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exhibit some fine specimens of the symbolic signs in vogue a century ago-Death-heads, sand-glasses, cross bones, &c., the one of date 1770, and the other with the motto-Pulvis et


In my late cursory ramble through this favourite "restingplace," the oldest date on the grave-stones I could recognise, was 1722; and the oldest recorded sleeper below, that of Louis Pedrana, who died 29th April 1844, at the great age of ninety-one years. There must doubtless, however, be older memorials than those of the last century, in this very ancient churchyard, did the crumbling moss-covered stones allow of their being minutely deciphered.

On the finely-wooded estate of Lintrose, formerly called Todderance, and once a seat of a lateral branch of the Halyburton family, situate about a mile south-west of the village, there was lately discovered a cave about fifty feet long, with built sides, paved floor, and two fireplaces. Various conjectures were hazarded as to the origin and uses of this singularly primitive dwelling-place; some supposing it to have been a winter retreat of the ancient Caledonians; and others, a hiding-place of the persecuted Covenanters.

Lintrose is interesting in another respect, inasmuch as it is indirectly connected with one of Burns' finest songs:"Blithe, blithe and merry was she," &c.

The heroine of this song was Miss Euphemia Murray of Lintrose, distinguished by her sprightliness and beauty, as the "Flower of Strathmore." The poet met her in June 1787, while on a visit to the seat of her uncle, Sir William Murray of Ochtertyre. Beauty and affability combined in woman, had always a great charm for Burns, and this lovely and fascinating creature being then in her eighteenth year, seems to have captivated him exceedingly, and hence this favourite effusion of his muse. Miss Murray subsequently became the wife of Mr Smythe of Methven, one of the judges of the Court of Session.

In connection with the religious order of the Red or

Trinity Friars, Sir James Lindsay of Crawford, according to Jervise, granted, about the year 1390, to the brethren of the Holy Trinity, his house or tenement in Dundee to be an hospital or Maisondieu in which the old and infirm might reside. In confirming this charter of Lindsay's foundation of the hospital, according to the same authority, King Robert enriched it with a gift of the Church of Kettins and its


Among the many donors to the hospital, William Duncan, proprietor of Templeton of Auchterhouse, stands unenviously conspicuous, inasmuch as the deed conveying a donation from these lands, is attested thus :"Villiame Duncane, with my hand twitching ye pen, led by ye notar becaus I can nocht vryte myself."

In the rental of the lands belonging to the Priory of Rostinoth in the "Miscellanea Aldbarensia," occur these characteristic entries in reference to the parish of Kettins, viz:

Item de terris de baronia de Kethenys, iiij lib.

Item de molendino de de Kethynnes xis.

Item de terris de baldowry iiijs. iiijd.

In the reign of James VI., by a charter dated 15th November 1558, subsequently confirmed by another charter dated 24th May 1585, the Kirk lands of Kettins, now called Newhall, were disponed, according to Mr Gibb, by Friar Gilbert Brown, minister of the Holy Cross of Peebles, to James Small of Kettins, and Elizabeth Blair, his wife. It would thus appear, that prior to the Reformation, the church and kirk lands had been transferred to the ministry of Peebles. Anciently there were six chapels dependent on the Church of Kettins, viz., one at Peatie, another at South Corston, a third at Pitcur, a fourth at Muiryfaulds, a fifth at Denhead, and a sixth on the south side of the village of Kettins. Not a vestige of these chapels now remains.

The parish contains some rare plants, amongst which may be noticed the Geranium Sanguineum; Parnassia palustris ;

Trientalis Europæa; Vinca Minor; Saxifraga Granulata; Anemone Memorosa; Hypericum humifusum; Trollius Europæus; Lobelia Dortmanna; Pilularia globulifera; and the Gymnadenia canopsea.

Returning at eventide from our pleasant excursion to this lovely and delicious neighbourhood, what sweet rural sounds salute our delighted ears :-The lowing of oxen on the plain, the bleating of sheep on the hills; the drowsy hum of the honey bees, the even-song of the happy birds; the cheerful lilt of the sturdy peasant returning from his labour in the fields, the distant bark of welcome home from his faithful watch-dog at the cottage gate; the plaintive sighing of the balmy winds among the rustling branches of the ancient trees, blent softly with the lapping silver sound of the gently flowing burn; and

Hark! 'tis the cheerful thrilling song

Of happy children, who prolong
With merry, loud, untiring glee,
The forest birds' loved melody.

