Obrazy na stronie

(Fol. 20.) The counterpane is laid at the foot, cushions on the sides, tapestry on the floor

and sides of the roon.

The Groom gets fuel, and screens.

The Groom keeps the table, trestles, and forms for dinner;

bo knop vp turnes, and closes on ryzt, 1 As bolde by nek þat henges fulle lyzt.

bo counturpynt he lays on beddys fete,
456 Qwysshenes on sydes shyn lye fulle mete.

Tapetis of spayne on flore by syde,
hat sprad shyn be for pompe and pryde;

bo chambur sydes ryzt to po dore,
460 He henges with tapetis þat ben fulle store;

And fuel to chymné hym falle to gete,
And screnes in clof to y-saue po hete.

Fro po lorde at mete when he is sett,
464 Borde, trestuls, and fourmes, with-outen let;

Alle thes þynges kepe schalle he,
And water in chafer for laydyes fre;

iij perchers of wax pen shalle he fet,
468 A-boue po chymné þat be sett,

In syce ? ichon from oper shalle be
be lenghthe of oper þat men may se,

To brenne, to voide, þat dronkyn is,
472 Oper ellis I wote he dose Amys.

Ho vssher alle-way shalle sitt at dore
At mete, and walke schalle on pe flore,

To se þat alle be seruet on ryzt,
476 Dat is his office be day and nyzt;

And byd set borde when tyme schalle be,
And take hom vp when tyme ses he.

and water in a
He puts 3 wax.
over the chimney,
all in different

The Usher of the Chamber walks about and sees that all is served right,

orilers the table to be set and removed,


Tapet, a clothe, tappis. Palsgrave, 1530. Tapis, Tapistrie, hangings, &c., of Arras. Cotgrave, 1611. Tapis, carpet, a green square-plot. Miege, 1684. The hangynges of a house or chambre, in plurali, aulæa , . Circundo cubiculum aulæis, to hange the chambre. The carpettes, tapetes. Withals.

2 And he (a Grome of Chambyr) setteth nyghtly, after the seasons of the yere, torchys, tortays, candylles of war, mortars; and he setteth up the sises in the King's chambre, H. Ord. p. 41, these torches, five, seven, or nine ; and as many sises sett upp as there bee torches,' ib. p. 114; and dayly iïïi other of these gromes, called wayters, to make fyres, to sett up tressyls and bourdes, with yomen of chambre, aud to help dresse the beddes of sylke and arras. H. Ord. p. 41.

takes charge of
the Wardrobe and
bids the Ward-
roper get all
ready before the

carpet, 2 cushions,

a form with a

footsheet over it; on which the lord changes his gown.

The Usher orders what's wanted from the Buttery:

a link from the Chandler,

and ale and wine.

| The wardrop' he herbers and eke of chambur 480 Ladyes with bedys of coralle and lambur,

po vsshere schalle bydde po wardropere
Make redy for alle nyzt be-fore pe fere ;

pen bryngis he forthe nyzt goun also,
484 And spredys a tapet and qwysshens two,

He layes hom þen opon a fourme,

And foteshete per-on and hit returne.
I bo lorde schalle skyft hys gown at nyzt,
488 Syttand on foteshete tyl he be dyzt.

ben vssher gose to po botré,
“ Haue in for alle nyzt, syr,” says he ;

Fyrst to þe chaundeler he schalle go, 492 To take a tortes lyzt hym fro;

Bothe wyne and ale he tase indede,
bo botler says, with-outen drede,

No mete for mon schalle sayed ? be,
496 Bot for kynge or prynce or duke so fre;
For heiers of
parauince also

Mete shalle be sayed, now thenkys on this.

ben to pantré he hyzes be-lyue,
500 “Syrs, haue in with-outen stryffe ;'

Manchet and chet 3 bred he shalle take,
bo pantere assayes þat hit be bake;

A morter of wax zet wille he bryng, 504 Fro chambur, syr, with-out lesyng;

bat alle nyzt brennes in bassyn clere,

To saue þo chambur on nyzt for fyre.
| ben zomon of chambur shynne voyde with ryme,
508 The torches han holden wele þat tyme;

Tho chambur dore stekes po vssher thenne,
With preket and tortes þat conne brenne ;

(No meat shall be
assayed except
for King, Prince,
Duke or Heirs.

From the Pantry the Usher takes fine and coarso bread, .

and a wax-light

that burns all night in a basin.

(The Yeoman-
Usher removes
the torches.)
The Usher puts
lights on the Bed-
room door,

1 Wardroppe, or closet-garderobe. Palsgrave.
2 See the duties of Edward IV.'s Sewar, H. Ord. p. 36.

3 Manchet was the fine bread; chet, the course. Fr. pain rouffet, Cheat, or boulted bread; houshold bread made of Wheat and Rie mingled. Cotgrave.

brings bread and wine,

[Fol. 21.) (the lord washing first,) offers the drink kneeling; puts his lord to bed,

Fro cupborde he brynges bothe brede and wyne, 512 And fyrst assayes hit wele a[nd] fyne.

But fyrst þe lorde shalle vasshe I-wys,
Fro þo fyr hous when he comen is ;

ben kneles þe vssher and gyfes hym drynke, 516 Brynges hym in bed where he shalle wynke;

In strong styd on palet he lay,
At home tase lefe and


way ;
Zomon vssher be-fore pe dore,
520 In vttur chambur lies on þe flore.

and then goes home himself. The Yeomanl'sher sleeps at the Lord's door.

of the Steward.

De seneschallo.

