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able to appreciate. This was probably deprived of his second wife, and in the the most happy portion of his life. year 1834, in very moderate reduced

But this period of happiness and circumstances, he died at the age of exemption from anxiety and care was 75 years.

He was interred in Sir not to continue long; the health of Hans Sloane's burying-ground, King's Mrs. Callow began to give way, and Road, Chelsea. neither the assiduities of her indulgent Yours, &c.

S. M. husband nor the skill of her medical friends could ward off the afflictive MR. URBAN, stroke-she died in the

year 1816, and

AT a time when the costume of the was interred in the churchyard of Middle Ages attracts so much attenSt. Anne, Soho.

tion as at the present, it is desirable Circumstances not long afterwards to ascertain the precise meaning of the compelled a removal from Crown several terms by which the different Court. The clean, well-conducted, parts of dress and armour were distingenteel they might be called, shop- guished. A well-executed glossary of keepers, began gradually to disappear; them would be a valuable acquisition, the shops were occupied by a less but research and discrimination would respectable grade of persons ; there be indispensable for it. was more of noise, more of dirt and Not to occupy more of your codisquiet, than heretofore, and Callow lumns by such remarks, permit me to was under the necessity of leaving a say a few words upon the coif de place where he had enjoyed much of mailles. Not long ago I gave some happiness and good fortune. Here it attention to the various kinds of aris true he had met with difficulties, mour used in the 12th and 13th cenbut those difficulties had been mastered, turies, and satisfied myself, and he had the gratifying reflection what I thought good grounds, that he had risen to distinction and that the coif de mailles and the consequence, in a position which in chaperon or capuchon de mailles his early years held forth no flattering were essentially different; the former promises of advancement or success; being a bowl-shaped cap, and the and he unwillingly withdrew from the latter (for the chaperon and capuchon spot whence his first and most durable were I think identical) a hood coverpleasures arose.

ing the neck as well as the head. Yet The house to which he removed was I observe the term coif is not unfre. in Prince's Street, the north-west quently used by modern archæologists corner of Gerard Street.

This re

to designate the hood. I will not moval took place about Christmas, trouble you with instances in detail. 1818, some time previous to which That this and some other terms should Callow had married a second wife. be misapplied in the Hints of the This change of condition did not con- Cambridge Camden Society, (see 4th tribute to his comfort or happiness. edit. pp. 36 and 37,) ought not perIt rather tended to increase his ex- haps to be a matter of surprise, as anpenses, and to withdraw him from cient armour is there a very subordithat close attention to business which nate subject; and it is only on account had distinguished him through life. of the extensive dissemination of that The little cottage at Brompton was

useful little work that I here refer to given up, and a more expensive house it: but I see in the last No. of the entered upon in Church Street, Chelsea, Archæological Journal, p. 199, what I and it was obvious to his friends that should have called the chaperon de Callow had not the same freedom mailles, in the Trumpington brass, is from anxiety as formerly. Age marked called the coif de mailles by the emi. itself more distinctly upon him, and nent Director of the Society of Antibis countenance was careworn and quaries, to whom we are indebted for oppressed.

the article on Brasses, and whose geIn 1824 Callow retired from busi- neral accuracy and extensive ac. ness, leaving as his successor Mr. quaintance with such subjects make John Wilson, who has since trans. the matter important enough to be, ferred the establishment to Mr. John by your permission, noticed in your Churchill. In a few years Callow was pages.

The coif was, as I understand it, a ferent arrangement. The church was skull-cap of mail (de mailles) or of certainly much too small for the inplate (de fer), and worn generally over creased population of the parish, the upper part of the chaperon de amounting to 1100 or thereabouts, and mailles. Instances will, I think, readily a very considerable portion, nearly all occur to such of your readers as are the gallery, was occupied by the infamiliar with effigies of the 13th mates of a boarding school in the vilcentury. In the Temple Church are lage. two examples of the coif de mailles, This church was pretty fully deand also, if I mistake not, two of a scribed in “Parry's History of Woburn, peculiar kind of coif de fer. The the Abbey, and Russell Family,” &c. chapel de fer was conical, or nearly so, 1831, p. 151. It consists of a short and is thus distinguished from the nave and north aisle, with three arches coif de fer. If, contrary to my con- only, a middle-sized chancel, and a viction, the coif and chaperon de tower, which will probably remain. mailles are identical, I would ask, It is of decent height for the church, what is the name of that piece of ar- with a very slender leaded spire, and mour which I suppose to be the coif of great strength, the walls towards de mailles ?

