Obrazy na stronie


It was left by Anthony, who died un- ments; on his right hand stands (but married, to his brother Francis, after- whether or no on a rock I have forgot) wards Viscount St. Alban's.

King Henry 4th of France, in armour; Among the other scientific studies

and on his left hand the King of Spain in

like manner. of that illustrious philosopher, archi

These figures are (at least) tecture was one *; and, soon after he

as big as the life : they were done only

with umber and shell gold, and the shabecame possessed of Gorhambury, he

dowed umber as in the figures of the Gods amused his leisure hours by some vi

on the doors of Verulam House (which is sionary plans for restoring the ancient noticed hereafter]. The roof of this city of Verulam; but it does not ap- Gallery is semi-cylindrical, and painted pear that he proceeded further in that by the same hand. In the Hall is a large scheme than as a speculation, and story very well painted of the Feasts of subject of couversation for the amuse- Gods; where Mars is caught in a net by ment of his friends. His attention

Vulcan. On the wall, over the chimney, was more urgently required for the is painted an oak, with acorns falling

from it: the motto NISI QVID POTIvs. repair of Gorhambury, which had fallen into considerable decay since

And on the wall over the table is painted

Ceres teaching the sowing of corn, the the death of his father. Of his works

motto MONITI MELIORA, there an interesting account is given “ The Garden is large, which was (no by Aubrey, who visited Gorhambury doubt) rarely planted and kept in his in 1656, but who appears to have as- Lordship's time. Here is a handsome sigoed indiscriminately every feature door which opens into Oak Wood: over to the son, forgetting that his father the door in golden letters on blue six Sir Nicholas had been the original

The oaks of this wood are very builder and adorner of the place :

great and shady. His Lordship much

delighted himself here: * under every " In the Portico, which fronts the

tree he planted some fine flower, some south, to every arch, and as big as the

whereof are there still, viz. pæonies, tuarch, are drawn by an excellent hand (but lips. From this wood a door opens into the mischief of it is, in water-colours,)

a place as big as an ordinary park, the curious pictures, all emblematical, with

west part whereof is coppice wood; where mottos under each: for example, one I

are walks cut out as straight as a line, and remember, as a ship tossed in a storm,

broad enough for a coach, a quarter of a the motto, ALTER ERIT TUM TIPhys.

mile long or better. Here his Lordship “ Over this Portico is a stately Gallery, much meditated, his servant Mr. Bushell whose glass windows are all painted, and attending him with his pen and ink, to set every pane with several figures of beasts, down his present notions. birds, or flowers: † perhaps his Lordship I

“ The east of this park, which extends might use them as topics for local me

to Verulam House, was in his Lordship's mory. The windows look into the gar- prosperity a paradise, now a large ploughed den; the side opposite to them no win

field. It consisted of several parts ; some dow, but is hung all with pictures at

thickets of plum trees, with delicate walks, length, as of King James, his Lordship,

some raspberries.

Here was all manner and several illustrious persons of his time. of fruit trees that would grow in EngAt the end you enter is no window; but land, and a great number of choice forest there is a very large picture. In the

trees, as the whitti t tree, sorbe, cervice, middle on a rock in the sea stands King

&c. The walks, both in the coppices and James in armour, with his regal orna- other boscages, were most ingeniously de

signed. At several good views were * Miss Grimston has included in her erected elegant summer-bouses, well built volume a copy of Bacon's Essay on Build.

of Roman architecture, well wainscoted ing, as he is supposed in it to have partly and ceiled, yet standing, but defaced.” given a description of his own house at Gorbambury :

: accompanying it, however, * In his pecuniary distress, Lord St. with the remark, that the resemblance is Alban's sold all the property attached to very trifling, the House in the Essay being Gorhambury except the Park and Manor, of larger and loftier dimensions.

saying (with a figure adopted from his † Miss Grimston gives drawings of the favourite trees,) " he would top the painted glass.

branches to save the trunk." But when * i. e. Viscount St. Alban's. Aubrey it was suggested to him to sell the Oak refers all the ornaments to his taste : and Wood itself, he replied that he would not he certainly appears to have added mate. part with his feathers. rially to those of the original building,

t Withy? mountain ash. West,

“ Verulam House” was a summer The upper part of the uppermost door on residence which Lord Bacon was in- the east side had inserted into it a large duced to erect near the Fishponds, at looking-glass, with which the stranger was the north-eastern extremity of the park, very gratefully deceived: for, after he had

been entertained a pretty while with the on account of the deficiency of water at Gorhambury, saying that, “ If the

prospects of the Ponds, Walkes, and

country which the dore faced, when you water could not be brought to the

were about to return into the room, one house, he would bring the house to

would have sworn primo intuitu that he the water.” It no longer exists, but had beheld another prospect through the the description which Aubrey has pre- house, for as soon as the stranger was served of it will be found very curious landed on the balconie the concierge that and interesting :

shewed the house would shut the doore to . It was the most ingeniously contrived putt this fallacy on him with the lookinglittle Pile that ever I saw. (I am sorry


