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II.

1. CREDO in Deum Patrem omnipotentem ; 2. Et in Jesum Christum, Filium ejus unicum,

Dominum nostrum; 3. Qui natus est de Spiritu Sancto

et Virgine Maria ; 4. Passus sub Pontio Pilato, crucifixus,

mortuus, et sepultus; 5. Tertio die resurrexit a mortuis; 6. Ascendit in cælum ;

Sedet ad dexteram Patris ; 7. Inde venturus judicare vivos et mortuos ; 8. Et in Spiritum Sanctum; 9. Sanctam Ecclesiam; 10. Remissionem peccatorum; 11. Resurrectionem carnis 12. In vitam æternam.

4. SYMBOLUM AQUILEIENSE EX RUFINI

COMMENTARIO.

Circ. A.D. 400.

RUFINUS was a presbyter of Aquileia; and the Creed which forms the subject of his exposition is the Creed of the Aquileian Church. He notes, however, as he proceeds, sundry discrepancies between this Creed and that of the Church of Rome, so that we thus obtain the text of the Roman Creed of his day as well as that of the Aquileian.

Vallarsius, from whose text the Commentary of Rufinus given below is printed, has “in Deo Patre," &c., “in Christo Jesu,” &c., “in Spiritu Sancto;" Pamelius and Bp. Fell, and the first printed edition, Oxon., 1486, have, “ in Deum Patrem,” “in Christum Jesum,” “ in Spiritum Sanctum.” Others, while they read “in Deum Patrem,” “ in Christum Jesum,” in the first and second Articles respectively, read “in Spiritu Sancto" in the eighth. Among sundry other Creeds which exhibit the like variation of case is an English one of the fourteenth century,“ I bileve into God Fader almygti,” “ And into Jesu Crist,” &c., “I belieue in the holi goost." See Harmonia Symbolica, pp. 27, 96.

I have adopted Vallarsius's text in the first of the following Creeds; but in the second, that of Pamelius, which represents the Roman formula in accordance with the type in which it is usually found. 1. CREDO in Deo Patre omnipotente,

invisibili et impassibili;

30 SYMBOLUM AQUILEIENSE EX RUFINI COMMENTARIO.

2. Et in Christo Jesu, unico Filio ejus,

Domino nostro;
3. Qui natus est de Spiritu Sancto

ex Maria Virgine ;
4. Crucifixus sub Pontio Pilato,

et sepultus;

Descendit ad inferna;
5. Tertia die resurrexit a mortuis;
6. Ascendit ad coelos;

Sedet ad dexteram Patris ; 7. Inde venturus est judicare vivos et mortuos; 8. Et in Spiritu Sancto; 9. Sanctam Ecclesiam ; 10. Remissionem peccatorum; 11. Hujus Carnis resurrectionem.

5. SYMBOLUM ROMANUM EX RUFINI COM.

MENTARIO.

Circ. A.D. 400.

The following Creed, for an account of which see the preceding notice, may be regarded as exhibiting, on the whole, the normal text of the Western Creed of the fourth and fifth centuries.

1. CREDO in Deum Patrem omnipotentem;
2. Et in Jesum Christum, Filium ejus unicum,

Dominum no m;
3. Qui natus est de Spiritu Sancto

ex Maria Virgine;
4. Crucifixus sub Pontio Pilato,

et sepultus ;
5. Tertia die resurrexit a mortuis;
6. Ascendit ad cælos;

Sedet ad dexteram Patris ;
7. Inde venturus est judicare vivos et mortuos;
8. Et in Spiritum Sanctum ;
9. Sanctam Ecclesiam;
10. Remissionem peccatorum ;
11. Carnis resurrectionem.

a

32

6. SYMBOLUM APOSTOLICUM HODIE IN USU.

The following is the Apostles' Creed such as it is in use throughout the West at the present day. The earliest example which the Editor has met with of the formula complete in all its Articles occurs in a short treatise published by Mabillon from a manuscript belonging to the eighth century 1. CREDO in Deum Patrem omnipotentem,

Creatorem coeli et terræ ;
2. Et in Jesum Christum, Filium ejus unicum,

Dominum nostrum;
3. Qui conceptus est de Spiritu Sancto,

Natus ex Maria Virgine;
4. Passus sub Pontio Pilato, crucifixus,

mortuus, et sepultus;
5. Descendit ad inferna;

Tertia die resurrexit a mortuis; 6. Ascendit ad coelos;

Sedet ad dexteram Dei Patris omnipotentis ;
7. Inde venturus est

judicare vivos et mortuos.
8. Credo in Spiritum Sanctum ;
9. Sanctam Ecclesiam Catholicam ;

Sanctorum communionem ;
10. Remissionem peccatorum;
11. Carnis resurrectionem ;
12. Vitam æternam.

a

• Harmonia Symbolica, p. 70.

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