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of that diocese, or ordinary, of the peculiar jurifdi&tion from whence he comes, of his good life, ability, and conformity to the ecclesiastical laws of the Church of England. :

IX. That you do not allow any minister to serve more than one church or chapel, in one day, except that chapel be a member of the parish-church, or united thereunto; and unless the said church, or chapel, where such minifter shall serve in two places, be not able, in your judgment, to main. tain a curate.

X. That in the instrument of license granted to any curate, you appoint him, what shall appear to you, upon due consideration of the duty to be performed by him, the value of the benefice, and the other circumstances of the case, a sufficient salary, according to the power vested in you by the laws of the church, and the particular direction of the act of parliament for the better maintenance of curates.

XI. That you take care, as much as is possible, that whofoever is admitted to serve any cure, do reside in the parish where he is to serve ; especially in livings that are able to support a resident curate: And where that cannot be done, that he do at least reside so near to the place, that he may conveniently perform all the duties both in the church and parish.

XII. That you be very cautious in accepting resignations; and endeavour with the utmost care, by every legal method, to guard against corrupt and simoniacal presentations to benefices.

XIII. That you require your clergy to wear their proper habits, preserving always an evident and decent distinction from the laity in their apparel; and to shew in their whole behaviour, that seriousness, gravity, and prudence which be. comes their function; abftaining from all unsuitable company and diversions.

These directions I desire you would, with all conyenient Speed, communicate to the clergy of your diocese, assuring them, that it is your fixed resolution to make them the rule of your own practice. In the mean time, commending you to the Divine Blessing, I remain,

My Lord,
Your truly affectionate brother,

Tho. CANT. Lambeth, May 8, 1759.




OF PREACHING. THERE is no part of the clerical office, my dear

1 brother, more useful and important, and none more arduous and difficult, than that. of preaching. A wiser in.' ftitution cannot be imagined, than the weekly instruction of the people from the pulpit, in all the great truths which concern their salvation : nor can the best effects fail to flow from this excellent institution, if those, who are concerned,, fulfil it with due propriety. If right topics be handled, if they be handled with all perspicuity, and inforced with all becoming energy and, seriousness; it is impossible, but

Christian knowledge must be diffused, and Christian praca - tice much improved.

Julian, than whom the religion of Jesus surely never had a more fubtile or sensible adversary, was clearly con. vinced of the vast importance of preaching, of instructing the people by plain and spirited discourses addressed to them : and therefore, the better to re-establish paganism, he wisely adopted the Christian method, and appointed phie losophers, preachers of paganism, to countermine, by their discourses on the ordinary topics of virtue and morality, the acknowledged efficacy of the Christian preaching. This was a master-piece of policy in the apostate; and like the rest of his devices, well adapted to subvert the Christian re. ligion-if the gates of hell could ever have prevailed against it.

As preaching is confessedly of so high utility, it may seem frange, that so little attention is paid to the instructing our candidates for holy orders, in this distinguished branch of their duty. Must it not be deemed a deficiency in our academic education, that young gentleinen, designed for the VOL. XIV. i 3G

church Chm. Mag. June, 1808.

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church, are so much neglected with respect to the science of theology, the composicion and delivery of sermons ? And is it not to be imputed to this cause, that we have so few good preachers ?-when I say good, I mean only such as may be heard with tolerable edification and pleasure. For I ant too well aware, how many qualifications, natural and acquired, are necessary to constitute, a great, a complete preacher, to expect that every clergyman should excel. It should however be the study of every clergyman to excel; and there is no doubt, but assiduity and attention will con. quer many difficulties, and make a man an useful if not an eloquent instructor. And as so much advantage to others, as well as so much credit to a man's self, arises from a perfect discharge of this duty; I wonder our young clergymen are not more solicitous to exeri themselves, as well in com. pofing is in delivering their sermons. What an indignity do they offer to their facřed character, and what a contempt do they bring upon themselves, who think it sufficient to fupply themselves with a certain quota of manuscript ser. mons, (warranted original ! )* which, as the fabbath recurs, they read, as the school-boy reads his book--and behold their business is done! What, doth Christianity then afford no animating motives for self-exertion and is there no joy in contributing to the eternal felicity of fellow creatures! --Could the zeal for his country inspire a Demosthenes with such a flame of oratory; and thall the zeal for immortality have no influence on the hearts of Christian preachers! Yes, doubtless it has :-on one heart however, my dear brother, let me hope, chat it will have a particular influence: would to God my friendly exhortations might serve not only to awaken that zeal, but to direct it properly; that it might enliven, and invigorate all your discourses from the pulpii!. * Now before I speak of the delivery of these, suffer me to fay few things respecting the composition. And here I fhail throw my thoughts together, under the following heads :-3ft. The subject matter of your discourses.—2d. The pr viding that matter.->zd. The order or method of arranging it. - 4th. The style.

