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horses in the
him are Avener
| De Auenario. 3
of the Avener. be Aueyner schalle ordeyn prouandet good won, He shall give the For po lordys horsis euerychon;
stable pay schyn haue two cast5 of hay,
two armsful of
hay and a peck of 608 A pek of prouande on a day ;
A Squire is
Master of the 612 Aueyner and ferour yndur hym I-wys;
Horse ; under bose zomen þat olde sadels schyn haue,
and Farrier, þat schyn be last for knyzt and knaue, For yche a hors þat ferroure ? schalle scho, (the Farrier has
a halfpenny a day 616 An halpeny on day he takes hym to;
for every horse he
shoes,) Rents, in kind or money; AS. feorme, food, goods. 2 Or loned.
• The Avener of Edw. IV. is mentioned in H. Ord. p. 69. See the Charge of Henry VIII.'s Stable, A.D. 1526, ib. p. 206-7.
• Prouender or menglid corne-fovrraige. . provende. Palsgrave.
5 See “two cast of brede,' 1. 631. One caste of brede' for the Steward's yeoman, H. Ord. p. 56, &c.
6 Mayster of the horses-escvier de escvirie. Palsg.
. See Rogers’s Agriculture and Prices in England, v. 1, p. 280-1. The latest prices he gives for shoeing are in 1400; “ Alton Barnes, Shoeing 5 horses, a year, 6s. 8d. Takley, Shoeing 2 cart horses [a year] 1s. 8d.”
A.D. 1466, 'fore shoyinge ij.d.' Manners and Household Expenses (ed. Dawson Turner), 1841, p. 380. (Sir Jn. Howard, Knt., 1462.9.) The Percy allowance in 1512 was “ij s.
and grooms and pages hired
at 2d. a day, or 3 farthings,
[Fol. 23.) and footmen who run by ladies' bridles.
Vndur ben gromes and pages mony one,
Som at two pons on a day,
Mony of hem fote-men per ben,
of the Baker.
Out of a London bushel he shall bake 20 loaves, fine and coarse.
Of a lunden buschelle he shalle bake
Manchet and chet to make brom? bred hard, 628 For chaundeler and grehoundes and huntes
De venatore et suis canibus.
of the Huntsman and his Hounds. He gets a halfpenny a day for every hound.
The Feuterer 2 lots of bread if he has 2 leash of Greyhounds, and a bone for each,
besides perquisites of skins, &c,
A halpeny po hunte takes on þe day
bo vewter, two cast of brede he tase,
To yche a bone, þat is to telle,
By-syde hys vantage pat may be-falle,
bat hunteres con telle better pan I,
her-fore I leue hit wytt[ur]ly. viiij d. every Hors Shoynge for the hole Yere by estimacion, Viz. a Hors to be shodd oons in iij moneths withowt they jornay." p. 24. A horse's daily allowance was 'a Peck of Oats, or 4d. in Breade after iiij Loiffes, 4d. for Provaunder, from 29th Septr. 8 Hen. VIII. to 3rd May following,' p. 266.
1 See Edw. IV.'s Office of Bakehouse, H. Ord. p. 68-70. “The sergeaunt of thys office to make continually of every busshell, halfe chiete halfe rounde, besydes the flowre for the Kinges mouthe, xxvii loves, every one weying, after one daye olde, xxiii ounces of troye weyghtes.' p. 69.
2 Read broun, brown.
of the Euerer or
An euwere in halle pere nedys to be,
He schalle gef water to gentilmen, 644 And als in alle zomen.
