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most ancierit manuscripts; nor has the substitution of the one for the other been suggested by any of the earliest commentators; I am bound to consider ihis concurrent testi. mony of the Scriptures in the version of the Seventy, and of the primitive Christian writers, not only as forming an insurmountable objection against the conjecture of your correspondent, but also as affording an almost irrefragable proof, that the crown worn by our Redeemer was, indeed, a crown of thorns.

As to the kind of thorn which was used on this most memorable and melancholy occasion, though many ingenious conjectures have been advanced, and much has been written respecting it, yet nothing can be affirmed with certainty. There is, however, a singular passage in the Psalms which, as rendered in the Septuagint, may, probably, throw some little light upon the subject, inasmuch as it clearly points out to us the different acceptations of the words anavba and pauvos: It is the following passage to which I allude. " Tipo 78 OUVIEVXI Tas axavbaç upswv Tuv peepsov. * _Before that your thorns Thall enfold (or equal) the rhamnus." Here it is evident that by axxyba we are to understand a more diminutive shrub or plant than the rhamnus. Dr. Hammond, in his Annota. tions upon this Píalın, has observed that these are both noxi. ous shrubs of the same kind, full of hooks and prickles; the former therefore, might probably, be a species of the latter in its young and growing state ; and if the word axav@x, as used by St. Matthew, be understood in this sense, then, it may reasonably be concluded that the thorns of which the crown was composed, were young and tender shoots of the rhamnus, which, from their flexibility and tenderness, would easily be made to answer the purpose of the soldiers.

Now of the Rhamnus, or Buckthorn, there are, it seems, twenty seven species, one of which, the Paliurus, has l'ong been called the thorn of Christ. “ This plant (says Hanbury) is undoubtedly the sort of which the crown of thorns for our blessed Saviour was composed. The branches are very pliant, and the spines of it are, at every point, strong and Tarp. It grows naturally about Jerusalem, as well as in many parts of Judea.” And froin the ancient pictures of our Lord's crucifixion it appears, he adds, that “ the thorns of the crown on his head exaélly answer to those of this tree." f In confirmation of the foregoing opinion it may

; Te to answer ckthorn, therfurus, has

be

:

* Septuagint. Psalm. lvii. 9. Heb. and English Bible, lviii, 10, of Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol. xvi. 203, 204.

be further observed, that Dioscorides, (who lived, it is sup-
posed, in the age of Nero) as cited by Bochart, Vol. i. 752,
has remarked, that the Africans or Carthaginians called the
rhamnus or Christ's thorn, Aradilhing which is the plural of
the Hebrew Atad.* All these circumstances conlidered, I
think it highly probable, that our Lord's crown was com-
posed of thorns which were of the species of the Atad or
Rhamnus, but which were yet young and tender, and of ini-
perfect growth; for these, from their flexibility, would be
much less troublesome for the soldiers to handle, than if
they had been in a state of maturity.
Feb, 20, 1808.

CEPHAS LINCOLNIENSIS.

* Parkhurst's Heb. Lexicon, p. 13.

ARCHBISHOP LAUD'S DEVOTIONS.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S

MAGAZINE

Sir,

IN the conclusion of those extracts with which I have
I troubled you from the Daily Office of Archbishop Laud,
I shall finish with the very important subject of

ANNIVERSARIES. · April 14, 1594. The death of my father, and Nov. 24, 1600, of my mother. O eternal God and mercitul Father, with whom do rest the souls of them that die in thy faith and favour, have mercy upon me, and grant that my life may be a preparation to die, and my death an entrance to life with thee. As upon this day it pleased thee to take my dear father to thy inercy, when I was yet young ; O Lord, he was thy servant, thy meek, humble, faithful, servant ; I assure myself he is in rest, and light, and blessedness. Lord, while I am here behind in my pilgrimage, shower down thy : grace upon me; thou haft been more than a father to me ;'. VOL. XIV. S

thou Chm. Mag. Feb. 1808.

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thou hast not suffered me to want a father; no, not when thou hadít taken him from me. O be pleased to be a father still, and by thy grace to keep me within the bounds of a son's obedience: thou hast given me temporal blessings beyond desert or hope. Obe graciously pleased to heap spiritual blessings on me, that I may grow in faith, obedience, and thankfulness to thee; that I may make it my joy to perform duty to thee, and after my painful life ended, bring me I beseech thee to thy joys, to thy glory, to thyself; that I and my parents, with all thy saints and servants departed this life, may meet in a blessed glorious resurrec-' tion, ever to sing praises and honour to thee, in and through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.,

On Dec. 26, 1605, being Thursday, and the feast of St. Stephen, he severely accuses himself, and entreats God's mercy for what he did, begging, “it may not divorce his soul from God's embraces," wishing to have suffered martyrdom with St. Stephen, for denving the importunity of his friends, who were “too unfaithful to him, or else too un. godly ;” the “ flattery of secrefy for sin is vain,” and “it pleases God to cover the face with confusion.” The “ remembrance of that day was grievous.”-“ I was stoned again,” says he," not for my sin, but by ir; raise me up, that I may live and rejoice in thee, through Jesus Christ, our Saviour. Amen." So ready, was the good archbishop to ac. cufe and condemn himself, and thereby affording his enemies, both then and now, an example' to go and do likewise. . . .

