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panying Plate. Over the arch, en- lowing lines, written by Sir Nicholas graved on grey marble, were the fol. himself:





From the Porch an ascent of four or

DE AMICITIA. [1.] five steps led to the upper end of the In amico admonendo, melius est sucHall. In the centre of the lower end cessum, quam fidem deesse. Omnia cum was a door of carved oak which led to amico delibera : sed de ipso, prius. a suite of apartments, occupying the

DE AMORE. [1.] left-hand, or western, side of the qua

Amor, insana amicitia : illius affectus : drangle, and consisting of an eating. istius ratio, causa : at ea sola amicitia durat, room, a small anti-chamber, and a cui virtus basis est. drawing-room. On the opposite side were several other rooms, and a small

Over a gate leading into the orchard, hall called the Armour hall. Behind

which had a garden on one side and a the hall was a second court, surrounded wilderness on the other, under the by the offices.

statue of Orpheus stood these verses : The Gallery was panneled with oak,

Horrida nuper eram aspectu latebræque fegilt in compartments, with Latin in

Ruricolis tantum numinibusque locus. scriptions over each. In the Royal

Edomitor fausto huc dum forte supervenit OrCollection of MSS. at the British Mu.


Ulterius qui me non sinit esse rudem; seum (17 A XXII.) is a volume con- Convocat, avulsis virgulta virentia truncis, taining copies of these inscriptions, Sicque mei cultor, sic est mihi cultus et Or

Et sedem quæ vel Diis placuisse potest. beautifully written on fourteen oblong pheus : leaves of vellum, in gold letters upon

Floreat () noster cultus amorque diu ! various coloured grounds. The first In the Orchard was a little Ban. page contains a very beautiful illumi- queting-house, adorned with great cunation of the arms of Joanna Lady riosity, having the Liberal Arts beauLumley* the heiress of the Earls of tifully depicted on its walls; over them Arundel, with this superscription : the pictures of such learned men as

Syr Nicholas Bacon Knyghte to his had excelled in each; and under them very good ladye the Ladye Lumley sendeth verses expressive of the benefits dethis."

rived from the study of them. These At the head of the next page is the

verses, and the names of those whose following title:

pictures were there placed, follow: “ Sentences painted in the Lorde Kep

GRAMMAR. ars Gallery at Gorhambury, and selected Lex sum sermonis, linguarum regula certa,

Qui me non didicit cætera nulla petat. by him owt of divers authors, and sent to the good Ladye Lumley at her desire." Donatus, LILLY, Servius, and PRISCIAN.

ARITHMETIC. The sentences themselves, which are

Ingenium exacuo, numerorum arcana recludo, thirty-seven in number, and each bear.

Qui numeros didicit quid didicisse nequit. ing à title, as De sumMO BONO, DE STIFELIUS, BUDÆUS, PYTHAGORAS. AMBITIONE, are transcribed in Miss

LOGIC. Grimston's book; and we believe fac

Divido multiplices, res explanoque latentes, similes of some of them have been

Vera exquiro, falsa arguo, cuncta probo. published by Mr. Henry Shaw, F.S.A.

ARISTOTLE, RODOLPH, PORPHYRY, SETON. The two following are specimens :

MUSIC. and they are given because they were

Mitigo mærores, et acerbas lenio curas, omitted (no doubt accidentally) by Gestiat ut placidis mens hilarata sonis. Miss Grimston.

ARIAN, TERPANDER, ORPHEUS. Some notices of the literary pursuits

RHETORIC. of Joanna Lady Lumley will be found in

Me duce splendescit, gratis prudentia verbis,

Jainque ornata nitet quæ fuit ante rudis. the Gentleman's Magazine, Vol. CIII. ii.




tertainment on this occasion are preCorpora describo rerum, et quo singula pacto served ; except the remark which her Apte sunt formis appropriata suis.

Majesty made on first surveying the ARCHIMIDES, EUCLID, STRABO, APOLLONIUS.

mansion. It appears to have been ASTROLOGY.

less than she expected, or than many Astrorum lustrans cursus viresque potentes, others of the aspiring structures of Elicio miris fata futura modis.

that magnificent æra in domestic arREGIOMONTANUS, Haly, COPERNICUS, PTOLEMY.

chitecture. So she said, “My Lord

Keeper, you have made your house too From the paper already inserted, it little for you.” He replied, with the has been shown that the house was

characteristic humility of one whose not finished until 1568. Four years

motto was MEDIOCRIA FIRMA,—" Not after, as is supposed, it received its

so, Madam, but your Majesty has first visit from Queen Elizabeth. Her made me too big for my house." intention of so doing is recorded by the

