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In distance greater yet from Phoebus' ray,
Through his large orbit, SATURN wheels his way.
thousand, one hundred and seventy miles in diameter ;-is placed at four kundred and ninety millions of miles from the sun; round which he revolves (at the rate of twenty-nine thousand miles an hour,) in eleven years, three hundred and fourteen days, twelve hours, und twenty minutes : and turns round on an axis in the short space of nine hours and fifty-six minutes, which is at the amazing velocity of twenty-six thousand miles an hour.-He is, in bulk, one thousand five hundred times greater than the earth. He is accompanied by four satellites, or moons; which to the inhabitants of that planet, appear of the size that our moon does to us. Their distances from the planet, and times of revolution round it are as follow :
266,000 miles 1 day 18 hours 27 minutes 423,000 ....
3 ... 13 .... 13 ...... 676,000 .... 7... 3.... 42 .... 4 1,189,000 .... 16 ... 16 .... 32 ......
Jupiter and his moons frequently eclipse each other, like as our earth and moon do :-which eclipses furnish the navigator and astronomer with the means of determining the longitude of places. This planet is accompanied also by sundry zones or belts; which so vary their number and appearances, that they are supposed to be clouds, thrown more immediately up towards his equator, by the extreme velocity of his revolution. Sometimes only one belt is perceivable, at other times, six or more; they are, also, sometimes broad, sometimes narrow.
How great the change, could we he wafted there !
How slow the seasons ! and how long the year !*
One Moon, on us, reflects its cheerful light :
There sev’n attendants, brighten up the night,
Here, the blue firmament bedeck'd with stars,
There, over-head, a lucid arch appears.
* Saturn's diameter is seventy nine thousand and forty-two miles; -his distance from the sun is about nine hundred and two millions of miles ;-he performs his annual round (at the rate of about twenty-two thousand miles an hour) in twenty-nine years, three hundred and seven days, six hours, and thirty-four minutes ;--and is nearly eleven hundred times greater in bulk than the earth.
This planet has two wonderful luminous rings (one within the other) surrounding his body, evidently designed to furnish additional lights to him. These rings have their rotation in about ten hours and half :the extreme diameter of the outer ring is about two hundred and four thousand, eight hundred and eighty-three miles,-the inner diameter of the same is one hundred and ninety thousand, two hundred and forty-eight. The outer diameter of the inner ring is one hundred and eighty-four thousand, three hundred and ninety-three, —and the inner one hundred and forty-six thousand, thrce hundred and forty five miles. The breadth of the outer ring is fourteen thousand, six hundred and thirty-five miles ; ---that of the inner is thirty-cight
From hence, how large, how strong the Sun's bright
ball ! But seen from thence, how languid and how small
Farthest and last, with pallid, feeble light,
The GEORGIAN planet* takes his distant flight,
thousand and forty-eight :—and the distance between them is five thousand, eight hundred and fifty-five miles.
Saturn has, also, seven moons. The distances and periodic times of which are as follow : DISTANCES IN MILES.
TIMES. 107,000 0 days 22 hours 40 minutes 135,000
1 ... 8 .... 53 ...... 170,000
1.... 21 .... 18 ...... 217,000 2.... 17 ... 41 ...,.. 303,000
4 .... 12 .... 25 ...... 704,000 15 ... 22 ... 41 ...... 2,050,000 79 .... 7.... 48 ......
VOO? A co is found
The first and second of these satellites were not observed till within a few years. The quantum of light which this planet (thus assisted) possesses, is estimated at five hundred times the light of our moon.
* This planet was discovered by HERSCHEL, an English astronomer, in March, 1781. By calculation it is found to be
Cheerless to all would be his darksome tour,
Did not six moons illume his midnight hour.
When the keen north with all its fury blows,
thirty-five thousand, one hundred and nine miles in diameter ;-one thousand eight hundred millions of miles distant from the sun; and that it will take eighty-three years, one hundred and forty days, and seventeen hours to accomplish its annual circuit, at the rate of seven hundred miles an hour :-He is ninety times greater than the earth.
The synodical periods (or compleat lunations) of Georgian's moons are as follow :
1 5 days 21 hours 25 minutes.
The light of this planet is found equal to two hundred and fortycight of our full moons.
By the foregoing notes, it may be perceived that the solar system, to which we belong, is, in diameter, three thousand six
Tis heat intense to what can there be known:
Warmer our frigid, than its burning zone.
Who there inhabit, must have other pow'rs
Juices, and veins, and sense, and life, than our’s. One moment's cold, like their's, would pierce the
[bone, Freeze the heart-blood, and turn us all to stone.
hundred millions of miles ; and that it comprizes thirty worlds or globes of matter, (saying nothing of a multitude of comets,) the probable habitations of myriads of intellectual creatures :-Yet all this widely extended system is but a very small portion of the whole universe ;-and were the whole of this solar system to be annihilated, it would be no more missed by an eye which could (were it possible) take in the whole creation, than a grain of sand on the sea shore.
Would man thus think of the immensity of God's works, where would he rest his arrogant claim to superiority over all other created beings !--Let the thought rather excite an humble, and awful, yet grateful sense of that goodness, which, besides the inestimable mercies of revelation, has, in the midst of such multifarious such sublime arrangements of mere nature, provided so impartially for every want of every created existence.