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The word in Job nban is strangely rendered in our ver. fion," he hath formed,” when the real meaning is “ he
woundeth, pierceth, or Nayeth," and so the Septuagint and Syriac translate it; and it is remarkable that the former renders nya ung not the “crooked serpent," but dparovla anosatuy, the “apostate dragon."
The text in Isaiah is a commentary on this in Job, and both united, throw that light upon the amplified description of Leviathan at the conclusion of the poem, which shews that nothing less was meant under the formidable representation than Satan, the accuser and the adversary.
The 13th verse, or the second of this superfetation, (as it has been very unwarrantably called) contains, I am inclined to think, an allusion to the primary denunciation against Satan ; " the seed of the woman shall bruise the serpent's head." The words in Job was no are very obscurely ren. dered “the face of his garment," instead of the "glory or strength of his face." The question then is " who will venture to face, or attack the head of Leviathan, in which his boast and power consist ? Among the sons of men, who will undertake the perilous encounter, and endeavour to avenge the injury committed by this tremendous Being on the human race, and strip this “ fierce king of terrors" of his usurped authority; who, in short, can deprive him of his crested helmet, and inflict upon him that mortal wound, in the dread of which he constantly exists, and agaiuft which he is always on his guard ?”.
Such, I take it, is the hidden meaning of this enigmatic question; but if the explanation be condemned as fanciful, the rejection will not affect what has been said on the subject of the LEVIATHAN, which Being is exhibited in such uncommon colours, and with such terrible imagery, as cannot, even with poetical license, apply altogether to the cro. codile, or any other animal of
prey: If these remarks upon a curious, and surely not unimportant subject, be admitted as deserving the attention of your readers, I may be induced at another opportunity to offer some observations on other parts of the book of Job, which, after all that has been said by Grotius, Le Clerc, Warbur. ton, Garnett, and the Bishop of Killalla, I ftill firmly believe to be, not only the oldest poem, but the most antient book in the world.
I am, &c.
BURIAL AND BAPTISM OF DISSENTÉRS.'
TO THE EDITOR OF THE ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S
ral service over any one who has not been baptized in the Church of England, and the instances adduced, to the contrary will not avail. To obey an injunction in contradiction to a rubric is not canonical obedience: perhaps it would be the most desirable to have the rubric altered, as having been framed before the toleration act took place, and designed to prevent the procrastination of baptifm. And if it be forbidden to read the service over self-murderers, it is not very proper to read it over those who have been exe. cuted for capital offences. I deem myself fortunate in having never been called upon in the latter instance, to do that which I'must have done with pain to myself, and yet could not have refused. Such persons, it is said, die in the communion of the church, and many of them receive the facrament; but can I say in any sense that God hath taken them to himself, when they die by their own crimes ? As to Dissenters, since there are no words in the service inconsistent with their admission to Christian burial, I should feel myself disposed to connive, upon the persuasion that they would not be excluded, were the rubric to be framed in the present day.
But there is a shameful practice with some of the Dissenters which the more conscientious among themselves cone demn, and it is that of taking their children to be baptized in the church, whom they never intend to educate as members. In a large town in this kingdom, the refusal of a clera gyman to receive within the bofom of the church, children, who, he knew, were only introduced for the sake of being registered, raised the clamour of various descriptions of per, fons, many of whom did not know the baptismal service, and who are ready to catch at every opportunity of censuring what they call Church Bigotry. One of the cases was re. presented to the bishop of the diocese, and some had the malignity to report that he had reprimanded the imaginary offender. This, in the nature of things, was impossible :
Any Any clergy man, who should knowingly admit a child undet such circumstances, would be highly blameable, as both the parents and sponsors would be gross prevaricators. Could any thing be more shocking than to thank the Almighty for incorporating the child, who is to be, as far as can be foreseen, a schismatick? The promises of the sponsors are in general terms, but the child is to be called upon to hear fermons, that is, fermons by the regularly ordained: he is to learn the church catechism, consequently to hear it explained in the Church, and he is to be confirmed. Such are the conditions required, and he is not an honest man who afserts that any child should be admitted without a probabili. ty that they will be performed. The parents do not promise any thing personally, but they are bound by the engagements of the sponsors, who merely give collateral secus rity, not to exonerate, but to aid and 'aflíft. In all the inftances abovementioned, the parents not only would not themselves promise, but reserving the power of acting as they pleased, by necessary implication renounced the condi: tions on which alone. children can be conscientiously admitted.
