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Science, art, literature,' all works and enterprises, all crimes and virtues, are but partial hints of that vast, manifold, heaven-and-hell world, that hides itself in every human breast. Explore this eternal world. Stand still, and search yourself, and you will soon stand in awe of yourself.

Self-converse leads, in the most direct way, to converse with God,—the Great, All-pervading Presence. If fellowship with the great makes great, then fellowship with the Greatest must be the condition of our utmost enlargement. Walk and talk with God, (for this is the peculiar life of Faith) and His Gentleness will make you great. Like the air, God, the Father of Spirits, is open to you on all sides. Lie open to Him. As your lungs commune with the atmosphere, so let your Faith and Love commune with God. Desire Him, in the Name of Jesus, and by your desire as by an open door, He will enter into you with His quickening, ennobling energy.

The aim of the natural man is to know more of the things which he sees: a Christian's aim should be to know more of those things in which he believes. If they are worthy to be apprehended by Faith, they are worthy to be known. But the objects of Faith are too great and wonderful for our understandings. Yes, and for that very reason, we should, like the angels of God, look with the greater desire into those things. If we love much, we shall look much, and, if we love and look much, we shall know much. Those know God, and Divine things best, who possess most of His Spirit. The Holy Spirit is the very soul of knowledge. God is Light and in Him is no darkness at all. He that loves God has God. And "unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance." And abundance here, is an abundance of Life. “This is Eternal Life, to know Thee the Only True God, and Jesus Christ Whom Thou hast sent.”


3.-To Knowledge add Temperance, ('Eyngá teca) self-control.-If knowledge does not lead to selfgovernment it is but the aggravation of a fool's folly. “If you know these things, happy are ye if you do them."

Let your well-instructed mind hold your passions in subjection, with all authority. Accustom your appetites to obedience : let them never dictate to you. Command them as servants and they will be useful : otherwise, if they rule, they will bring the master to disgrace and ruin. You need not maim your nature, nor quench your passions. To your outward nature God has adapted an outward world, and you cannot with impunity


violate this covenant. Cut yourself off from lawful pleasures, and the day will come that nature will make a rush, and you will be driven to unlawful pleasures.

A merciful man is merciful to his beast. Many a man, yea many a prince in Israel, from practising unnecessary severity, has become the slave of his beast. Christianity is not asceticism “Be temperate in all things.Temperance is greater than abstinence. To ride the beast requires more skill than to starve, or to kill him. Temperance makes a genial soul, abstinence makes a dry soul Be neither haughty, nor stingy, towards your inferior nature: be a good master. Because ungoverned heat would destroy all things, it will never do to banish heat out of Nature. It is not wise for man to shut up his body in a cell, for that does not get rid of his body. And when he does come abroad to face God's world and God's creatures, he will, from long disuse, find it very awkward work to manage his unfettered senses.

There is a golden mean between the passions ravaging, and the passions abjured.

This golden mean is the walk of Temperance. What nobler sight is there upon earth, than a man cheerfully sharing in outward good, and yet manfully controlling himself in the use of it.

A wise man will be temperate not only in the use of natural, but also of spiritual delights. Excess in any thing is not good. Peter, James and John requested that they might abide on the mount of Transfiguration; but Christ suffered them not even to linger so near Heaven. St. Paul was once caught up into the third Heavens, but we hear of no repetition of his ecstasy. The heights of truth are intoxicating ; and intense joy in God, if continued, would relax the powers of soul and body. Spiritual delight should not be indulged in as an end, but accepted as an incentive to service. An intemperate saint is the slave of his religious joy. There is a Divine Temperance which commands even spiritual pleasure. “The spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets.The Lord of men and of angels is the Lord of His own glory and joy. When His humiliation, His bitterness of soul, His personal encounter with sin and Hell were required, as the condition, or price of greater good to His creatures, Heaven was no Heaven to Him, His glory no glory, His joy no joy, till He could say of His dreadful work : “It is finished.” The master-spirit of self-command must be sought from Him, from Whom cometh every thing wise, every thing good, every thing strong.

4.--To Temperance add Patience.--Both the

heart and the reason of nature lead us to


for deliverance from sorrow. The Spirit of the Master commends to us Patience in sorrow. The Christian who believes in Jesus Christ, and Him crucified, should never be confounded by sorrow. Trouble in an evil world can never be a strange thing. A Christian should calculate upon sorrow.

Times of trouble are peculiarly the work-days of God, that He may bring about the rest of eternity. How could there be patient spirits if there were not tried spirits? “Let patience then have her perfect work that you may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.If God is with us under our woes, as a “very present Help,” and working out of them our future glory, should we not learn to possess our souls in patience? It is only in patience that we can be said to possess our souls. An impatient man squanders his own strength, and dispossesseth himself of his own soul. A patient spirit is God's throne. But an impatient man loses God and himself too.

And surely the New Testament is very distinct on this head,—that there is a relation between the present sufferings and the future glory of Christians. The heaviest affliction is said to be “light," and the longest, “but for a moment,” in comparison with that "far more exceeding and eternal weight


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