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Letter from the Rev. Arthur Bedford to Dr. Charkt. 363

a magnificent entertainment. There Vitellius made an alliance with the new king of Arabia, and immediately sent an account of what he had done to the new Einperor, and finding by his answer that Herod had contrived to inform him of every particular before, he hated Herod as long as he lived.

(To be continued.)

Letter from the Rev. ARTHUR BEDFORD, M. A. to Dr.

CHARLET, Master of University College, Oxford.

Newton St. Loe, Dec. 11, 1719. .“ REVEREND SIR, 66 T INTENDED to have given you some account of the

nature and usefulness of the Chaldee and Syriack languages; but, since all that I can say, and more than can be comprehended in a letter, is contained in Mr. Ockley's Introduction to the Oriental Languages, in the Appendix to the Polyglott Bible, and in the Appendix to Bishop Beveridge's Syriack Grainmar, I must desire to be excused, and refer you thither.

" I cannot but highly approve of the design of founding a professorship in Oxford, for the Syriack language ; and have reason to hope, what I heartily wish, that the pious and charitable benefactor, who promotes the study of that language which our blessed Saviour spoke when he was on earth, will hear him say, • Come ye blessed,' at his return from heaven.

“ The manner how such a design may be made most useful, can be better concerted among those who are skilled in those studies, in so famous an University as Oxford is... But since you were pleased to desire an account thereof. from me, I shall with submission to their judgment, give you my thoughts thereof.

" I believe that it would be better to settle ą professor of the Chaldee and Syriack language, thạn of the Syriack alone, : "For first: the Chaldee and Syriack differing little more than the Ionick and Dorick dialects among the Greeks, may easily be carried on by the same professor; and he who is master of the one, may also, in a few months time, be master of the other.

• Secondly;

“ Secondly: there being very few books extant in the Syriack language, except the version of the Bible, I cannot fuppose that there would be employment enough for a profeitor in that single study.

“ Thirdly: I find a canon in the council of Vienne, under Pope Clement V. which requires, that there should be a professor of Hebrew, Chaldee, and Arabick, in the University of Oxford; and should this be settled in such a manner, it answers exactly to the design of that council; and if the Syriack language is added to it, then the four most useful of the oriental languages will be promoted by professors for that purpose.' * * Fourthly : the Chaldee is absolutely necessary, not only for the understanding the Paraphrase on the Bible, but also of the Jewish commentators, the Masorites and the Tal. mud; so that without it, a student cannoi make a much greater proficiency in the Jewish learning than what is contained in the Hebrew Bible. i

“ Fifthly : A Chaldee lecture will, in my opinion, en. courage the oriental studies more than the Syriack alone, The natural method is, to begin with the Hebrew Bible. Now the Bible cannot be read over without some understanding of the Chaldee; because a great part of Daniel and Ezra, and a verse in Jeremiah, is written in that language, This done, a student will be capable of profiting by sach a' lecture. The affinity of thefe two languages will be an en.' couragement to proceed to the third. And every one, who. reads the Chaldee in the Hebrew Bible, will be in hopes of such a professorship ; which may be a greater encouragement to future industry.

“ Lastly : The encouragement of the Chaldee language may be the best means for the conversion of the Jews. The Jews are all skilled in the Hebrew and Chaldee; but they know noihing of the Syriack; and the best arguments against them may be taken from the Chaldee Paraphrase, for which they have a great esteem. Thus may our divines be trained up to confute them from their own authors, and to baffle them with their own weapons. We think it plain, from Scripture, that a time will come when the Jews shall be converted to the Christian faith; and I hope the time is near. Now the same God, who ordains the end, directs to means; and probably such a pious benefactor may be an instrument for such a glorious purpose, and may accordingly hope for the reward (Dan. xii. 3.) of those who turn


oughoittuntide, excephonth in the ysali

many to righteousness, which is, to shine as the stars for ever
and ever.
: “ As for the times in which such lectures should be read,
if I might give my advice, it should be once a week both in
term and vacation throughout the year, the holidays, Chrift,
mas, Lent, Easter and Whitsunride, excepted ; and that the
lectures should be alternately for, each month in the year,
one month for Chaldee and another for Syriack. Thus all
who come to keep the Easter and A&t terms, might hear lec-
tures for both languages. And as the Hebrew lectures are
appointed to be read in term time, and the Arabick in the
vacation, so there might be two lectures at least weekly in
the oriental studies throughout the year, excepting the times

I am, reverend Sir,
your most humble

and affectionate Servant,




S the last of Archbishop Laud's Devotions, I now send

\ you what he has entitled Prayers upon Sundry Pube Tic Occasions. For the high Court of Parliament 1625. In a fast for that

great plague. : AFTER using our present form for the same occasion, to the words “our Sovereign and his kingdom," (or as we now more properly say, dominions,) he says, “Lord regard their humility and devotion. They are come to thy house in obedience, upon the mercies and merits of Christ, that thou wilt not deny the grace and favor they beg. O Lord, bless them with the necessary knowledge, to speed and bring

- great

great designs to action; and make his Majesty's and their Counsels a happiness and blessing. These and all other necessaries, for them, for us, &c.

