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THE text of the Epistles of Clement, Ignatius and Polycarp and of the Martyrdom of Polycarp is taken from Bishop Lightfoot's larger work The Apostolic Fathers, Part I. S. Clement of Rome (2 vols., Macmillan & Co., 1890); Part II. S. Ignatius, S. Polycarp (2nd edition, 3 vols., Macmillan & Co., 1889). That of the Teaching of the Apostles was revised by him for this work. Mr Harmer contributes the text of the Epistle of Barnabas, the Shepherd of Hermas, and the Epistle to Diognetus. The Fragments of Papias and the Reliques of the Elders are taken from the printed editions referred to in each case.
No attempt has been made to give any apparatus criticus; but in passages where the reading of all the Greek authorities has been set aside for that of a version or patristic quotation, or for a conjectural emendation, the fact is stated in a footnote, and the authorities given.
The introductions throughout (with the exceptions of those which deal with the text, and the short prefatory note to the Fragments of Papias) were either written by Dr Lightfoot for this work, or are derived from his larger work referred to above.
The translations of the Epistles of Clement, Ignatius, and Polycarp and of the Martyrdom of Polycarp are reprinted from the larger edition. The rest of the translations are based upon
rough notes found among his papers, but in the case of the Reliques of the Elders Keble's translation of Irenæus in the Library of Fathers of the Holy Catholic Church (Parker & Co., 1872) has been adopted with a few verbal alterations.
Mr Harmer alone has fulfilled the task of seeing the volume through the press, and the Trustees are indebted to him in this and in other works not only for critical skill and constant care, but also for great generosity which is not further referred to only in deference to his own firmly expressed wish. It should however be added that the Bishop himself recorded in a written memorandum 'his earnest desire that Mr Harmer's name should stand upon the title page, side by side with his own.'
It is hoped that an index of words and phrases will be published separately.
May 25, 1891.
H. W. W.
NOTE TO THE SECOND EDITION.
I am indebted to the Reverend J. O. F. Murray, M.A., Fellow and Dean of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and to other friends for valuable suggestions, in accordance with which several misprints in the Greek Text have been corrected, and verbal alterations made in three places (pp. 86, 412, 529). The recently published volume by the Master of St John's College, Cambridge, upon The Witness of Hermas to the Four Gospels (1892), has enabled me to add to the list of scriptural passages which illustrate the Shepherd of Hermas. With these exceptions the second edition is a reprint of the first.
January 20, 1893.
J. R. H.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
THE EPISTLES of clement of rome.
THE GENUINE Epistle to THE CORINTHIANS.
AN ANCIENT HOMILY, COMMONLY CALled the Second Epistle.
215, 216 217-225
239-242 243-265 269-288
EXTRACT FROM THE LAST WILL AND TestameNT OF THE LATE JOSEPH BARBER LIGHTFOOT, LORD BISHOP OF DURHAM.
"I bequeath all my personal Estate not herein before otherwise disposed of unto [my Executors] upon trust to pay and "transfer the same unto the Trustees appointed by me under "and by virtue of a certain Indenture of Settlement creating "a Trust to be known by the name of 'The Lightfoot Fund "for the Diocese of Durham' and bearing even date herewith "but executed by me immediately before this my Will to be "administered and dealt with by them upon the trusts for the purposes and in the manner prescribed by such Indenture of "Settlement."
EXTRACT FROM THE INDENTURE OF SETTLEMENT OF 'THE LIGHTFOOT FUND FOR THE DIOCESE OF DURHAM.'
"WHEREAS the Bishop is the Author of and is absolutely "entitled to the Copyright in the several Works mentioned in "the Schedule hereto, and for the purposes of these presents he "has assigned or intends forthwith to assign the Copyright in all the said Works to the Trustees. Now the Bishop doth "hereby declare and it is hereby agreed as follows:
"The Trustees (which term shall hereinafter be taken to "include the Trustees for the time being of these presents) shall " stand possessed of the said Works and of the Copyright there"in respectively upon the trusts following (that is to say) upon trust to receive all moneys to arise from sales or otherwise from the said Works, and at their discretion from time to time