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(Fol. 20.) The counterpane is laid at the foot, cushions on the sides, tapestry on the floor
and sides of the roon.
The Groom gets fuel, and screens.
The Groom keeps the table, trestles, and forms for dinner;
bo knop vp turnes, and closes on ryzt, 1 As bolde by nek þat henges fulle lyzt.
bo counturpynt he lays on beddys fete,
Tapetis of spayne on flore by syde,
bo chambur sydes ryzt to po dore,
And fuel to chymné hym falle to gete,
Fro po lorde at mete when he is sett,
Alle thes þynges kepe schalle he,
iij perchers of wax pen shalle he fet,
In syce ? ichon from oper shalle be
To brenne, to voide, þat dronkyn is,
Ho vssher alle-way shalle sitt at dore
To se þat alle be seruet on ryzt,
And byd set borde when tyme schalle be,
and water in a
The Usher of the Chamber walks about and sees that all is served right,
orilers the table to be set and removed,
Tapet, a clothe, tappis. Palsgrave, 1530. Tapis, Tapistrie, hangings, &c., of Arras. Cotgrave, 1611. Tapis, carpet, a green square-plot. Miege, 1684. The hangynges of a house or chambre, in plurali, aulæa , . Circundo cubiculum aulæis, to hange the chambre. The carpettes, tapetes. Withals.
2 And he (a Grome of Chambyr) setteth nyghtly, after the seasons of the yere, torchys, tortays, candylles of war, mortars; and he setteth up the sises in the King's chambre, H. Ord. p. 41, these torches, five, seven, or nine ; and as many sises sett upp as there bee torches,' ib. p. 114; and dayly iïïi other of these gromes, called wayters, to make fyres, to sett up tressyls and bourdes, with yomen of chambre, aud to help dresse the beddes of sylke and arras. H. Ord. p. 41.
takes charge of
carpet, 2 cushions,
a form with a
footsheet over it; on which the lord changes his gown.
The Usher orders what's wanted from the Buttery:
a link from the Chandler,
and ale and wine.
| The wardrop' he herbers and eke of chambur 480 Ladyes with bedys of coralle and lambur,
po vsshere schalle bydde po wardropere
pen bryngis he forthe nyzt goun also,
He layes hom þen opon a fourme,
And foteshete per-on and hit returne.
ben vssher gose to po botré,
Fyrst to þe chaundeler he schalle go, 492 To take a tortes lyzt hym fro;
Bothe wyne and ale he tase indede,
No mete for mon schalle sayed ? be,
ben to pantré he hyzes be-lyue,
Manchet and chet 3 bred he shalle take,
A morter of wax zet wille he bryng, 504 Fro chambur, syr, with-out lesyng;
bat alle nyzt brennes in bassyn clere,
To saue þo chambur on nyzt for fyre.
Tho chambur dore stekes po vssher thenne,
(No meat shall be
From the Pantry the Usher takes fine and coarso bread, .
and a wax-light
that burns all night in a basin.
1 Wardroppe, or closet-garderobe. Palsgrave.
3 Manchet was the fine bread; chet, the course. Fr. pain rouffet, Cheat, or boulted bread; houshold bread made of Wheat and Rie mingled. Cotgrave.
brings bread and wine,
[Fol. 21.) (the lord washing first,) offers the drink kneeling; puts his lord to bed,
Fro cupborde he brynges bothe brede and wyne, 512 And fyrst assayes hit wele a[nd] fyne.
But fyrst þe lorde shalle vasshe I-wys,
ben kneles þe vssher and gyfes hym drynke, 516 Brynges hym in bed where he shalle wynke;
In strong styd on palet he lay,
and then goes home himself. The Yeomanl'sher sleeps at the Lord's door.
of the Steward.
Few are true,
Now speke I wylle of po stuarde als,
po clerke of kechyn, countrollour,
Assenten in counselle, with-outen skorne,
Yf any deyntethe in countré be,
And gares by hyt for any cost,
Byfore pe cours po stuarde comes þen,
Mays way and stondes by syde,
At countyng stuarde schalle ben,
Wrytten in-to bokes, with-out let,
Tyl countes also þer-on ben cast,
Before dishes are put on, the Steward enters first, then the Server.
