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taken to compile a detailed Report of fall of one of the parties by a rude in. the Canterbury Meeting, including scription on a stone of the boundary such papers at length as he can pro- wall of St. Augustine's Abbey, at the

In so doing the Committee place where the event occurred. It is probably think that he acts with some on a Caen stone, 7} inches each way, officiousness; but the measure is and is by the footpath leading from clearly the result of their remissness St. Martin's church to the vicinity of and deficiency. It ought to have been St. Gregory's Barracks, and is near arranged before the meeting that the a doorway now stopped up. papers should form an extra number Mr. Rooke was of a Kentish family of the Journal ; and, when it was found formerly of some note, and, according that their number and extent had out- to a printed pedigree, was buried at grown such limits, they would na. St. Paul's, Canterbury. turally have formed an octavo volume similar to that issued by the Historical Section of the Scientific Congress of France.

Nor can it be overlooked that the Archæological Album, announced by a London publishing firm, under the editorship of Mr. Wright, who acted as one of the Secretaries at the Can. terbury meeting, is taking up a field which might have been occupied with better effect by the Association itself, whose members would have received with greater satisfaction a series of engravings selected and sanctioned by the Committee at large, than the private work of any individual member, however able and experienced.

The above relic may be of little im. It must, I fear, be admitted that they portance; but the mention of St. Austill “manage these things better in gustine's Abbey affords an opportunity France,” as was suggested by your of referring to the gratifying subject of correspondent W. B. in your March its now being secured from further number; whose letter, though preli- spoliation by the recent purchase of minary to the active operations of the A. J. Beresford Hope, esq. M.P. The Association, may, even after the pre- rapid destruction of Ethelbert's tower sent experience, be perused with some within the precinct of the Abbey leaves advantage.

it doubtful how much longer these Yours, &c. D. H. ancient remains might otherwise have

survived. The above fabric, which MR. URBAN,

was a happy, indeed an almost unTHE stone of which a representa- rivalled, specimen of architecture, and tion is sent herewith, according to tra- which might have continued standing dition commemorates an unfortunate for many centuries, having been, as duel which formerly occurred at Can. Mr. Britton informs us in his Pictuterbury, between two officers of the resque Antiquities of English Cities, garrison. One of the victims of it much undercut to furnish materials to was killed on the spot; the other ex- be used in building a gentleman's pired as he passed an adjoining stile, house, fell down in part in 1824. The while withdrawing from the scene of remainder was pulled down, notwithcombat. Some friend recorded the standing the regret generally felt

at the destruction of so fine a mo* “The first part of the Archäological nument of antiquity, to avoid the exAlbum will be devoted to a detailed ac- pense which the adding a requisite count of the proceedings of that meeting, support by masonry would have occaand a description of the objects seen in the sioned. various excursions made on that occasion.”

Yours, &c. B. P. Prospectus.



The Dispatches and Letters of Lord anxious desire to perform his duty in

Viscount Nelson, Edited by Sir the noble and arduous service which Harris Nicolas. Vol. I.

