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or sup your
or gnaw your bones : avoid such beastliness,
Take salt with
Saulte with thy knyfe then reache and take, 440 your knife, [sign. B. iii. B.] The breade cut fayre, And do not it breake. cut your bread,
Thy spone with pottage to full do not fyll, don't fill your
444 spoon too full,
For fylynge the cloth, If thou fortune to spyll,
thy pottage to sup,
448 pottage. Or speake to any,
his head in the cup. Have your knife Thy knyfe se be sharpe to cut fayre thy meate; sharp.
Thy mouth not to full when thou dost eate; 454
Nor gnawynge the bones As it were dogges; 458
At the table behaue thy selfe manerly. 462 [sign. B. v.) Thy fyngers se cleane
that thou euer kepe, Keep your fingers clean,
Hauynge a Napkyn thereon them to wype; wipe your mouth Thy mouth therwith Cleane do thou make, 468 before drinking.
The cup to drynke ; In hande yf thou take,
At the table walke, 472
Neyther reason nor talke. Don't jabber or Temper thy tongue
and belly alway,
476 For “measure is treasure,” the prouerbe doth say, Cicero. And measure in althynges is to be vsed; 480 what is without measure
Ought to be refused. For silence kepynge thou shalt not be shent, [sign. B. v. 6.]
where as thy speache May cause thee repent. Isocra. Bothe speache and silence are commendable, 488 and is fitted for a But sylence is metest
In a chylde at the table.
Silence hurts no
that “in olde and yonge The fyrste of vertue Is to kepe thy tonge." 494 Don't pick your Pyke not thy teethe
at the table syttynge, teeth, or spit too much. Nor vse at thy meate Ouer muche spytynge ;
this rudnes of youth Is to be abhorde e; 500 Beliave properly. thy selfe manerly
Behaue at the borde. Don't laugh too If occasion of laughter at the table thou se, 504
Beware that thou vse the same moderately. [sign. B. vi.)
Of good maners learne So muche as thou can ; good manners It wyll thee preferre when thou art a man. 510
child at table.
Aristotle the Philosopher this worthy sayinge writ, Aristot. That “ maners in a chylde are more requisit 514 They are better
than playing the then playnge on instru
and other vayne pleasure ; For vertuous maners Isa most precious treasure. Let not this saynge
In no wyse thee offende, though that's
no harm, Forplaynge of instrumentes He doth not discommende, But doth graunt them for a chylde necessary,
but necessary ; Yet maners muche more see here he doth vary. 526 yet manners Refuse not his councell, Nor his wordes dispise ; important. To vertue and knowledge By them mayste thou ryse. (sign. B. vi. 6.]
How to behave at Church,
He knows your
| Howe to order thy selfe in the Churche.
Cap. .v. Vhen to the Churche
thou shalt repayer,
He wyll not dispyse, 540 Psal. 1.
Grace and forgyuenes; He is the Phisition that knoweth thy sore,
(sign. B. vii.) And can to health A-gayne thee restore. 550 disease.
Iames the .i. Aske then in fayth, Not doubtynge to haue;
Ask in faith, The thynges ye desyre ye
shall then receaue; 554 and what you
ask you shall So they be lawfull
Of God to requyre,
have; He wyll the heare
and graunt thy desyre ; More mercifull he is then pen can expresse, 560 He is more The aucthor and geuer
here of all goodnesse. “ All ye that laboure and burdened be, 564 Math. x. I wyll you refreshe In commynge to me.” These are Chrystes wordes, the scripture is playne, Spoken to all suche as here suffre payne; 570 [sign. B. vii. B.] Our wylles to his worde then let vs frame, The heauenly habytacion therby we may clame. 574
merciful than pen can tell.
Behave nicely in In the churche comly thy selfe do behaue,
thy countinaunce graue. and don't talk whyle you be there, taulke of no matter, 580
Nor one with an other whisper nor chatter.
584 ently ;
when to the Churche thou shalt come to pray :
Eche thynge hath his tyme, Consyder the place, 588 Prayer Luke .xix. For that is a token
of vertue and grace, (sign. B. viii.) The Lorde doth call it the house of
592 is not to be made
prayer a fair, And not to be vsed
As is a fayer.
the House of
The fruites of gamynge, vertue and learnynge.