the top being a yard and a half thick. I am unwilling to extend this letter, It contains four' bells, the three first but must request leave to add a remark not very good, but the tenor, weighing on the genouillieres represented in the 16 cwt. of pretty good and deep tone. Trumpington brass. Whether those There is a view of this church in knee-pieces ought to be termed ge- the Antiquarian and Topographical nouillieres or poleyns I will not stop Cabinet, from a drawing by G. Shepto inquire; the former term is the hard, taken from a hill above the west more significant, and it is appropriate, end, in which the tower formed a if it be not exclusively applicable to prominent and picturesque object. the armour for the knees at a later pe- The church is dedicated to St. Boriod. What I would know is this; tolph (a saint, according to my own supposing, as I think is the fact, that experience, rather more popular in the such coverings for the knees were not eastern and north-eastern parts of this parts of the chaussons, of wbat material kingdom than any other). From the were they made ? Some, and among shape of the arches and the octagonal them the gentleman above men- columns, I should suppose it not to be tioned, say, of plate. If so, how could older than the 15th century. Octagonal the knee be bent? That they did not columns, apparently of the later period, prevent this necessary use of the knee are found in the church of Flemersham, might be expected; and it is shown by Beds; which village contained the seat several effigies in which knees so co- of the Jate excellent antiquary and vered are represented in that posis botanist Mr. Marsh, a most pleasing tion. I have not been able to satisfy specimen, to all who ever saw him, of myself either as to the material or quiet primitive simplicity, varied learnconstruction of these defences. Per- ing, and Christian kindness. The haps some of your readers can explain west front is a grand specimen of the them.

Early English. hun letter becariand Yours, &c. W. S. Wolpers There is also a window of two lights to bequaintner Enth

on the south side of the chancel at The water MR. URBAN,

Nov. 25. Aspley, the flowing contour of the UNDERSTANDING that the church upper part of which seems to indicate of Aspley Guise, Bedfordshire, is about the 14th century. Also an altar tomb to be rebuilt, I presume to send you a in a continuation of the north aisle, description. I am not aware why it with a recumbent effigy in chain mail, is proposed to be rebuilt, in place of supposed to be that of one of the enlargement. I remember that the Gaises, of about the time of Edward present exemplary Archdeacon of Bed- the Third. Arms on the tomb, On a ford, Dr. Bonney, recommended a new bend, three escallop shells in a bordure aisle on the south side, for which there engrailed. The other monuments are was sufficient room. No doubt there three. On the north side of the chanmay be very good reasons for a dif- cel a brass tablet for William Stone, GENT. MAG. VOL. XXIII.


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of Burnham-by-Sea, Norfolk, and name from the Gyse or Guise family. about thirty years rector of this The manor was anciently in the Beau. parish, in the 17th century, with the champs, as parcel of the Barony of following excellent Latin hexameters : Bedford. Simon de Beauchamp surEs MIHI MORS LUCRUM.

rendered it by way of a composition
Subjacet inclusus Gulielmus Stonus in urna, to Guy de Walery, who had laid claim
Cui natale solum Norfolcia, villaque Burnham to his whole barony: Reginald de St.
Oceanum juxta; non ampla stirpe creatus; Walery gave it to Hubert de Burgh,
Veste Magisterii quem Cantabrigia cinxit;

Earl of Kent, and Grand Justiciary of
Sederat hic hyemes decies ter-quinque peractas,
Septuaginta duos vitæ compleverat annos,

England, whose widow, Margaret,
Cum tria Jacobus moderasset lustra Britan-

dau. of the King of Scots, died seised Spe certa fidens virtute resurgere Christi, [nos;

of it as her dower, in 1259. After this Et cum cælicolis æternam ducere vitam. Aspley became the property and chief

A heavy marble monumentin the north seat of the Gyses or Guises, ancestors aisle for a person who was killed by

of the Gloucestershire family of that the overturn of a carriage, “ Currus

Anselm de Gyse had this eberso ;" a large and handsome tabu- manor in marriage with a daughter lar one for the late respected and

of Hubert de Burgh above named. In generous Mr. William Wright, who is

1540 John Guise, esq. gave the manor styled the “ second founder of Aspley

of Aspley to Henry VIII. in exchange School.” This school, a private gram

for lands in Gloucestershire. It is mar, &c. school, was established soon probable that the King granted it to after the commencement of the last

Sir Ralph Sadleir, whose descendants century, and was ornamented with are still possessed of it. extensive and appropriate buildings by

Aspley had for a short time a market, Mr. Wright, and has had formerly

perhaps for about fifty years, which upwards of 200 scholars. Many per

speedily fell into disuse or decay, on sons from every part of the kingdom,

the grant of a market to the Abbot of including, no doubt, some of your

Woburn (two miles off.) It has been readers, have been educated at it, also popularly believed that the market was many respectable foreigners. The pre- transferred to Woburn, but this is a sent master and proprietor is the Rev.

mistake; the fact simply being, as R. Pain, B.C.L. of Pembroke Coll.

