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Moore, of Exeter Coll. Oxford, grand. trated by the spade. They lie in a son of Col. Moore, above mentioned. black mass of vegetable matter, which Yours, &c. J. D. PARRY. seems to be composed of the smaller

branches, leaves, and plants of underEast Winch Vicarage,

growth, occupying altogether a space MR. URBAN, near Lynn, Dec. 9. of five or six hundred acres.

But what I would particularly reAT page 410 of your 12th Vol., New Series, is the following para

commend to the notice of your antigraph :

quarian readers is, that in the prostrate

trunk of one of these trees, imbedded “ Dr. Young, of Whitby, with some of about an inch and a half by its cutting his friends, whilst examining a subterra: edge, I found a British fint celt, which nean Forest which was found during the

is now deposited in the Norwich Muexcavation of a capacious bonding-pond at South Stockton, discovered one of the

Much difference of opinion

has oaks to bave been cut in two, wbich had evidently been done previous to its being arisen as to what purpose these ancient covered by the earth. He supposes the implements were applied, and by what forest may have been cut down by the people, and at what time they were in Roman soldiers, as they were in the habit If the above curious fact should of laying timber on the low swampy

lead to further inquiry it may be of grounds for the purpose of making roads. interest to many of your readers, and Be this as it may, it is certain the hand of to none more, Mr. Urban, than man has been exerted on the timber, and Yours, &c. GEORGE MUNFORD. it may form a fertile subject for the lover of ancient history and the geologist to

MR. URBAN,

Aug. 31. speculate on."'"

THE names of some places in this The above passage brought to my Island are very singular ; appearing, mind the recollection of a fact that I on the face of them, to have been now beg to communicate to you ; and formed from familiar words of our which, as it carries us back to a more present language; and so conveying remote period than that in which the The notion that such pames, although Roman soldiers may be supposed to they must be of modern date, compabave been wood-cutters in our land, ratively, have reference to some fact, you may not think unworthy of in

or legendary tradition, of very ancient sertion in your valuable Miscellany. times : but such a reason for these

In ages very remote, the land along names being not at all apparent, or the coasts of Lincolnshire and Nor- probable, they have given rise to many folk extended much further out than unfounded, not to say ridiculous, tales it does at present; and whole forests and stories relating to such places. once existed in places which are now This has arisen from the various entirely occupied by the ocean. people who have become the occupiers

In the Philosophical Transactions of this country, since the Britons, for the year 1799 is a very interesting speaking a different language from account of these submarine forests, by them, and from each other. Such Joseph Correa de Serra. This paper vernacular and homely names may, in relates only to the Lincolnshire coast; most instances, it is thought, be traced but roots, trunks, and branches of trees to the British language, and may be are found to extend along the northern considered as corruptions thereof. shore of Norfolk also, as far as from This has pot been sufficiently regarded the Wash to Thornham, and perhaps by our antiquaries; and consequently further.

many of them has been led into absurd At low water these may be ap- conjectures, and have been the means proached from the shore on foot; and of sanctioning, if not of inventing, the about twelve years ago, accompanied many popular, but untrue accounts, by a friend, I walked to examine them. that have been mixed up with the At about a mile from the high-water history of some places. mark we arrived at the forest, where As an illustration of these observawe found numberless large timber tions, I shall advert to some places in trees, trunks, and branches, but so this Island, remarkable for their depth soft that they might easily be pene. and declivity, in the names of which

ones.

his Satanic majesty's appellation bears clivity of which is a large and deep a conspicuous part, as if he had been pit, in which now grows underwood. concerned with them, in some inexpli. It appears to have been dug out, i. e. cable way, or had some property in formed artificially. CLADD, in the anthem, viz. the Devil's Dike; the Devil's cient British language, means a pit or Punch-Bowl; the Devil's Arse-a-peak; digging. The common people, therethe Devil's Den, &c. Now these names abouts, call this pit, The Devil's are nothing more, I confidently submit, Den. This is another proof of the than a corruption, as far as the word etymology I am contending for. The " Devil's,” (thus put in the genitive word Den is, in all probability, a corcase,) of Diphwys, the British for a ruption of Dell," a pit. So that steep or precipice. And there are Devil's Den (or rather the words from many similar words in that language which the name arose) means nothing to express depth, profundity, &c. more than the steep, or deep pit. (probably the parent of our word, It is but an act of justice to our andeep.)

cestors, to rescue them from the im. The Devil's DIKE, near Brighton, putation of superstition, which these is well known as a deep cavity, steep inysterious names have led to their and precipitous.* Another Devil's being charged with, and which has Dike, in Norfolk, is described in the arisen merely from the accidental cirArchæologia, vol. xxiii. p. 372. cumstance of the original names re

The Devil's Punch Bowl, is on the sembling in sound the present awful Portsmouth road, near Hindhead (in

J. P. Surrey, I believe); and is a place of the like character. The term bowl

MR. URBAN,

Goodrich Court, seems also of British origin, from

Oct. 30. PWLL or BWL, signifying a bason-like A MOSTinteresting and satisfactory cavity in the ground. Punch is obvi- communication was made to your ously a facetious addition of modern Magazine of November 1840, displaytimes.

ing the usual accuracy and indefatiThe Devil's-ARSE-A-PEAK (to say gable research of your Correspondent the least, an indelicate, as well as an

