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Mind you keep tasting it.
Strain it through bags of fine cloth,
but with þy mowthe to prove hit, / be bow tastynge
alle-way; let hit renne in iiij. or vj bagges ;' gete þem, if þow
may, 164 of bultelle clothe?, if þy bagges be pe fynere with
hooped at the mouth,
the first holding a gallon, the others a pottle,
and each with a basin under it.
Good soñ loke þy bagges be hoopid at þe mothe
a-bove, þe surere mayst þow put in þy wyne vn-to þy behoue, þe furst bag of a galoun / alle oper of a potelle to
prove; 168 hange þy bagges sure by Þe hoopis; do so for my loue; And vndur euery bagge, good soñ, a basoun clere
& bryght; and now is þe ypocras made / for to plese many a
wight. be draff of þe spicery / is good for Sewes in kychyn
dizt ; 172 and ziff þow cast hit awey, þow dost þy mastir no rizt.
Now, good son, þyne ypocras is made parfite &
The Ypocras is made.
Use the dregs in the kitchen.
Put the Ypocras y wold þan ye put it in staunche & a clene vesselle, in a tight clean vessel,
and þe mouthe þer-off y-stopped euer more wisely
& felle, and serve it with 176 and serue hit forth with wafurs bope in chambur
Keep all cups, &c., clean. Don't serve ale till it's five days old.
with-in & owt;
2 boulting or straining cloth. ‘ij bulteclothes.' Status Domus de Fynchall, A.D. 1360. Dom. Arch. v. 1, p. 136, note f.
for ale þat is newe is wastable with-owten dowt: 180 And looke þat alle þynge be pure & clene þat ye go
Be fayre of answere / redy to serue / and also gen- Be civil and
obliging, telle of chere, and þañ meñ wille sey'þere gothe a gentille officere.' be ware þat ye geue no persone palled' drynke, for and give no one
feere 184 hit myzt brynge many a man in dissese / durynge
many a zere.
(Fol. 173 b.) To lay the Cloth,
your mate the other;
Wipe the table.
(a cowche); called & said : 188 take þy felow oom ende berof / & pou þat othere you take one end,
that brayde, Thañ draw streight þy clothe, & ley þe bouzt: cñ þe lay the fold of the
second cloth (?) on vttur egge of þe table,
the outer edge of take þe vpper part / & let hyt hange evyñ able : the table, þann take pe .iij. clothe, & ley the bouzt on þe that of the third
cloth (?) on the Inner side plesable, 192 and ley estate with the vpper part, þe brede of half
fote is greable. Cover þy cuppeborde of thy ewery with the towelle Cover your cupof diapery ;
diaper towel, take a towelle abowt thy nekke / for þat is curtesy, put one round
your neck, one lay þat oon side of pe towaile on þy lift arme side on your left
manerly, Stale, dead.
Pallyd, as drynke (palled, as ale). Emortuus. P. Parv. See extract from A. Borde in notes at end.
2 See Dict. de L'Academie, p. 422, col. 2, ed. 1835. · Couche se dit aussi de Toute substance qui est étendue, appliquée sur une autre, de manière à la couvrir. Revêtir un mur d'une couche de ître, de mortier, &c.' 3 Fr. repli : m. A fould, plait, or bought. Cotgrave. cf. Bow, bend.
board with a
three or four trencher loaves :
Put the Salt on
with your sove.
196 an oñ þe same arme ley þy soueraignes napkyn reign's napkin;
honestly; on that, eight ban lay on þat arme viij. louys bred / with iij. or loaves to eat, and
iiij. trenchere lovis ; in your left hand Take þat oo ende of þy towaile / in þy lift hand,
as þe maner is, the salt-cellar. and þe salt Sellere in pe same hand, looke þat ye do
this; In your right
200 þat oþer ende of þe towaile / in rizt hand with hand, spoons and
spones & knyffes y-wis ; ;
Set youre salt oñ þe right side / where sittes youre the right of your
soverayne, on its left, a
on pe lyfft Side of youre salt / sett youre trencher trencher or two;
oon & twayne, on their left, a on pe lifft side of your trenchoure lay youre knyffe knife,
synguler & plays; then white rolls, 204 and oñ þe ... .* side of youre knyffes / oon by oī [* a space in the MS.]
