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dued. Thus is our mental earth to be subdued and brought under subjection to the Lord in the internal mind.
“And God saw every thing that He had made, and, behold, it was very good.” God has, thus far,
done a good work. But it is not yet completed. The dominion is not yet gained.
“The evening and the morning were the sixth day.” The evening is the state of shade and doubt respecting this dominion and the way of obtaining it; and the morning is the new light which shows us the work before us, and how to pursue it. Man is now in God's image, but not in His likeness. He is a spiritual man. This image is after God's likeness. The love of the truth gives us God's image. The love of goodness gives us His likeness.
This likeness is to be gained by being fruitful, and multiplying and replenishing the earth, and subduing it. This work, when accomplished, brings us into the seventh day or state of rest, when we possess both the image and the likeness of God, and are prepared to enjoy with delight, the society of the angels of heaven. To be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it, is to cultivate the affections, the ground of the heart, by a good life ; sowing therein all the good seeds or truths of the commandments, subduing all the thorns of error, the nettles of vice, the thistles of deception, and the briers of selfishness; until the mind becomes a garden of Eden, filled with good fruits; a paradise of God, cultivated, subdued and replenished ; so that we have the complete control over all the birds, beasts and creeping things of our nature, or over all our thoughts, feelings and actions. Then, the kingdom of heaven will be fully established within us. We shall have come to the full sabbath of rest; and all will be happiness and peace. God will bless us, and all the ends of the earth will praise Him.
“And the Lord God said, It is not good that the man should be alone ; I will make him an help meet for him. And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; and the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made He a woman, and brought her unto the man. And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman because she was taken out of Man.”—(Gen. ii. 18, 21, 22, 23.)
If we would understand God's Word, we must ever remember that it always treats of things of the mind. That the human mind is its universal theme : that natural things are mentioned, only, because they are symbols of things of the mind : and because, in this life, spiritual things can be described, or seen, only through natural things, by correspondences. And though, from a little reflection, we may see that this must be the case, yet we are so natural and so grovelling that we are apt to lose sight of this great fact and fall into darkness and mystery.
Thus, when we read about Adam and Eve, we are apt to think of their material bodies instead of them
selves. We think of the mere tabernacles of clay that they lived in, without letting our thoughts ascend up to the inhabitants of these tabernacles, the real beings themselves. Now, until we get into the habit of looking above the mere gross matter of this earth, for men and women, we shall never understand God's Holy Word. Indeed, it is in consequence of our low natural state of mind that the Word seems clothed in such mystery. For, when it is said that the Lord God took from Adam's side a rib, and made a woman of it, who thinks of anything but matter ? a material woman? Who thinks of her soul, and ber life? Who thinks of any part of her, as coming from any other source than the rib? The mind, the affections, the will and understanding; the very woman herself; everything that can love, and think, and feel ; all that is noble and immortal is not even dreamed of, or taken into the account. And yet these things were never made of matter.
Even the learned commentators have never looked up above the rib for this woman. They have seemed to think that the whole woman; all there was of her, was made of the man's rib. They do not mention her soul ; but are content to believe that the woman, the wife of Adam, was made of one of his ribs. I commend them for this modesty, and for their humble reliance upon the letter of God's Word. It is all men can know about it, who see no higher than the literal sense. The commentators have tried to believe that the second chapter of Genesis is somewhat explanatory of the first. But every step in that direction has but increased the
darkness. Thus, Scott, in commencing his notes upon the second chapter, says, “The sacred historian, having given a brief account of the orderly production of all things, explains, in this chapter, some particulars, more fully, which would otherwise have interrupted the order of his narrative.” Here Mr. Scott admits that we have an account of the creation of man, male and female, in the first chapter of Genesis. But, in the first chapter, it does not mention of what material man was made ; nor that he was so much as a living soul. It simply says, “God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He him : male and female created He them; and blessed them; and said, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it."
But in the second chapter it says, “The LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of lives; and man became a living soul.” But no literal reader of the Word supposes that Eve was made at this time with Adam, and received the breath of lives and became a living soul; for the narrative gives the account of her creation afterward, of the rib; but it gives no account of any breath of lives being breathed into her, to make her a living soul. Hence the commentators, generally, have taken it for granted, that Eve, the wife of Adam, was made of his rib: and that Adam was made of the dust of the earth.
But the discrepancies between the two chapters are so great, that all attempts to make the second explanatory of the first, have failed. The first chapter says that man-male and female-was made on the sixth