An attempt to establish a pure scientific system of mineralogy: by the application of the electro-chemical theory and the chemical proportions

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Strona 141 - WERNER'S NOMENCLATURE OF COLOURS. With Additions, arranged so as to render it highly useful to the Arts and Sciences, particularly Zoology, Botany, Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Morbid Anatomy. Annexed to which are Examples selected from Well-known Objects in the Animal, Vegetable, and Mineral Kingdoms.
Strona 149 - Dalton had promulgated his idea of the atomic constitution of matter, and Davy had made his great discovery of the metallic bases of the alkalies. These directed his attention to the laws of combination. He was led to institute researches with the most scrupulous care into the combining proportions of the various elements, giving to each its correct number, and was enabled to obtain results perfectly harmonious with theoretical calculations made on Dalton's laws. He was enabled to extend...
Strona 148 - ... by Europe, and which it was the glory of Sweden to be able to appropriate as the patrimony of one of her children. This letter was sent to Berzelius on his wedding-day. How few men of science have married with a patent of nobility on the breakfast table ! Sweden had, however, yet one more ovation for her beloved son.
Strona 148 - ... forming the Medical Society of that capital. In 1810 he was made President of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Stockholm, and in the same year received the appointment of Assessor of the Medical College, and was made a member of the Royal Sanitary Board. At this time, though scarcely more than thirty years of age, he had obtained great reputation as a chemist. He had published a work on animal chemistry, containing many original investigations on the fluids of the animal body, and which was subsequently...
Strona 148 - In the same year he was appointed Secretary to the Academy of Sciences — a post which he held till his death. In 1831 he was allowed to retire from the active duties of his professorship at the Caroline Institute, but he still held the title of honorary professor. Up to this time he had resided in apartments provided for him at the building occupied by the Academy of Sciences,— where, on the same floor, he had his study and laboratory, so that he could with little difficulty pass from his desk...
Strona 150 - Were the merits of this great chemist less, we might not be able to afford to hint at any defects. But regarding him at a distance, he appears to us to have carried his caution beyond the requirements of scientific research. His feelings were conservative, and though constantly going forward to the new, he still clung with tenacity to the old. He was almost the last chemist of eminence that admitted Davy's theory of the elementary nature of chlorine. Even after envy and prejudice had given up their...
Strona 149 - Hisinger the periodical to which we have before alluded; and in these volumes we find forty-seven papers by Berzelius, all giving an account of original researches by himself. In addition to these he has published works on galvanism, on analytical chemistry, on mineralogy, and a vast number of papers in various Transactions. The name of Berzelius has been too intimately connected with the history of chemistry for the last forty years for us in this slight sketch to give an adequate idea of the influence...
Strona 13 - Thus every combination of two or more oxides possesses the nature of a salt, ie has its acid. And, if we suppose this combination decomposed by the galvanic battery, the first will be collected round the positive pole, and the second round the negative. Hence in every mineral composed of oxidised bodies, whether of an earthy or saline nature, we must seek for the electronegative and electro-positive ingredients; and after the nature and qualities of these are found, a critical application of the...
Strona 148 - Sciences,— where, on the same floor, he had his study and laboratory, so that he could with little difficulty pass from his desk to his crucible, and husband his time to the greatest possible extent. He now, however, moved to a house of his own, — and in 1835 married a daughter of the town-councillor (Staats-rathe) Poppins.
Strona 141 - The Meteorologist's Annual Assistant in keeping a Diary of the Weather; or, Register of the State of the Barometer, Thermometer, Wind, &c. and fall of Rain. Folio, price 3s. sewed.

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