Sept. 26, 1617. Friday. Fire, and the peril thereof. In this he deprecates God's anger for his sin, and most submisfively takes hame to himseif, acknowledging “ the judgments of God."-"A fire catches the roof under which I was; a fire was kindled in Jacob. My wickedness threatened this conflagration to the college and myself :- whilst I was busy in putting out the fire, I was within very little of being destroyed by it, when thy mercy, O Lord, rescued me, almost by miracle ; for whilft a friendly hand, with a sort of violence, thrust me away, at that instant a smothered fire broke out at that place, and the stairs funk down, and if there I had perished, O my sins! O thy mercies ! O re. pentance, so necessary! O thy grace, I should so implore ! O Lord, I come, my pace is slow and unsteady, but yet I come! I have sinned, and am unworthy, wash away my sins, &c. and grant that as the terror then, and the remembrance now, of that fire, may burn up the relics of my sins, and a

better

better fire of charity and devotion, may inflame me with the love of thee, and hatred of sin, through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Feb. 5, 1628, I broke a vein; and again, March 6, Sunday, walking in my chamber in the Tower of London, 1641. Here he mentions, that while attending the king, according to his place; “ by an unhappy leap in the road, he fell to the ground, miftaken ground, and broke a ten

don ; was helped into a coach and went to Hampton: the tor. - ment and anguish being usual to nerves, had caused a violent.

fever, but from the vast quantity of blood that flowed, it brought him low. He went lame for 2 years, and was then

sensible of weakness for it, but heartily thanks God for the use of his legs again, establishing his goings beyond all men's expectations, and begging him to direct ihem in his commands, not to halt between false worship and the world, and to confirm his steps in the paths of righteousness, &c."*

May 11, 1640. My house at Lambeth beset with violent and base people. The archbishop here laments “the fury of an enraged multitude, fiercely to destroy him and his house, and pillage it," lamenting his sin, and regarding this as “ a call to repentance." But, says he, what I have done to hurt or OFFEND them, I know not, make me, Lord, thankful for the deliverance ; and “as for them, let them

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* From this account it appears that the archbishop's accident was what surgeons call a rupture of the tendo achilles, or a forcible division of that tendon which passes from the muscles forming the calf of the leg, into the heel bone, where it is inserted. It is the largest tendon in the body, requiring great (and generally sudden) violence to break it, which is accompanied with the sensation of a stone thrown against the place. Lameness necessa. rily follows, and a confinement of several weeks to facilitate the re-union of the part. When the patient is able to walk, a high. heeled shoe is necessary to favour the contraction of the tendon, and consequent elevation of the heel. After which, Mr. Potts' mode of daily removing a thin slice of the heel (which is made of cork for this purpose) restores the natural action, by elongating the tendon gradually. The mode of treatment not being so well un. derstood in the archbishop's time, accounts for his long lameness of two years, as it requires not only an attention to the last mentioned circumstance, but alfo proper management in the first instance, when too tight bandages have produced permanent lameness, by causing an adhesion of the tendon. What he says of nerves, fever, &c. savors of the old school.

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not have their desire; yet forgive them, &c. preserve me to serve Thee, and guard me through life for thy goodness sake, and the merits of my Saviour.”

Dec. 18, 1640, I was accused by the house of commons of high treason. Regarding this as a time “ of great and grievous affliction," he earnestly begs God's regard, “ to make his innocency appear, and free him and his PROFESSION from scandal, to give him comfort, content, and a readiness to die for God's honour, the King's happiness, and the Church's preservation :adding, - My zeal to these is all the fin (frailty excepted) which is yet known to me, for which I thus fuffer.”

October 24, 1643, I received additional articles, and summons to my trial. “O God and Father, after long impriJonment, I am called to answer, strengthen me through the trial, and preserve the patience hitherto granted ; let not any provocation make me speak or do any thing unbecoming my person, age, calling, or present condition, and make me able to clear my heart's innocency to the world."

Nov. 1, 1644, I received a summons to appear in the house of commons next morning. O Lord, I have a long and tedious trial; I give thee thanks for the strength received: continue thy mercies, for the storm gathers and grows black upon me. I am called to answer, not to evi. dence, but to one single man's report, and that WITHOUT OATH; furnish me with true Christian wisdom and courage, send not thy storms also, but look comfortably upon me, in and through Jesus Christ, &c.

From p. 216 to 229, Daily Office.

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The subject of ANNIVERSARIES is of the greatest consequence, and the custom of observing them is of very ancient date in the church of Christ. The opinion of the CHURCH of ENGLAND is sufficiently evinced by her practice, and that doctrine which she has advanced and ever maintained upon this important subject, in order to impress and enforce it upon all her obedient sons. That exemplary one, MR. Nelson, has well expressed both his sense of it, and his entire devotion to her, in his book on the Feasts and Fasis of the Church of England.

The wisdom and moderation of the Church of England, which always appears in all she does, shines very conlpicu. ously in that judicious arrangement and selection she has made, in her order for the observance of HOLY DAYS; not only by rejecting all those absurd and unfounded names and

days,

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