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GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

FEBRUARY, 1845.

BY SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent,

CONTENTS.

PAGE MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.—The Canterbury Museum-Pageants at Salisbury

in 1784-Coheirs of the Blood Royal — Mr. Charles Lloyd-Procurations
and Synodals

114 CONJECTURAL EMENDATIONS ON THE Text OF SHAKSPERE

115 The Will of the late George Swiney, M.D.

133 Antient Silver Salt-Cellar, or Comfit Box......

136 On the assumption of the Clerical garb by Laymen--Scarron—the French

Abbé-Madame Roland-La Croze-Dean Kirwan -Saint Hilaire--Abbé
Louis-Cardinal Deacons....

137 On the Ware called Samian--the Arezzo ware ....

141 The Shrine of St. Remacle at Stavelo in Belgium..

143 Settlement of the Crown in 1460, and in 1470

144 THE FEMALE BIOGRAPHIES OF ENGLISH History, No. I.-Anne Lady

Howard. Illustrative documents : 1. The Oath of Richard III. to his

Nieces. 2. the Funeral of Queen Elizabeth widow of Edward IV......... 145 Font in the New Chapel at Springfield, Essex (with a Plate)...

152 REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. Lord Mahon's History of England, 153 ; Townsend's Memoirs of the House

of Commons, 156 ; Dahlmann's History of the English Revolution, 157 ;
Works on Grammar, 157 ; Cennino Cennini's Treatise on Painting, 161;
Haslam's Perranzabuloe, 162; Johnson's Hydropathy, 165 ; Miscellaneous
Reviews ..

166
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
University of Cambridge-American Booksellers' Address to Miss Jane
Porter, 173 ; Jews' Literary and Scientific Institution ......

174 FINE ARTS.- Marochetti's Statue of Wellington, 174 ; Panorama of NaplesMemorial Window in Barford Church, Warwickshire

175 ARCHITECTURE.—Proposed Memorial to Bishop Ken....

175 ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.-Society of Antiquaries, 177; British

Archeological Association, 180; Numismatic Society, 186 ; Discoveries at Nineveh, 187; City Museum, 188 ; Ancient Tombs at Milos—Paintings

in St. Mary de Crypt, Gloucester - French Antiquarian Intelligence...... 189 HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.-Foreign News-Domestic Occurrences 190 Promotions and Preferments, 195; Births and Marriages

196 OBITUARY; with Memoirs of the Rt. Hon. Sir Gore Ouseley ; General the

Hon. F. St. John; Hon. R. Otway Cave; Sir Colin Mackenzie, Bart. ;
Sir James Broun, Bart. ; Major-Gen. Sir William Nott, G.C.B. ; George
Durant, Esq ; George Woodfall, Esq.; Sir Aug. Wall Callcott; Mr. Henry

Sass ; Mr. W. Grieve; Mr. Henry Morland ; Professor Webster ..., 200-212 Deaths, arranged in Counties

219-223 Registrar-General's Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis-Markets - Prices of Shares, 223; Meteorological Diary-Stocks....

224 Embellished with a Representation of the Font in the New Chapel at SPRINGFIELD,

Essex,

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

We made a serious but perfectly ac. hand, and perpetually bowing and giving cidental omission in the account in our his benedictions. last number, p. 78, of antiquities pre- " The giant preceded, then followed sented to the Canterbury Museum.' In the other Companies, which were drawn abstracting the longer description of them up in the churchyard and Close Green, from the Kent Herald, the important while the mayor and corporation past. circumstance that this valuable acquisi. The giant could not pass Close-gate. The tion was the gift of Lord Viscount Strang. Coinpanies went to church, where Bishop ford, was not struck out by the pen, but Blaze's decent deportment was a reproach it was overlooked by the compositor. to the lax behaviour of the dignitaries of