In yonder sylvan solitude,
Afar in depths of summer wood,

With glist'ring dew-drops on their feet,
They wild flowers gather fresh and sweet;
Or. decked with garlands bright and fair,
Wreathed gay around their sunny hair,
Their hearts from care and sorrow free,
They dance around the greenwood tree.
How sweet these artless wood-notes wild,
How blooming fair each happy child!
No woodland sounds I love so well,
None make my heart so rapturous swell,
As children's voices ringing sweet,
The hymning choir of heaven to greet,
Or silvery strains in summer wood,
'Midst Nature's wildest solitude,
Wide ringing o'er the list'ning plains,
In God adoring, blessed strains!



Coy with our sunny ringlets fair,
Do arch the zephyrs play,

While murmurs fondly at our feet
The wavelets of the Tay.

PROCEEDING on this bright morning a few miles to the west of Kettins, we reach the beautifully situated parish of Cargill. The scenery now becomes much bolder in outline, and altogether more richly diversified by wood and water, gentle eminence and luxuriant hollow, than that around the district we have left. The church and manse occupy a charmingly romantic site on the sylvan banks of the noble Tay, forming, with the adjoining well-kept burial-ground, one of the most delightful scenes on which the eye could rest. The original church, gifted to the Abbey of Cupar, would seem to have been in another part of the parish, the Priests' Den and the Priests' Well being a considerable distance from the present structure. On the top of a perpendicular rock which rises abruptly over the Linn at Campsie, are traceable the remains of an ancient religious house and burial-place, and being near the site of a Roman Camp, it is probable, according to Jervise, as the Gaelic words Caer-Kill mean either the kirk, or burial-place of the fort or camp, that the peculiar situation of this church or chapel had given the name of Cargill to the district.

The Muschets of Cargill were of Roman origin, and seem to have come to Scotland with William the Lion, the first appearance of them being in the year 1200, when Richard of Munficheth, witnesses a grant by that king to the Monks of Arbroath, of a toft in the burgh of Perth. (Reg. Vet. de

Aberb. 13). Twenty years later, William, the son of Richard, gave the Abbey of Cupar a grant of the common pasture of his lordship of Cargill, which his father had received from King William. This baron, who appears to have been afterwards knighted, 'witnesses various charters during the time of Alexander II. (Jervise). The male line of the family failed in the person of William, warder of the town and castle of Dundee for the English, during the early part of the Wars of Independence, who, in 1331, is a witness to a local charter; and the following year became Justiciary of Scotland. (Spalding Club Miscell., v. 10). Like his progenitor in England, he left three co-heiresses, one of whom, Mary, carried the lands of Cargill and Stobhall, by marriage, to Sir John Drummond, ancestor of the Earls of Perth; while the lands of Pitfour and Drumgrain, which belonged to the other sisters, Margaret and Dornagilla of Montefix, and also some estates in Dumbartonshire, were lost by forfeiture in the time of David II. (Crawford's Peerage).

The noble family of Drummond, one of the most ancient and illustrious of the Scottish nation, still possesses the Muschet estates in this district. Annabella Drummond, the beautiful and accomplished daughter of Sir John Drummond and Lady Mary Muschet or Montefix, had the high honour of being married to Robert III. King of Scotland, and crowned with him at Scone in the month of September 1390. Queen Annabella was mother to James I., King of Scotland, and from her are lineally descended all the royal race of the Stuarts.

Very beautiful and romantic are the views along the Tay in this charmingly situated parish. The village of Cargill stands near the river about half-a-mile from its junction with the Isla. At this spot, and exactly opposite to the ancient Castle of Kinclaven on the other side of the river are the vestiges of a Roman encampment, now called the Castlehill. The encampment was defended on one side by the steep banks of the Tay, on another by a deep ravine; while on all

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