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wicke immediately wrote to the duke of Newcaftle, then at Hanover with the king, recommending the bishop of Oxford to the'vacant deanry of St. Paul's. His majesty consented, and he was installed in December 1750. On this preferment, he resigned his prebend of Durham; and the rectory of St. James's, and when he preached his farewel sermon the whole audience melted into tears.

Having now more leisure both to prosecute his own ftudies, and to encourage those of others, he gave Dr. Church considerable assistance in his Vindication of the Miraculous Powers, &c. against Dr. Middleton ; and also in his Analyfis of lord Bolingbroke's Works.

He also corrected and improved his friend Dr. Thomas Sharp's Controversial Tracts, againft the Hutchinsonians, on the meaning of the words Elohim and Berith, the expofition of the word Cherubim, and the antiquity of the Hebrew language.

But the ease which this change of situation gave him, was soon disturbed by a very heavy and unexpected stroke, the loss of his three excellent friends, bishops Butler, Berkeley, and Benson, who were all cut off in the space of

year. In the beginning of the year 1753, a bill for the naturalization of the Jews had paffed both houses of parliament with little or no opposition. But a great clamour being raised against it, among the people, it was deemed adviseable that the duke of Newcastle ihould move for the repeal of it, on the first day of the fesfion, in the following winter. And his

grace desiring to be feconded by a bishop, Dr. Secker was pitched upon for that purpose. He accordingly arose after the duke, and made a speech which was remarkably well received ; though lord Westmoreland said, that for some time he thought the bishop had been speaking against the repeal, having advanced more in favour of the bill, than he had ever heard before. The bishop spoke afterwards for a clause to disable Jews from being patrons of livings, but the defire of the house for a simple repeal prevailed, and he was advised not to divide it on the clause. On this occasion it was that he vindicated his friend bishop Sherlock with great {pirit against some severe attacks made upon him by a noble lord, in relation to this bill, for which generous proceeding he had the bishop's thanks.

During the time that he was dean of St. Paul's, he attended divine service constantly in the cathedral, twice every day, when in London; and together with th.hree other refidentiaries, established the cultom of always preaching their


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own turns in the afternoon, or of exchanging with each other only. The fund appropriated to the repairs of the church, having by neglect and wrong management fallen into much confulon, he took great pains in examining the ac. counts, reducing payments, making a proper division of ex. pense betwixt the dean and chapter on one lde, and the three trustees on the other; by which means the fund increased confiderably. In the following year he was engaged in another very troublesome transaction, making an agree. men: with the inhabitants of St. Faith's pariih, concerning their hare of St. Paul's church yard. And he left behind him a number of papers relative to both these points. He procured the old writings of the church to be put in order, and an index made to them. He collated a copy of the old stacute book, with that which is used as the original, and core rected a multitude of errors in that transcript. He examined also the registers and books in the chapter-house, extracted out of them what was most material, and left the extracts for the use of his successors.

In the summer months he refided constantly at his episco. pal house at Caddesden, which was the resort of many members of the university, who always left him with a high elleem of his affability and learning.

Party spirit ran very high at this time; yet by preserving always an even temper and goodwill to men of opposite opinions, the bishop of Oxford obtained the esteem even of those who most dilliked his political opinions.

The same prudent conduct in this respect which he observed himself, he recommended to his clergy in his charges, the whole series of which may be justly pronounced a most excellent system of pastoral duty.

What he recommended in words he taught by example. Hcenjoined no duły, he imposed no burthen on those under his jurisdi&tion, which he had not formerly undergone, or was not still ready, as far as he could, io undergo. He preached constantly in the church at Cuddesden every Sunday morning, and read a lecture on the catechism in the evening ; (both which he continued to do in Lambeth chapel after he became archbishop ;) and in every other respect, within his own proper department, was himself that devout, discreet, disinterested, laborious, conscientious paftor, which he wilhed and exhorted every clergy man in his diocese to be.

The bishop of Oxford continued in that diocese upwards of twenty years; going on that whole time in the same even course of duty, and enjoying those leisure hours which bis re.


grace had

tirement àt Cuddesden sometimes afforded him, for the profecution of his favourite studies. Such diftinguished merit could not fail to make an impression upon those in the highest station ; accordingly within a few days after the death of archbishop Huston, he received a message from the duke of Newcalle, acquainting him that his

proposed him to the king for the vacant fee of Canterbury. He returned the duke a short no'e of thanks, expressing at the same time his wish that his majesty would fix upon a more proper person. Soon after this his grace desired an interview with the bishop, at which he informed him that the king had appointed him archbishop.