F. N. sends the following entry from a our days." manuscript journal for the year 1784, To the question, No. 33, relative to thinking it may guide our correspondent the coheirs of the Blood Royal, Sept. W.J. T. to the information he is anxious Mag. p. 262, D. A. Y. gives the follow. to obtain. He thinks an exhibition of the ing answer. Sir William Heveningham, kind occurred at Salisbury on the pro

Knt, son of William H. esq., and Mary, clamation of the last peace with France. daughter of Henry Carey, Viscount Roch. Salisbury, July 29, 1784. Thanks. ford, and Earl of Dover, married Bar.

giviny for the Peace of Versailles. bara, daughter of George Villiers, Visct. “On this occasion the pageants of this

Grandison, and left an only daughter and city, which are very remarkable, were ex

heir, Abigail, who married Henry Heron, hibited. The giant, a figure about 14 feet esq. of Cressy, co. Lincoln ; she died in high, pertaining to the Taylors' Company,

1735, but D. A. Y. is unable to state said to be originally intended for St.

what issue she left, if any. Sir William Christopher, whose gigantic stature is re.

was buried at Heveningham, in Suffolk, corded in all the legends, though long

14 Oct. 1678. since declined from its original by the

A VERY OLD READER would be glad to addition of a periwig and laced hat, and

be informed respecting the origin and a pipe in his mouth, which is occasionally

nature of “Procurations and Synodals," made to throw out smoke, by the action

and as to what use the money is applied of a person within, through a tube. which is paid at the Visitations of the Hoo-nob is a fantastic figure of less

Clergy under those names. decided origin, being a horse's head and

Mr. W. G. Penny, of Warwick, for neck, moved by a man covered with a net,

the information of L. L. H., states, that and appearing to be the rider, who is able

Mr. Charles Lloyd, the author of “ Poems to direct it to snap at the people, and

on the death of his grandmother, Priscilla catch their hats off. It occasioned great

Farmer," was the translator of “ Alfieri's confusion in the crowd, but was chiefly

Tragedies." Mr. Lloyd personally predirected to clear the way for the giant.

sented him with both works, and on a fly“ Behind the giant was a squire of a

leaf of one of the volumes of “ Alfieri" common size in armour, with the ancient

he wrote “ With the Translator's best mace, which he exerted with great ac

wishes.' tivity.

J. B. inquires what has become of the "A Cherokee chief was particular on

collections of Drawings, &c. formerly this occasion, painted and dressed in cha- possessed by Richard Bull, esq. of the racter, who threw the tomahawk, and

Isle of Wight; and those of Craven Ord, danced with great success.

esq. of Essex. From Carter's Sketches, “ The Company of Shoemakers, with

and his volumes of " Views of Ancient Crispinus at their head, represented by a

Buildings," it appears that those gentledecent young man in a white uniform,

men had several drawings by J. Carter. with a helmet.

Mr. Lower's article on the Old Manor “ The Wool.combers, in caps of combed

House at Horselunges, two letters on wool, preceded by Bishop Blaze on horse

Anderida, and another on the Devil's back, followed by his chaplain on horse.

Dyke, &c. are unavoidably deferred. back, both on white horses. Bishop ERRATA. P. 31, for currus eberso, read Blaze looked exceeding grave and or

curru everso; for Manshend, read Manshead. thodox, and never betrayed the least in.

P. 35, line 35, for parted, read paused. P. 36,

line 2, read Suecia. P. 68, line 1, for Laye, attention, having his prayer-book in bis read Lane,

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

Conjectural Emendations on the Text of Shakspere, with Observations on

the Notes of the Commentators. Part IV.
(Continued from Vol. XXII. p. 472.)