J. G. N. In this he has proved that unmeaning name) is in Derbyshire, as in the picture at Chiswick falsely atis well known. Those who have not tributed to Van Eyck, the portraits witnessed it, have, for the most part, are not those of Lord and Lady Clifread of it. The name seems to me ford, but Sir John and Lady Donne, compounded of the aforesaid word of Kidwely, in the county of CaerDIPHWYs, and of ARSWYD, the British marthen. for dread, terror, &c. So that the He shews how this curious picture present homely though indecent name may have come from the Clifford is a corruption of some British words, family into the possession of the Earl expressing the terrible and awful of Burlington ; but adds, “from what depth and steep descent of this cele. cause the portraits assembled in this brated place.f The addition "a Peak,” picture were ever ascribed to the has probably reference to its situation Lord Clifford and his family,'it would near the lofty and precipitous Peak, be difficult to guess.” Now, Sir, I (which in the British' is written happen to be at this time engaged in Pig;) or more likely it was intended correcting the press for the publication to include that.

of the Visitation of Wales, in the time In addition, I shall add that some

of Elizabeth, by Lewys Dwon (or high ground, to the south of Dorking, Donne,) deputy herald for that purpose is called Claygate Hill; on one de- appointed.

This curious collection will make its See the legend connected with this, appearance under the patronage of the and the poetical version of it by the late

Welsh MSS. Society,” for whom William Hamper, esq. F.S.A. of Birming- I have undertaken the editorship. It ham, in Gent. Mag. vol. Ixxx. pt. i. p. 513.

contains a very ample pedigree of the + It is also observable that, in the Donne family, to whom the compiler British language,

DIWAELOD,

was related. From this I find myself means a bottomless pit.

enabled to dissolve what has appeared

PWLL

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to your Correspondent a mystery. married, 1st. Lord Abergavenny, and The Sir Griffith Donne, who in the 2ndly, Christopher Clifford, brother Gwrgant MS. in the College of Arms, to the Earl of Cumberland. This, exis said" to have formed an alliance with cepting the christian name of “Christhe Hastings family, and to have left topher,” is confirmed by Vincent's issue, though this marriage does not Baronagium, No. 20, pp. 15 and 278, appear in the accounts of the house of where it is stated that Edward Neville Hastings," is here represented as d’nus de Abergavenny, obiit Ao. 31 married, but no other mention is made Elizabethæ, leaving his widow Griselda, of the person, than that she was "the daughter of Thomas Hughes de UxLady of Tîr mawr.” But the off- bridge, who afterwards espoused spring of this match is stated to have "Franciscus de Clifford, post mortem been Elizabeth, sole heiress. This fratris sui senioris, comitem fuit Cum. lady married Thomas Hughes of Ux- briæ.” bridge, son of Dr. Hughes of Wales, Trusting this short remark may be and their issue were two sons and deemed of use, I remain, two daughters. The younger, Grisel, Yours, &c. S. R. MEYRICK.

GORHAMBURY HOUSE, HERTFORDSHIRE.

(With a Plate.) GORHAMBURY derived its name Ralph Maynard, esq. to Sir Nicholas from the family of Robert de Gorham, Bacon, the Lord Keeper. who was elected Abbat of St. Alban's Sir Nicholas Bacon commenced in 1151, and who alienated from the erecting a new mansion at Gorhamchurch this manor (previously called bury on the 1st of March 1363. Among Westwick), in favour of his sècular the papers of his son Anthony, in the relatives.* It was re-united, by pur. library at Lambeth Palace, is one conchase, to the possessions of the abbey, taining the following particulars : in 1389.

" A Brief of the whole charges beThe foundations of the monastic stowed upoh the building of Gorhambury, manor-house, including those of a between the years 1563 and the last day of large round tower, may still be traced September 1568, viz. by the space of five in dry summers. It was situated in years and fourteen days : front of the modern house, lower down

1563

£315 90 the hill, and commanding a good view 1564

461 7 1 of the wood.+

1565

177 6 75 After the dissolution of Monasteries

1566

568 39 the manor was granted by the Crown

1567

171 8 8} 1568

204 16 8 to Ralph Rowlet, esq. afterwards knighted, and sold by his grandson,

[Total £1898 11 94]

6. Memorandum. There is not acElaborate pedigrees of the Gorham counted for in this brief any Timber felled family have been recently published in the in the Lord Keeper's woods or otherwise ; Collectanea Topographica and Genea, neither is there valued any freestone from logica, vol. v. p. 189, vol. vii. p. 288, vol. the abbey of St. Alban's, lime, sand; nor viii. p. 92.

the profits that might have accrued of + See a plan, showing the situations of burning and making of brick within the the four successive mansions at Gorham

time mentioned.'' bury, in “ The History of Gorhambury,Sir Nicholas Bacon's building conby the Hon. Charlotte Grimston:

sisted of a quadrangle of about seventy volume privately printed in quarto, and remarkable for its being an autograph, the entrance, and on each side small

feet square, in the centre of which was multiplied by the process of lithography. It was produced about the year 1826.

turrets. The door of entry led through (See Martin's Catalogue of Privately a cloister into a court, in which, Printed Books, p. 236.) From this cue facing the entrance, was a porch of Rorious and authentic volume our present man architecture, which still exists in article will be principally derived, ruin, and is represented in the accom

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