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.ij. longe hornes wherwith they fele wether they go / for they
se nat where they crepe.

Cap. xxiiij.
He Conger is a se fisshe facioned like an ele / but they be Conger.

moche greter in quantyte / & whan it bloweth sore, than
waxe they fatte. (Polippus is also a stronge fisshe that Polippus.
onwarse he wyl pull a man out of a shyp. yet the conger is so
stronge that he wyll tere polippum asonder with his teth, & in
winter the conger layth in the depe cauernes or holes of the
water. & he is nat taken but in somer. Esculapius sayth.
Coretz is a fissbe that hydeth hym in the depe of the water Corets.
whan it rayneth / for yf he receiued any rayne, he sholde waxe
blynde, and dye of it. q Iorath sagth. The fisshes that be
named se craues / whanne they haue yonges / they make suche Sea-crevice.
noise that through theyr noyse they be founde and taken.

Cap. xxvij.

Mermaid.

it singheth lyke a man / and towarde a tempest it playeth vpon the water. Some say whan they be taken that they wepe. The delphin hath none eares for to here / nor no nose for to smelle / yet it smelleth very well & sharpe. And it slepeth vpon the water very hartely, that thei be hard ronke a farre of/ and thei leue C.xl. yere. & they here gladly playnge on instrumentes, as lutes / harpes / tabours / and pypes. They loue their yonges very well, and they fede them longe with the mylke of their pappes / & they haue niany yonges, & amonge them all be .ij. olde ones, that yf it fortuned one of the yonges to dye, than these olde ones wyll burye them depe in the gorwnd [sic] of the see / because othere fisshes sholde nat ete thys dede delphyn; so well they loue theyr yonges. There was ones a kinge that had taken a delphin / whyche he caused to be bounde with chaynes fast at a hauen where as the shippes come in at I & there was alway the pyteoust wepynge / and lamentynge, that the kinge coude nat for pyte / but let bym go agayne.

Cap. xxxi.
Cheola is a muskle / in whose fysshe is a precious stone / Echeola, a

& be night they flete to the water syde / and there they receyue the heuenly dewe, where throughé there groweth in them a costly margaret or orient perle / & they flete a great many togeder / & he that knoweth the water best / gothe before & ledeth the other / & whan he is taken, all the other scater a brode, and geteth them away.

EC

Muscle.

Echinus.

E a

Esor.

E

Phocas.

gets another.

Cap. xxxvi. chynus is a lytell fysshe of half a fote longe / & hath sharpe prykcles vnder

Cap. xxxvii. zox is a very grete fisshe in that water danowe be the

londe of hungarye / he is of suche bygnes that a carte with .iij. horses can nat cary hym awaye / and he hath nat many bones, but his hede is full / and he hath swete fissle lyke a porke, and whan this fysshe is taken, thanne geue hym mylke to drynke, and ye may carge hym many a myle, and kepe hym longe quicke.

xxxviii. . 1Ocas is a see bulle, & is very stronge & dangerous / and Kills his wife and he feghteth euer with his wyf tyll she be dede / and

whan he bath kylled her, than he casteth her out of his place, & seketh another, and leueth with her very well tyl he dye / or tyll his wyfe ouercome him and kylle hym / he bydeth alway

in one place , he and his yonges leue be suche as they can Halata. gete. Halata is a beste that dothe on-naturall dedys / for Takes her young whan she feleth her yonges quycke, or stere in her body / out of her womb

than she draweth them out & loketh vpon them / yf she se they be to yonge, than she putteth them in agayne, & lateth them grow tyll they be bygger.

Cap. xv. Sword-Fish.

Ladius is a fisshe so named because he is mouthed after

the fascyon of a sworde poynt , and ther-fore often tymes he perseth the shyppes thorough, & so causeth them to be drowned. Aristotiles. Gastarios is a fisshe lyke the scorpion, and is but lytell greter than a spyder / & it styngeth many fisshes with her poyson so that they can nat endure nowhere / and he styngeth the dolphin on the hede that it entreth in-to the brayne. | Isidorus. Glaucus is a whyte fissh that is but selden sene except in darke rayne weder / and is nat in season but in the howndes dayes.

