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" 5th. Consider the ground and foundation we have to expect mercy and forgiveness, to hope for the Divine favour and assistance, if we sincerely repent. And

Lastly. Make some general observations with respect to our present circumstances in these nations.”

After referring to the corruption and depravity that prevail in a nation, reference is made to some who call in question the very being of a God, while many more doubt of his Providence, and multitudes despise revelation. “We see the religion of Protestants losing ground, Protestants miserably torn in pieces and divided among themselves while a wild and raging enthusiasm on the one hand, and a bitter zeal against the religion of Jesus itself, our most holy faith, on the other, bid fair to divide the British nation ; we may observe the Popish Party in many places triumphant over the ruins, and amidst the desolation of the Protestant Churches." With all these multiplied troubles, no wonder a “General Fast" was appointed.

After the above recital we shall not be surprised, that the Rev. William Pendlebury, M.A., thought it his duty to conform to the Church of England and become Rector of Bury Thorpe-cum-Acklan, in the Wolds of Yorkshire. RICHARD BARON : “A SINGULAR AND NOTED CHARACTER."

The assistant to William Pendlebury was a remarkable

They were both of Leeds, and probably early acquaintances. Of Baron's studies at Glasgow University there is the official certificate dated May, 1740, " These are to certify any whom it may concern that Mr. Richard Baron hath resided in this University for 3 compleat annual sessions, viz., from October, 1737, to the date of these presents, attending regularly the lectures on philosophy, mathematics, and languages, and behaving as it became a man of virtue and probity, and particularly applying himself studiously to the law of nature and shewing a good genius and a high regard for what is virtuous and honourable."

One wonders on what subjects that philosophical divine used to hold forth in the oli Rotherhain meeting-house. It is clear the cioctrines of the Westminster Catechism must have already given place in his mind to a broader and more


scientific conception of religion. In 1750 Baron had removed to London, where he published a collection of tracts, in three volumes, 12 mo., under the strange title of a “Cordial for low spirits,” and in 1751 a collection of tracts and sermons, by John Abernethy, M.D. In the same year he corrected the folio edition of Algernon Sidney's “Discourses on Government.” This Algernon Sidney was of the family of the celebrated Sir Philip Sidney. Algernon was a a very advanced reformer, and in his “ Discourses on Government he upheld resistance to kingly oppression and misrule. He also favored the accession to the throne of Monmouth (illegitimate son of Charles II.) to that of James II., a narrow minded Catholic. Altogether, he came under the condemnation of the Court, and Charles II. vindictively and unjustly signed the order for Algernon Sidney's beheadal, which took place on the morning of 7th December, 1683. In 1752 Baron published two volumes of tracts under the titlereminding of his former assistant-ministry at Rotherham | “ Pillars of Priestcraft and orthodoxy shaken.” His former connection with Rotherham, along with his advanced political and religious ideas, most likely brought him into intimate relations with another remarkable man of the time, Thomas Hollis, Esquire, the great grandson of the founder of the Rotherham meeting-house.

THOMAS HOLLIS, Esq., F.R.S. AND F.S.A This later Thomas Hollis was a man of opulent means, superior taste, and munificent habits. His political views were extravagantly republican. In Boswell's Life of Dr. Johnson there occurs the following allusion to him :--One of the company mentioned Mr. Thomas Hollis, the strenuous whig, who used to send over Europe presents of democratic books, with their boards stamped with daggers and cups of liberty. Mrs. Eliabeth Carter (a learned and accomplished authoress, who acquired Latin and Greek from her father, Rev. Dr. Carter, and was also skilled in Arabic and Hebrew, and five modern languages] said, “ He is a bad man : he used to talk uncharitably."

JOHNSON : Poń ! poh! madam ; who is the worse for being talked of uncharitably? Besides, he was a dull, poor creature as ever lived ; and I believe he would not have done harm to a man whom he knew to have been of very opposite principles to his own. I remember once at the Society, when an advertisement was to be drawn up, he pointed me out as the man who could do it best. This, you will observe, was kindness to me. I, however, slipped away and escaped it.” Mrs. Carter having said of the same person, “I doubt he was an atheist,".

JOHNSON : “I don't know that. He might perhaps have become one if he had had time to ripen (smiling). He might have exuberated into an atheist.” [Date 1781. Dr. J's age, 72.]

This Thomas Hollis assisted Baron with money to collect tracts, and also published, at his own expense, reprints of the same, including some of Baron's own opinions and notes. It was in 1755 that Baron discovered a copy of the second edition of Milton's "Eiconoklastes" (1650), which contained large additions to the former work. He re-published it in 1756, and about the same time a new addition of Milton's prose writings. At the time of the friendly union of these two revolutionary souls, Baron was serving as a Dissenting minister, having been ordained in 1753, in Pinner's Hall. Like many Dissenting ministers, then, and even down to present times, he combined with his theology and pulpit, a high-spirited liberalism and even republicanism. John Milton, Algernon Sydney, John Locke were adored by him and other young admirers in the eighteenth century, even as are honoured to-day, certain modern great promoters of civil and religious liberty-W. E. Gladstone, John Morley, John Stuart Mill. Baron's political views were in some respects of an original and practical character. Some one asked, in the public prints, what could save from ruin a nation corrupted and dissipated ? Baron answered thus, "A House of Commons by Counties,” apparently meaning that devolution of government was necessary. On hearing of Baron's death in 1768, Hollis wrote in his diary, “ Alas, poor Baron, an old acquaintance, once a friend, of great genius and information.” He also showed his characteristic respect to the memory of his friend by paying for insertion in the public prints the particular sentence, just quoted, “A Cure for National

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