he had chosen ; while the sterner and THIS work is executed with great greater qualities necessary for success professional knowledge, and exemplary in his professional career, were united diligence and care. Not only has Sir to much kindness and feeling in the H. Nicolas collected his materials from claims of domestic life, and to a warm every quarter that could afford them, and friendly regard to those connected but he has illustrated them by his own with him in the service. The letters intimate acquaintance with all that themselves are of more or less importcan bear on the subject; while the ance, according to the circumstances interest which he evidently takes both in which he was placed when each in the person and achievements of his was separately written. By persons hero, and of the profession to which belonging to the same profession prohe belonged, gives animation to the bably not one of them will be overwhole narrative. The work is dedi. looked, as they will all tend in a greater cated to Prince Albert ; and in a very or less degree to complete the general well-written preface Sir H. Nicolas portrait ; other readers, it may be informs us of the different sources from presumed, may not follow quite so which he has drawn the stream of his closely the entire narrative; but both biography. The letters in this volume will be rewarded according to the deextend from 1777 to 1794, including gree of attention they may give to the Nelson's services in the West Indies, subject ; the one, in having a fine model -his command of the Boreas-his of the finished seaman and naval comresidence in Norfolk when on half mander set before them for imitation pay-his subsequent appointment to and study; the other, in observing the ibe Agamemnon, and his station in the same character under a more general Mediterranean, terminating in the point of view, and remarking upon siege of Toulon, and the capture of what basis his professional superiority Bastia. The chief event in his do. has arisen, and what were those mental mestic life in the volume is his mar- and moral qualities which enabled riage with Mis. Nesbitt. His con- Nelson to pursue his career of glory fidential correspondents were Captain with such steady and unbroken lustre, Locker, his brother the Rev. W. Nel. to unite in himself all the great and son, and his future wife: the greater various qualities of a naval commander, part of his official correspondence is firmness of resolution without ob. with Lord Hood. The entire body of stinacy; undaunted and heroic courage this correspondence is so copious as to without weakness; in his conduct to give an almost uninterrupted detail of his officers and equals, friendship all the evente of his life- it is a picture without favouritism; and to his men, painted by his own hand-where kindness of manner without relaxation neither circumstances are omitted nor of discipline. We now give two or feelings concealed ; and, when the three specimens of those parts of the whole work is concluded, it will form letters which, being on familiar and one of the most interesting specimens personal subjects, will be the more of the autobiography of a great man generally interesting, and because the that we have in our language. The first admiration of the hero is always letters themselves are written in a succeeded by a desire of beholding him style and manner that display those in his more unguarded hours, in the qualities of Nelson which won for ordinary intercourse of life, and the him general attachment and esteem; upreserved intimacy of his family and perfect candourand simplicity-aclear- friends. ness of understanding and resolution 1782. To his brother. "I am much of will—a manliness of feeling, and an afraid poor Charles will wait a long while Gent. Mag. VOL. XXIII.


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with Mr. Ro before he gets promotion, my present feelings to operate on your for he is a great liar.

I wish I breast; only of this truth be convinced, could congratulate you on a rectory instead that I am your affectionate, of a vicarage; it is rather awkward wishing

" H. NELSON." the poor man dead, but we all rise by

In another letter, of Nov. 1785, deaths. I got my rank by a shot killing addressed to his uncle, Mr. Suckling, he a post-captain, and I most sincerely hope describes somewhat more particularly i sball, when

I go, go out of the world the the lady's uncle, and their pecuniary same way. Then we go all in the line of our profession, a parson praying, a captain expectations. We dwell on this point, fighting. I suppose you are returned from

as the marriage of a hero to an angel Hillborough before this, and have taken (and who is not an angel in a hero's Miss Ellen and the living," &c.

eyes at 22 with 20,000l. fortune,) is

too great an event to be slightly We must follow this by giving the passed over. first letter he wrote to the lady who

“ Herbert is very rich and very proud ; was to be his wife ; a curious com

he has an only daughter and this niece, mentary on it will probably appear in who he looks upon in the same light, if the subsequent volumes.

not higher. I have lived at his house

when at Nevis in June last, and I am a 1785, Sept. “ Indeed, my dear Fanny, great favourite of his. I have told him I I had buoyed myself up with hope that am as poor as Job; but he tells me he the admiral's schooner would have given likes me, and I am descended from a good me a line from you, but the tidings she family, which his pride likes ; but he also brought of the release of poor Mrs. Her- says, “Nelson, I am proud, and I must bert (her aunt) from this world, sufficiently live like myself, therefore I can't do much apologize for your not thinking of an in my life-time. When I die she shall absentee. Yet this believe from my heart, have twenty thousand pounds, and if my that I partake in all the sorrows you ex- daughter dies before me she shall possess perience; and I comfort myself that, how the major part of my property. I intend ever great your grief at this moment may going to England in 1787, and remaining be, at losing a person who was

so de

there my life ; therefore if you two can servedly dear to you as your good aunt, live happily together till that event takes yet, when reason takes place, you must place, you have my consent. This is ex. rather have pleasure in knowing she is re- actly my situation with him, and I know leased from those trials she had undergone the way to get him to give the most is not for months past. Time ever cures, and in to appear to want it. Thus circumstanced, the present instance I trust may have a who can I apply to but you ? The regard tendency to soothe grief into a pleasing re- you have ever expressed leads me to hope membrance ; and her unspotted character you will do something. My future happi. must afford you real comfort. Call re- ness, I give you my honour, is now in ligion to your aid ; and it will convince

