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Mind you keep tasting it.

Strain it through bags of fine cloth,

but with þy mowthe to prove hit, / be bow tastynge

alle-way; let hit renne in iiij. or vj bagges ;' gete þem, if þow

may, 164 of bultelle clothe?, if þy bagges be pe fynere with

owteũ nay:

hooped at the mouth,

the first holding a gallon, the others a pottle,

and each with a basin under it.

Good soñ loke þy bagges be hoopid at þe mothe

a-bove, þe surere mayst þow put in þy wyne vn-to þy behoue, þe furst bag of a galoun / alle oper of a potelle to

prove; 168 hange þy bagges sure by Þe hoopis; do so for my loue; And vndur euery bagge, good soñ, a basoun clere

& bryght; and now is þe ypocras made / for to plese many a

wight. be draff of þe spicery / is good for Sewes in kychyn

dizt ; 172 and ziff þow cast hit awey, þow dost þy mastir no rizt.

Now, good son, þyne ypocras is made parfite &

The Ypocras is made.

Use the dregs in the kitchen.

welle;

Put the Ypocras y wold þan ye put it in staunche & a clene vesselle, in a tight clean vessel,

and þe mouthe þer-off y-stopped euer more wisely

& felle, and serve it with 176 and serue hit forth with wafurs bope in chambur

& Celle.

wafers,

The Buttery.

Keep all cups, &c., clean. Don't serve ale till it's five days old.

The botery.
Thy
Thy cuppes / þy pottes, Þou se be clene boþe

with-in & owt;
[T]hyne ale .v. dayes old er þow serue it abowt,
1 Manche : f. A sleeue ; also a long narrow bag (such as Hypo-
cras is made in). Cotgrave.

2 boulting or straining cloth. ‘ij bulteclothes.' Status Domus de Fynchall, A.D. 1360. Dom. Arch. v. 1, p. 136, note f.

for ale þat is newe is wastable with-owten dowt: 180 And looke þat alle þynge be pure & clene þat ye go

abowt.

Be fayre of answere / redy to serue / and also gen- Be civil and

obliging, telle of chere, and þañ meñ wille sey'þere gothe a gentille officere.' be ware þat ye geue no persone palled' drynke, for and give no one

feere 184 hit myzt brynge many a man in dissese / durynge

many a zere.

stale drink.

(Fol. 173 b.) To lay the Cloth,

your mate the other;

inner.

Son,
lon, hit is tyme of þe day / þe table wold be layde.
Furst wipe pe table with a clothe or þat hit &c.

Wipe the table.
be splayd,
þañ lay a clothe oñ þe table / a cowche? it is Put a cloth on it

(a cowche); called & said : 188 take þy felow oom ende berof / & pou þat othere you take one end,

that brayde, Thañ draw streight þy clothe, & ley þe bouzt: cñ þe lay the fold of the

second cloth (?) on vttur egge of þe table,

the outer edge of take þe vpper part / & let hyt hange evyñ able : the table, þann take pe .iij. clothe, & ley the bouzt on þe that of the third

cloth (?) on the Inner side plesable, 192 and ley estate with the vpper part, þe brede of half

fote is greable. Cover þy cuppeborde of thy ewery with the towelle Cover your cupof diapery ;

diaper towel, take a towelle abowt thy nekke / for þat is curtesy, put one round

your neck, one lay þat oon side of pe towaile on þy lift arme side on your left

manerly, Stale, dead.

Pallyd, as drynke (palled, as ale). Emortuus. P. Parv. See extract from A. Borde in notes at end.

2 See Dict. de L'Academie, p. 422, col. 2, ed. 1835. · Couche se dit aussi de Toute substance qui est étendue, appliquée sur une autre, de manière à la couvrir. Revêtir un mur d'une couche de ître, de mortier, &c.' 3 Fr. repli : m. A fould, plait, or bought. Cotgrave. cf. Bow, bend.

board with a

arin

1

three or four trencher loaves :

knives.

Put the Salt on

lord;

with your sove.

196 an oñ þe same arme ley þy soueraignes napkyn reign's napkin;

honestly; on that, eight ban lay on þat arme viij. louys bred / with iij. or loaves to eat, and

iiij. trenchere lovis ; in your left hand Take þat oo ende of þy towaile / in þy lift hand,

as þe maner is, the salt-cellar. and þe salt Sellere in pe same hand, looke þat ye do

this; In your right

200 þat oþer ende of þe towaile / in rizt hand with hand, spoons and

spones & knyffes y-wis ; ;

Set youre salt oñ þe right side / where sittes youre the right of your

soverayne, on its left, a

on pe lyfft Side of youre salt / sett youre trencher trencher or two;

oon & twayne, on their left, a on pe lifft side of your trenchoure lay youre knyffe knife,

synguler & plays; then white rolls, 204 and oñ þe ... .* side of youre knyffes / oon by oī [* a space in the MS.]

