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· QUEEN ELIZABETH. [From Scot's Philomythie; or Philomythologie. 8vo. 1616.]
10 the late queene of famous memorie, a courtier who 1 had great place about her majestie, made suite for an office belonging to the law. She told him he was unfit for the place. He confest as much, but promised to finde out a sufficient deputy. “Do,” saith the, "and then I may bestow it upon one of my ladies ;for they by deputation may execute the office of chancellor, chief justice, and others as well as you." This answered him, and I would it would answer all others; that fit men might be placed in every office, and none, how great soever, suffered to keep two. They should take offices for the commonwealth's benefit; but they take them like farmes, to enrich themselves. This discourageth all pro. fessions, both in the church and commonwealth ; one place is fit for one man.
From the PARISH REGISTER of East Down, in SUSSEX.
IN the death of Agnes and Johan Payne, buried both Feb,
1 1, 1560, is one thing worthy recording, diligently to be noted. The elder sister, called Agnes, being very sické, unto the death, speechless, and as was thought past hope of speaking, after she had lyen about twenty-four hours without speech, at last, upon a sudden, cryed out to her sister to make herself ready, and to come with her: her sister Johan being abroad, about other business, was called for; who be. ing come to her fick sister, demanding how she did, she very lowd and earnestly bad her fifter make her ready, she staid for her, and could not go without her; within half an hour after, Johan was taken very fick, which encreasing all night upon her, her other sister fill calling her to come away, in the morning they both departed this wretched world together.
Testified by diyers old and honest persons yet living, which I have myself heard their father, whilft he was alive, report.
ARTHUR POLLAR), Vicar.
DR. SHERLOCK, formerly Rector of St. Botolph,
A POOR woman brought her child to the church to be A baptized, which having been performed, the clerk demanded of her the parson's due, which was a shilling; but she pleading poverty, declared herself unable to pay it. The clerk however insisted upon it, for the parson he said would have his due ; upon which the poor woman with great reluctance and murmuring paid the demand. But Dr. Sher. lock, who intended to make her amends, sent her word by his servant, that he would come and drink tea with her. At this the woman was enraged and said: “ What should he come to drink tea with me for ? He has already distressed me enough by taking the shilling from me, and would he distress me more ?” The servant, however, pacified her, and gave her a shilling for the tea. In the afternoon the doctor came, and being seated, he told her she did very well in paying the shilling, as he could not mitigate the legal dues of the church, for such a custom might injure his successor ; but having found upon enquiry, that she bore a very good character, and that her husband was honest and industrious, he gave her ten guineas to relieve her family from the mise. ries in which he saw them, and to purchase some household necessaries, of which they were quite destitute, having sold all for their support.
her hu believe her to
THE LATE KING OF SWEDEN.
A GENTLEMAN of Sweden was condemned to suffer A death, as a punishment for certain offences committed by him in the discharge of an important public office, which ke had filled for a number of years, with an integrity that
had never before undergone either suspicion or impeach... ment. His son, a youth about eighteen years of age, was no sooner apprized of the situation of his father, then he flew to the judge, and throwing himself at his feet, prayed that he might be allowed to suffer in the room of his father, whose loss he declared, it was impossible for him to survive.
The magistrate was thunderstruck at this extraordinary request, and could hardly be persuaded that the youth was sincere in it. But being at length satisfred in this respect, he wrote an account of the whole affair to the king; and the consequence was, that his majesty immediately dispatched a courier with orders to grant a free pardon to the father, and to confer a title of honour on the son. This last mark of royal favour, however, the youth begged leave with all humility to decline, and the motive for his refusal of it was not less noble, than the conduct by which he had deserved it was generous and disinterested. “Of what avail,” exclaimed he, could the most exalted title be to me, humbled as my family already is in the duft!-Alas! would it not serve as a monument to perpetuate in the ininds of my countrymen the sad remembrance of my unhappy father's shame?” i
The king shed tears when this speech was reported to him; and sending for the affectionate and heroic youth to court, he immediately appointed him to the office of his private and confidential secretary.
ON SKELTON'S SERMONS.
Mr. Clapham having at length gratified the public with the
first volume of SKELTON'S WORKS, we extract from it the 15th Reflection, entitled Criticism on the Author's Sermons. We purpose in our next number, to give an account of this valuable publication.
