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.ij. longe hornes wherwith they fele wether they go / for they
se nat where they crepe.

Cap. xxiiij.
He Conger is a se fisshe facioned like an ele / but they be Conger.

moche greter in quantyte / & whan it bloweth sore, than
waxe they fatte. (Polippus is also a stronge fisshe that Polippus.
onwarse he wyl pull a man out of a shyp. yet the conger is so
stronge that he wyll tere polippum asonder with his teth, & in
winter the conger layth in the depe cauernes or holes of the
water. & he is nat taken but in somer. Esculapius sayth.
Coretz is a fissbe that hydeth hym in the depe of the water Corets.
whan it rayneth / for yf he receiued any rayne, he sholde waxe
blynde, and dye of it. q Iorath sagth. The fisshes that be
named se craues / whanne they haue yonges / they make suche Sea-crevice.
noise that through theyr noyse they be founde and taken.

Cap. xxvij.


it singheth lyke a man / and towarde a tempest it playeth vpon the water. Some say whan they be taken that they wepe. The delphin hath none eares for to here / nor no nose for to smelle / yet it smelleth very well & sharpe. And it slepeth vpon the water very hartely, that thei be hard ronke a farre of/ and thei leue C.xl. yere. & they here gladly playnge on instrumentes, as lutes / harpes / tabours / and pypes. They loue their yonges very well, and they fede them longe with the mylke of their pappes / & they haue niany yonges, & amonge them all be .ij. olde ones, that yf it fortuned one of the yonges to dye, than these olde ones wyll burye them depe in the gorwnd [sic] of the see / because othere fisshes sholde nat ete thys dede delphyn; so well they loue theyr yonges. There was ones a kinge that had taken a delphin / whyche he caused to be bounde with chaynes fast at a hauen where as the shippes come in at I & there was alway the pyteoust wepynge / and lamentynge, that the kinge coude nat for pyte / but let bym go agayne.

Cap. xxxi.
Cheola is a muskle / in whose fysshe is a precious stone / Echeola, a

& be night they flete to the water syde / and there they receyue the heuenly dewe, where throughé there groweth in them a costly margaret or orient perle / & they flete a great many togeder / & he that knoweth the water best / gothe before & ledeth the other / & whan he is taken, all the other scater a brode, and geteth them away.




E a




gets another.

Cap. xxxvi. chynus is a lytell fysshe of half a fote longe / & hath sharpe prykcles vnder

Cap. xxxvii. zox is a very grete fisshe in that water danowe be the

londe of hungarye / he is of suche bygnes that a carte with .iij. horses can nat cary hym awaye / and he hath nat many bones, but his hede is full / and he hath swete fissle lyke a porke, and whan this fysshe is taken, thanne geue hym mylke to drynke, and ye may carge hym many a myle, and kepe hym longe quicke.

xxxviii. . 1Ocas is a see bulle, & is very stronge & dangerous / and Kills his wife and he feghteth euer with his wyf tyll she be dede / and

whan he bath kylled her, than he casteth her out of his place, & seketh another, and leueth with her very well tyl he dye / or tyll his wyfe ouercome him and kylle hym / he bydeth alway

in one place , he and his yonges leue be suche as they can Halata. gete. Halata is a beste that dothe on-naturall dedys / for Takes her young whan she feleth her yonges quycke, or stere in her body / out of her womb

than she draweth them out & loketh vpon them / yf she se they be to yonge, than she putteth them in agayne, & lateth them grow tyll they be bygger.

Cap. xv. Sword-Fish.

Ladius is a fisshe so named because he is mouthed after

the fascyon of a sworde poynt , and ther-fore often tymes he perseth the shyppes thorough, & so causeth them to be drowned. Aristotiles. Gastarios is a fisshe lyke the scorpion, and is but lytell greter than a spyder / & it styngeth many fisshes with her poyson so that they can nat endure nowhere / and he styngeth the dolphin on the hede that it entreth in-to the brayne. | Isidorus. Glaucus is a whyte fissh that is but selden sene except in darke rayne weder / and is nat in season but in the howndes dayes.

Cap. xli.

to look at 'em,




Gud jeon.

scales and litell blacke spottys / and some saye they leue of drounde caryon / & the fisshers say contrarye, that they leue in clere watere in sandye graueil / and it is a holsom mete. Grauus is a fisshe that hath an iye aboue on hys hede, and therwith he loketh vp, and saueth hym from them that wyll eat hym.


lii. Ucius is a pike / a fisshe of the riuer with a wyde mouthe Pike :

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his tayle towardes him / & than the pike dare nat byte him because of his finnes, or he can nat swalowe him because he is so sharpe / he eteth venimous bestes, as todes, frogges, & eats venomous suche like; yet it is sayde that he is very holsom for seke peple. He eteth fisshes almost as moche as himselfe / whan they be to bigge, than he byteth them in ij. peces, & swaloweth the one halfe first, & than the other / he is engendered with is begotten by a a westerne wynde.

West Wind.

Cap. lvii.

Us marinus, the see mouse, gothe out of the water, & there Sea-Mouse.

eges, & goth her way & bydeth fromne them xxx, dayes, and than commeth agayne and oncouereth them, & than there be yonges, and them she ledeth into the water, & they be first al blynde. Musculus is a fisshe that layth harde shellis, and of Musculus is the it the great monster balena receyueth her nature, & it is

cock of Balena. named to be the cocke of balena. Mustela is the see wesyll / Sea-weazle. she casteth ber yonges lyke other bestes / & whan she hath cast them, yf she perceiue that they shall be founde, she swaloweth them agayne into her body, and than seketh a place wher as they may be surer without daunger / & than she speweth them out agayne.