þe white payne ; youre spone vppon a napkyñ fayre / zet foldeñ
wold he be, a napkin.
besides be bred it wold be laid, soñ, y telle the: Cover your spone / napkyn, trencher, & knyff, þat
no man hem se. At the other end 208 at þe oper ende of þe table / a salt with ij. trenchset a Salt and two
ers sett ye. trenchers. [+ P MS.) Sirt zeff þow wilt wrappe þy soueraynes bred
stately, in a stately way.
Thow must square & proporcioun þy bred clene &
evenly, Cut your loaves and þat no loof ne bunne be more þañ o per proall equal.
porcionly, 212 and so shaltow make þy wrappe for þy master
manerly; Take a towel two þañ take a towaile of Raynes,' of ij. yardes and and a half yards
half wold it be,
and beside them a spoon folded in
Cover all up.
How to trap up
your lord's bread
216 wrap ye
buns, bottom to bottom;
on the top,
take þy towaile by the endes dowble / and faire oñ long by the ends,
a table lay ye, þañ take þe end of þat bought / an handfulle in fold up a handful
from each end, hande, now here ye me :
hard þat handfulle or more it is þe styffer, y telle þe, þañ ley betwene be endes so wrapped, in myddes of and in the middle
of the folds lay þat towelle, viij loves or bonnes, botom to botom, forsothe it eight loaves or
wille do welle, and when þe looffes ar betweñ, þar wrappe hit put a wrapper
wisely & felle; 220 and for youre enformacioun more playnly y wille
yow telle, ley it on þe vpper part of þe bred, y telle yow (Fol. 174.)
honestly ; take bope endis of be towelle, & draw þem straytly, twist the ends of and wrythe an handfulle of be towelle next pe bred
myghtily, 224 and se bat thy wrappere be made strayt & evyn smooth your
of it before your laid, 228 and youre bred sett in maner & forme: þeñ it is
honestly arayd. Soñ, wheñ þy souereignes table is drest in pus Aner your lord's
array, kouer alle oper bordes with Saltes ; trenchers & lay the other
cuppes peron ye lay; þan emperialle þy Cuppeborde / with Siluer & gild Deck your cup
the towel together,
board with plate,
1 A.S. ger&dian, to make ready, arrange, prepare.
your washing- 232 þy Ewry borde with basons & lauour, watur hoot table with basins, &c.
& cold, eche oper to alay. Have plenty of
loke þat ye haue napkyns, spones, & cuppis euer napkins, &c.,
y-nowe to your soueraynes table, youre honeste for to
allowe, and your pots
also þat pottes for wyno & ale be as clene as þey clean,
mowe; 236 be euermore ware of flies & motes, y telle þe, for
þy prowe. Make the Surnape The surnape' ye shulle make with lowly curtesyo a double napkin.
with a clothe yndir a dowble of rizt feire napry;
take thy towailes endes next yow with-out vilanye, Fold the two ends 240 and be ende of þe clothe oñ þe vttur side of þe of your towel, and one of the cloth,
towelle bye; Thus alle iij. endes hold ye at onis, as ye welle
may ; now fold ye alle there at oonys þat a plizt passe
not a fote brede alle way, and lay it smooth
þañ lay hyt fayre & evyn þere as ye cañ hit lay; for your lord to
244 þus aftur mete, ziff yowre mastir wille wasche, pat
with a cloth under
a foot over,
and pull it smooth.
at þe rizt ende of þe table ye must it owt gyde,
& side. Then must ye draw & reyse / be vpper parte of þe
towelle, Ley it with-out ruffelynge streizt to þat oper side, y
þe telle; þañ at euery end þerof convay half a yarde or an elle,
Then raise the
1 See the mode of laying the Surnape in Henry VII.'s time described in H. Ord., p. 119, at the end of this Poem.