your power. If you cannot afford to give you that her condition in this world was me anything for ever, you will, I am sure, such as to ensure everlasting happiness trust to me, that if ever I can afford it I in that which is to come. I have received will return it to some part of our family, a letter from Mr. Herbert, in answer to I think that it will be best to give her two that which I left at Nevis for him. My or three hundred a year during her life, greatest wish is to be united to you, and and if you will either give me, I will call the foundation of all conjugal happiness, it-I think you will do it-either one real love and esteem, is, I trust, what you hundred a year for a few years, or a thoubelieve I possess towards you. I think sand pounds, how happy you will make Mr. Herbert loves you too well not to let a couple who will pray for you for ever. you marry the man of your choice, although Don't disappoint me, or my heart will he may not be so rich as some others, break ; trust to my honour to do a good provided his character and station in life turn for some other person if it's in my render such an union eligible. I declare power. I can say no more," &c. solemnly that, did I not conceive I had the

This is followed by a letter in which full possession of your heart, no considera. tion should make me accept your hand.

there is a singular mixture of different We know that riches do not always ensure

ardent spirits, viz. of love and rum; happiness, and the world is convinced

and then another, beginning, “ Sepathat I am superior to pecuniary con

rated from you, what pleasure can I siderations in my public and private life, feel? all my bappiness is centred in as in both instances I might have been thee.In August 1786 he tells Mrs. rich. But I will have done, leaving all Nisbett “his heart yearns for her ;"

but in the meanwhile, his uncle Mr. however remored, when Lord Hood inSuckling had given him the hundred troduced me to him. There was some. a-year, and then he says, “that no. thing irresistibly pleasing in his address thing but reciprocity is equal to convey and conversation; and an enthusiasm his feelings;" which shows how sina

when speaking on professional subjects, gularly intense they must have been. Nelson after this went with us to the

that showed he was no common being. After this a considerable period passes, West Indies, and served under Lord and we hear no more of the workings Hood's flag, during bis indefatigable of the tender passion, except a stray cruize off Cape François. Throughout sentence in a letter to his brother in the whole of the American war, the 1787—" Marriage is not a thing to height of Nelson's ambition was to combe hastily entered into :” but This mand a line of battle ship; as for prizeadage was soon wiped out of his mind money, it nerer entered his thoughts, he by a brush from Cupid's wing, for we had always in view the character of his find in a note that in March of the maternal uncle. I found him sincerely atsame year he was married to Mrs. he had the honour of the King's service

tached to my father, and singularly humane; Nisbett, and Prince William, gave and the independence of the British navy away the bride. When the Boreas particularly at heart ; and his mind glowed was paid off, Nelson and his lady re. with this idea as much when he was sided at the parsonage in Norfolk, simply Captain of the Albemarle, and had and Mrs. Nelson used to go out obtained none of the bonours of his country, bird's-nesting in the woods, as ladies as when he was afterwards decorated in town ride in the park. Some few with so much well-earned distinction." quiet years glided away in these Vide Minutes of a Conrersation with the charming and primitive pursuits ; Duke of Clarence at Bushy Park, gc. Nelson was then appointed to the Now let us compare this with Agamemnon, and went to the Medi- another picture, drawn by a female terranean, and his wife there received hand. Mrs. Nisbett, afterwards Visfrom him the pleasing intelligence, countess Nelson, received the following " that Lady Hamilton has been won. account of her future husband, in a derfully kind and good; she is a young letter from a lady; this was in 1785. woman of amiable manners, and “We have at last seen the Captain of who does honour to the station in the Boreas, of whom so much has been which she is raised.” Not wishing said. He came up just before dinner, to impair the effect of this handsome much heated, and was very silent, yet and just eulogy, we must for the pre- seemed, according to the old adage, to sent finish our pleasing task, hoping think the more. He declined drinking soon to follow the biographer's future any wine; but after dinner, when the footsteps with our own.