Few are true,
but many false.
He, the clerk,
cook and surveyor
consult over their
Lord's dinner.
Any dainty that
can be had, the
Steward buys.


Now speke I wylle of po stuarde als,
Few ar trew, but fele ar ? fals.

po clerke of kechyn, countrollour,
524 Stuarde, coke, and surueyour,

Assenten in counselle, with-outen skorne,
How po lorde schalle fare at mete po

Yf any deyntethe in countré be,
528 bo stuarde schewes hit to po lorde so fre,

And gares by hyt for any cost,
Hit were grete syn and hit were lost.

Byfore pe cours po stuarde comes þen,
532 De seruer hit next of alle kyn men

Mays way and stondes by syde,
Tyl alle be serued at þat tyde.

At countyng stuarde schalle ben,
536 Tylle alle be breuet of wax so grene,

Wrytten in-to bokes, with-out let,
bat be-fore in tabuls hase ben sett,

Tyl countes also þer-on ben cast,
540 And somet vp holy at po last.

Before dishes are put on, the Steward enters first, then the Server.

The Steward shall post into books all accounts written on tablets,

and add them up.

i See the ‘Styward of Housholde,' H. Ord. p. 55-6: 'He is head officer.'

2 MS. and

residue and con

The Controller

Clerk of the kitchen's account,


count of all

De contrarotulatore.'

of the Controller The Countrollour shalle wryte to hym,

He puts down the Taunt resceu, no more


myn ; And taunt dispendu þat same day,

suinption of every 544 Vncountabulle he is, as y zou say.

day. 1 De superuisore.

of the Surveyor. | Surueour and stuarde also, Thes thre folke and no mo,

He, the steward,

and controller, reFor nozt resayuen bot euer sene

ceive nothing, but

see that all goes 548 pat noþyng fayle and alle be whene;

bat po clerke of kechyn schulde not mys,
Her-fore po countrollour, as hafe I blys,

checks daily the Wrytes vp þo somme as euery day, 552 And helpes to count, as I 30u say. De Clerico coquine.3

of the Clerk of the The clerke of þe cochyñ shalle alle þyng breue, He shall keep acOf men of court, bothe lothe and leue,

Of achatis and dispenses pen wrytes he, purchases, and 556 And

payments, and wages for


gromes zemen At dressour also he shalle stonde,

shall preside at

the Dresser,
And fett forthe mete dresset with honde ;
be spicery and store with hym shalle dwelle, and keep the

spices, stores, &c., 560 And mony thynges als, as I nozt telle,

and the clothes of
For clethyng of officers alle in fere,
Saue be lorde hym self and ladys dere.
De cancellario.

of the Chancellor. | The chaunceler answeres for hor clothyng,

servants' clothes, 564 For zomen, faukeners, and hor horsyng, and horses,

See the “Countroller of this houshold royall,' H. Ord. p. 58-9. · See the duties and allowances of A Surveyour for the Kyng, in Household Ordinances, p. 37.

3 See the chyef clerke of kychyn,' t. Edw. IV., H. Ord. p. 70; and Henry VIII.'s Clerke of the Kitchen, A.D. 1539, ib. p. 235.

• The duties of the Chauncellor of Englond are not stated in Edw. IV.'s Liber Niger, H. Ord. p. 29; but one of the two Clerkys of Grene-Clothe was accustomed to delyver the clothinge of hous. holde,' p. 61.

fre ;


the officers,

He looks after the

[Fol. 22.) seals patents, and grants of land, &c., for life, or during the lord's pleasure.

For his wardrop and wages also;
And asseles patentis mony and mo;

Yf po lorde gyf o3t to terme of lyf,
568 The chaunceler hit seles with-outen stryf;

Țan come nos plerra men seyne, per is quando

nobis placet,
bat is, whille vs lykes hym nozt omys;

Ouer-se hys londes pat alle be ryzt :
572 On of po grete he is of myzt.

He oversees the land too, and is a great man.

of the Treasurer.

De thesaurizario.

Now speke y wylle of tresurere,
He takes from the Husbonde and houswyf he is in fere ;
Receiver what is
collected from

Of be resayuer he shalle resayue, bailiff and grieve,

576 Alle þat is gedurt of baylé and grayue,? courts and forfeits.

Of þe lordes courtes and forfetis als,

Wheper þay ben ryzt or pay ben fals. He gives the

To bo clerke of cochen he payes moné Kitchen clerk money to buy 580 For vetayle to bye opon po countré : provisions with, and the clerk

The clerke to kater and pulter is, gives some to the baker and butler.

To baker and butler bothe y-wys

Gyffys seluer to bye in alle thyng

584 bat longes to here office, with-outen lesyng. The Treasurer

be tresurer schalle gyfe alkyn wage, pays all wages.

To squyer, zomon, grome, or page. He, the Receiver,

bo resayuer and þo tresurer, Chancellor, Grieves, &c.,

588 po clerke of cochyn and chaunceler,

Grayuis, and baylys, and parker,

Schone come to acountes euery zere Auditor,

By-fore po auditour of po lorde onone,

592 pat schulde be trew as any stone ; from whom they

Yf he dose hom no ryzt lele, can appeal to a Baron of the Ex- To A baron of chekker þay mun hit pele. chequer.

1 See the “Thesaurere of Housholde ' in Edw. IV.'s Liber Niger, H. Ord. p. 56.8: “the grete charge of polycy and husbandry of all this houshold growyth and stondyth moste part by hys sad and dylygent pourveyaunce and conduytes.'

? AS. gerefa, reeve, steward, bailiff.

account once &

year to the

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