But said one of these equivocators , sneeringly, to the refufing divine, “ you did not object to the churching the mo“ther," in allusion to the fee, which did not, however, belong to him.-To that service no conditions are annexed, and the malignant remark, therefore, might have venom but no fting. I farther add that, with the cant of candour, the Evan. gelical people are ready either directly or indirectly to join in any reproach against the clergy, who are not of their perfuafion, but who, in defiance of the coarse Mr. Overton and his sleeping partners, will for ever claim the appellation of true churchmen.
I am, Sir,
P.S. It would be worth while to frame an act of pará ļiament, compelling Diflenters of all denominations to keep regular registers, and to transmit copies to the provincial courts every year, as is the practice in the church.
HARDSHIPS OF THE CLERGY.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S
In every country the condition of the clergy is of the uç
most consequence and the greatest importance. On their welfare the interest of religion depends, and according as their state is prosperous or adverse, in like manner that of religion itself will be ; if we wish our holy religion to pros. per and be regarded, those who wait at its altars must be possessed of that easy affluence which will render them respectable in the eyes of the people. If the ministers of religion in these days are subjected to the extreme hardships of poverty, and their income be scanty and their attire mean, though they may be possessed of the eloquence of the sage, and endued with the wisdom of the son of Sirach, yet their instructions will be disregarded, and their persons treated wiih ignominy and contempt,
Sequestered by their education and profession from worldly concerns, they are not, to use a modern phrase, men of the world, and therefore are unable to cope with the artifices and cunning by which they are so often furrounded.
Though candour will allow that the clergy are men of like paflions as others, yet how cruelly are their indiscretions magnified, and their failings made the proud triumph of the infidel and the scorner! It has been justly observed that more men are ruined by indiscretion than by vice. I am fully persuaded that this may be said of the clergy in general, and to their honour be it said, that very few of them have brought ruin upon themselves and families by their vices, but by mere indiscretion and want of knowledge of the world they have too frequently done so.
One remarkable circumstance comes within my knowledge : there was living in my neighbourhood a clergyman. in the decline of life, and with a wife and large family, one of which is insane. This poor man was overwhelmed with debt, and the horror of a prison alone waited to com
plete Chm. Mag. Feb. 1808.
plete his accumulated misery. In the hour of agony and distress, imprudence led him to embrace the kind offer of a foreigner to extricate him from his difficulties. Accord. ingly this pretended man of benevolence paid the debt, and, by way of reimbursing himself for his generosity, made the clergyman sign over the profits of his living to him during the natural term of his life, allowing him, however, a certain scanty portion, a decent maintenance as he calls it, putting the remainder into his own pocket. What the clergyman himself would not dɔ, the conscientious foreigner has done: he has raised the tithes to a considerable amount, and as several years have elapsed since this affair took place, he is said to have repaid himself both principal and interest over and over.
From this tranfa&tion, not only the clergyman suffers, but his parishioners also, for the former being thereby rendered totally unable to pay his rates, the latter are obliged to pay them for him. I am not lawyer enough to know whether this transaction comes within the statute against usury. I should be glad to be informed by some of your intelligent correspondents, whether a clergyman can legally make such a contract, and thereby empower a layman to raise the tithes of a parish at his arbitrary will and pleasure, or whether by applying to the chancellor, this leaseholder, if he may be so called, would not be obliged to refund what he has received on account of tithes, under the considera. tion that this agreement was wrung from a man labouring under distress, of which the law allows no man to take advantage, admitting however the payment of the sum originally advanced, the legal interest thereon, and the insurance upon the life of the clergyman ? At all events, should there be no clause of redemption in the agreement to which I allude, I wish to know whether it could not be set aside, and legal redress obtained.
I remain, Sir,