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or sup your

or gnaw your bones : avoid such beastliness,

Take salt with

Saulte with thy knyfe then reache and take, 440 your knife, [sign. B. iii. B.] The breade cut fayre, And do not it breake. cut your bread,

Thy spone with pottage to full do not fyll, don't fill your

444 spoon too full,

For fylynge the cloth, If thou fortune to spyll,
For rudnes it is

thy pottage to sup,

448 pottage. Or speake to any,

his head in the cup. Have your knife Thy knyfe se be sharpe to cut fayre thy meate; sharp.

Thy mouth not to full when thou dost eate; 454
Don't smack your Not smackynge thy lyppes, As comonly do hogges,
lips

Nor gnawynge the bones As it were dogges; 458
Suche rudenes abhorre, Suche beastlynes flie,

At the table behaue thy selfe manerly. 462 [sign. B. v.) Thy fyngers se cleane

that thou euer kepe, Keep your fingers clean,

Hauynge a Napkyn thereon them to wype; wipe your mouth Thy mouth therwith Cleane do thou make, 468 before drinking.

The cup to drynke ; In hande yf thou take,
Let not thy tongue

At the table walke, 472
Plato. And of no matter

Neyther reason nor talke. Don't jabber or Temper thy tongue

and belly alway,

476 For “measure is treasure,” the prouerbe doth say, Cicero. And measure in althynges is to be vsed; 480 what is without measure

Ought to be refused. For silence kepynge thou shalt not be shent, [sign. B. v. 6.]

where as thy speache May cause thee repent. Isocra. Bothe speache and silence are commendable, 488 and is fitted for a But sylence is metest

In a chylde at the table.
Cato.
And Cato doth saye,

1

stuff.

Silence hurts no

one,

that “in olde and yonge The fyrste of vertue Is to kepe thy tonge." 494 Don't pick your Pyke not thy teethe

at the table syttynge, teeth, or spit too much. Nor vse at thy meate Ouer muche spytynge ;

this rudnes of youth Is to be abhorde e; 500 Beliave properly. thy selfe manerly

Behaue at the borde. Don't laugh too If occasion of laughter at the table thou se, 504

Beware that thou vse the same moderately. [sign. B. vi.)

Of good maners learne So muche as thou can ; good manners It wyll thee preferre when thou art a man. 510

child at table.

much.

Learn all

you can.

Aristotle the Philosopher this worthy sayinge writ, Aristot. That “ maners in a chylde are more requisit 514 They are better

than playing the then playnge on instru

fiddle, mentes

and other vayne pleasure ; For vertuous maners Isa most precious treasure. Let not this saynge

In no wyse thee offende, though that's

no harm, Forplaynge of instrumentes He doth not discommende, But doth graunt them for a chylde necessary,

but necessary ; Yet maners muche more see here he doth vary. 526 yet manners Refuse not his councell, Nor his wordes dispise ; important. To vertue and knowledge By them mayste thou ryse. (sign. B. vi. 6.]

are more

How to behave at Church,

Vher

to God.

He knows your

| Howe to order thy selfe in the Churche.

Cap. .v. Vhen to the Churche

thou shalt repayer,

532
Knelynge or standynge, to God make thy prayer; Pray kneeling or

standing.
All worldely matters From thy mynde set apart,
Earnestly prayinge, to God lyfte vp thy hart.
A contrite harte

He wyll not dispyse, 540 Psal. 1.
whiche he doth coumpt A sweete sacrifice.
To hym thy sinnes shewe and confesse, 544 Confess your sins
Askynge for them

Grace and forgyuenes; He is the Phisition that knoweth thy sore,

(sign. B. vii.) And can to health A-gayne thee restore. 550 disease.

Iames the .i. Aske then in fayth, Not doubtynge to haue;

Ask in faith, The thynges ye desyre ye

shall then receaue; 554 and what you

ask you shall So they be lawfull

Of God to requyre,

have; He wyll the heare

and graunt thy desyre ; More mercifull he is then pen can expresse, 560 He is more The aucthor and geuer

here of all goodnesse. “ All ye that laboure and burdened be, 564 Math. x. I wyll you refreshe In commynge to me.” These are Chrystes wordes, the scripture is playne, Spoken to all suche as here suffre payne; 570 [sign. B. vii. B.] Our wylles to his worde then let vs frame, The heauenly habytacion therby we may clame. 574

merciful than pen can tell.

or chatter.

Behave rever

Behave nicely in In the churche comly thy selfe do behaue,
church,
In vsage sober,

thy countinaunce graue. and don't talk whyle you be there, taulke of no matter, 580

Nor one with an other whisper nor chatter.
Reuerently thy selfe Order alwaye

584 ently ;

when to the Churche thou shalt come to pray :

Eche thynge hath his tyme, Consyder the place, 588 Prayer Luke .xix. For that is a token

of vertue and grace, (sign. B. viii.) The Lorde doth call it the house of

592 is not to be made

prayer a fair, And not to be vsed

As is a fayer.

the House of

Avoid

The fruites of gamynge, vertue and learnynge.