Browne Willis once observed to an in. Oxon.

habitant of Aspley, You see the There is one benefaction of about

Abbot's market swallowed up yours.” 121. per ann. for bread, I think on St.

Aspley has no antiquarian relics, Thomas's Day; and a field of two

unless the fossil earth or petrified acres is left, for taking care of the

wood be considered so, as having been church clock, to the parish clerk,

commemorated by Drayton in his The only feature which redeems the Poly-Olbion.” church from insignificance is, or was, “ That little Aspley's earth we anciently' a double tier of small circular windows,

enstyle, filled with quatrefoils, under the battle- Midst sundry other, things a wonder of our ments of the nave. In the church.

isle." yard is the tomb of Lieut.-Col. Arthur The fuller's earth pits are not now Owen, of a Welsh family, a former in this parish. There exists only a inhabitant of this parish, much es- hollow filled with trees and brushteemed for the honour and humanity wood, which was the original one. of his disposition.

Those now in use, though only about Aspley is situated in Manshend 200 yards distant, are in the parish of Hundred and Deanery of Flitt, 2 miles Wavendont and county of BuckingN. of Woburn. It receives its second ham.

Would it not be well, when any one is inclined thus to lay up treasures “where no moth or rust can consume," if any landholder, by joining with him and obtaining deservedly nearly half the praise, should grant him a rent-charge, tbe surest investment, for a fair sum ?

† In this parish-the conscientious and talented Rector of which, the Rev. J. Fisher, is not unknown in the literary world- is a good instance of compensation to the poor on enclosure. About forty or fifty years ago a portion of heath, on which the poor had the right of digging



The parish of Aspley, containing windmill. I am not certain whether above 2000 acres, is very healthy, the there is anything worthy of being soil being principally sand and gravel, called a brook-of which there are and the water lying low down, from some considerable ones with mills on 30 to 60 feet. It is chiefly celebrated them in the neighbourhood-flowing for its beautiful “wood," which was through the parish. diffusely celebrated by the late Mr. J. Partly in this parish, and partly in H. Wiffen in a beautiful poem in the that of Wavendon, lies the hamlet of Spenserian stanza, entitled “Aonian Hog's-stye-end, containing about 300 Houra.” It is very extensive, abound. inhabitants, a small number of reing with oaks and various other trees, spectable houses, and ancient including alleys of larch, and, in one Quakers' meeting-house, in a pleasant very extensive dell, cedars of Lebanon. situation, of homely and dwellingAbove is a riding, from which about house appearance, said to be coeval 20 church towers and spires can be with the rise of that respectable body. seen on a clear day. In this wood are There is also a good inn, which has also a profusion of that pleasant and also been a boarding school, which, wholesome wild fruit called here before the railroad days, had a conhuckle-berries, and elsewhere whortle. siderable traffic. The hamlet stands berries and bil-berries; also “lilies on the old high road to Manchester, of the valley," (for which it is es. Liverpool, Chester, &c. which runs pecially famed,) wild hyacinths, prim- through Woburn and Newport Pagroses, &c. &c. and those poetical ac- nell, The former interesting little cessories the " nightingale" and the town, well worthy a visit, has also "glow-worm."

suffered heavily, like some others, from The “ Black Watch,"-Sidier Dhu the

of railway specula-now the 42nd Highlanders, great tion, now needing all the patronage part of which mutinied from an en- and influence which can be afforded campment at Highgate, after having by the Bedford family, its natural probeen scandalously and cruelly treated tectors, some of whom have done so by the ministers of George II. in being much for its ornament and benefit. lured to London for the purpose of

As, however, this name appeared being sent abroad after a solemn cacophonous to its more polite inhabitpromise to the contrary, are said to ants, attempts have been made more have parted in this wood, after passing than once to “reform it altogether” to through the Duke of Bedford's park,

“Woburn Sands,” or The Sands," and to have stayed some time in its and partly with success. Still recesses. And it is believed that some

" Quo semel est imbuta recens servabit little action took place between them

Testa diu ;''

[odorem and a party of the King's troops, either in its north-western part, near the and " Hog's-stye-end,” vulgarly disbeautiful heathy dell, or the immediate syllabled into" Hogs-teen’d,” yet lives. vicinity.

