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living would lapse into his hands; and he told Mr. Say that he designed it for me. He was disappointed in his expectation; so was not I: for I had no inclinarion to go and dwell in the North of England. Afterwards, when Mr. Say died, he asked me of his own accord, whether I should like to succeed him in the queen's library. I told him that nothing could be more acceptable to me; and he immediately used all his interest to procure it for me ; but he could not obtain it. Afterwards, the archbishop assured me of his assistance toward procuring either the preachership or the mastership of the Charter-House, where I had gone to school. This project also failed; not by his fault. He likewise, in conjunction with bishop Sherlock, procured for me the preaching of Boyle's lecture. He also offered me a living in the country; and (which I esteemed a fingular favour) he gave me leave to decline it, without taking it amiss in the least, and said he would endeavour to serve me in a way that should be more acceptable. He did so, and gave me a living in the city. Afterwards, he gave me a doctor's degree. I thought it too late in life, as I told him, to go and take it at Cambridge, under a professor, who in point of academical standing, might have takes his first degree under me, when I was Moderator. I was willing to owe this favour to him; which I could not have asked or accepted from any other archbishop. That some persons, besides Mr. Say, did recommend me to him, I knew, and was obliged to them for it ; but I must add, that on this occasion they did oneúdolo órgúvery, spur a free courser, and that he would have done what he did without their interposition.” .
The living in the city here mentioned was that of St. Dunstan in the east; and ile manner in which che archbishop gave it was as follows. i In the spring of the 'year 1751, Mr. Jortin dined at the feast of the Sons of the Clergy, where archbishop Herring was present; and on being told that his grace was desirous of renewing his acquaintance with him, Mr. Jortin prepared for going to the upper end of the room, by looking at the lower end, amongst a great number of hats that were laid on a table in a confused manner, for his own: his friends told him that the hat was by no means necessary, and he therefore waited on the archbishop without it. His grace complimented him on his talents and his writings, and ended the conversation by giving him in the presence of the clergy, the presentation to che above rectory, which he had brought in his pocket for that parpole. Vi. Jortin then returned to his seat, telling his friends “ I tzve loft my hat, but I have got a living."
The archbishop ai so gave the degree of doctor in divinity to theinduftrious Thomas Birch, who in the dedication of his life of Tillotion, compares his grace to that great prelate, in the following respects, “ eminence in the office of a Christian preacher, condescension and affability, reconciling inferiors to elevation of rank, without detracing from its dignity; humanity and generosity unrestrained by the parties and distinctions of mankind; moderation of temper and principles molt friendly to the true interests of the established church, and a known reluctance to accepting the first station in it."
On Hawkesworth he conferred the degree of doctor of laws, as a mark of his approbation for the service rendered to virtue and religion, by that writer in his periodical work entitled the “ Adyenturer.”
Fawkes had been of the same college with the archbishop,to whom he addressed an ode on his recovery from a violent fever in 1753. This performance obtained for the author the vicarage of Orpington with St. Mary-Cray, in Kent; and the poet expressed his gratitude in an elegant elegy upon his patron's death. That event happened March 13th, 1757, and agreeable to the express direction of his will the archbishop's remains were interred in a private manner in the vault of Croydon church.
Archbishop Herring possessed the virtues of public and private life in a most eminent degree, and he was a true friend to civil and religious liberty. He expended upwards of fix thousand pounds in repairing and adorning the palaces and gardens of Lambeth and Croydon.
In 1763, a volume of his Sermons on Public Occasions, · was published for the benefit of the London infirmary; and
afterwards appeared, a corresponding volume of his letters, edited by Mr. Duncombe of Canterbury.
The successor of Dr. Herring in the primacy, was Dr. Matthew Hutton, who was also removed thereto from the fee of York. He died in April the following year, and as no memorials of him are recorded we shall proceed in our next, to the life of archbishop Secker.
An ORIGINAL LETTER from Bishop Berkeley.
cel, a boy of mo in his fompleurify ; but is relap
Cloyne, Feb. 29, 1750. My Dear Lord, THIS morning before day it pleased God to take to him.
1 self my son Willy, my third and youngest son turned of fifteen, a boy of most amiable qualities. He was choaked in his bed by flegm in his stomach. He was perfectly recovered of his spotted fever and pleurisy; but relapsed by a fresh cold, &c. in the late terrible weather. His relapse rea duced him wonderfully, as he was harrafled with a cough and fever, and at the same time averse from drinking tar water, the only thing that gave him an appetite, and so was reduced to skin and bone: but a few daies since being prevailed on to drink it again, he was soon freed from his cough and fever, and grew hungry, and called so often for gellies, broth and biscuits, &c. that (although I had endeavoured to guard against loading his stomach) those about him gaye him (though little at a time, yet more upon the whole than he could well digest. This filled his stomach with flegm more than he had ftrength to throw up, which surprising him in bed he was suffocated.
