« PoprzedniaDalej »
the bed he likes, and lie far from him.
If you journey
with any man, find out his name, who he is, where he is going.
With friars on a pilgrimage, do as they do.
Don't put up at a red (haired and faced) man or woman's house.
Answer opponents meekly,
but don't tell lies.
Before your lord at table,
keep your hands, feet, and
Don't stare about, or at the wall,
or lean against the post.
Don't pick your nose,
bou schalt enquere be curtasye
296 In what par[t] of pe bedde he wylle lye ;
¶ With woso men, bope fer and negh,
To aske his nome, and qweche he be,
And byde pe day as tru mannes gest.
Take neuer þy Innes for no kyn nede,
¶Yf any thurgh sturnes þe oppose,
312 Onswere hym mekely and make hym glose:
316 And stondes by-fore hym at þe borde,
¶ His curtasé nede he most breke,—
320 Stirraunt fyngurs toos when he shalle speke.
Let not pe post be-cum þy staf,
328 With thombe ne fyngur, as 3ong gyrle;
1 AS. gyman, attend, regard, observe, keep.
2 thine eye
Rob not by arme ne no3t hit claw,
For lyghtnes of worde in halle ne boure;
340 Men say pe trespas pou hase wrozght.'
With hondes vnwasshen take neuer by mete; 344 Fro alle pes vices loke pou þe kepe.
Loke pou sytt—and make no stryf—
Of curtasie here endis pe secunde fyt,
THE THIRD BOOK.
De officiarijs in curijs dominorum.
Ow speke we wylle of officiers
scratch your arm, or stoop your head.
1 Read ost
2 AS. win, contention, labour, war; win, wyn, joy, pleasure.
Listen when you're spoken to.
Never harm child or beast with evil eye (?)
Don't blush when you're chaffed,
or you'll be
Don't make faces.
Wash before eating.
Sit where the host [Fol. 18.] tells you; avoid the highest place unless you're told to take it.
Of the Officers in
Foure men per beñ þat zerdis schalle Four bear rods ;
Porter, marshalle, stuarde, vsshere ;
The porter schalle haue pe lengest wande, 356 The marshalle a schorter schalle haue in hande; 2. Marshal,
1. Porter, the longest,
3. Usher, the
4. Steward, a staff,
a finger thick, half
a yard long.
Of the Porter.
He keeps the Gate
takes charge of misdoers
also of clothes,
and warns strangers.
He is found in meat and drink.
On his lord's removing,
he hires horses at
4d. a piece,
the statute price.
Of the Marshal
of the Hall.
The vssher of chambur smallest schalle haue,
¶ De Ianitore.'
¶ The porter falle to kepe po zate,
be stokkes with hym erly and late ; 3if any mañ hase in court mys-gayne, 364 To porter warde he schalle be tane, her to a-byde pe lordes wylle,
What he wille deme by ryztwys skylle.
Of strangers also pat comen to court,
For cariage pe porter hors schalle hyre,
¶ De Marescallo aule.2
Now of marschalle of halle wylle I spelle,3
1 See the duties of Prince Edward's Porters, A.D. 1474, in Household Ordinances, p. *30, and of Henry VIII.'s Porters, ibid. p. 239.
2 Though Edward IV. had Marshals (Household Ordinances, p84, &c.), one of whom made the Surnape when the King was in the Hall (p. 32), or Estate in the Surnape (p. 38), yet there is no separate heading or allowance for them in the Liber Niger. Two ycomen Ushers are mentioned in p. 38, but the two yeomen Ewars, their two Grooms and Page, p. 84, perform (nearly) the duties given above to the Usher and his Grooms.
3 MS. spekle.
In absence of stuarde he shalle arest Who so euer is rebelle in court or fest; 3omon-vsshere, and grome also, 384 Vndur hym ar þes two:
bo grome for fuelle pat schalle brenne In halle, chambur, to kechyn, as I þe kenne, He shalle delyuer hit ilke a dele, 388 In halle make fyre at yche a mele; Borde, trestuls, and formes also,
he cupborde in his warde schalle go, be dosurs cortines to henge in halle, 392 þes offices nede do he schalle;
So longe squiers lyuerés shalle hafe,'
In halle marshalle alle men schalle sett 404 After here degré, with-outen lett.2
1 Edward IV.'s Esquiers for the Body, IIII, had 'for wynter lyverey from All Hallowentide (Nov. 1) tyll Estyr, one percher wax, one candell wax, ij candells Paris, one tallwood and dimidium, and wages in the countyng-house.' H. Ord. p. 36. So the Bannerettes, IIII, or Bacheler Knights (p. 32), who are kervers and cupberers, take for wynter season, from Allhallowentyde till Estyr, one tortays, one percher, ii candelles wax, ii candelles Paris, ii talwood, ii faggotts,' and rushes, litter, all the year; which the Esquiers have too. The Percy household allowance of Wax was cciiij score vij lb. dimid. of Wax for th' expensys of my House for oone hole Yere. Viz. Sysez, Pryketts, Quarions, and Torches after ix d. the lb. by estimacion; p. 12.
2 The Liber Niger of Edw. IV. assigns this duty to one of the Gentylmen Usshers. H. Ord. p. 37.
Bryng in fyre on alhalawgh day,
Fires last from
¶ Per quantum tempus armigeri habebunt liberatam et How long Squires ignis ardebit in aula.
shall have allowances, and Fire shall burn in the Hall,
and thus long,
Squires receive their daily candle? (see 1. 839.)
He shall arrest rebels, when the steward is away. Yeoman-Usher and Groom a.e under him.
The Groom gets fuel for the fire,
and makes one in Hall for every meal;
looks after tables, trestles, forms, the cup-board, and hangings of the Hall.
The Marshal shall seat men in the Hall.
Of the Butler, Panter, and Cooks serving him.
They are the
He shall score up all messes served,
and order bread and ale for men,
but wine for gentlemen.
Each mess shall be reckoned at 6d.
and be scored up
to prevent the cook's cheating.
If bread runs
short, the Marshal orders more, ‘a reward.'
Of the Butler's duties.
He shall put a pot and loaf to each mess.
He is the panter's
The Marshal shall
see to men's
¶ De pincernario, panetario, et cocis sibi seruientibus.
The botelar, pantrer, and cokes also,
Commaunde to sett bothe brede and ale
At the countyng house with oper mené ;
416 pat is po cause þat he hase hit in skore.
For rewarde pat sett schalle be be-lyue.
420 The marshalle gares sett with-outen doute :
More brede, pat calde is a rewarde,
So shalle hit be preuet be-fore stuarde.
De officio pincernarij.
¶ Botler shalle sett for yche a messe
The marshalle shalle herber alle men in fere,
428 That ben of court of any mestere;
Saue pe lordys chambur, po wadrop to,
¶ De hostiario et suis seruientibus.3 Speke I wylle A lytulle qwyle
Of vssher of chambur, with-outen gyle.
1 See the Office of Panetry, H. Ord. p. 70.
2 See the Office of Butler of Englond, H. Ord. p. 73.
3 See Gentylmen Usshers of Chaumbre, IIII, H. Ord. p. "This name ussher is a worde of Frenshe,' p. 38.