þe white payne ; youre spone vppon a napkyñ fayre / zet foldeñ

wold he be, a napkin.

besides be bred it wold be laid, soñ, y telle the: Cover your spone / napkyn, trencher, & knyff, þat

no man hem se. At the other end 208 at þe oper ende of þe table / a salt with ij. trenchset a Salt and two

ers sett ye. trenchers. [+ P MS.) Sirt zeff þow wilt wrappe þy soueraynes bred

stately, in a stately way.

Thow must square & proporcioun þy bred clene &

evenly, Cut your loaves and þat no loof ne bunne be more þañ o per proall equal.

porcionly, 212 and so shaltow make þy wrappe for þy master

manerly; Take a towel two þañ take a towaile of Raynes,' of ij. yardes and and a half yards

half wold it be,
Fine cloth, originally made at Rennes, in Bretagne.

and beside them a spoon folded in

Cover all up.

How to trap up

your lord's bread

216 wrap ye

buns, bottom to bottom;

on the top,

take þy towaile by the endes dowble / and faire oñ long by the ends,

a table lay ye, þañ take þe end of þat bought / an handfulle in fold up a handful

from each end, hande, now here ye me :

hard þat handfulle or more it is þe styffer, y telle þe, þañ ley betwene be endes so wrapped, in myddes of and in the middle

of the folds lay þat towelle, viij loves or bonnes, botom to botom, forsothe it eight loaves or

wille do welle, and when þe looffes ar betweñ, þar wrappe hit put a wrapper

wisely & felle; 220 and for youre enformacioun more playnly y wille

yow telle, ley it on þe vpper part of þe bred, y telle yow (Fol. 174.)

honestly ; take bope endis of be towelle, & draw þem straytly, twist the ends of and wrythe an handfulle of be towelle next pe bred

myghtily, 224 and se bat thy wrappere be made strayt & evyn smooth your

styffely.
when he is so y-graithed,' as rizt before y haue

saide,
þeñ shalle ye open hym thus / & do hit at a

brayd,
open þe last end of þy wrappere before și souerayne and open the end

of it before your laid, 228 and youre bred sett in maner & forme: þeñ it is

honestly arayd. Soñ, wheñ þy souereignes table is drest in pus Aner your lord's

array, kouer alle oper bordes with Saltes ; trenchers & lay the other

cuppes peron ye lay; þan emperialle þy Cuppeborde / with Siluer & gild Deck your cup

the towel together,

wrapper,

lord.

tables,

board with plate,

fulle gay,

1 A.S. ger&dian, to make ready, arrange, prepare.

your washing- 232 þy Ewry borde with basons & lauour, watur hoot table with basins, &c.

& cold, eche oper to alay. Have plenty of

loke þat ye haue napkyns, spones, & cuppis euer napkins, &c.,

y-nowe to your soueraynes table, youre honeste for to

allowe, and your pots

also þat pottes for wyno & ale be as clene as þey clean,

mowe; 236 be euermore ware of flies & motes, y telle þe, for

þy prowe. Make the Surnape The surnape' ye shulle make with lowly curtesyo a double napkin.

with a clothe yndir a dowble of rizt feire napry;

take thy towailes endes next yow with-out vilanye, Fold the two ends 240 and be ende of þe clothe oñ þe vttur side of þe of your towel, and one of the cloth,

towelle bye; Thus alle iij. endes hold ye at onis, as ye welle

may ; now fold ye alle there at oonys þat a plizt passe

not a fote brede alle way, and lay it smooth

þañ lay hyt fayre & evyn þere as ye cañ hit lay; for your lord to

244 þus aftur mete, ziff yowre mastir wille wasche, pat

with a cloth under

a foot over,

wash with.

he may.

The marshal
must slip it along
the table,

and pull it smooth.

at þe rizt ende of þe table ye must it owt gyde,
þe marchalle must hit convey alonge pe table to

glide ;
So of alle iij clothes vppeward pe rizt half þat tide,
248 and þat it he draw strayt & evyñ bope in lengthe

& side. Then must ye draw & reyse / be vpper parte of þe

towelle, Ley it with-out ruffelynge streizt to þat oper side, y

þe telle; þañ at euery end þerof convay half a yarde or an elle,

Then raise the
upper part of the
towel,
and lay it even,

1 See the mode of laying the Surnape in Henry VII.'s time described in H. Ord., p. 119, at the end of this Poem.

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