Capitulo .vi. 0 ,

Eschewe thou euer game, – Lytle chylde,

For that hath brought Many one to shame,—598 dicing and As dysynge, and cardynge, And suche other playes, carding.

which
many

vndoeth as we se nowe a dayes. 602 Cicero. But yf thou delyght In any earthly thynge, Delight in

Delyght in knowledge, Vertue, and learnynge, 606 Knowledge, Virtue, and For learnynge wyll leade Learning. thee

to the schoole of vertue, [sign. B. viii. b.) And vertue wyll teache thee Vice to subdue. 610

Vice beynge subdued, thou canst not but floryshe; Happy is he who Happy is the man

that vertue doth norysh. cultivates Virtue.

By knowledge lykewyse thou shalt doubtes discerne,
By vertue agayne

thy lyfe well gouerne. 618 These be the frutes

By them we do take, Cursed is he who Cursed is he then

that doth them forsake. forsakes it.

But we erre in wyt In folowynge our wyll,
In iudgynge that good which playnly is yll 626
Let reason thee rule, and not will thee leade

To folowe thy fansie, A wronge trace to treade. (sign. C. i.) But subdue thy luste, and conqeur thy wyll 632 and subdue your

If it shall moue thee to doe that is yll ;
For what hurte by game

Let reason rule you,

to many doth growe, 636 from gambling:

No wyse man I thynke but doth it well knowe.

lusts,

These ills come

Experience doth shewe
That all good men
As strife and debate,
whiche amonge christians,
with cursynge and bann-

ynge,
That no honest harte
These be the fruites
with many more as euill

and make it manifeste 640
can it but deteste,
murder and thefte, 644 strife, murder,

theft,
wolde god were lefto,

cursing and

swearing.
with swearyng and tearyng,
can abyde the hearyng:
that of them doth sprynge,
that cometh of

gamynge. [sign. C. i. 6.)

IF

let a man tell all his tale.

How to behaue thy selfe in taulkynge How to behave

when conversing. with any man. Capitulo .vii. . a man demaunde

a question of thee, 656 In thine aunswere makynge be not to hastie;

Isocra. waie well his wordes, the case ynderstande 660 Understand a

question before Eare an answere to make thou take in hande,

you answer it; Els may he iudge

in thee little wit, 664 To answere to a thynge and not heare it. Suffer his talė

whole out to be toulde, Then speake thou mayst, and not be controulde; Low obeisaunce makyng, lokinge him in the face, [sign. C. ii.]

Then bow to him, Tretably speaking, thy wordes see thou place. look him in the

face, with countinaunce sober thy bodie vprighte 676 Thy fete iuste to-gether, thy handes in lyke plight;

sensibly, Caste not thyne eies on neither syde. 680

not staring about when thou arte praised, therin take no pryde. In tellynge thy tale, neither laugh nor smyle,

or laughing, Such folly forsake thou, banish and exyle; 686 In audible voice

thy wordes do thou vtter, but audibly Not hie nor lowe,

but vsynge a measure. 690 Thy wordes se that thou pronounce plaine, and distinctly, And that they spoken

Be not in vayne ;

694

sign. C. ii. 6.) In vttryng wherof

Kepe thou an order, your words in due

order, Thy matter therby thou shalte much forder;

[1 orig. thai) whiche order yf thou Do not obserue, 700 From the purpose

nedes must thou swarue,

or you'll straggle off,

and answer

or stutter, or

a foul crime.

Better unfed

And hastines of speche wyll cause thee to erre, 704
Or wyll thee teache

to stut or stammer.
stammer, which is
To stut or stammer

is a foule crime, 708 Learne then to leaue it, take warnyng in tyme ; How euyll a chylde it doth become,

712 Thy selfe beynge iudge, hauinge wisedome; [sign, C. iii.) And sure it is taken by custome and vre,

716 whyle yonge you be there is helpe and cure. This generall rule

yet take with the, 720 Always keep your In speakynge to any man Thy head vn-couered be. head uncovered.

The common prouerbe remember ye oughte, 724 “ Better ynfedde

then vn-taughte.” than untaught. How to take a

How to order thy selfe being sente of message. Message.

Cap. viii. (F

forthe thou be sente, 728 Listen to it well; Take hede to the same,

Geue eare diligente; don't go away not knowing it. Depart not awaye

and beyng in doute, 732 [sign. C. iii. 6.) Know wel thy message

before thou passe out; Then hurry away, with possible spede then hast thee right sone ; If nede shall requirr it

so to be done.

738 give the message; After humble obeisaunce, the

message

forth shewe Thy wordes well placinge in vttringe but fewe 742

As shall thy matter serue to declare. get the answer, Thine answere made,

then home againe repare, return home, and tell it to And to thy master

therof make relacion 748 your master

As then the answere shall geue thee occasion. Socra. Neither adde nor deminish any thynge to the same, Lest after it proue

to thy rebuke and shame, [sign, C. iili.) But the same vtter

so nere as thou can ; 756 exactly as it was

No faulte they shall fynde to charge thee with than,
In most humble wyse loke done that it be, 760
As shall become beste a seruantes degre.

told to you.

Against Anger, dc.

TA-gainste Anger, Enuie, and malice.

Cap. ix.
If thou be subiecte

and to anger thrall,
And reason thee rule not, nedes must thou fall.

The slave of
Anger must fall.

764

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