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But ere thou go,
That thou take with thee
For these are thynges
Forget not then
The souldiar preparynge
Leaues not at home
No more shulde a scoler
what he at scole
These thynges thus had,
Vnto the schole

with thy selfe forthynke. taking too
pen, paper, and ynke ;116 pen, paper, and
for thy study necessary,
with thee them to cary.
hym selfe to the fielde 122
his sworde and his shielde, [sign, A. v.]
forget then truly 126
shulde nede to occupy.

for use at school.
Take strayght thy way
without any stay.

132

Then start off.

IN goynge by the way

140 give way to

road,
At School

salute your
master,

Howe to behaue thy selfe in going by

Horo to behave

going to, and at, the streate and in the schoole .ü.

School.
Take off your cap

to those you and passynge the strete,

meet; Thy cappe put of, Salute those ye mete; 136 Isocra. In geuynge the way to suche as passe by,

Cato. It is a poynte of siuilitie,

passers by. And thy way fortune so for to fall,

&• Csign. A. v. b.)

Call your playLet it not greue thee thy felowes to call. 144 inates on your when to the schole

thou shalte resort, This rule note well

I do the exhort : 148 Thy master there beynge,

Salute with all reuerence, Declarynge thereby thy dutye and obedience ; Thy felowes salute

In token of loue, 154 and the scholars, Lest of inhumanitie they shall thee reproue. Vnto thy place appoynted for to syt, 158 Go straight

to your place, Streight go thou to, and thy setchel vnknyt,

undo your

satchell, Thy bokes take out, thy lesson then learne 162 take out your

1 (Orig. Huubly) Humbly thy selfe Behaue and gouerne.

[sign. A. vi.) Therein takynge payne, with all thyne industry

your lesson ; Learnynge to get

thy boke well applye : 168 stick well to your All thynges seme harde when we do begyn, But labour and diligence yet both them wyn; 172 Virgil. we ought not to recken and coumpt thethyng harde That bryngeth ioye and pleasure afterwarde ; Leaue of then laboure, and the lacke rue,

books and learn

178 If you don't work,

books.

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you'll repent it Lament and repent

when

age

doth insue. 180
when you grow
up.

Deades that deserued Fame and greate prayse,
Who could now
speak of famous
Buried had ben,

we se in olde dayes; 184
[sign. A. vi. 6.] If letters had not then brought them to lyght
deeds of old,
had not Letters The truth of suche thynges who coulde nowe resyght?
preserved them?
Applye thy minde

to learnynge and scyence, Cato. For learnynge in nede wyll be thy defence. 192 Nothinge to science

compare we may well, Cicero. The swetenes wherof all thynges doth excell. And Cato the wyse

this worthy sayinge hath, Cato. That man wantinge learnynge

is as the image of death. Aristot. The rootes of learnynge most bytter we deme; 202 The fruites at last

Moste pleasaunt doth seme. Work hard then, Then labour for learnynge whyle here thou shalt lyue,

[sign. A. vii.) The ignoraunt to teache, and good example geue ; and you'll be

So shalte thou be thought A membre most worthy thought worthy to serve

The common welth to serue In tyme' of necessitie. 212 [1 Orig. ryme] Experience doth teache

And shewe to thee playne
Men of low birth That many to honour By learninge attayne 216
win honour by
Learning,

That were of byrthe But symple and bace, -
Suche is the goodnes

Of Gods speciall grace,-
For he that to honour by vertue doth ryse,

222
Is double happy,

and counted most wyse. doubly happy. When you doubt, If doubte thou doest, Desyre to be toulde, 226

No shame is to learne, Beinge neuer so oulde;
[sign. A. vii. 6.] Ignoraunce doth cause Great errors in vs 230

Forwantynge of knowledge Doubts to discusse ;
Then learne to discerne the good from the yll, 234

And suche as thee warne, Bere them good will.
those who warn
you.

when from the schoole ye shall take your waye,
Or orderly then go ye,

twoo in aray,

240 orderly

your selues matchynge So equall as ye may, (for which men That men it seynge

May well of you saye 244 will praise you);

In commendynge this your laudable wayes,
whiche must nedes sounde to your great prayse, 248

the state.

and then are

ask to be told.

Wish well to

On your way
home
walk two and two

don't run in

swarm of bees

or hallow as in

Not runnynge on heapes as a swarme of bees,

heaps like a As at this day Euery man it nowe sees;

[sign. A. viii.] Not vsynge, but refusynge, Suche foolyshe toyes 254 like boys do now. As commonly are vsed In these dayes of boyes,

Don't whoop As hoopynge and halow

fox-hunting; ynge

as in huntynge the foxe, That men it hearynge Deryde them with mockes. This foolyshnes forsake, this folly exchewynge, And learne to followe this order insuynge.

