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days, * which were unknown in the ages of pure Chriftia-
nity, and only introduced by the papacy to aggrandize the
Church of Rome, but by adopting such an order for their
succession and celebration, as to comprise a complete syf- .
tem of education in Christian divinity; each subject leading
so naturally into the other, and the importance of the foun.
dation, raising such a firm and regular superstructure, that
to follow our church through her calendar, is to obtain a
regularly connected epitome of ecclesiastical history and
Christian practice. Her public services thus call upon her
MINISTERS to explain every article of our creed, and every
mystery t of our faith, and every point of practice ; and

afford

* See the black letter days in the calendar of Dr. Nicholls on the Common Prayer, and the Clavis Calendaria, or the Liturgy Calendar of the Church of England explained, a very useful old book to be reprinted: Also the late Bishop Douglas's CRITERION on true and false miracles; wherein those of the Abhè Paris and is the Romish Church are particularly consideredo

+ Dr. Young has observed with his usual acumen, “a mys.' tery explained is a mystery undone,” i. e. it can be so no longer; and an orthodox and exemplary divine now living, has well added, 16 we do not presume to explain them (mysteries) to you, because they have not been explained to us." The late learned Bishop of St. Asaph, Dr. Horsley, was of opinion there were no mysteries in Christianity. After all, the subject resolves itself into that admi. rably beautiful, wise, and oratorical definition of him who is the author of all mysteries both in heaven and earth; " if we do not understand earthly things, how can we understand when we hear of heavenly things." In fact, is there any thing we do perfectly understand? The wisest and best of the medical faculty acknows ledge and lament, by sad experience, their inability to com. . prehend thoroughly any of the complicated and wonderfully combined actions of the human æconomy, yet we all see the effects daily. Can we tell the process of nutrition, of growth, or the various secretions, from that single fluid, the blood, &c. ? yet I presume we are nourished, do grow, &c. although the modus has never been yet ascertained, but is enveloped in inextricable, darkness. (Should any of your readers, Mr. Editor, controvert this position, I am ready to defend it, and will only add my belief ihat the wisdom of Solomon alluded both in a religious and physical sense to a subject of this kind, viz. the arcana of human generation, in that little understood, and certainly much perverted text, where the latter word requires being translated, "2 young or child-bearing woman," which in the East, being

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afford her PEOPLE an opportunity to avail themselves of thus presenting the most acceptable facrifice a God of mercy can receive, by a public acknowledgment of “all his goodness and loving kindness in their creation, preservation, and all the blessings of this life, and more especially for the REDEMPTION of the world by our Lord Jesus Christ, for these means of grace, and the hopes of glory,* and such as are unavoidably prevented from joining the public service of the church, are not only entitled to their share of the prayers and praises THERE uffered, but have their minds recalled to the consideration of the sacred subjects as they recur, and can add to their daily devotions those admirable COLLECTS, + which have been provided for every such especial occafion.

But besides these public and authorised Anniversaries, there are many others, which in their observation are necessarily attended with important advantages to those “ who are exercised thereby ;' such as the days of our birth and baptism ; the death of our relations, or friends, any particular mercy, as recovery from dangerous illness, preservation

from imminent danger, as accidents by water, fire, animals, . falls, &c. and a variety of others, which only the piety of

the individual and the nature of the circumstance can direct, and in this we have also the example of our good mother the Church, in the public instances of those days she has added to the rest, and commanded to be observed holy, as Jan. 30, Nov. 5, Oct. 25, &c. &c. We are there. fore edified by the example of ARCHBISHOP LAUD, in thus calling our autention to the subject, while it evinces at the

at an early age, has been misnamed by our translators in the North, where the influence of climate, habits, and manners, pro. duce such an essential difference upon the constitution. That “God hath made all things in wisdom," the unlearned reader may learn by consulting Ray or Edwards on the Creation, Derham's Astro and Physico Theology ; or that more modern work of archdeacon Paley's, the Natural Theology.

• General Thanksgiving.

+ Hence the importance and utility of their being learned by children, to whom they may prove of lasting use through life, by fur. nishing them with a collection of prayers on every occasion, what. ever that state of life may be, “ to which it shall please God to

call them.” See (p. 20.) Endeavour Society's Prayers from the · Church Catechism for Children. Rivingtons, 3d. i .

fame

fame time how. zealously he was attached to that mother, whose dutiful son he so undoubtedly was, and whose PIETY and humility are thus so clearly evinced.

In these commemorations all his petitions, breathe the most devout order, humility, and self-reproach'; while the fervour of his piety sustains his finking spirits under the most severe losses, and trying calamities, an human being could experience. In the anniversary of his parents death, he applies that comfortable and well-founded doctrine of mutual knowledge in a future state,* where, we are told by divine authority that we shall know, even as we are known, and fee as we are féen. Our blessed redeemer himself assures us of this comfort in his parable of Dives and Lazarus, the very groundwork of which is founded upon this doctrine, and surely no parable of his would be founded upon a fi&tion!