For the Navy. O GOD and Father, Lord of Hosts, the strength of Na. tions is from thee. No victory can wait upon designs, counsels, or armies, if thou teach not. Thou art the liope of all on the Earth or Sea : and now we need thy help by Sea and Land; for Christ's mercy deny us neither: Be with our armies and our allies by Land and Sea. Be not from either of them, till they return with honor and peace. Turn our Enemies' swords into their own bosom ; for we sought Peace, and they made ready for battle. We are truly sorry for our Sins, forgive them; we will trust on thee, to bless the actions of this state, for thy glory, the honor of our gracious King Charles, and the peace and welfare of this Church and Státe. Grant this for Christ's sake. Amen,

In time of pestilence and unseasonable weather. 1625. MOST Gracious God, pardon our grievous transgres. fions: take off thy punishment and forgive our Sins. We may not think thou wilt forgive our Sins, until our humilia. tion and repentance ask forgiveness. We have been slow : now thy mercy is apparelled in Justice; to force us to thee, Lord we believe, encrease our faith, devotion, repentance; and all Christian virtues. Thy Vials of displeasure drop upon us, and we smari under one, while thou threatenedit the rest. The peftilence spreads, as if seeking whom it should devour: making families and cities desolate : we hear the sound of war, and the sword calling for such as it would devour. The Heavens are black, and the Clouds drop leanness: famine will swallow what the Pestilence and Sword leave, unless thou send more seasonable weather. Our Sins have deserved this, and more. We have no whither to go, but thy mercy, and no way to that but the all-sufficient merit of thy Son, our Blessed Saviour: for his sake look upon us, command thine angel to stay his hand. In death we cannot praise, or give thee thanks. Go with our armies, our deliverance is from thee. Take not away our plenty. We need thy mercies, and they are together in Chrift, in whom and for whom, we beg, &c. .

. In danger of Enemies. 1626. O GOD and Faiher, be merciful to us, and near to help in those needs our Sins threaten to bring. Our Enemies


und Father, thip is live us

are strengthened by our rebellions against thee; and we deserve the threatening. Thou hast mercy, and to be feared. Shew us mercy, and inake us so fear thee, that we may never fear or feel them. When thou wilt correct us, let us fall into thy hands and not man's, for Jesus Christ's fake. Amen.

O God and Father, we deserve all thy Law threatens. Our contempt of worship is great ; we hear, but do not obey. Forgive all our Sins. Give us light, readiness, obe. dience, and discretion : true, serious, and loyal endeavors for the peace and prosperity of Jerusalem, the Unity and glory of this CHURCH AND STATE, to love and prosper in it, and be full of grace here, and glory hereafter, through Chrift, &c.

Thanksgiving for ceasing the Plague. 1626. . O MERCIFUL God, we praise thee for the wonderful ceasing of the plague, in the chief City, and other places. Shew us further mercy, and look on all this land with compalfion. Keep the destroying angel from, not to enter free places, of farther waste those visited. Comfort the Sick, Preferve the Sound, receive them that die, to mercy; that living and dying, they and we may be thy faithful Servants, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

In danger of Enemies. 1626. O GOD, we have felt thy mercies; no nation more: and committed Sins, few nations greater. Enter not into Judgment, but for Christ's sake pacify thine anger, and save us from our Enemies. Our crying Sins have called them. Add to thy mercy, and restrain thein, bridle their mouths, and put thy bit between their teeth. Frustrate their designs, AND LET THEM FIND NO WAY IN OUR SEAS, nor any path in our floods, scatter them with thy tempefts, and storms; that WĚ being delivered by ihy hand, may bless, honor, and serve thee all our days, through Christ, &c. 1626, 1628. O Lord, thou Governor of the Earth, look down in mercy upon this REALM, and upon all other REFORMED Churches. Deliver us and them from threatened destruction. Protect our Sovereign, direct his counsels, go with his armies, be ta him and us a wall and tower of defence, that being safe in mercy, we may serve thee in thy Church, and ever praise thee, through Jesus Christ.



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