264 In goynge by the way Neyther talke nor iangle, don't chatter, Gape not nor gase not at euery newe fangle, 268 or stare at every

new fangle, But soberly go ye

with countinaunce graue ; but walk soberly, Humblye your selues towarde all men behaue; Isocra. Be free of cappe and full of curtesye; 274 [sign. A. viii. 6.]

taking your cap Greate loue of al men you shall wyn therby. off to all, Be lowly and gentyll and of meke moode; 278 and being gentle. Then men con not

but of you say good. In passynge the strete Do no man no harme ; 282 Do no man harm;

speak few words. Vse thou fewe wordes, and thy tounge charme, Then men shal see

that grace in the groweth From whom vertues So aboundantly floweth. when thou arte come where thy parentes do On reaching home

dwell,

290 Thy leaue then takynge Byd thy felowes farewell; The house then entrynge, In thy parence presence

ently. Humbly salute them

with all reuerence.

296 [sign. B. i.)

salute your

parents rever

| Howe to behaue thi selfe in seruynge

the table. Cap. iii.

How to wait at table.

Vvhen

Vhen thy parentes downe to the table shall syt,
In place be ready For the purpose moste fyt:

Look your parents
With sober countinaunce Lokynge them in the face, in the face,
Thy handes holdynge vp, this begyn grace :

304 hands, and say

hold up your

66

GEue thankes to God

Eue thankes to God
For that shall be

with one accorde
Set on this borde.

Grace before 308 meate.

Grace before
Meat

table.

them

And be not carefull

what to eate, To eche thynge lyuynge the Lorde sends meate;

For foode he wyll not Se you peryshe, 314 (sign. B. i. 6.) But wyll you fede,

Foster, and cheryshe ;
Take well in worth

what he hath sent, 318 At this tyme be

therwith content,

Praysynge God." 322 So treatablie speakyng as possible thou can,

That the hearers therof May thee vnderstan. 326 Make a low Grace beynge sayde,

Lowe cursie make thou, curtesy :

Sayinge “muche good May it do you." wish your

330 parents' food may Of stature then

yf thou be able, do 'em good. If you are big It shall become thee

to serue the table 334 enough, bring the food to In bringynge to it

Suche meate as shall nede [sign, B. ii.) For thy parence vpon

that tyme to fede.

338 Don't fill dishes Disshes with measure thou oughtest to fyll, so full as to spill

Els mayste thou happen thy seruyce to spyll 342 on your parents' On theyr apparell

Or els on the cloth, dress, or they'll be angry. whiche for to doe

wolde mone them to wroth. Have spare Spare trenchers with naptrenchers ready for guests. kyns

haue in redynes 348 To serue afterwarde,

If there come any gesse. Be circumspecte ;

see nothynge do wante; Seo there's plenty Of necessary thynges that there be no skant, 354 of everything wanted.

As breade and drynke, se there be plentie; Empty the

The voyders with bones Ofte se thou emptie. 358 [sign. B. ii. b.) At hande be ready,

If any do call, Be at hand if an

To fetche or take vp, If ought fortune to fall. When the meat is over,

when they haue done, then ready make 364 clear the table : The table vp fayre

In order to take : 1. corer the salt, Fyrste the saulte

Se that thou couer,

368 2. have a tray by Hauynge by thee

Eyther one or other things off on, thynges from thy handes

Voiders often.

one calls,

then to conuaye

372 That from the table

thou shalt take awaye. 8. put the A voyder vpon

the table then haue, 376 trenchers, &c., in one Voider, The trenchers and napkyns therein to receaue ;

you to carry

The croomes with a napkyn
It at the tables ende
Then before eche man
The best fyrste seruynge,
Then cheese with fruite
With Bisketes or Caro-

wayes,
Wyne to them fyll,
But wyne is metest,
Then on the table
It for to voyde

together them swepe, 380 4. sweep the

crumbs into In a voyder them kepe. [sign. B. iii.) A cleane treanchour lay,

another,

5. set a clean As iudge thou soone may ;

trencher before

every one, On the table set,

388 6. put on Cheese,

Fruit, Biscuits, and

Eche syde of the clothe
Foldynge it vp,
A cleane towell then
The towell wantynge,
The bason and ewer
In place conuenient
when thou shalt see
The ewer take vp,
In powrynge out water
The table then voyde
All thynges thus done,
Before the table

As

you may get. Els ale or beare; 392 7. serve Wine,

(Ale or Beer.) If any there were. Attende with all diligence, When these are

finished, when done haue thy clear the table, parence :

398 Do thou tourne in,

and fold up the

cloth, At the hygher ende begin. On the table spreade, - [sign. B. iii. 6.)

Then spread a the cloth take in steade, - clean towel, to the table then brynge, bring bason and

jug, theyr pleasure abydynge.

and when your

parents them redy to washe, 412 are ready to wash, and be not to rashe More then wyll suffise. 416 pour out the that they may ryse.

Clear the table; forget not thy dutie, 420 Make thou lowe cursie.

curtsey.

water.

make a low

O Chyldren ! geue eare

| Howe to order thy selfe syttynge at the table.

[sign. B. iii.)

How to behave at Capitulo .iii.

your own dinner. your duties to learne, 424 Howe at the table

you may your

selues

gouerne. Presume not to hyghe, I

say,
in no case;

428 Socra. Cato. In syttynge downe, to thy betters geue place. Let your betters

sit above you. Suffer eche man Fyrste serued to be, 432 See others served

first, For that is a poynte

Of good curtesie. when they are serued,

then pause a space,

436 then wait a while

before eating. For that is a sygne

of nourture and grace.

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