“ This was his Lordship's summer that I measured not the front and breadth; house ; for he says, one should have seats but I little suspected it would be pulled for Summer and Winter, as well as down for the sake of the materials.) No

cloathes. question but his Lordship was the chiefest

“ From hence to Gorhambury is about architect; but he had for his assistant a

a little mile, the way easily ascending, favourite of his (a St. Alban's man) Mr. hardly so acclive as a desk. From hence Dobson, who was his Lordship's right to Gorhambury in a straite line lead three hand, a very ingenious person (Master of parallel walkes : in the middlemost three the Alienation Office), but he spending coaches may passe abreast; in the wing his estate luxuriously, necessity forced his

walkes two. They consist of severali son William Dobson to be the most excel stately trees of the like growth and height: lent Painter that England hath yet bred. viz. elme, chesnut, beach, hornebeame, “ This house did not cost less than

Spanish ash, cervice-tree, &c. whose nin e or ten thousand the building. There

topps doe afforde from the walke on the were good chimney-pieces; the rooms

house the finest shew that I have seen, very loftie, and were very well wain

and I saw it about Michaelmas, at which scoted. There were two bathing-rooms

time of the yeare the colours of leaves are or stuffes," whither his Lordship retired of

most varied. afternoons as he saw cause. The tunnells

The figures of the Ponds were thus of the chimneys were carried into the

[here probably was a plan in the MS.] middle of the house, and round about

They were pitched at the bottoms with them were seats. The top of the house

pebbles of severall colours, which were was well leaded. From the leads was a

workt into severall figures, as of fishes, lovely prospect to the Ponds, which were

&c. which in his Lordship's time were opposite to the north-east side of the house,

plainely to be seen through the cleare and were on the other side of the stately walke of trees that leads to Gorhambury

water, now overgrown with flagges and

rushes. If a poor bodie had brought his House, and also over that long walke of Lordship halfe a dozen pebbles of a cutrees whose topps afford a most pleasant va

rious colour, he would give them a shilriegated verdure resembling the works in ling, so curious was he in perfecting his Irish stitch. The Kitchen, Larder, Cel: Fishponds, which I guess doe contain lar, &c. are under ground. In the middle

four acres.

In the middle of the middleof this house was a delicate staire-case of

most pond, in the Island, is a curious wood, which was curiously carved, and

Banquetting-house of Roman architecon the posts of every interstice was some

ture, paved with black and white marble, prettie figure, as of a grave divine with

covered with Cornish slate, and neatly his book and spectacles, a mendicant friar,

wainscoted," &c. not one thing twice. Mem. On the the doors of the upper storie on the out.

Gorhambury was left by Lord Baside (which were painted dark umber) were

con to his faithful friend Sir Thomas figures of the gods of the Gentiles, viz. on Meautys, who had married Anne, the the south dore 2d storie was Apollo, on daughter and heiress of his half-broanother Jupiter with his thunder-bolt, and ther Sir Nicholas Bacon, of Culford, bigger than the life, and done by an excel- Suffolk. The same lady was married lent hand ; the heightnings were of batch- secondly to Sir Harbottle Grimston, ings of gold, which when the sun shown and thus Gorhambury came into the on them made a glorious shew. Mem. possession of the family which now

enjoys the title of Earl of Verulam * i, e, stoves.

The old house continued to be occu.

pied until about sixty years ago, when Offa. Mr. Post has so fairly and the present mansion was built on a judiciously investigated and comnew site from the designs of Sir Ro- mented on this point, as to clearly bert Taylor ; and a view of it as it shew it to be untrue, as I always appeared shortly before it was relin- thought, quished will be found in Pennant's I differ with Mr. Post's explanation Tour from London to Chester, pl. X. of Richard of Cirencester's 15th Iter, aod in Nichols's Progresses of Queen as far as respects the distance from Elizabeth.

