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Siren is like an eagle below,
with a dredfull face / a long slymye here, a grete body, & is lyke the egle in the nether parte / hauinge fete and talentis to
tear asonder suche as she geteth / her tayl is scaled like a singe sweet songs fisshe / and she singeth a maner of swete song, and therwith to mariners,
deceyueth many a gode mariner / for whan they here it, they
fall on slepe commonly / & than she commeth, and draweth and tears them to them out of the shippe, and tereth them asonder / they bere pieces.
them souke of their papis whiche be very grete, hanginge at their brestis / but the wyse maryners stoppe their eares whan they se her / for whan she playth on the water, all they be in fear, & than they cast out an empty tonne to let her play with it tyll they be past her /
this is specifyed of them that haue sene it. Ther be also in Sirens, serpents. some places of arabye, serpentis named sirenes, that ronne faster than an horse, & baue wynges to flye.
[Cap. lxxxv.] Olaris is a fishe so named because it is gladly be the londes
& a blake skine, & slipper as an ele / it waxeth gret, & is gode to be eten. Solea is the sole, that is a swete fisshe and holsom for seke people.
Cap. lxxxvi. Solopendria.
Olopendria is a fisshe / whan he hathe swalowed in an
angle, than he spueth out al his guttes till he be quyt of Sea-Scorpion. the hoke , and than he gadereth in all his guttes agayne. The' (1 orig. Tge]
Scorpion of the see is so named because whan he is taken in any mannys handes he pricketh him with his stinge of his tayle. Plinius saith that the dede creuyce that layeth on the drye sonde be the see syde, becommeth scorpyons.
Cap. lxxxix. Sturgeon.
Turio / the sturgion is a gret fisshe in the ronninge waters /
and he taketh no fode in his body, but lyueth of the Eats no food, styl and swete ayres therfore he hathe a small bely / with a has no mouth, hede and no mouthe, but vnder his throte he bathe a hole that
he closeth whan he wyll / he openeth it whan it is fayre grows fat on east weder / & with an east wynde he waxeth fat / and whan that
the north winde bloweth, than falleth he to the grounde / it is a fisshe of ix. fote longe whan he is ful growen / he hath
whyte swete flesshe & yolow fatte / & he hathe no bone in all his body. his body but only in his hede.
Cap. xcij. . nEcna is a tenche of the fresshe water, and is fedde in the
mudde lyke the ele / & is moche of colours : it is a swete fisshe, but it is euyll to disiest. | Tintinalus is a fayre
Has no bones in
mery fisshe, & is swete of sauour, & well smellinge lyke the
[2 for Trutta) hathe scales, & vpon his body spottys of yelow and blodye coloure. & his fisshe’ is rede frome the monthe of July to the (3 ? flesshe] monthe of Nouember / and is moche sweter than the fresshe samon; and all the other part of the yere his fisshe is whyte.
shelle is very great & like a muskle / & be nyght they
the londe / & there it layth an hondred egges as grete as gose eggis / and couer them with erth / & oftentymes be night it gothe to the eggys & layeth vpon them with her brest, & than become they yonges.
[This copy of Admiral Swinburne's Andrewe ends with the next column of this page, sign. v. i. back, with an illustration not headed, but which is that to Cap. xcvij.]
Squatinus is a fisshe in the se, of fiuc cubites longe: his tayle is a fote brode, & he hideth him in the slimy mudde of the se, & marreth al other fisshes that come nigh him : it hath so sharpe a skinne that in som places they shaue wode with it, & bone also / on his skinne is blacke short here. The nature hathe made him so harde that he can nat almoste be persed with nouther yron nor stele.
Note to Balena, p. 231. þar [in þe se of Brytain] buþ ofte ytake dolphyns, & se-calves, & batenes, (gret fysch, as hyt were of whaales kinde) & dyvers manere schyl-fysch, among þe whoche schyl-fysch buþ moskles þat habbeb wibynne ham margey perles of al manere colour of huż, of rody & red, of purpre & of bluz, & specialych & moost of whyte. Trevisa's Higden, in Morris's Specimens, p. 334. For the cocke of Balena see Musculus, p. 235, above; and for its ' mortal ennemye,' Orchun, p. 236.
Wilyam Bulleyn on
(From The Booke of Compoundes, fol. lxviii.)
any sausie loughte, or loitryng lubber within your For saucy louts, house, that is either to busy of his hand or tongue :
and can do nothing but plaie one of the partes of the .24. orders of knaues. There is no pretier medicen for
this, nor soner prepared, then boxyng is : üi. or .iiii. Boxing.
tymes well set on, a span long on bothe the chekes. And although perhaps this will not alter his lubberly condicions, yet I assure you, it wil for a time chaunge his knauishe complexion, and helpe him of the grene sicknes : and euery man maie practise this, as occasion shall serue hym in his familie, to reforme them. Bulleins Bulwarke of Defence, 1562.
the best cure is
The names of
(From The booke of Simples, fol. xxvii. back.)
