Obrazy na stronie

Marims in -ly.

[MS. Lansdowne 762, fol. 16 h, written as prose.

Printed in Reliquiæ Antiquiæ, v. i. p. 233.]

Aryse erly,
serue God devowtely
and the worlde besely,
doo thy werk wisely
yeue thyne almes secretely,
goo by the waye sadly,
answer the people demuerly,
goo to thy mete apetitely,
sit therat discretely,
of thy tunge be not to liberally,
arise therfrom temperally,
go to thy supper soberly
and to thy bed merely,
be in thyn Inne iocundely,
please thy loue duely,
and Slepe suerly.

Roger Ascham's Adbice

to Lord Warwick's Servant.

serve your lord

be courteous to your fellows,

With the different counsels to babees, pages, and servants, throughout this volume, may be compared Roger Ascham's advice to his brother-in-law, Mr C. H., when he put him to service with the Earl of Warwick, A.D. 1559. Here follows part of it, from Whitaker's Hist. of Richmondshire, p. 282.

First and formost, in all your thoughts, words, and Fear God, deeds, have before your eyes the feare of God. ....

love and serve your lord willingly, faithfullye, and faithfully,

secretlye ; love and live with your fellowes honestly, quiettlye, curteouslye, that noe man have cause either to hate yow for your stubborne frowardnes, or to malice yow for your proud ungentlenes, two faults which

commonly yonge men soones[t] fall into in great men's Despise no poor

service. Contemne noe poore man, mocke noe simple man, which proud fooles in cort like and love to doe; fiud fault with your selfe and with none other, the best

waye to live honestlye and quiettly in the court. Carry no tales. Carrye noe tales, be noe common teller of newes, be

not inquisitive of other menn's talke, for those that are desirous to heare what they need not, commonly be readye to babble what they shold not. Vse not to lye, for that is vnhonest; speake not everye truth, for that is vnneedfull; yea, in tyme and place a harmlesse lye

is a greate deale better then a hurtfull truth. Use not Don't play at dice dyceing nor carding; the more yow use them the lesse

yow wilbe esteemed; the cunninger yow be at them


Tell no lies.

or cards.

lord's favourite



the worse man yow wilbe counted. for pastime, love and learne that which your lord liketh and vseth most, Take to your whether itt be rydeing, shooteing, hunting, hawkeing, sport. fishing, or any such exercise. Beware of secrett corners and night sitting vp, the two nurses of mischiefe, unthriftines, losse, and sicknes. Beware cheifely of Beware of ydlenes, the great pathway that leadeth directly to all evills; be diligent alwayes, be present every where in your lord's service, be at hand to call others, and be not Always be at

hand when you're ofte sent for yourselfe; for marke this as part of your creed, that the good service of one whole yeare shall never gett soe much as the absence of one howre may lose, when your lord shall stand in need of yow to send. if yow consider alwayes that absence and negligence must needes be cause of greife and sorrowe to your selfe, of chideing and rueing to your lord, and that dutye done diligently and presently shall gaine yow Diligence will get

you praise. profitt, and purchase yow great praise and your lord's good countenance, yow

shall ridd me of care, and wynne your selfe creditt, make me a gladd man, and your aged mother a ioyfull woman, and breed your freinds great comforth. Soe I comitt and commend yow to God's God be with you! mercifull proteccion and good guidance, who long preserve Your ever loving and affectionate brother in lawe.


To my loveing Brother in Lawe, Mr C. H., Servant to the Rt. Hon. the Earle of Warwick, these.


p. 310, 1. 377-8, Statut. The only Statute about horse-hire that I can find, is 20 Ric. II. cap. 5, A.D. 1396-7, given below. I suppose the Foure pens of l. 376 of the Boke of Curtasye was the price fixed by “the kyngis crye” or Proclamation, 1. 378, or by the sheriff or magistrates in accordance with it as the “due Agreement to the party” required by the Statute.