HAMLET. IT has been, we believe, observed on this celebrated play, that no one who has thought on the significance of the parts in their different bearings, and on the general scope of the whole, will agree exactly in the opinion formed by others on the same points. There is something of a greatness in the conception, as well as perhaps a vagueness and shadowness in the outline, that strikes differently, and admits different points of sight. It was probably originally formed from an old play bearing the same title, and of which the name alone remains. Then it was gradually moulded into its present forin and much enlarged ;* one copy only of the earlier sketch having been fortunately preserved : and that it was very popular when it first appeared, the frequent allusions to it sufficiently prove.t In its finished state, it seems to afford a remarkable proof of how little consequence the mere plot or outline of a drama is to its success, and that the real life exists in the drawing of the characters, and the novelty, beauty, and impressiveness of the sentiments and images. The action of this piece (perhaps the inost wonderful production of genius ever clothed in a dramatic form) is conducted through a rapid succession of moving incidents, aud varied scenes, and changeful passions to its close ; but certainly it does not possess any regular train of events, well arranged on the broad foundation of a rich invention, then gradually narrowing in extent, unfolding its hidden purposes, and progressively pointing to the necessary and approaching termination. The catastrophe is abrupt, unprepared, and, though delayed, at last unexpected : it is not the just conclusion of a skilful combination of events developing itself from its former perplexity, emerging from its former obscurity, resolving all previous doubts, and at length satisfying the natural desires of justice and truth. It can hardly be said that the guilt of the King increases much during the progress of the drama, or that he is thus heaping on his head a more certain and complete retribution. The great crimes-the villainous and unnatural murder, and the shameful and incestuous marriage-were those that were calling for

The title-pages of the first 4to. 1604 and 1605, declare “ this play to be enlarged to almost as much again as it was, according to the true and perfect copy." See Steevens's Note on this passage. Mr. Malone says, “ Hamlet is more accurately printed than any other of the quarto editions of our author's plays." Vid. Suppl. vol. i. p. 44. On the old Hamlet, which was on the stage in 1589, see Reed's Shakspere Prolegomena, vol. iii. p. 359.

† See among others Diaphantus on the Passion of Love, by A. Scoloker, 1604. “ Like friendly Shakespere's tragedies, where the comedian rides while the tragedian stands on tiptoe : faith it should please all, like Prince Hamlet; but in sadnesse then it would be feared he would runne mad." In Dolarney's Primrose, by J. Reynolds, is a direct imitation of Hamlet's reflections in the grave scene,

revenge from the sepulchre of the dead, nor was any act subsequently committed that Hamlet ever connected in his mind with the original guilt. The only one rational cause of delay from the commencement of the plot, was that which arose from the necessity of proving the truth of the Ghost's assertion by other evidence; and this was accomplished in the Play, when the suspicions in the mind of Hamlet were ripened into certainty, and the solemn attestation of the dead was confirmed by the guilty conscience of the living. After this there was no necessary hindrance to the developement of the plot and the fulfilment of the purpose, which both filial piety and the voice of injured and outraged nature had sworn to execute.

That Hamlet feigned or assumed madness the better to conceal his purposes from suspicion or discovery, seems acknowledged by his consession ; but, beside this, one who on poetical subjects could claim an authority which few would wish to deny, has advanced as his opinion that the conduct of Hamlet was every way unnatural and indefensible unless he were to be regarded as a young man whose intellects were in sume degree impaired by his own misfortunts,-by the death of his father, the loss of expected sovereignty, and a sense of shame resulting from the hasty and incestuous marriage of his inother.” Such is the opinion of Akenside. But we cannot see that, in besitating to admit this, we should make any flaw or break in the consistency of the character, or admit any thing which could impair our appreciation of the justness and discrimination with which the whole is drawn ; at least in one main incident, and that, if not the most important, yet the most interesting in the plot, it is not necessary to have recourse to madness, or impaired reason, satisfactorily to account for his conduct. We must bring before us the singular greatness of Hamlet's character, the depth from which its excellence is drawn, bis fine intellect, his various accomplishments, bis noble inspirations, his profound and thoughtful meditations; the unrivaled grandeur and importance of the subject of bis anxious questionings and searches, and the shade of deep melancholy thrown over the whole. Keeping this in view, then let us observe the character of those with whom we find him surrouuded :-the low, the worldly, the sensual, and the base. The weakness of his mother's cliaracter, forbidding all filial respect or confidence, the brutality and villainy of the King's, and the mean base syco. phancy and folly of the followers of the court. Hamlet appears moving among them, as one belonging to another sphere of humanity. There exists between him and them no similarity of manners, no congeniality of views or purposes ; his intense and angry sorrow bad separated him from his natural connexions, had blasted his noblest hopes, benuinbed his dearest affections, filled his mind with the gloom of dark suspicions, and harassed his understanding with the perplexity of doubtful speculations. Such is he, when he first appears on the dramatic stage, existing in an element uncongenial to him, with no one near him who could comprehend his character, understand his motives, fathom his thoughts, love his virtues, or even sympathize with his weakness. He stands before us, like a forlorn picture of regal distress, an image of unutterable woe. Then we form a contrast in our minds of what he ought to have been, with what he was. His was designed to be a mind of high cultivation, he was a prince of royal manners, endowed with the finest sense of propriety, susceptible of doble ambition, and open in the highest degree to enthusiasm for the foreign excellences in which he was deficient.* He had indeed all those qualities,