At Aspley is a strong petrifying The farms, at least those principally spring, from which the petrified ladder within the parish, are generally small,

at Woburn Abbey was taken. Aspley there being only one, I believe, exceed is well known for a considerable dising 150 acres. There are, however, tance round as conspicuous for the some large plantations of fir and larch, number of genteel families which it besides the great wood. Game is very contains. Here was, but I believe no plentiful. Of water there are only a

longer is, the library of the late R. T. few very small ponds. There is one

How, esq. an excellent and benevolent specimen (of which also there was

another) of the Society of Friends, turf, was conveyed to the then Duke of containing five or six thousand volumes Bedford on condition that he should de. liver yearly, for ever, 100 tons of coals,

of various descriptions, including illusfree of carriage, to the poor of Wavendon. trated French, Italian, and Dutch ones, As coals are sold there in the winter to a few rich illuminated manuscripts, and the poor by the petty dealers at 18. 90. or sixty editions and translations of the 28. per cwt. it is considered that they Bible. Amongst the volumes was a have gained by the bargain,

grand folio of great size and thickness,

finely bound, called, if I recollect rightly, church, consolidated with Salford, i
Succia Illustrata,” or Depicta.' in the family, and it is now possessed
It contained three or four hundred by the eldest son, the Rev. E. 0.
large views, not only of ail the prin. Smith. Their ancient seat is en-
cipal churches, palaces, &c. &c. in graved in “ Fisher's Collections."
Stockholm,-three or four to some, They were intimately connected with
including interiors, as of the Ritter- the honourable families of Boteler and
holms Church,—but in all the princi. Charnock, of whom some account
pal towns of the kingdom, and the will be found in the work twice men-
villas and armorial bearings of the tioned above. Some charities have
principal nobility. Several of the been left, yearly added to by the present
plates were very large views of entire possessors of the estates ; and to this
places, including Stockholm under va- family the church of Hulcot, built by
rious aspects, with the islands and one of the Charnocks, was lately in-
course of the Maelar Lake (Lacus debted for complete new fittings of fine
Maleoticus.) On the whole, it was a old carved wainscot. But not having
far grander work than anything of the seen this work, or knowing from
kind yet published in England, and its whence it was brought, I cannot speak
value could scarcely have been less of it personally. Two persons above
than 100l. It therefore excited some mentioned, Browne Willis and Mr.
surprise that a small and not rich Marsh, were related to this family.
northern country should have produced Here is also a solid and handsome
such a one. The date, I think, was mansion, with gardens built by the
somewhere about 1740, and the titles late Col. Moore, of the Bedfordshire
and explanations were in Latin. It Militia, two cottages ornées, belonging
contained the former old palace, with to W. F. Kerr, esq.; and there are some
the great and lofty tower of Drie other good houses, including the par-
Kronen, or The Three Crowns (Turrissonage house, which is close by the
Trium Coronarum.) It seems proba- church gates ; also a handsome house
ble that this fine work was not known built by T. Parker, esq. who is, I
to, or it would have been alluded to believe, nearly, if not quite, the
by, Dr. E. D. Clarke ; whom the writer father of the medical gentlemen in
had the honour of knowing whilst this county, enjoying in viridi se-
living, and writing a brief sketch of nectute the respect for talents and hu-
after his lamented death." There were manity of all classes of men.
also one or two similar works, but The living of Aspley was about
much inferior in size and beauty, on fifty years ago consolidated with Hus-
Holland, including views and plans of born Crawley, about 14 mile distant,
gardens. The motto of this gentle. the service at the latter being per-
man, whose family had been Dutch, formed in the middle of the day,
was (if I spell right) “Unda, frey. between two at Aspley. The church
heit, freyhende." Virtue, Liberty, of Crawley, much superior to that of

Aspley, stands on elevated ground, The “Great House,” an excellent nearly equally distant from the two o mansion, with large walled gardens, places, and has a lofty tower, concame by purchase from the family of spicuous in most directions, and a fine Scott (who have a hatchment in the peal of six bells, which can be heard chancel,-motto Honestas est Optima at a considerable distance, and are Polititia) to Mrs. Smith, daughter of very popular in the neighbourhood. Mr. Harvey, of the adjoining parish of this building also a full description of Aulcot, the patronage of which was given as above.

The lately deceased rector of Aspley,

the Rev. T. Farmer, (formerly rector * In the Literary Gazette 1821 ; also of Mr. J. H. Wiffen, translator of Tasso, of the celebrated Dr. Farmer, of

of St. Luke's, Old Street,) was nephew &c. in the same, 1836 ; also of the late benevolent and generous Duke of Bed Emanuel Coll. Cambridge, and, though ford, in the Morning Chronicle 1839; and

of somewhat brusque manners for a (second shorter notice) of the excellent clergyman, had much integrity and Mr. Tate, of St. Paul's, formerly of Rich- kindness of heart. The present rector mond, in the Times of September last. is, I understand, the Rev, John Vaux


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