Marcellus. \Here is an herbe whiche light fellowes merily will
call Gallowgrasse, Neckeweede, or the Tristrams knot, or Saynt Audres lace, or a bastarde brothers badge, with a difference on the left side, &c. you know my meaning
, with manie pretie names. I neuer heard the like termes giuen to any simple, as you giue to this ; you cal it neckwede. A, well, I pray you, woulde you know the propertie of this Neckeweede in this kinde? Neckweed (a
halter) beinge chaunged into such a lace, this is his vertue. Syr, if there be any yonkers troubled with idelnesse and loytryng, hauyng neither learnyng, nor willyng handes to labour: or that haue studied Phisicke so longe that he or they can giue his Masters purse a Pur- isgood for thievish
apprentices, gacion, or his Chist, shoppe, and Countinghouse, a strong vomit; yea, if he bee a very cunning practicioner in false accomptes, he may so suddenly and rashely minister, that he may smite his Father, his Maister, or his friende &c. into a sudden incurable consumption, that he or they shall neuer recouer it againe, but be vtterly vndone, and cast either into miserable pouertie, prisonment, bankeroute &c. If this come to passe, then the best rewarde for this practicioner, is this Necke (1 Fol. xxviii,] weede: if there be any swashbuckler, common theefe, for swashbucklers ruffen, or murtherer past grace, ý nexte remedie is this Lace or Corde. For them which neuer loued concored, peace nor honestie, this wil ende all the mischief ; this is a purger, not of Melancholy, but a finall banisher of all them that be not fit to liue in a common wealth, no and all scamps, more then Foxes amonge sheepe, or Thistles amonge good Corne, hurters of trew people. This Hempe, I say, passeth the new Diat, bothe in force and antiquitee. If yonge wantons, whose parentes haue left them fayre Also for young
spendthrifts houses, goods and landes, whiche be visciously, idle, vnlearnedly, yea or rather beastly brought vp:after the death of their saied parentes, their fruites wil spryng who after their
parents' death foorth which they haue learned in their wicked youthe: then bankets and brothels will approche, the Harlcts waste their all will be at hande, with dilightes and intisementes, the Baude will doe hir diligence, robbyng not onlie the pursses, but also the hartes of suche yongemen, whiche when they be trapped, can neuer skape, one amonge
an hundreth, vntill Hempe breaketh the bande amonge and in gambling these loytring louers. The Dice whiche be bothe smalle
and light, in respecte vnto the Coluering, or double Cannon shotte or Bollet, yet with small force and noyse can mine, break downe, and destroy, and caste away their one Maisters houses, faire feldes, pleasaunt Woddes, and al their money, yea frendes and al together, this
can the Dice do. And moreouer, can make of worshipwhich makes men full borne Gentilmen, miserable beggers, or theefes, yet beggars, or
for the time "a-loft syrs, hoyghe childe and tourne thee, A life of reckless what should youth do els : I-wisse, not liue like slaues debauchery
or pesantes, but all golden, glorious, may with dame Venus, my hartes delight" say they. “What a sweete heauen is this : Haue at all, kockes woundes, bloud and nayles, caste the house out at the window, and let the Diuell pay the Malte man : a Dogge hath but a day, a
good mariage will recouer all together :” or els with a and robbery Barnards blowe, lurkyng in some lane, wodde, or hill
top, to get that with falshead in an hower, whiche with trueth, labour, & paine, hath bene gathered for perhappes .xx. yeares, to the vtter vndoyng of some honest familie. Here thou seest, gentle Marcellus, a miserable Tragedie of a wicked shamelesse life. I nede not bring forth the example of the Prodigall childe. Luke .xvi. Chapter, whiche at length came to grace: It is, I feare me, in vaine to talks of him, whose ende was good; but a greate nomber of these flee from grace, and
come to endes moste vngracious, finished only life by Hemp. this Hempe. Although sometime the innocente man
dieth that way, through periurie for their one propper gooddes, as Naboth died for his owne Vineyarde, miserable in the eies of the worlde, but precious in the sight of God. This is one seruice whiche Hempe
doeth. The use of Hemp Also this worthy noble herbe Hempe, called Canna
bis in Latten, can not bee wanted in a common wealth,