A VERY sensible gentlewoman having read the two A first volumes of sermons I had the presumption to publich, asked me if my own life and conversation were strictly conformable to the rules I had laid down in those discourses? · VOL. XIV. Y Y
Startled Chm. Mag. May 1808.
Startled at the question, I answered, no; but that I did my best to aĉt as well as I wrote ; and that I sometimes read over my own discourses, not that I thought them equal 10 those of other writers on the same subjects, but to upbraid and excite myself, on the footing of her question, to a greater degree of watchfulness over my own ways. Two of them I said had been of fingular use to me for this purpose, more than the most excellent performances of Barrow, Tillotson, or Stanhope could have been, because they stared my own failings in the face, like an additional conscience, with greater sternness than the better writings of other men could do. I confessed there was no necessity for my publishing, or even writing, new sermons, had no new crops of heresies, infidelities, and vices sprung up, which ought to be weeded out; or had not my zeal, perhaps my vanity, persuaded me, that my particular manner might have been of some use in checking the pernicious growth. New attacks on religion and virtue seemed to call for new defences, especially as the older defences had been, in a too great de. gree, antiquated to the attention of an age, almost wholly given up to a taste for new things. The reproofs of Christ, uttered against those “ who say and do not," all along flew in the face of my conscience, and induced me to do some. what, though far short of what I ought to have done.' I considered 100 that men, not angels, have been chosen for the ministry of God's word; that the apostles confess them: selves to be of like infirmities with other men; and that they and we all have our gifts in earthen vessels; that we are not at liberty to speak or write down to the standard of human opinions or vices, as if they were, in any degree, to be tolerated; but making the word of God our guide, to in, calcate the most perfect rules of thinking and acting, knowing the infinite danger of qualifying and relaxing the rules of God to a people, so prone to content themselves with Joose principles, and unwarrantable latitudes in action. All that have gone before me have written with as much strict, ness as I, or haye been false to the trust reposed in them. In regard to your question, madam, they should have written with a precision equal to mine, or not written at all. But, as to the conformity of their lives and mine with our writings, we all stand in great, I will not say, in equal, need of infinite mercy in our Master and Judge. Whatever the laws of men may be, those of God are perfe&t; but in neither are we ever told, what falvos, qualifications, or
fubterfuges, Tubterfuges, may be allowed us; nor how much of any law we may tranfgrefs with impunity. The same is to be said, and with equal reason and truth, of sermons, which are, or should be, nothing else but commentaries on the law, or gospel of God. The clergyman in the pulpit ought to be a good christian, and the lawyer at the bar, an honest man; but the failures of both, if duly repented of, and amended, will be forgiven, although, in both cases, mercy will be put more on the stretch for pardon, than by the sins of other men, because,“ to whom much is given, of him will much be required,” and “ the servant that best knows his duty, and doth it not, is to be beaten with many stripes.” Though I most firmly believe, Barrow, Tillotfon, and Stanhope, were much better than me, I should not be a whit comforted, to know they were not. They and I had the same perfect rule to preach and live by, and I hope it will not be among their fins or mine, that we dealt falfly between God and his people by cooking his word to the vitiated palates of our hearers, than which I know no greater crime; by no mean's common murder, for this would be to murder souls. When my wise and good father, within a few hours of his death, was giving a charge to his ten children, he ordered me, who had been then but half a year at the Latin school, to study physic, and learn to cure the disorder that was killing my father. As I grew up towards manhood, I was possessed with a strong desire to go into holy orders, to which I was prompted by a very warm and persevering zeal to discharge, with more than ordinary zeal and fidelity, the duties of that facred function. Considering this as a call from God, I obeyed, I fear, with a small mixture of vanity. Be that as it might have been, as soon as I had, by study, qualified myself for the service of a country parish, wherein I was singularly active, I set myself to the study of physic, pursuant to the dying command of my father, that I might relieve the poor of my flock from their disorders, and the more dangerous and expensive practice of ignorant quacks, reflecting, at the same time, that as my Great Maller had miraculously healed both the mental and corporeal disorders of mankind, so his ministers ought to aim at the natural relief of his people in both respects. For this latter purpose, I gave an application of four years to the best authors, and to the con. versations of the most able physicians I had access to. One of these gave me a piece of advice from which I never departed. I, said he, when I am employed, must prescribe fomewhat, were it but horse dung or brick duft, for iny