President as usual gave the following We must conclude with the follow- Family—and Lord Hood, this strange

toasts-the King, the Queen, and Royal ing portrait of Nelson, drawn by a

man regularly filled his glass, and ob. Royal hand, such as he appeared to served, that those were always bumper Prince William in the year 1783. toasts with him ; which having drunk, he

I was then a Midshipman on board uniformly passed the bottle, and relapsed the Barfleur, lying in the Narrows off into his former taciturnity. It was imStaten Island, and bad the watch on

possible during this visit for any of us to deck, when Captain Nelson, of the Albe.

make out his real character, there was marle, came in his barge alongside, who such a reserve and sternness in his be. appeared to be the merest boy of a captain haviour, with occasional sallies, though I ever beheld ; and his dress was worthy of very transient, of a superior mind. Being attention : he had on a full laced unis placed by him, I endeavoured to rouse form ; bis lank unpowdered hair was tied his attention, by sbewing him all the in a stiff Hessian tail, of an extraordinary little more than yes or no. If you, Fanny,

civilities in my power; but I drew out length; the old fashioned flaps of his waistcoat added to the general quaintness made something of him, for you bave been

had been there, we think you would have of bis figure, and produced an appearance which positively attracted my notice, for I in the habit of attending to these odd sort had never seen anything like it before, of people,” &c. p. 133, note. por could I imagine who he was, nor what he came about; my doubts were

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The Life, Progress, and Rebellion of friendships, just to his word, and an utter

James Duke of Monmouth, &c. By enemy to all sorts of cruelty; As to his
George Roberts. 2 vols.

failings, we may say of him that he was a THERE has been so much diligence courtier of the reign of Charles II. when used in the composition of this work,

all the upper classes attained a height of so much investigation, local and

profligacy now happily unknown. The

personal, into all the facts relating to the excusable, and the worst feature in the

treatment of his wife was altogether insubject, that it will be consulted by Duke's conduct. all future historians, and referred to by all those whose curiosity is directed

“ One of the most conspicuous features to the interesting period to which it in the Duke's character seems to have refers. Mr. Roberts has pursued the been a remarkable, and, as some think, a duty of an historian, in being minute culpable degree of flexibility. That such without tediousness, and lively without a disposition is preferable to its opposite exaggeration. The history is that of extreme, will be admitted by all who think an ill-educated, weak, and wayward that modesty, even in excess, is more child, who grew up amid the dattery nearly allied to wiedom than conceit or of courtiers, the indulgence of royalty, self-sufficiency. He who has attentively the intrigue of parties, and the malice considered the political, or, indeed, the of enemies, ignorant of himself and general courses of life, may possibly go

still further, and rank a willingness to be of others; embarking without fore

convinced, or, in some cases, even without sight or preparation in the most conviction, to concede our own opinion to hazardous of all enterprises, which that of other men, among the principal required for its success much more ingredients in the composition of prudent wisdom, experience, and firmness than wisdom. Monmouth had suffered this he was possessed of, as was shown a flexibility, so laudable in many cases, to few years later in the enterprise of the degenerate into a habit, which made him Prince of Orange. The author says

often follow the advice, or yield to the of him (and we give this as a specimen entreaties, of persons whose characters by of the manner in which the book is

no means entitled them to such preference. written),

The sagacity of Shaftesbury, the honour

of Russell, the genius of Sidney, might, “ The eclat of the Duke's first ap- in the opinion of a modest man, be safe pearance at court, the beauty of his person, and honourable guides. The partiality of and the natural endowments, and most en.

his friendship, and the conviction of his gaging manners for exciting popular favour, firm attachment, might be some excuse which he possessed, have been described. for his listening so much to Grey; but The absence of a regular education has he never could, at any period of his life, been mentioned ; a want which the Duke have mistaken Ferguson for an honest map. felt, and which he sought to remove during There is reason to believe that the advice a period which disgrace at court afforded. of the two last-mentioned persons had This golden opportunity his mode of life great weight in persuading him to the rarely allowed. How truly may we say of unjustifiable step of declaring himself this leader of a great party,

King.” His hours fill'd up with riots, banquets, Such are the words and the opinion sports ;

of Mr. Fox, which to our minds preAnd never noted in him any study, sent a clear and satisfactory view of Any retirement, any sequestration the subject, and which are, therefore, From open haunts and popularity.

very properly inserted by the author “How many would have been spoilt by in his work. By thus adding to his the adulation of a court in which they own researches the reasonings and appeared as idols! Few would have been conclusions of other writers, Mr. proof against the flattery to which snch a

Roberts has been able to take such a position exposed them. Apart from edu. cation, the Duke of Monmouth's abilities comprehensive view of Monmouth's

character and actions as will enable were, if not of the first rate, by no means contemptible. He had the art of inspiring the reader to follow him with pleasure, those who followed him not only with con- and to pursue the inquiry into more fidence and esteem, but with affection, particular details than a general history enthusiasm, and even fondness. He was would afford. brave, generous, affable, constant in his

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