Cap. xli.

to look at 'em,

G

Gastarios.

Glaucus.

Gud jeon.

scales and litell blacke spottys / and some saye they leue of drounde caryon / & the fisshers say contrarye, that they leue in clere watere in sandye graueil / and it is a holsom mete. Grauus is a fisshe that hath an iye aboue on hys hede, and therwith he loketh vp, and saueth hym from them that wyll eat hym.

Gravus,

lii. Ucius is a pike / a fisshe of the riuer with a wyde mouthe Pike :

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beasts;

his tayle towardes him / & than the pike dare nat byte him because of his finnes, or he can nat swalowe him because he is so sharpe / he eteth venimous bestes, as todes, frogges, & eats venomous suche like; yet it is sayde that he is very holsom for seke peple. He eteth fisshes almost as moche as himselfe / whan they be to bigge, than he byteth them in ij. peces, & swaloweth the one halfe first, & than the other / he is engendered with is begotten by a a westerne wynde.

West Wind.

Cap. lvii.

Us marinus, the see mouse, gothe out of the water, & there Sea-Mouse.

eges, & goth her way & bydeth fromne them xxx, dayes, and than commeth agayne and oncouereth them, & than there be yonges, and them she ledeth into the water, & they be first al blynde. Musculus is a fisshe that layth harde shellis, and of Musculus is the it the great monster balena receyueth her nature, & it is

cock of Balena. named to be the cocke of balena. Mustela is the see wesyll / Sea-weazle. she casteth ber yonges lyke other bestes / & whan she hath cast them, yf she perceiue that they shall be founde, she swaloweth them agayne into her body, and than seketh a place wher as they may be surer without daunger / & than she speweth them out agayne.

Cap. lix.
Urena is a longe fisshe with a weke skinne lyke a serpent / Lamprey.

in the tayle, for whan that is cut of, it dyeth incontinent , it must be soden in gode wyne with herbes & spices, or ellis it Must be boiled in is very daungerous to be eten, for it hath many venymous humours, and it is euyll to disieste.

wine.

Cap. Ixi.

Ulus is a see fysshe that is smale of body / & is only a Malus :

but the best be those that baue ij. berdes vnder the mouthe / has 2 beards, & whan it is fayre weder, than they waxe fatte / whan he is dede than he is of many colours.

Cap. lxiiij.

Nerelidi.

any of them dyeth, than the other wepe. of this is spoken in balena, the .xiiij. chapter.

Orchun.

enemy,

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Pagrus.

Pagmu

Sea-Peacock.

Percus.

Pecten: winks.

Oro
rchun is a monster of the se / whose lykenes can nat

lightely be shewed / & he is mortal ennemye to the Is Balene's deadly balene, & tereth asоnder the bely of the balene / & the balene

is so boystous that he can nat turne hym to defende him, and that costeth him his lyfe / for as sone as he feleth him selfe wounded, than he sinketh doune to the botom of the water agayne / & the Orchun throweth at him with stones / & thus balena endith his lyfe.

Cap. lxvi. Pearl-Oyster. Streñ is an oyster that openeth his shell to receyue the

dewe & swete ayre. In the oyster groweth naturali orient perles that oftentymes laye on the see stronde, & be but lytell regarded, as Isidorus saith.

Cap. lxvij. agrus is a fisshe that bath so barde tethe that he byteth the

oyster shelles in peces, & eteth out the fisshe of them. Nota. Pauus maris is the Pecocke of the Se, & is lyke the pecocke of the londe, bothe his backe, necke, & hede / & the nether body is fisshe Nota. Percus is of diuers colours, & swift in ronnynge in the water, & hat he sharpe finnes, & is a bolsome mete for seke people. Pecten is a fisshe that is in sandy grounde, & whan he is meued or stered, he wynketh.