“Anderida Portu" “Ad Lemanum,"

which he says is 25 miles; and in the MR. URBAN,

Dec. 6. commentary upon Richard's Itinerary IT is natural I should feel an it certainly would appear so; but, if interest in any thing that is said about we turn to the Itinerary as given by the site of Anderida ; but, as I have him, there evidently appears a blank already occupied and have been the between those two places ; so that the occasion of occupying some portion 25 miles Ad Lemanum was from of your columns* upon that subject, some other point many miles, I say, to I am unwilling to trespass further the east of Anderida. As this Iter is upon them. However, I feel con- generally otherwise correct, in my strained to make one or two remarks, opinion, I am strongly induced to be. which I shall do very briefly, upon lieve, as I have before stated in another the observations of the Rev. Beale place, that it proceeded by sea from Post, contained in your last Magazine, Portus Anderidæ to some place withon the site of the station in question. in 25 miles of Lemanus, wherever

As Mr. Post does not allude to the that was. Mr. Post does not seem opinion of its having been at Arundel, to contradistinguish the “Anderida I conclude he has not seen the little Portus" of the 15th Iter from the essayt which has been published on Anderida" of Richard's, Lib. 1, the subject. His observations are, cap. 6, and of his 17th Iter. They generally, of a negative character; that were not one and the same place, as is, tending to shew that Anderida was I have explained in my communicanot at Neroenden: and, in doing this, tion in your Magazine of May, 1843. he has well investigated those au- This distinction has not been observed, thorities which have been made use that I am aware of, by any of our of (but untruly stated or interpreted Antiquaries. and distorted) to bolster up Camden's Upon the whole, I am much pleased opinion that this station was there— with Mr. Post's observations, as they a conclusion that I have for many lead me to place Anderida at Arundel years been opposed to.

with redoubled confidence. I feel something like indignation

Yours. &c.

J. P. when an author conveys a mere opinion in language that induces one to consider it a fact: thus Camden, in

MR. URBAN, Abingdon, Berks,

Sept. 9. speaking of Newenden, says, that I HAVE lately seen an engraving "under Edward the First a town in the possession of the Vicar of sprung up, and, with respect to the more Marcham, in this county, which afancient one, began to be called New- fords a curious instance of the use of enden." So far from this being the the collar of SS. case, Newenden was the name of the It is an engraving by George Vertue, place at the time of Domesday Book, of a portrait, by Raphael, of Baltazar namely, two centuries earlier.

Castiglione, Count of Castiglione, the Harris and Hasted say, or one of author of the famous treatise, entitled, them says, that Newenden was given Il Cortigiano. The portrait itself is by the name of Andred to the monks not remarkable, but at the foot of it or Archbishop of Canterbury, by King there are the arms of the Castiglione

family surmounted by a foreign coroSee Gent. Mag. for April, May, and net, and surrounded by a collar of June, 1843, and April 1844.

ss, from which is suspended a rose Fragmenta Antiquitatis, No. 1. between two portcullises. Hughes, St. Martin's le Grand, 1843, The question arises, How can we account for the use of that ornament History of the Order of the Garter, in this particular instance ?

lays it down that the gold collar of In the Heralds' Visitation of Berks SS. is the undoubted badge of a knight, in 1623, is the following account of although he adds, that in his time it the Castilion family.

had fallen into disuse. This portrait This antient and illustrious Italian is therefore remarkable as a comfamily settled in Berkshire, in con- paratively recent instance of the use sequence of a grant from Queen Eliza- of the collar as a badge of knighthood. beth, in 1565, to John Baptist de Cas- Perhaps some of your learned cortilion, of the honour of Speen and respondents may be willing to throw Benham, as a reward for his sufferings light on this subject, which seems to in her cause before she came to the me worthy of their notice. Crown. She likewise granted to him Yours, &c. George Bowyer. the Canton ermine, as an augmentation of the antient arms, (Gules, a castle argent, on the top of a demi

(Letter continued from Nov. p. 496.) lion rampant.)”

MR. URBAN, I am informed that there is a small AS my remarks in your November 4to. vol. in the possession of the Rev. number on the Canterbury meeting of H. Randolph, Rector of Letcombe the British Archæological Association * Basset, entitled, Elogi di alcuni Per- were cut short in a manner which I sonaggi della famiglia Castiglione, did not contemplate, (but which I can printed at Mantua 1606. This copy readily imagine was occasioned by the has the autograph of Sir Francis Case lateness of the period at which I adtilion, to whom it was sent over in dressed you,) allow me to repeat that 1610 by his cousin Count Baltazar the remarks which I bave still to make Castiglione.

are actuated by the sincerest wishes These data shew the connection ex- for the prosperity of the institution ; isting between the Italian family of and, though they may appearless Castiglione and the Berkshire Cas- favourable than those which you have tilions, which affords ground for a done me the honour already to pubconjecture tending to explain the use lish, and consequently may be less acof the collar of SS. round the arms of ceptable to some readers, yet they are Count Baltazar. If the arms were

not offered with a less cordial desire those of the English branch, the diffi

for the advancement of the main purculty would be diminished; but the poses proposed by the Association. absence of the Canton ermine, and the In the first place, then, in the event use of the coronet, shew that the coat of another meeting, (and I am informed belongs to the Italian house.