Capitulo .vi. 0 ,
Eschewe thou euer game, – Lytle chylde,
For that hath brought Many one to shame,—598 dicing and As dysynge, and cardynge, And suche other playes, carding.
vndoeth as we se nowe a dayes. 602 Cicero. But yf thou delyght In any earthly thynge, Delight in
Delyght in knowledge, Vertue, and learnynge, 606 Knowledge, Virtue, and For learnynge wyll leade Learning. thee
to the schoole of vertue, [sign. B. viii. b.) And vertue wyll teache thee Vice to subdue. 610
Vice beynge subdued, thou canst not but floryshe; Happy is he who Happy is the man
that vertue doth norysh. cultivates Virtue.
By knowledge lykewyse thou shalt doubtes discerne,
thy lyfe well gouerne. 618 These be the frutes
By them we do take, Cursed is he who Cursed is he then
that doth them forsake. forsakes it.
But we erre in wyt In folowynge our wyll,
To folowe thy fansie, A wronge trace to treade. (sign. C. i.) But subdue thy luste, and conqeur thy wyll 632 and subdue your
If it shall moue thee to doe that is yll ;
Let reason rule you,
to many doth growe, 636 from gambling:
No wyse man I thynke but doth it well knowe.
These ills come
Experience doth shewe
and make it manifeste 640
gamynge. [sign. C. i. 6.)
let a man tell all his tale.
How to behaue thy selfe in taulkynge How to behave
when conversing. with any man. Capitulo .vii. . a man demaunde
a question of thee, 656 In thine aunswere makynge be not to hastie;
Isocra. waie well his wordes, the case ynderstande 660 Understand a
question before Eare an answere to make thou take in hande,
you answer it; Els may he iudge
in thee little wit, 664 To answere to a thynge and not heare it. Suffer his talė
whole out to be toulde, Then speake thou mayst, and not be controulde; Low obeisaunce makyng, lokinge him in the face, [sign. C. ii.]
Then bow to him, Tretably speaking, thy wordes see thou place. look him in the
face, with countinaunce sober thy bodie vprighte 676 Thy fete iuste to-gether, thy handes in lyke plight;
sensibly, Caste not thyne eies on neither syde. 680
not staring about when thou arte praised, therin take no pryde. In tellynge thy tale, neither laugh nor smyle,
or laughing, Such folly forsake thou, banish and exyle; 686 In audible voice
thy wordes do thou vtter, but audibly Not hie nor lowe,
but vsynge a measure. 690 Thy wordes se that thou pronounce plaine, and distinctly, And that they spoken
Be not in vayne ;
sign. C. ii. 6.) In vttryng wherof
Kepe thou an order, your words in due
order, Thy matter therby thou shalte much forder;
[1 orig. thai) whiche order yf thou Do not obserue, 700 From the purpose
nedes must thou swarue,
or you'll straggle off,
or stutter, or
a foul crime.
And hastines of speche wyll cause thee to erre, 704
to stut or stammer.
is a foule crime, 708 Learne then to leaue it, take warnyng in tyme ; How euyll a chylde it doth become,
712 Thy selfe beynge iudge, hauinge wisedome; [sign, C. iii.) And sure it is taken by custome and vre,
716 whyle yonge you be there is helpe and cure. This generall rule
yet take with the, 720 Always keep your In speakynge to any man Thy head vn-couered be. head uncovered.
The common prouerbe remember ye oughte, 724 “ Better ynfedde
then vn-taughte.” than untaught. How to take a
How to order thy selfe being sente of message. Message.
Cap. viii. (F
forthe thou be sente, 728 Listen to it well; Take hede to the same,
Geue eare diligente; don't go away not knowing it. Depart not awaye
and beyng in doute, 732 [sign. C. iii. 6.) Know wel thy message
before thou passe out; Then hurry away, with possible spede then hast thee right sone ; If nede shall requirr it
so to be done.
738 give the message; After humble obeisaunce, the
forth shewe Thy wordes well placinge in vttringe but fewe 742
As shall thy matter serue to declare. get the answer, Thine answere made,
then home againe repare, return home, and tell it to And to thy master
therof make relacion 748 your master
As then the answere shall geue thee occasion. Socra. Neither adde nor deminish any thynge to the same, Lest after it proue
to thy rebuke and shame, [sign, C. iili.) But the same vtter
so nere as thou can ; 756 exactly as it was
No faulte they shall fynde to charge thee with than,
told to you.
Against Anger, dc.
TA-gainste Anger, Enuie, and malice.
and to anger thrall,
The slave of