• For

* This is the common puff of advertisers. But heware of course terfeits is a good caution for young divines, as well as others, least for sermons of respectable clergymeri they buy the meagre and hackney performances of scribbling writers, hired and employed to write these warranted originals.


For the subject of your discourses, take care that it is cvangelical. Consider that you are ordained a teacher of the Gospel of Jesus Chrift; that from his Gospel you derive your authority; and that upon his Gospel depend the hopes--the everlasting hopes, as well of yourself as of all your congregation. You will therefore never be ashamed of that glorious Gospel, which is the powerful instrument in the hand of God to bring about the salvation of mankind : and from which such affecting and interesting arguments may be drawn to awaken and to comfort your hearers, as no other system can supply. .

There is a report gone abroad, and one which the mo. dern sectaries are very busy to improve, that the clergy at present are too apl 10 dwell upon subjects of mere moraliiy, without regard to those great sources of it, which the Chris. tian system fupplies. Harangues are heard, it is said, I know not how truely) either merely metaphysical, or merely moral, such as a Seneca or Cicero, in their unen, lightened state might have preached.--If this be true, it may well be said of the English clergy, that they are frangely fallen, and that they greatly err: since the example of their many eminent predecessors would certainly instruct them better ; and since morality, not drawn from Christian prin. ciples, can never produce any salurary effects. There is something so equivocal in the words moral and morality, especially as they are used by some people ; that it requires care accurately to distinguish. To say a man is a moral preacher, with some implies excellence, with others the grofleft deficiency, and a total aberration from Christianity. Both are, in some degree, right: to preach morality, that is, to inculcate and enforce the practice of all moral virtues, of all we owe to our neighbour and ourselves, is certainly right, and every minister's duty: but to preach this only, or to preach this, not upon Christian principles, in a merely abstract argumentative way, is indisputably very defective. The most excellent system of morality in the world, is the Christian; but how different is this from every human system ! how different in its authority, source, sanction, and extent ! Indeed Jesus Christ hath not only shewn, in pre. cepts, all which his followers are to be, and to do; but hath exemplified, by his life and actions, the whole round of Chriftian morals. And therefore from him Christian preachers are to derive their arguments and strength. We preach Christ and him crucified, ought to be their motto.-But


having more to say upon this subject, I shall beg leave to postpone it to my next.' And am, in the mean time,

faithfully yours,





THE Rev. Mr. D , I am informed, is accused of

1 a great offence at the Foundling Hospital. On Sun. day, May 29, he preached there a long, a loyal, and an orthodox sermon. . In it he very naturally referred to the late agiiation of the Question about Catholic Emancipation, which he and others disapproved. He called it the late “ audacious attempt to introduce the subject.” Now as the subject had been decided before, and as the king's conscience is not of yielding materials, I do not know that the expres. fion was too 'strong; but this sermon gave great offence, and some leading members of the charity formed themselves into a junto, and passed a vote of censure on the preacher, and his doctrine. Now, I would ask, was there any thing im. moral in the discourse ? was there any thing fchifmatical ? was there any thing contrary to the analogy of faith ? If there had been, I conceive the committee would have been justified in representing it to the bishop; and let the bishop have proceeded against the clergyman; but here a number of laymen, without any authority, by a felf-created power, presume to censure a clergyman, and for what? For doing what he conscientiously thought it his duty to do on that day?- Did we not in the prayer appointed for that day, deplore the evils of the GREAT REBELLION? To the ears of fome, this would sound as very illiberal and improper language; soine, perhaps, whofe ancestors were enriched by the confusion of those times. That was 'a period when the . church was cruelly depressed, and the meeting house was

triumphant ;

AP Berliberalere enriched here the

as e ancestorasia peeting.raphan

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