that it is now determined that the We must resort to some other ex- meeting of 1845 shall be at Winplanation. It is not improbable that chester,) I would suggest that the the eminent Italian, Baltazar Cas- Sections should be real, and not no. tiglione, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth, and that for this reason Vertue

* Allow me one more remark on the represented his arms surrounded with

strictures of the Athenæum, in a point the English Collar of Knighthood. which especially proves either the unfairI attribute this ornament to Vertue

ness or the ignorance of the writer. He and not to Raphael, because I believe has chosen to print the title of the asso. there is no instance of the latter artist ciation thus-the British Archæological painting a portrait with a coat of arms Association,” as if it had been formed for and accessories such as are to be seen

exciusive attention to British Archæology. in the engraving.

Surely the blindness was wilful that did

not choose to see that the distinctive It is also possible, that Vertue added the collar of Ss. to the Italian coat epithet is the second; and that, if Italic

letters must be used, it is “ The British out of compliment to the knightly Archæological Association,” so named for house of Castilion of Benham.

the same reason as that for wbich it was But, however this may be, it is formed, namely, because the “ British Asclear that the collar can in this in- sociation " had not, like the continental stapce have been used only as a badge associations for the promotion of science, of knighthood. Ashmole, in his any Archæological Section.

minal. I need not explain my mean- range the disposal of their time to ing further than to say it is, that the their personal satisfaction, will preexample of the British Association pare them for the subjects intended for should be more closely imitated and discussion, and will further the obfollowed out.

ject of mutual co-operation. At Canterbury the Committees of There is another matter which does Sections varied, but in other respects not appear to have yet received the the assemblings consisted of the Asso. attention which was its due, though it ciation at large. They were all held in affects not merely those who are perone room, and consequently each sonally interested in the annual meet. Section was subject to the arrange- ing, but the still larger body of the ments of the rest. The result was that Association who are unable to attend. time did not suffice for the introduc- It appears that this year no provision tion of all the papers that were offered. was made for the publication of the

Larger powers should be entrusted essays and communications produced to the officers of Sections. Having at Canterbury, and the consequence their distinct places of meeting, they is, that the Association has lost that should be able to adjourn, and meet record which would have been the again, as the subjects offered for their most permanent testimony of its value consideration might require. Above and utility. all, their Secretaries should not only The third Number of the Archæ. have the power, but should be re- ological Journal contains a very sumquired, by themselves or deputies (if mary Report of the Meeting, in some unavoidably absent), to convene their respects less perfect than that given in Committees to preliminary meetings, your own pages, Mr. Urban, and not and not deem it sufficient that such attempting, in various cases, anything meeting, and only one such meeting, like an abstract of the papers produced. should take place a bare half-hour before In the mean time, the Essays themthe opening of the Section, or even selves have been dispersed to various (as in one instance it happened at other vehicles of publication, or withCanterbury,) to supersede such meet- drawn altogether. Some of them it ing altogether by keeping the papers seems have been handed over to the communicated in a private portfolio Society of Antiquaries,* and will be until the time for the Section has ar- preserved in the Archæologia, having rived. In such case the province of first contributed to the evening readings the Sectional Committee is usurped by of that body—a circumstance which the Secretary.

ought to excite the “ Fellows," with a On the distribution of the Sections becoming pride, to at least a corinto Primeval, Medieval, Historical, respondent supply of original papers. and Architectural, I do not hestitate Mr. C. R. Smith has published one to say that I think it might be much essay t in his Collectanea Antiimproved. Notwithstanding Arch. qua, a work of limited circulation ; deacon Burney's definition of “Medi- whilst a provincial bookseller (Mr. eval," it cannot be other than an arbi. Dunkin, of Dartford,) has undertrary distinction, and, together with " Primeval,” will remain ambiguous. # If these bodies are to work in conTo the Historical and Architectural cert, it is to be regretted that the AssociaSections, themselves unexceptionable, tion should have given a place in the third might be added others on definite Part of their Journal to Mr. Dyke's paper branches of research, and if they met on the Preceptory at Garway in Herefordat the same time, but at different shire, inasmuch as it anticipates Mr. places, they would neither jostle one

Webb's memoir on the same subject, another, nor yet, if their own streams

which was presented to the Society at an ran dry, prevent their attendants from

earlier date (May 23, Gent. Mag. June, joining a Section more busily em

p. 635), but cannot appear in the Archæo.

logia until next St. George's day, when it ployed. Above all, preliminary an

will probably be found to supersede both nouncements of what is proposed to be

in substance and in illustrations the article done, made by affixing notices to the and engravings adopted by the Association. doors of the Meeting-rooms, will at + On the place of Cæsar's Landing in once enable those who attend to ar- Britain, by the Rev. Beale Post.

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