He has all the
and gives water to
shall kneel down.
| Qui debent manus lauare et in quorum domibus. Who may wash
his hands, and
where. [ In kynges court and dukes also,
ber zomen schynne wasshe and no mo ;
In duke Ionys house a zoman þer was, 648 For his rewarde prayde suche a grace ;
be duke gete graunt per-of in londe,
Water 652 In presens of lorde or leuedé dere,
He schalle knele downe opon his kne,
The Ewerer shall
cover the lord's 656 With dowbulle napere at on bare worde :
table with a The seluage to po lordes syde with-inne,
double cloth, the
lower with the And dous sehalle heng þat oper may wynne ;
selvage to the
lord's side; the bo ouer nape schalle dowbulle be layde,
upper cloth shall
be laid double, 660 To po vttur syde pe seluage brade; bo ouer selvage he schalle replye, 2
the upper selvage
turned back as ir As towelle hit were fayrest in hye;
for a towel. Browers3 he schalle cast þer-opon, 664 þat þe lorde schulle clense his fyngers (on),
He shall put on
cleaners for He leuedy and whosener syttes with-inne,
every one. Alle browers schynne haue bothe more and myn. ? In Edward the Fourth's Court, “Knyghts of Household, XII, bachelers sufficiant, and most valient men of that ordre of every countrey' had to serve the King of his bason.' H. Ord. p. 33.
2 Replier, To redouble, to bow, fould, or plait into many doublings. Cotgrave. 3 Napkins? 0. Fr. brueroi is bruyère, heath.
of the Panter.
He carries 3 loaves cut square for trenchers,
and the covered Saltcellar,
To sett with-inne and oon with-oute,
With po ouemast lofe hit shalle be sett,
Two keruyng knyfes with-oute one,
De Cultellis domini.
be spony stele per by schalle be layde ;
He settes, and seruys euyr in fere
Two loues of trenchors and salt þo,
A lofe of trenchours and salt on last,
pen brede he brynges, in towelle wrythyn,
A chet lofe to po elmys dyshe,
At aber ende he castes a cope,
knelande on kne,
And touches po louys yn quere a-boute,
po euwere thurgh towelle syles 'clene,
bo ouer bassyn þer-on schalle close,
A towelle per-on, as I suppose, 1 ? Du. zijgen (door een zifte ofte Stramijn), to runne (through a Sift or a Strainer.). een Suyle a Pale or a Water-pale. Hexham.
To assay bread, the Panter kneels, the Carver cuts him a slice,
and he eats it.
Then the water
The Carver takes up the basins; a knight takes down the towel, and wipes the cup, into which the Carver pours water; the
knight hands it to him; he assays it, and empties the сир
bat folden schalle be with fulle grete lore, 700 Two quarters on lenkethe and sumdele more ;
A qwyte cuppe of tre per-by shalle be,
Quelmes' hit agayn by-fore alle men ; 704 bo keruer pe bassynges tase vp þenne ;
Annaunciande squier, or ellis a knyzt,
bo cuppe he tase in honde also,
The knyzt to po keruer haldes anon,
bo cuppe pen voyde is in po flette, 712 De euwer hit takes with-outen lette.
The towelle two knyzhtis schyn halde in fere,
The ouer bassyn þay halde neuer þe queder, 716 Quylle po keruer powre water in-to be nedur.
For a pype þer is insyde so clene,
ben settes he pe nethyr, I vnd[u]rstonde, 720 In þe ouer, and voydes with bothe is honde;
And brynges to be euwer þer he come fro;
And layes iiij trenchours po lordde be-fore, 724 be fyft aboue by good lore;
By hym self thre schalle he dresse,
Smale towelle a-boute his necke shalle bene, 728 To clens his knyfys þat ben so kene,
Ovyr quelmyd or ouer hyllyde. Obvolutus.' P.
Two knights hold the towel before the lord's sleeves, and hold the upper basi, while the Carver pours water into the lower;
then he puts the lower into the upper,and empties both, takes them to the Ewerer, returns to the lord's table, lays 4 trenchers for him, with 1 above. The Carver takes 3 to cut the lord's messes on,
[Fol. 25.) and has a cloth round his neck to wipe his knives on.
of the Almoner.
He says grace, sets down the Alms-uish, and
2 A.S. flett, room, hall. 3 See The Almonry of Henry VIII. A.D. 1526, H. Ord. p. 154, and p. 144; A.D. 1539, H. Ord. p. 239.