Cap. lix.
Urena is a longe fisshe with a weke skinne lyke a serpent / Lamprey.

in the tayle, for whan that is cut of, it dyeth incontinent , it must be soden in gode wyne with herbes & spices, or ellis it Must be boiled in is very daungerous to be eten, for it hath many venymous humours, and it is euyll to disieste.


Cap. Ixi.

Ulus is a see fysshe that is smale of body / & is only a Malus :

but the best be those that baue ij. berdes vnder the mouthe / has 2 beards, & whan it is fayre weder, than they waxe fatte / whan he is dede than he is of many colours.

Cap. lxiiij.


any of them dyeth, than the other wepe. of this is spoken in balena, the .xiiij. chapter.



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Pecten: winks.

rchun is a monster of the se / whose lykenes can nat

lightely be shewed / & he is mortal ennemye to the Is Balene's deadly balene, & tereth asоnder the bely of the balene / & the balene

is so boystous that he can nat turne hym to defende him, and that costeth him his lyfe / for as sone as he feleth him selfe wounded, than he sinketh doune to the botom of the water agayne / & the Orchun throweth at him with stones / & thus balena endith his lyfe.

Cap. lxvi. Pearl-Oyster. Streñ is an oyster that openeth his shell to receyue the

dewe & swete ayre. In the oyster groweth naturali orient perles that oftentymes laye on the see stronde, & be but lytell regarded, as Isidorus saith.

Cap. lxvij. agrus is a fisshe that bath so barde tethe that he byteth the

oyster shelles in peces, & eteth out the fisshe of them. Nota. Pauus maris is the Pecocke of the Se, & is lyke the pecocke of the londe, bothe his backe, necke, & hede / & the nether body is fisshe Nota. Percus is of diuers colours, & swift in ronnynge in the water, & hat he sharpe finnes, & is a bolsome mete for seke people. Pecten is a fisshe that is in sandy grounde, & whan he is meued or stered, he wynketh.

Cap. Ixx. inna is a fisshe that layeth alwaye in the mudde, and hathe

alway a lodisman, & some name it a lytel hoge, & it hathe a rounde body, & it is in a shell lyke a muscle; it layth in the mone as it were dede, gapyng open / and than the smale fisshes come into his shel, wening of him to take their repaste / but whan he feleth that his shell is almoste ful / than he closeth his mouthe, & taketh them & eteth them / & parteth them amonge his felowes. The playce is well knowen fisshe, for he is brode & blake on the one syde, and whyte on the other.

Cap. Ixvij. Polippus.

Olippus hath gret strength in his fete / what he therin

cacheth, he holdeth it fast / he springeth somtyme vp to the shippes syde, & snacheth a man with him to the grounde of the see, & there eteth him / & that that he leueth, he casteth it out of his denne agayn / they be moche in the se about Venis / & he is taken in barellis where hartys hornes be layd in / for he is gladly be those hornes.

Cap. lxxvij.
Umbus is a great fissbe stronge & bolde / but he is very

slow in swimminge, therfor can he gete his mete but



How he catches small fishes.






soberly with swimmyng / therfor he layth him down in the
grounde or mudde, & hideth him there, and all the fisshes
that he can ouercome / commynge forby him, he taketh and
eteth them.

Cap. lxxviij.
Ubus is a fisshe of the grekes se & of the sees of ytaly / Rubus.

they be rounde lyke a ringe, & haue many rede spottes /
& is full of sharpe finnes & pinnis / he is slow in swimmynge
because he is so brode / he gothe be the grounde, & wayteth
there his praye / & suche fisshes as he can gete he burieth in
the sandes, & it is a very swete fisshe. Ryache be fisshes Ryache.
that be rounde / somtyme they be in length & brede two
cubites/ & it hath a long tayle / theron be sharpe pinnes / &
it is slowe in swimmynge.

Cap. lxxix.
Yalmo is a fysshe engendred in the swete water, & he waxeth Salmon.

longe & gret / & also he is heuy / & his colour nor sauour is nat gode tyll he haue ben in the salt water & proued it / thus draweth the samon to the water agaynst the streme; he neuer seaseth tyll he haue ben in the se and returned agayn to his olde home, as Phisiologua saith / his fisshe' is rede, & he [1? fleshe.) may nat live in a swet standinge water / he must be in a fresshe riuer that he may playe up and doune at bis plesure. Valpa is a fowle fisshe and lytell set by / for it will neuer be Salpa. Stockfish ?

ynough for no maner of dressinge tyll it haue ben beten with grete hamers & staues.

Cap. lxxij.
Erra is a fysshe with great tethe, and on his backe he hathe Serra.

sharpe fynnes lyke the combe of a cocke / and iagged lyke a sawe wherewith thys monstrous fisshe cutteth a ship Cuts through thorough, & whan he seeth a shippe commynge, than he ships with his fine setteth vp his finnes & thinketh to sayl with the shippe as fast as it / but whan he seeth that he can nat continue / than he latteth his finnes fall agayn & destroieth the shippe with the people, and than eteth the dede bodyes. Nota. Scilla is Scylla. a monster in the see betwene Italye & Sicill / it is great ennemye vnto man. It is faced & handed lyke a gentylwoman / but it hath a wyde mouthe & ferfull tethe / & it is belied like a beste, & tayled lyke a dolphin / it hereth gladly singinge. It is in the water so stronge that it can nat be ouercome / but on the lond it is but weke.

Cap. Ixxxiij. yrene. the mermayde is a dedely beste that bringeth a man Siren.

gladly to dethe / frome the nauyll vp she is lyke a woman


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