The Queen was again at Gorhamfollowing letter of the Lord Keeper to

bury 1573-4, her charter to the the Lord Treasurer :t

town of Thetford being dated at Gor“ After my hartie comendacions. Un- hambury, March 12, in the 16th year derstanding by comen speche that the of her reign. Quenes Matie meanes to come to my Previously to the Queen's next visit howse, And knowyng no certentie of the the Lord Keeper had complied with tyme of her comyng nor of her aboade, I her suggestion. He erected for her bave thowght good to praye you that this reception a Gallery, 120 feet in length, bearer my servaunt might understond what and 18 in breadth, but its materials you knowe therein, And yf it be trewe, were only lath and plaster. At either Then that I myght understond yo? advise what you thinke to be the best waye for

end was a small apartment. Under me to deale in this matter. For, in very

the whole were Cloisters, in the centre deede, no man is more rawe in suche a

of which (in a niche) was a statue of matter then my selfe. And thus wisshing King Henry the Eighth, cut in stone, to yoʻ L. as to my selfe, I leave any fur: with gilt armour, and at the upper ther to trouble you at this tyme. From end were busts of Sir Nicholas and his my howse at Gorhamburie this xijth of second wife, inserted in the wall. From Julij 1572.

the antechamber, which communicatYo' L. assured

ed with the Gallery, were two doors ; N. Baco C. S.

one, on the left, intended for common The date is altered from the oth to the use; the other, on the right, for her srijth & the Lord Keeper has added to the Majesty to enter ; and after her deletter, which was written by his secretary, parture Sir Nicholas, with the refined the following hasty postscript.

flattery of the times, caused that door I have wrete thys bycause I wolde to be closed, that no other step might gladly take y cours ye myght best pleas


the same threshold. bur Matie, weh I knowe not how better to

This visit took place from Saturday understond then by yor help. Addressed, To my very good L. the

the 18th of May 1577 to the following L. of Burghley."

Wednesday; and this account of its

expenses is preserved in the Lambeth No particulars of the Queen's en- Library :

The Charges expended at Gorhambury by reason of her Matie comynge thither on Saturday the xviijih of Maye 1577 before supper, and contynewinge untill Wednesday after dynner followinge, warranted by a booke of particulers :

£ 8. d. Pantry and Pastry.–First for wheatt in the Pantry and Pastry

47 12 6 Buttery.-Item in beare and ale

26 16 Cellar.-Item in wyne of all kyndes

: :

57 5 8


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The original is in MS. Lansd. 14. † The Queen came to Gorhambury from the Lord Treasurer's own mansion at Theobalds. On her visits to that celebrated place, which in the time of her successor became a royal palace, see our vol. VI. p. 260. A view of Theobalds was given in vol. V. p. 147. GENT. MAG. VOL, XXIII.


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to your Correspondent a mystery. married, 1st. Lord Abergavenny, and The Sir Griffith Donne, who in the 2ndly, Christopher Clifford, brother Gwrgant MS. in the College of Arms, to the Earl of Cumberland. This, exis said “to have formed an alliance with cepting the christian name of “ Christhe Hastings family, and to have left topher,” is confirmed by Vincent's issue, though this marriage does not Baronagium, No. 20, pp. 15 and 278, appear in the accounts of the house of where it is stated that Edward Neville Hastings,” is here represented as d’nus de Abergavenny, obiit Ao. 31 married, but no other mention is made Elizabethæ, leaving his

widow Griselda, of the person, than that she was "the daughter of Thomas Hughes de UxLady of Tir mawr.” But the off- bridge, who afterwards espoused spring of this match is stated to have “ Franciscus de Clifford, post mortem been Elizabeth, sole heiress. This fratris sui senioris, comitem fuit Cum. lady married Thomas Hughes of Ux. briæ.” bridge, son of Dr. Hughes of Wales, Trusting this short remark may be and their issue were two sons and

deemed of use,

I remain, two daughters. The younger, Grisel, Yours, &c. S. R. MEYRICK.



(With a Plate.) GORHAMBURY derived its name Ralph Maynard, esq. to Sir Nicholas from the family of Robert de Gorham, Bacon, the Lord Keeper. who was elected Abbat of St. Alban's Sir Nicholas Bacon commenced in 1151, and who alienated from the erecting a new mansion at Gorhamchurch this manor (previously called bury on the 1st of March 1363. Among Westwick), in favour of his sècular the papers of his son Anthony, in the relatives. It was re-united, by pur- library at Lambeth Palace, is one conchase, to the possessions of the abbey, taining the following particulars : in 1389.

“ A Brief of the whole charges beThe foundations of the monastic stowed upoh the building of Gorhambury, manor-house, including those of a between the years 1563 and the last day of large round tower, may still be traced September 1568, viz. by the space of five in dry summers. It was situated in years and fourteen days : front of the modern house, lower down 1563

£315 90 the hill, and commanding a good view 1564

461 71 of the wood.