Item. Forasmuch as the Commons have made Complaint, that many great Mischiefs Extortions & Oppressions be done by divers people of evil Condition, which of their own Authority take & cause to be taken royally Horses and other Things, and Beasts out of their Wains Carts and Houses, saying & devising that they be to ride on hasty Messages & Business, where of Truth they be in no wise privy of any Business or Message, but only in Deceit & Subtilty, by such Colour and Device to take Horses, and the said Horses hastily to ride & evil entreat, having no Manner of Conscience or Compassion in this Bebalf, so that the said Horses become all spoiled and foundered, paying no manner of Thing nor penny for the same, nor giving them any manner of sustenance; and also that some such manner of people, changing & altering their Names, do take and ride such Horses, and carry them far from thence to another Place, so that they to whom they belong, can never after by any mean see, have again, nor know their said Horses where they be, to the great Mischief Loss Impoverishment & Hindrance of the King's poor People, their Husbandry, and of their Living: Our Lord the King willing, for the Quietness and Ease of his People, to provide Remedy thereof, will & hath ordained, That none from henceforth shall take any such Horse or Beast in Such Manner, against the Consent of them to whom they be; and if any that do, and have no sufficient Warrant nor Authority of the King, he shall be taken and imprisoned till he hath made due Agreement to the Party."

That this seizing of horses for the pretended use of the king was no fancied grievance, even in much later times, is testified by Roger Ascham's letter to Lord Chancellor Wriothesley (? in 1546 A.D.) complaining of an audacious seizure of the horse of the invalid Master of Peterhouse, Cambridge, on the plea that it was to carry the king's fish, whereas the seizer's own servant was the nag's real burden : "tentatum est per hominem apud nos valde turbulentum, nomine Maxwellum.” Ascham's Works, ed. Giles, v. 1, p. 99. In vols. ix., X., and xi. of Rymer, I find no Proclamation or Edict about horse-hire. In 1413 Henry V's Herbergeator is to provide Henry le Scrop, knight, with all that he wants “Proviso semper quòd idem Henricus pro hujusmodi Fænis, Equis, Carectis, Cariagiis, & aliis necessariis, per se, seu Homines & Servientes suos prædictos, ibidem capiendis, fideliter solvat & satisfaciat, ut est justum.” Rymer, ix. 13.

The general rule shown by the documents in Rymer is that reasonable payments be made.

De Equis pro Cariagio Gunnorum Regis capiendis. A.D. 1413 (1 Sept.), An. 1. Hen. V. Pat. 1, Hen. V. p. 3, m. 19. Rex, Dilectis sibi, Johanni Sprong, Armigero, & Johanni Louth Clerico, Salutem.

Sciatis quod Assignavimus vos, conjunctim & divisim, ad tot Equos, Boves, Plaustra, & Carectas, quot pro Cariagio certorum Gunnorum nostrorum, ac aliarum Rerum pro eisdem Gunnis necessarium, a Villa Bristolliæ usque Civitatem nostram Londoniæ, indiguerint, tàm infra Libertates, quàm estea (Feodo Ecclesiæ dumtaxat excepto) pro Denariis nostris, in hac parte rationabiliter solvendis Capienduin & Providendum. Rymer, ix. p. 49.

So in 1417 the order to have six wings plucked from the wing of every goose (except those commonly called Brodoges—? brood geese-) to make arrows for our archers, says that the feathers are rationabiliter solvendis. See also


653. p. 310, 1. 358. The stuarde and bis stufe. Cp. Cavendislı’s Life of Wolsey (ed. Singer, i. 34), “he had in his hall, daily, three especial tables furnished with three principal officers; that is to say, a Steward, which was always a dean or a priest ; a Treasurer, a knight; and a Comptroller, an esquire; which bare always within his house their white staves.

“Then had he a cofferer, three marshals, two yeomen ushers, two grooms, and an almoner. He had in the hall-kitchen two clerks of his kitchen, a clerk comptroller, a surveyor of the dresser, a clerk of his spicery.” See the rest of Wolsey's household officers, p. 34-9.

p. 312, 1. 409. Ale. See in Notes on the Months, p. 418, the Song “ Bryng us in good ale,” copied from the MS. song-book of an Ipswich Minstrel of the 15th century, read by Mr Thomas Wright before the British Archæological Association, August, 1864, and afterwards published in The Gentleman's Magazine. P.S.—The song was first printed complete in Mr Wright's edition of Songs & Carols for the Percy Society, 1847, p. 63. He gives Ritson's incomplete copy from Harl. MS. 541, at p. 102.

Bryng us in good ale, and bryng us in good ale ;

For owr blyssyd lady sak, bryng us in good ale.
Bryng us in no browne bred, fore that is made of brane,
Nor bryng us in no whyt bred, for therin is no game;

But bryng us in good ale.
Bryng us in no befe, for there is many bonys;
But bryng us in good ale, for that goth downe at onys,

And bryng us in good ale.

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