When so many advantages are derived from such an obfervation of days, who would neglect to secure them ? how many plealing recollections do they afford ? how many admonitions of our duty and thankfulness to God, when thus more especially called upon to exercise them! Yet the Dissenters, with the true SECTARIAN fpirit of oppo. sition, are too wise, it feems, to follow the example of the church universal, (for such it assuredly is), and too good to need those aids which modest humanity solicits with grateful hope ; and while others are employed in celebrating the fundamentals of Christianity to the glory of God, and their own salvation, they are perversely distinguishing themselves and their habitations, their families and domestics, by the most opposite and worldly employments. Thus indeed most tacitly avowing, that they neither have, nor defire any concern in these things; upon a due attention to which ihe salva. tion of Christians depends! The portions of scripture, which our church has so wisely appointed to be read on the anniversary of her HOLY DAYS, in the lef ons, epistles, and gofpels, are no small part of the advantage attending our pub. lic celebration of them; and that part which gives us a very decided superiority over SEPARATISTS; for as Bishop King observes, “ in all their meetings in a whole year, perhaps there is not so much scripture read as in one day in our Church;" and he “ challenged them to show any one

meeting

* See a Sermon of Dr. Dodd's, on the death of Bishop Squire. ;

+ See Archbishop King's Discourse on the inventions of men in the Worship of God, in which he shews what the Holy Scrip

ture

meeting of the preceding age, where reading the Scripture was duly performed, begging them to consider how they would excuse themselves before God of thus violating his command."* This was also publickly acknowledged by one of their greatest preachers and advocates. +

Our MANUALS of Devotion in general do not furnish a fufficient number of examples of this kind, to assist the pious in their celebration of anniversaries for particular occasions, of loffes, mercies, &c. generally confining them to those of our birth or baptism , though very excellent and highly useful works in every other respect. Some omit them altogeiher, and where we certainly ought to find them : || but Dr. Inett's “ Guide to the Devout Christian," affords a remarkable exception in this particular, where he has given several specimens, and among them one for the Second of September, being the FIRE OF JONDON. I

The ČHURCH of ENGLAND, says one of her venerable fons**, regulates not her year by the course of the natural fun, but by the sun of righteousness, and therefore

fure prescribes, what is practised in our church, and what is the Dissenters manner, respecting praises, prayer, hearing, bodily worship, and the Lord's supper, with an affectionate address in conclusion, to the conforming clergy, and laity, and the dissenting ministers and laity, p. 71; a most useful little work to be reprinted at this time, and peculiarly adapted, by its conciliating manner, to setile the minds of such as are called moderate men.

* Archbishop King's Discourse, p. 85.
+ Peirce, in his Vindication.

As in Spinkes's Manual, the Devout Christian's Companion, by Warren; the Protestant Manual of Christian Devotions. . ·ş Bishop Taylor's Holy Living and Dying, Bishop Patrick's De. vout Christian.

|| The Clergyman's Companion in visiting the Sick, and Dod. · well's excellent work, the Sick Man's Companion, and Clergyman's Assistant.

See Inett's Guide to Repentance (added to his Deyout Christian,) part iv. p. 387.

** The late well known, learned, and much lamented Rev. W. Jones of Nayland. .: .

anti

anticipates and prepares for the celebration of his coming at the end of the natural year," thence proceeding in a regular series of appointed holy days wisely distributed throughout that period; for, as Bishop King observes, “ to inculcate the great mysteries of our faith the better, OUR CHURCH has appointed certain solemn times, wherein once in the year the ministry are obliged to explain and inculcate every great mystery of our faith, and most material passages of the gospel."* Let it become therefore the pleasure, as well as the duty of her children to obey her kind injunction, and celebrate with due respect the mysteries of our religion, and the anniversaries of its founderst; which is now more especially required for the revival of true religion, the holding forth a good example, and “putting to silence the reproach of gainsayers.” And let us not be confounded either with 'the deluded or desgning SECTARY, who “ sojourning among us," make a mock at that sin of SCHISM, which was so much abhorred in the Primitive Church, of which the CHURCH OF ENGLAND is so fair a copy. St. CleMENT, in his Epistle to the Corinthians, thus addresses them. “ Your schism has perverted many, discouraged many : it has caused diffidence in many, and GRIEF in-us all : and yet your SEDITION continues still. Wherefore are there these divisions and schisms among us? Have we not one calling in Chrift? Why do we raise seditions against our own body? Are we at such a height of madness as to forget we are members one of another ? Remember the words of Christ, - Woe to that man by whom the offence cometh.” 'Tis a shame and a very great Mame, to hear the Church should be led by one or two persons, into a fedition AGAINST its priests. The report is also come to those that differ from us, and the name of the Lord is blasphemed through your folly. Let

• Archbishop King's Disc. p. 68.

+ For their direction and assistance herein, an acquisition will be found in Nelson on the Festivals: or Kirke's Abridgement of it, an old but very useful work. Scintilla Altaris, by Dr. Sparke. Dr. S. Glasse's Lectures on the Festivals. Also a very excellent Tract, entitled the Nature and Design of Holy Days explained, &c. as appointed by the Church of England, printed for Sare, Hol-' born, 1722; the plainness, size, and price of which would render it a great acquisition on the list of the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, where it would supply an essential want, and prove highly beneficial in its distribution. vol. XIV.

us Chm. Mag. Feb. 1808.

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