177 6 75 After the dissolution of Monasteries


568 3 the manor was granted by the Crown


171 8 8} 1568

204 16 8 to Ralph Rowlet, esq. afterwards knighted, and sold by his grandson,

[Total £1898 11 91]

** Memorandum. There is not acElaborate pedigrees of the Gorham counted for in this brief any Timber felled family have been recently published in the in the Lord Keeper's woods or otherwise ; Collectanea Topographica and Genea- neither is there valued any freestone from logica, vol. v. p. 189, vol. vii. p. 288, vol. the abbey of St. Alban's, lime, sand; nor vii. p. 92.

the profits that might have accrued of + See a plan, showing the situations of burning and making of brick within the the four successive mansions at Gorham.

time mentioned.” bury, in " The History of Gorhambury,” Sir Nicholas Bacon's building conby the Hon. Charlotte Grimston: a

sisted of a quadrangle of about seventy volume privately printed in quarto, and feet square, in the centre of which was remarkable for its being an autograph, the entrance,

and on each side small multiplied by the process of lithography. It was produced about the year 1826.

turrets. The door of entry led through (See Martin's Catalogue of Privately a cloister into a court,' in which, Printed Books, p. 236.) From this cu- facing the entrance, was a porch of Rorious and authentic volume our present man architecture, which still exists in article will be principally derived, ruin, and is represented in the accom.



lod. For

£ $. d. Ewry and Chaundry.- Item in cotton-lightes and in quarriers, torches, and mertrezes

15 18 1 Kytchen. Item, in beef 8°oxen, 311. 38. jd. In Mutton 60 carcases, 271.

In Veales 18 carcases, 91. 68. 3d. In Lambs 34 carcases, 77. 158. 4d.
In Kids 50s.

77 15 Achates* in Fowle. - Item, Capons of all kinds 206, 161, 58. 4d. Pullets of

all kindes, 218. Chekins 31 dozen and 8, 61. 68. 8d. Geese 10 dozen, 61. 128. Herrons 12 dozen and 8, 261. 138. 4d. Bitters 8 dozen and 10, 171, 48. 2d. Ducklings 12 dozen, 31. 138. Pigeons 19 dozen and 7, 428. 8d. Birds of the neast 18 dozen and 7, 188. 7d. Godwittes 2 dozen, 41. Dotterells 14, 98. 4d. Shovelers 13, 438. 4d. Fezaunts 2 dozen and 5, 31. 128. 6d. Pertriches 14, 11s. 8d. Quails 16 dozen and 9, 81. 7s. 6d. Mayechickes 17 dozen, 31. 88. Mallerds 23, 158, 4d. Teales 12, 48. Larkes 3 dozen and 9, 28. 6d. Curlewes 3, 48. Knots one dozen, 48.

105 1 ll Achates in Fyshe.— Item for Sea Fyshe of all kindes, 2312

178. Freshe-water Fyshe of all kindes 131. 08. 8d.

36 18 6 Achates, viz.-In Gammons of Bacon, baked and boyled, 308. Dryed

Tonges 24, 168. Pigges 26, 378. Bacon in Flitches, lls. Neates Tongues, 88. Sheeps Tonges, 6d. Cowes Udders, 12d. Calves Feet, 28. Hare 1, 16d. Rabbetes 41 dozen and 9, 71. 98. 6d. Butter,

81. 14s. 8d. Eggs, 578. Creame, 508. 8d. Milke, 6d. Frutte, 338.9d. 28 12 11 Saltery.--Item, in Vinegre and Verges

3 12 Spicery.--Item, in Spice of all sorts

27 6 13 Confectionary.—Item, in Banquetting Stuff

1906 Wood-yarde.--Item, in Woode

1 Coolehouse.--Item in Cooles

16 0 0 Necessaries, Herbes, Flowers, and Artichoks.-Item, in Necessaryes, 181. 58. 9d. In Herbes, Flowers, and Artichokes, 61. 158. 10d.

25 1 7 Rewards. Item, in Rewards for Presents,t 191. 168. In Rewards for Officers of the Queen, 1A, 5s.

22 10 Cariedge.--Item, in Cariedges from London to Gorhambury, and from Gorhambury backe againe to London

10 0 Item, to an Upholster for things hired

1 15 8 Item, to them of the Revells

20 Item, to the Cookes of London for their Wages

12 0 Item, to Laborers for their Wages

18 Item, for feedinge of Fowl

6 0 Item, for alteration of thinges beside the Stuff

7 10 0 Item, for Loss of Pewter, 61. 15s. 6d. For Loss in Naperye, 408. 6d. 8 16


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Summa totalis of all Expences, besides a Cupp presented to the Queenes

£577 671 Besides 25 Bucks and 2 Stagges, &c.

In acknowledgment of this enter- political talents, but who made an untainment, it is said that the Lord fortunate choice in attaching himself Keeper received from the Queen that to the party of the Earl of Essex. He portrait of her by Hilliard, which is resided with that nobleman at Essex still in the collection at the present House in the Strand, in the capacity mansion.

of Secretary, and died there, a few Sir Nicholas Bacon, on his death in months after the loss of his patron, in 1579, devised Gorhambury to the elder the year 1601. Gorhambury had in the son of his second marriage, Anthony mean time been inhabited by Lady Bacon, esq. a man of considerable Bacon, the widow of the Lord Keeper.

* Provisions purchased, in distinction to those already in the stores of the Household.

+ When the Queen visited any great house, its owner generally received presents of provisions from all his neighbours. See the list of those sent in to Lord Ellesmere at Harefield, Middlesex, in 1602, in the Egerton Papers, published by the Camden Society, p. 350.

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