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Of George Washington's birth, family, and education. Of his
mission to the French commandant on the Ohio, in 1753. His
military operations as an officer of Virginia, from 1754 to
1758, and his subsequent employments to the commencement
of the American revolution,
Retrospect of the origin of the American revolutionary war. Of
George Washington as member of Congress, in 1774 and 1775.
As Commander in Chief of the armies of the United Colonies
in 1775 and 1776, and his operations near Boston, in these
CAMPAIGN OF 1776.
Of the operations of General Washington in New-York and New-
Jersey. The battle on Long Island. The retreat from York
Island and through Jersey. The battles of Trenton and
CAMPAIGN OF 1777.
Of the operations of General Washington in New-Jersey and
Pennsylvania, in the campaign of 1777. The battles of Bran-
dywine and Germantown. Washington is advised by the
Rev. Jacob Duchè, to give up the contest. The distresses of
the American army. Its winter quarters in Valley Forge.
Gen. Washington is assailed by the clamours of discontented
individuals and public bodies, and by the designs of a faction to
supersede him in his office as Commander in Chief,
CAMPAIGN OF 1778.
General Washington prepares for the campaign of 1778. Sur-
prises the British, and defeats them at Monmouth. Arrests
General Lee. Calms the irritation excited by the departure of
the French fleet from Rhode-Island to Boston. Dissuades from
an invasion of Canada,
CAMPAIGN OF 1779.
Gen. Washington calms
Finds great difficulty in
The distresses of the American army.
the uneasiness in the Jersey line.
supporting his troops and concentrating their force. Makes a
disposition of them with a view to the security of West-Point.
Directs an expedition against the Six Nations of Indians, and
for the reduction of Stony Point. Paules-Hook taken. A
French fleet, expected to the northward, arrives on the coast of
Georgia. Washington, unequal to offensive operations, re-
tires into winter quarters,
CAMPAIGN OF 1780.
Gen. Washington directs an expedition against Staten-Island.
Gives an opinion against risking an army for the defence of
Charleston, S. C. Finds great difficulty in supporting his ar-
my. Kniphausen invades Jersey, but is prevented from in-
juring the American stores. Marquis de la Fayette arrives,
and gives assurances that a French fleet and army might soon
be expected on the American coast. Energetic measures of
co-operation resolved upon, but so languidly executed, that
Washington predicts the necessity of a more efficient system
of national government. A French fleet and army arrives,
and a combined operation against New-York is resolved upon,
but the arrival of a superior British fleet deranges the whole
CAMPAIGN OF 1781.
The Pennsylvania line mutinies. The Jersey troops follow their
example, but are quelled by decisive measures. Gen. Wash-
ington commences a military journal, detailing the wants and
distresses of his army. Is invited to the defence of his native
state, Virginia, but declines. Reprimands the manager of his
private estate for furnishing the enemy with supplies, to pre-
vent the destruction of his property. Extinguishes the incipi
ent flames of a civil war, respecting the independence of the
state of Vermont. Plans a combined operation against the
British, and deputes Lieut. Col. John Laurens to solicit the co-
operation of the French. The combined forces of both nations
rendezvous in the Chesapeak, and take lord Cornwallis and his
army prisoners of war. Washington returns to the vicinity of
New-York, and urges the necessity of preparing for a new
1782 and 1783.
Prospects of peace. Languor of the states.
Discontents of the
army. Gen. Washington prevents the adoption of rash mea-
sures. Some new levies in Pennsylvania mutiny, and are
quelled. Washington recommends measures for the preser-
vation of independence, peace, liberty, and happiness. Dis-
misses his army. Enters New-York. Takes leave of his of-
ficers. Settles his accounts Repairs to Annapolis. Re-
signs his commission. Retires to Mount-Vernon, and re-
sumes his agricultural pursuits,
General Washington, on retiring from public life, devotes him-
self to agricultural pursuits. Favours inland navigation. De-
clines offered emoluments from it. Urges an alteration of the`
fundamental rules of the society of the Cincinnati. Regrets
the defects of the Federal system, and recommends a revisal
of it. Is appointed a member of the continental convention
for that purpose, which, after hesitation, he accepts. Is chosen
President thereof. Is solicited to accept the Presidency of
the United States. Writes sundry letters expressive of the
conflict in his mind, between duty and inclination. Answers
applicants for offices. His reluctance to enter on public life,
Washington elected President. On his way to the seat of go-
vernment at New-York, receives the most flattering marks of
respect. Addresses Congress. The situation of the United
States in their foreign and domestic relations, at the inaugura-
tion of Washington. Fills up public offices solely with a view
to the public good. Proposes a treaty to the Creek Indians,
which is at first rejected. Col. Willet induces the heads of
the nation to come to New-York, to treat there. The North-
Western Indians refuse a treaty, but after defeating Generals
Harmar and Sinclair, they are defeated by Gen. Wayne.
They then submit, and agree to treat. A new system is intro-
duced for meliorating their condition,
General Washington attends to the foreign relations of the
United States. Negociates with Spain. Difficulties in the
way. The free navigation of the Missisippi is granted by a
treaty made with Major Pinckney. Negociations with Britain.
Difficulties in the way. War probable. Mr. Jay's mission.
His treaty with Great Britain. Opposition thereto. Is rati-
fied. Washington refuses papers to House of Representa-
tives. British posts in the United States evacuated. Negoci-
ations with France Genet's arrival. Assumes illegal pow-
ers, in violation of the neutrality of the United States. Is flat-
tered by the people, but opposed by the executive. Is recall-
ed. General Pinckney sent as public
putes with France. Is not received.
re-election, and addresses the people.
national legislature. Recommends a navy, a military acade-
my, and other public institutions,
minister to adjust dis-
Washington declines a
His last address to the
Washington rejoices at the prospect of retiring. Writes to the
Secretary of State, denying the authenticity of letters said to be
from him to J. P. Custis and Lund Washington, in 1776.
Pays respect to his successor, Mr. John Adams. Review of
Washington's administration. He retires to Mount-Vernon.
Resumes agricultural pursuits. Hears with regret the aggres-
sion of the French republic. Corresponds on the subject of
his taking the command of an army to oppose the French. Is
appointed Lieutenant-General. His commission is sent to him
by the Secretary of War. His letter to President Adams on
the receipt thereof. Directs the organization of the proposed
army. Three Envoys Extraordinary sent to France, who ad-
just all disputes with Bonaparte, after the overthrow of the
Directory. Gen. Washington dies. Is honoured by Con-
gress, and by the citizens. His character,