The Steward shall post into books all accounts written on tablets,
and add them up.
i See the ‘Styward of Housholde,' H. Ord. p. 55-6: 'He is head officer.'
2 MS. and
residue and con
Clerk of the kitchen's account,
count of all
of the Controller The Countrollour shalle wryte to hym,
He puts down the Taunt resceu, no more
myn ; And taunt dispendu þat same day,
suinption of every 544 Vncountabulle he is, as y zou say.
day. 1 De superuisore.
of the Surveyor. | Surueour and stuarde also, Thes thre folke and no mo,
He, the steward,
and controller, reFor nozt resayuen bot euer sene
ceive nothing, but
see that all goes 548 pat noþyng fayle and alle be whene;
checks daily the Wrytes vp þo somme as euery day, 552 And helpes to count, as I 30u say. De Clerico coquine.3
of the Clerk of the The clerke of þe cochyñ shalle alle þyng breue, He shall keep acOf men of court, bothe lothe and leue,
Of achatis and dispenses pen wrytes he, purchases, and 556 And
payments, and wages for
gromes zemen At dressour also he shalle stonde,
shall preside at
spices, stores, &c., 560 And mony thynges als, as I nozt telle,
and the clothes of
of the Chancellor. | The chaunceler answeres for hor clothyng,
servants' clothes, 564 For zomen, faukeners, and hor horsyng, and horses,
See the “Countroller of this houshold royall,' H. Ord. p. 58-9. · See the duties and allowances of A Surveyour for the Kyng, in Household Ordinances, p. 37.
3 See the chyef clerke of kychyn,' t. Edw. IV., H. Ord. p. 70; and Henry VIII.'s Clerke of the Kitchen, A.D. 1539, ib. p. 235.
• The duties of the Chauncellor of Englond are not stated in Edw. IV.'s Liber Niger, H. Ord. p. 29; but one of the two Clerkys of Grene-Clothe was accustomed to delyver the clothinge of hous. holde,' p. 61.
He looks after the
[Fol. 22.) seals patents, and grants of land, &c., for life, or during the lord's pleasure.
For his wardrop and wages also;
Yf po lorde gyf o3t to terme of lyf,
Țan come nos plerra men seyne, per is quando
Ouer-se hys londes pat alle be ryzt :
He oversees the land too, and is a great man.
of the Treasurer.
Now speke y wylle of tresurere,
Of be resayuer he shalle resayue, bailiff and grieve,
576 Alle þat is gedurt of baylé and grayue,? courts and forfeits.
Of þe lordes courtes and forfetis als,
Wheper þay ben ryzt or pay ben fals. He gives the
To bo clerke of cochen he payes moné Kitchen clerk money to buy 580 For vetayle to bye opon po countré : provisions with, and the clerk
The clerke to kater and pulter is, gives some to the baker and butler.
To baker and butler bothe y-wys
Gyffys seluer to bye in alle thyng
584 bat longes to here office, with-outen lesyng. The Treasurer
be tresurer schalle gyfe alkyn wage, pays all wages.
To squyer, zomon, grome, or page. He, the Receiver,
bo resayuer and þo tresurer, Chancellor, Grieves, &c.,
588 po clerke of cochyn and chaunceler,
Grayuis, and baylys, and parker,
Schone come to acountes euery zere Auditor,
By-fore po auditour of po lorde onone,
592 pat schulde be trew as any stone ; from whom they
Yf he dose hom no ryzt lele, can appeal to a Baron of the Ex- To A baron of chekker þay mun hit pele. chequer.
1 See the “Thesaurere of Housholde ' in Edw. IV.'s Liber Niger, H. Ord. p. 56.8: “the grete charge of polycy and husbandry of all this houshold growyth and stondyth moste part by hys sad and dylygent pourveyaunce and conduytes.'
? AS. gerefa, reeve, steward, bailiff.
account once &
year to the