In justice to tar water I must needs say, his cough and fe. ver were quite fubdued by it, and weakness alone remained, which was mending apace, and by more leisurely proceeding would in all likelyhood have been soon remedy'd. For some daies and nights past he was so well and hearty, and chear. ful, that we had not the least fear or apprehension of his death, which therefore came upon us improviso like a thun.. der stroke.
The Lord hath given and the Lord hath taken away, blefa fed be the name of the Lord.
1. Adieu my dear Lord,
Your most affectionate
P. S. My
P.S. My intelligence about the plague being cured in the Mediterranean, was, I doubt, premature or false, having seen the sailor's letter t'other day. I believe the fores which he and his comrades took for eruptions of the plague were only scorbutic sores in a high degree of the scurvy.
My poor wife is in great distress, and wasted with long attendance and watching, yet, I thank God, her fortitude and resignation are more than ordinary. We both send our best respects to those good friends who so kindly remember us. Pray how doth our good friend the B. of Bristol ?*
* Dr. Joseph Butler, afterwards Bishop of Durham.
LETTERS to a Young GENTLEMAN, 83c.
The life of a clergyman, a life of labour and application.
Hint of improvement in clerical education. TF I would wish you, my dear Charles, to be free from
worldly views in your choice of the clerical profession; you will easily believe, that, I am no less desirous, you should entertain no indolent purposes of ease and self-indulgence. These are as contrary to the true spirit of your profeflion, as the most covetous or ambitious projects : and a man who is influenced by them, can no more answer with a safe conscience, that " he trusts he is inwardly moved by the Holy Ghost, to take upon him this office,”* (in the most temporal sense of the word) than he, who enters into holy orders only with a view to honour and preferment.
I remember, when I was a young man at college, and thought less seriously of these things, than I do now; that I was one day very much struck by a young gentleman of my particular acquaintance, who, unlike myself, was intended for the ministry : and who faid, upon our speaking of our several future schemes in life; “ Well, for my part, as soon
* See the Ordering of Deacons," according to the Church of England. The candidate will also do well to read carefully the present bishop of Gloucester's charge, entitled “ Preparation for the Holy Order of Deacons." Printed for Cadell and Davies, 1807. Eq.
as Christmas is over, and I have got my degree, I shall take orders and go down into the country to a living which my father has purchased for me: and there I shall lead a pure comfortable life; for I shall have nothing to do, but to fol. low my pleasures, and act as I like. I have bought a few old manuscript sermons, -rather too few indeed, -but I will change them with my neighbour parsons; amongst us we shall do pretty well, and manage so, as that they may not come round too often.” No wonder amongst a circle of gay young men, these declarations were received with ap. plause: my lips too applauded them; but indeed my heart recoiled: I could not help deeming more highly of that fa. " cred and most respectable office. However, I had too little fortitude, and perhaps too little knowledge of the profession to remonstrate; and you know, that it is one evil of sprightly conversation, that we frequently approve in the gaiety of our souls, what our better judgment wholly renounces.f But these words of my dear friend, (who was notwithstanding a most valuable youth, and whom providence early cut off, or I am persuaded, his future practice would have been essentially different) these words have often recurred to my memory; and the rather as I fear they may too frequently be verified: you perhaps have soine of your university friends in your eye while I write.
Young gentlemen greatly mistake the matter, if they con, ceive, that providing a sermon for Sunday is the principal part of the clerical duty; and that after they have delivered it, (be it new or old) they have nothing further to do all the week, but to dance after their diversions and amusements; and on Sunday again turn over their heap, and to take to the pulpit another discourse. This is not to discharge the duty of a minister of Jesus Christ; of a faithful shepherd and watchman over the souls of the people committed to their care.
Do not these applications strike you? It certainly de. serves your serious attention, my dear brother, that all the
* I think I have read it, or heard it said of the famous lord Rochester, that he confessed, in his days of penitence, that very often his own heart has been shocked at the praises which he received in company, for his brilliant wicked sayings, or for his defences of impiety, immorality and atheism: frequently he would say to himself " Good God! what a wretch am I, to receive commendations, for the abuses of God, and for things, which merit the utmost abo horrence.”