacet. Includas aliquid saxo, clausumve libellum

Tendas; rem, vocem, literulamve leget: Ligneus haud paries, neque murus aheneus obstat,

Par.

Quin acies animi prorsus acuta ruat: Oh monstrum! num Atque alia. quemvis quilibet actor [minime! Hac ratione potest afficere? Gn. Ah! Multa opus est-primum sit convenientia quædam

Mutua corporibus congruitasque animi. Par. Conveniunt? credo, nempe ut, qui credulus adsit,

Inducant fictis decipiantque dolis. Gn. Corporis humani multum valet ipsa habitudo,

Conditio, affectus, temperiesque valent: Spectantique fide est opus. Par. Hui! qui

quærere verum

Instituit, prius hunc visne adhibere fidem?

Gn. Sic jubeo Ph. Mihi mira quidem res esse videtur,

Sed dubito qui sit commoda, cuive bono? Gn. Oh! hominum cæcæ mentes! oh! degener

ætas!

Siccine tam celsas res tenuare decet? Non satis est jam grande aliquid magnumque videri

Aut pulchrum-ni mox utile inesse velis. Desine luctari-et quod non intelligis, artis Inscius, indignis hoc dubitare modis. Quin spectatum adeas-verum et dignoscere falso [cet.

Si cupis, ipse oculis experiare. Ph. PlaGn. Denique vos oro, vos qui spectatis amici, Dum colitis prisca moenia nostra fide: Vos jubeo reipsâ tentare, (quod artis origo Est nostra,) valeat quid benè mota manus: Sic modo consensus nobis Mesmericus adsit, Plaudite, et (extremâ voce) Valete, loquor,

ROYAL SOCIETY.

Nov. 30. This being St. Andrew's day, and the accustomed anniversary of the Royal Society, the President, the Marquess of Northampton, took the chair, and the royal gold medals were adjudged to Mr. G. Boole, of Lincoln, for a mathematical paper, entitled "On a new method in analysis;" and to Dr. Andrews, of Belfast, for a paper "On the thermal changes of basic substitutions." The gold Copley medal was awarded to Professor Matteucci, of Pisa, for his researches in animal electricity. The Duke of Hamil ton was elected a trustee of the Soane Museum on the part of the society. The following were elected as the officers and council of the society for the ensuing year, those in italics being the new members :-

President: The Marquess of Northampton. Treasurer: Sir J. W. Lubbock, Bart. Secretaries: Dr. Roget; S. H. Christie, esq. Foreign Secretary: J. F. Daniell, esq. Other Members of the Council: Dr. Bostock; W. Bowman, esq.; I. K. Brunel, esq.; Dr. Buckland; Sir W. Burnet; G. Dollond, esq.; The Dean of Ely; T. Graham, esq.; R. I. Murchison, esq.; R. Owen, esq.; Sir J. C. Ross, Capt. R.N.; Dr. Royle; Dr. Sharpey; J. Taylor, esq.; Rev. R. Walker; Lord Wrottesley.

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BOTANICAL SOCIETY.

Nov. 29. The eighth anniversary of this society took place, J. E. Gray, esq. F.R.S. President, in the chair. From the Report of the Council, it appeared that 17 members had been elected since the last anniversary, and that the society now consisted of 173 persons. The report of the Herbarium Committee stated that the Herbarium had been much increased by donations, and many valuable plants had been distributed; and that equally rare ones had been received, and would be distributed early in the ensuing year. On a ballot for the Council for the ensuing

year, the Chairman was re-elected President, and he nominated E. Doubleday, esq. F.L.S. and Dr. Bossey, Vice-Presidents. Mr. J. Reynolds, Mr. G. E. Dennes, F.L.S. and Mr. T. Sansom, A.L.S. were respectively re-elected Treasurer, Secretary, and Librarian.

CIVIL ENGINEERS.

The council of the institution of Civil Engineers have awarded the Telford medals and Walker premiums for 1844, the former to the first eleven :

trative of numerous papers read at the meetings.