Which nature has inscribed with golden pen

Deep in the hearts and characters of men. Thus rich in natural gifts, exalted in social situation, at once the prince and the philosopher, he seemed designed for a character to command admiration and love ; but, when we look again, we behold this fine image defaced, this noble mind agitated and perplexed, if uot altered and disfigured. There was the necessity of a great action to be performed by him constantly in his mind, and with a full sense of the difficulty and danger of its accomplishment; there was a natural instability of purpose on the one hand, and the imperious demands of justice and nature on the other. Amid these conflicting feelings, there was his large and thoughtful calculation of consequences and results, which could not be brought within the coin pass of action ; and such was the violence of the mental pressure as could only be relieved by assuming the mask of madness. Thus did the pure and virtuous mind descend to falsehood and deceit, and even to a malicious joy in the supposed perpetration of crime, and thus his poble and gentle spirit repelled the sweet affections it had once cherished, trampling under bis seet that modest and lovely flower that had bloomed under his princely favour and protection. Much has been said and justly of the indecision of Hamlet's character, which keeps events suspended, designs balf matured, and retards the natural progress of the plot. Several causes seem at different times to act in producing this,-a conscientious desire to ascertain the truth of the accusation against the King; a feeling of the difficulty of the purpose to be executed, which would involve in one common fate his own life with that of his victim ; sor Hamlet's constant meditations on destiny, and the uncertainty of the future, give an impression that they seem to foretell his own death. To these might be added the natural temperament of a speculative and thoughtsul mind. The most pliilosophic in thought is often the most dilatory and uncertain in action. Resolution is becalmed in reconciling conflicting probabilities, reviewing coutingent circumstances, and weighing equipollent arguments. In Hamlet's mind, the actions of the present life were intimately connected with the mysterious destinies of the next. Hence his procrastination in doing that which might inclose in its awful shade the existence of all future time. Nor are we to forget that gentleness and goodness in his nature, which shows itself in such bright colours in his interview with his mother, and which tempers his just indignation with such thoughtful kindness and feeling. It has been said that his feigned madness is shown most strongly and offensively in his treatment of Ophelia ; but perhaps this assumed violence of passion, in its strange fantastic outbreaks, even in its bitter gibes and mockery, was the best means that could be taken to effect a decisive measure iminediately necessary to his future line of conduct—the dissolution of his engagement, and the sacrifice of those feelings which, formed under happier auspices, were now doomed to perish amid the pressure of great and aflicting calamities. Love was a Hower too delicate and tender to live in the disturbed state and gloom of bis anxious and perturbed spirit. He too had sworn to wipe out from his memory the impression of every thing but of the one great purpose that

See some observations by Schlegel in his Lectures on Dramatic Literature,

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