This promotion accordingly took place, and he was confirmed at Bow-Church, April 21, 1758.

In accepting this high and burthenfome station, Dr. Secker acted on that principle which influenced him through life ; he sacrificed his own ease and comfort to considerations of public utiliiy. Apart from this, the mere secular advan. tages of grandeur were objects far beneath his ambition; and were, as he knew and confessed, but poor compensations for the anxiety and difficulties that accompanied them.

He had never once through his whole life asked preferment for himself, nor shewn any unbecoming eagerness for it; and the use he made of his newly-acquired dignity; clearly proved that rank, and power, and wealth had no other charms for him than as they served to extend the fphere of his active and industrious benevolence.

(To be concluded in our next.)



(Continued from page 110.)


S the Apostles that were assembled together on this occa

fion were at last then so thoroughly convinced by what had happened to Cornelius and his party, that." God had to the Gentiles also granted repentance unto life,” of course we may well suppose that their Lord's command must have instantly occurred to every one of them that were present,and, if so, what reason can be assigned why it should not have presented itself to them even in the same extensive acceptation as, we perceive, it did to St. Matthew, (a) if not


(a) Lardner supposes that St. Matthew's Gospel discovers so complete an insight into the doctrine of the call of the Gentiles and ihe abolition of the Levitical law, as the Apostles did not pos. sess till many years after the death of Christ : whence he con. cludes that it must have been written many years after that event. But I (says Michaelis) cannot suppose that the Apostles after they had received the gifts of the holy Spirit, still retained the Jewish prejudices, and moreover retained them in such a manner, as to be unable at any time to give a true and faithful account of Christ's doctrines since they wrote under the immediate influence of the Deity. It is true that the Apostles did not insist on the abolition of the Levitical law in Palestine ; for this doctrine belonged properly to other countries, and God permitted those who had been educated in the Levitical law still to retain it: yet it does not necessarily follow that the Apostles believed it still continued to have the force of a divine obligation. In the presence of the Jews they avoided a doctrine, which was not intended for them, and which could not have failed to have given them offence. Michaelis, Vol. iii. p. 102.

Were it true, that the Apostles were not entirely free from such erroneous notions, which however it would be difficult to reconcile with the gifts of the Holy Ghost, yet St. Matthew, conwhile they were then assembled together, at the latest how. ever, before he wrote his Gospel, since, we find, he had by that time acquired a complete view of the mystery of human Redemption ? And what reason, it may be further asked, can be assigned, why it should not have occurred to them efficaciously; (b) since it is difficult to conceive that they entertained any manner of doubt whatever, after so unquestion, able a notification of the divine will had been made by each person in the Godhead severally, of their being duly authorised to associate with Gentiles wherever they should think proper, but especially with such as were of a religious disposition,--and since we have every reason to think that no men could have had a more profound reverence for the di. vine authority than they had, when duly made known to them? Now if they did immediately set about performing the work assigned to them, agreeably to this last re-enforcement of their attention to the divine will, their preceding conduct may not have been, on the whole, altogether fo questionable as the strictures concerning it hitherto elicited seem to enable us to perceive, especially if it be admitted that an error may possibly have taken place with regard to the date of the affair of Cornelius. But if the effects of their exertions were any way remarkable it cannot surely be at all unreasonable to expect to find some account of them, either in that part of the New Testament which treats of the first admission of the Gentiles into the Church of Christ,-or-in that which exhibits the state of the Christian church after the



sidered as a meer human historian, was surely able to give a true and faithful account of the doctrines which he had heard delivered by Christ. If they appeared to him extraordinary, and contrary to his former notions, he might have accompanied ihem with a comment expressive of his former prejudices; yet these prejudices would not have rendered his memory so weak, as to be unable to retain the doctrines which he had actually heard, nor his hand so untrue, as to be unable to record them. Michaelis, Vol. iii. p. 103.

(6) Nec enim fas est dicere, quoniam ante prædicaverunt, quam perfectam haberent agnitionem ; sicut quidam audent dicere, gloriantes, emendatores se esse Apostolorum. Postea enim quam surrexit Dominus noster a mortuis, et induti sunt supervenientis Spiritus sancti virtutem ex alto, de omnibus ad impleti sunt, et habuerunt perfectam agnitionem; exierunt in fines terre, eaquæ a Deo nobis bona sunt evangelizantes, et cælestem pacem hominibus annunciantes, qui quidem et omnes pariter et singuli eorum habentes evan. gelium Dei. Irenæus, Lib. iii, c, I. p. 198, Oxford Ed.

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