Cap. Ixx. inna is a fisshe that layeth alwaye in the mudde, and hathe

alway a lodisman, & some name it a lytel hoge, & it hathe a rounde body, & it is in a shell lyke a muscle; it layth in the mone as it were dede, gapyng open / and than the smale fisshes come into his shel, wening of him to take their repaste / but whan he feleth that his shell is almoste ful / than he closeth his mouthe, & taketh them & eteth them / & parteth them amonge his felowes. The playce is well knowen fisshe, for he is brode & blake on the one syde, and whyte on the other.

Cap. Ixvij. Polippus.

Olippus hath gret strength in his fete / what he therin

cacheth, he holdeth it fast / he springeth somtyme vp to the shippes syde, & snacheth a man with him to the grounde of the see, & there eteth him / & that that he leueth, he casteth it out of his denne agayn / they be moche in the se about Venis / & he is taken in barellis where hartys hornes be layd in / for he is gladly be those hornes.

Cap. lxxvij.
R
Umbus is a great fissbe stronge & bolde / but he is very

slow in swimminge, therfor can he gete his mete but

Pinna.

Pinna

How he catches small fishes.

Plaice,

Polippu

Rumbus.

R

Salm

soberly with swimmyng / therfor he layth him down in the
grounde or mudde, & hideth him there, and all the fisshes
that he can ouercome / commynge forby him, he taketh and
eteth them.

Cap. lxxviij.
Ubus is a fisshe of the grekes se & of the sees of ytaly / Rubus.

they be rounde lyke a ringe, & haue many rede spottes /
& is full of sharpe finnes & pinnis / he is slow in swimmynge
because he is so brode / he gothe be the grounde, & wayteth
there his praye / & suche fisshes as he can gete he burieth in
the sandes, & it is a very swete fisshe. Ryache be fisshes Ryache.
that be rounde / somtyme they be in length & brede two
cubites/ & it hath a long tayle / theron be sharpe pinnes / &
it is slowe in swimmynge.

Cap. lxxix.
Yalmo is a fysshe engendred in the swete water, & he waxeth Salmon.

longe & gret / & also he is heuy / & his colour nor sauour is nat gode tyll he haue ben in the salt water & proued it / thus draweth the samon to the water agaynst the streme; he neuer seaseth tyll he haue ben in the se and returned agayn to his olde home, as Phisiologua saith / his fisshe' is rede, & he [1? fleshe.) may nat live in a swet standinge water / he must be in a fresshe riuer that he may playe up and doune at bis plesure. Valpa is a fowle fisshe and lytell set by / for it will neuer be Salpa. Stockfish ?

ynough for no maner of dressinge tyll it haue ben beten with grete hamers & staues.

Cap. lxxij.
Erra is a fysshe with great tethe, and on his backe he hathe Serra.

sharpe fynnes lyke the combe of a cocke / and iagged lyke a sawe wherewith thys monstrous fisshe cutteth a ship Cuts through thorough, & whan he seeth a shippe commynge, than he ships with his fine setteth vp his finnes & thinketh to sayl with the shippe as fast as it / but whan he seeth that he can nat continue / than he latteth his finnes fall agayn & destroieth the shippe with the people, and than eteth the dede bodyes. Nota. Scilla is Scylla. a monster in the see betwene Italye & Sicill / it is great ennemye vnto man. It is faced & handed lyke a gentylwoman / but it hath a wyde mouthe & ferfull tethe / & it is belied like a beste, & tayled lyke a dolphin / it hereth gladly singinge. It is in the water so stronge that it can nat be ouercome / but on the lond it is but weke.

Cap. Ixxxiij. yrene. the mermayde is a dedely beste that bringeth a man Siren.

gladly to dethe / frome the nauyll vp she is lyke a woman

Salpi

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