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his ministry, especially as his teaching was enforced by the example of a holy life; for

“He in the pulpit preach'd truth first, and then

He in his practice preach'd it o'er again." When his new.meeting-house was built, we are told that “the first time he appeared there to edify, the place was so thronged that many were constrained to stay without, though the house was very spacious, every one striving to partake of his instructions, that were of his persuasion, and show their good will toward him by being present at the opening of the place.”Doe's Continuation.

“He was also very useful as an elder or pastor: first by his example, he being full of zeal and affection at all times, according to knowledge; more especially at the administration of the Lord's supper, it was observable that tears flowed from his eyes in abundance, from his sense of the sufferings of Christ, that are in that ordinance shadowed forth. He was useful also by the accuracy of his knowledge of church discipline, and readiness to put that into practice in the church, as occasion offered, which he saw was agreeable to the word of God, whether admonition, or edification, or making up of differences, or filling up vacancies, or paring off excrescences.

When he saw cause of re

proof, he did not spare for outward circumstances, whether in the pulpit or not; and was ready to administer comfort and succour to the tempted. A ‘son of consolation' to the broken hearted and afflicted, yet a 'son of thunder' to secure and dead sinners." *

“He took great care to visit the sick, and strengthen them against the suggestions of the tempter, which at such times are very prevalent; so that they had cause for ever to bless God, who had put it into his head at such a time to rescue them from the power

of the roaring lion who sought to devour them.

“He managed his affairs with such exactness as if he had made it his study, above all other things, not to give occasion of offence, but rather to suffer many inconveniences to avoid it; being never heard to reproach or revile any, what injury soever he received, but rather to rebuke those that did.

“In his own family he kept very strict dis cipline, in prayer and exhortation ; being in this, like Joshua, resolved that whatsoever others

* Chandler and Wilson, in the introduction to their edition of his works. The former was Bunyan's succes. sor in the pastorate at Bedford ; Wilson was a member of Bunyan's church, from which he was sent out to take the oversight of a neighbouring Baptist Church.

did, as for him and his house, he would serve the Lord.”—Doe's Continuation.

His devotedness as a preacher and pastor, his singleness of heart, and the disinterested zeal with which he laboured to promote their best interests, justly endeared him to the members of his flock. “It is delightful,” observes Mr. Philip, "to read the respectful and affectionate terms in which Bunyan is mentioned in the minutes of the church meetings.”

He was sometimes encountered by scholars, who came to oppose him, thinking him an ignorant man.

He once "nonplused" a Cambridge student, who, overtaking him on the road, asked how he “dared to preach," being an unlearned man, and not having the original Scriptures ? “Have you the original ?" returned Bunyan. “Yes,” replied the scholar. “Nay, but have you the very self-same copies that were written by the penmen of them ?” “No, but we have true copies of them.” “ How do

you know that?" "How," said the scholar, "why we believe what we have is a true copy of the original.” “Then,” replied Bunyan, "so do I believe our English Bible to be a true copy of the original.” So away rode the scholar, adds Mr. Doe, who gives the relation.

As it may appear strange to some, that while such severe laws were in force against all dissenters from the state Church, Bunyan should now be allowed to exercise his ministry apparently without molestation, it may be well to remark, that it was seldom that persecution raged in all parts of the country at the same time; that in most places the force of public opinion was against those laws; and that their enforcement in any place depended much on the character of the established clergy, and the magistracy in the neighbourhood. Occasionally, too, the dominant party were influenced, by motives of policy, to relax somewhat of their high-handed rigour.

CHAPTER XV.

PUBLICATION OF THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS :

NOTICES OF THAT WORK.

NOTWITHSTANDING his almost unremitting labours as a preacher, a pastor, and an evangelist, Bunyan still found means to devote some time to the productions of his pen. In 1675 he published a treatise on “Election and Reprobation;" a work on redemption by Christ, entitled, “Light for them that sit in Darkness;" “ Instruction for the Ignorant,” being a plain exposition of the leading principles of our holy religion, in the form of questions and answers ; and “Christian Behaviour, being the Fruits of True Christianity.” In the latter work, which is in the form of a discourse on Titus iii, 7, 8, he not only shows the duty of Christians in general to be careful to maintain good works,” but also directs them in their several relations as "husbands, wives, parents, children, masters, servants, &c., how to walk so as to please God.” In the following year he published "A Discourse on the Grace of God;" and another entitled, “The Strait Gate; or the great Difficulty of going to Heaven," a discourse on Matt. vii, 13, 14.

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