To W. Fairbairn, for his paper on the properties of the iron ores of Samakoff (Turkey), &c. ;-to J. Murray, for his description and drawings of the removal of the lighthouse on the north pier at Sunderland; -to J. Bremner, for his papers on Pulteney Town harbour, Sarclet harbour, a new piling engine, and an apparatus for floating large stones for harbour-works;-to A. Murray, for his paper on the construction and proper proportions of steam boilers ;-to A. A. Croll, for his paper on the purification of coalgass, &c. ;-to J. Braidwood, for his paper and drawings descriptive of the means of rendering large supplies of water available in cases of fire, &c. ;-to J. Samuda, for his account of the atmospheric railway;to C. H. Gregory, for his paper on railway cuttings and embankments;-to Captain W. S. Moorsom, for his description and drawings of the Avon bridge at Tewkesbury;-to T. Grissell, for his description and model of the scaffolding used in erecting the Nelson Column ;-to C. Manby, secretary, for the translation and arrangement of the History of the Canal and Sluices of Katwyk, and the description of the works of the Amsterdam and Rotterdam Railway, by the Chev. Conrad.

The Walker premium to the eight following:-To the Chev. Conrad, for his description and drawings of the works of the Amsterdam and Rotterdam Railway; -to J. Leslie, for his description and drawings of the iron lock-gates of the Montrose docks;-to J. G. Thompson, for his description and drawing of the landslip in the Ashley cutting, Great Western Railway;-to J. Timperley, for his account of the building of the Wellington Bridge, Leeds ;—to G. W. Hemans, for his description and drawing of a wrought-iron lattice bridge on the Dublin and Drogheda Railway ;-to W. Evill, jun. for his description and drawings of the London terminus of the Eastern Counties' Railway;-to A. J. Dodson, for his description and drawings of the hydraulic traversing frame used on the Great Western Railway; to J. Forrest, jun. for his drawings and diagrams illus

ROYAL SOCIETY OF LITERATURE.

The session of this society for 184445 commenced on the 14th Nov. The first reading consisted of a further illustration of the Greek inscription on the stele of Xanthus, a copy of which, taken by the eye, together with the Lycian inscription on the same stele, was published in the last volume of the Society's Transactions. Colonel Leake, a letter from whom accompanied the plate, has subsequently had an opportunity of examining a cast of its surface, brought home by Mr. Fellows, the result of which has been various corrections in the reading of the epigram as formerly proposed. These corrections he submitted on the present occasion to the society in the form of a new version; but which, although differing from the former in several of the words and expressions, does not materially alter the sense of the epigram, or invalidate the general inferences deducible from this monument, as stated by him on the former occasion. The date of the monument appears, from the orthography and the form of the letters, to be of the first half of the 4th century before the Christian era. Asiatic Greek inscriptions of that early date are extremely rare, and the present document is the more interesting as there can be little doubt that the actions of the same son of Harpagus, recorded in the Greek epigram, formed the subject of the Lycian inscriptions, between two portions of which the Greek epigram occurs, and consequently that the Greek furnishes a key, though it is feared an insufficient one, to the decyphering of the Lycian. The presumed date of the stele of Xanthus affords strong reason for believing that the greater part of the monuments inscribed with Lycian characters, and found in various parts of Lycia, are of the 5th and 4th centuries The style of the sculptures found on many of them strongly confirms this supposition. It was in those ages that Lycia chiefly flourished, under the delegated authority of the Greek king, but enjoying those municipal and federal institutions for which Lycia was renowned as late as the reign of Augustus.

B. C.

A second reading followed, comprising the life of Walter Mapes, by Mr. Wright, written for the second volume of the Society's "Biographia Britannica," now in the press.

By the death of Mrs. Richards, widow of the Rev. Dr. Richards, of St. Martin's, a legacy of 5000/., left by her late husband, falls to the Royal Society of Litera

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