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Don't stretch your arms, lean back,
score the table,
or lean on it.
Eat what is set before you.
Don't stare about
or wag your head,
Stretch thee not at the Table, 316 nor leane not forth thy back.
Afore thy meat, nor afterward,
with knyfe scortche not the Boorde;
Such toyes are not commendable, 320 trust thou me at a woorde.
Leane not vpon the Boord when that
your mayster is thereat,
For then will all your Elders thinke 324 you be with him Iack mate.
Be not ashamed to eate the meate
which is set before thee;
Mannerly for to take it, friend, 328 agreeth with curtesye.
Cast not thyne eyes to ne yet fro,
as thou werte full of toyes :
Vse not much wagging with thy head, 332 it scarce becommeth boyes.
Scratch not thy head, nor put thou not
thy fynger in thy mouth :
Blow not thy nose, nor looke thereon ; 336 to most men it is loath.
Be not lowde where you be, nor at
the Table where you syt;
Some men will deeme thee dronken, 340 mad, or else to lack thy wit.
When meate is taken quyte awaye,
and voyders in presence,
Put you your trenchour in the same, 344 and all your resydence.
Take you with your napkin and knyfe
the croms that are fore thee;
In the Voyder your Napkyn leaue,
for it is curtesye.
be it night or daye ;
scratch it, or put your finger in your mouth.
Don't look at what
When the table is cleared,
put your trencher and leavings in the Voider,
with your napkin and the crumbs.
Be glad to please
When the cloth is cleared,
During Grace make no noise,
but thank God.
Rise from table,
say to your companions, "Much good do it ye,"
Wyth tongue nor hand, no rygor vse, 352 let reason rule alwaye.
When that the meate is taken vp,
and the Table cloath made cleane,
Then giue good eare to heare some grace, 356 to washe your selfe demeane.
And whyle that grace is saying, friend,
looke that ye make no noyse,
And thanke you God for your good fare, 360
him as your soueraigne prayse. When ye begin from boorde to ryse,
say to your fellowes all,
“Much good do it ye,” gently: then 364 they curteous will
giue him obeysaunce duely :
That done, withdraw your selfe asyde; 368 at no tyme prooue vnruely.
If ye see men in counsell set,
prease not to come to neare;
They will say that you are yntaughte 372
if you to them giue eare.
giue thou no euill language;
Men are suspicious found, and wyll 376
thinke it no good vsage.
nor at it make no game :
Voyde slaunderous and bawdy tales, 380 vse them not for shame.
Or thou be olde, beware, I rid,
least thou doe get a fall :
If ye be honest in your youth, 384 in age ye may be lyberall.
bow to your
Go not too near men consulting together.
Don't whisper to people,
or laugh too much at table.
Tell no bawdy stories.
Take care lest you get a fall.
for the Wayting Seruaunt.
If ye will be a Seruingman,
Serve God first.
Dress according to your degree.
Make friends with honest men in authority.
Seek for pure friendship
with attendaunce doe begin : Fyrst serue God, then the worlde,
and euer flye from sinne. Apparell thee after thy degree,
youth should be cleane by kynde : Pryde and disdayne goes before,
and shamefastnes behynde.
that are in authorytye ;
to auoyde all necessitye.
and beware of flattery :
haue no familyaryty.
in church, ne in Streete;
it is a thing vnmeete.
whereas thou doest walke,
men will name thee in talke.
the gouernour of all vyce ; Nor be enuyous to any,
for then ye be not wyse.
Don't look too much at your clothes,
or talk too loud.
Don't be slothful
which makes flesh rank.
If he whom you visit
is at dinner,
If you are
Please thy friends ; delight not in sloth;
that Vyce wasteth goods,
It dulleth wits, ranckleth flesh, 32 and palleth ofte fresh bloods.
If you come to another mans house
to sporte and to playe,
If the goodman be set at meate, 36 returne, and go your way.
If case thou be aduaunced, friend,
and plaste in high degree,
Be lyberall and gentle found, 40 beloued shalt thou bee.
Be not to liberall nor to scant,
vse measure in eche thing :
another, is no lyuing.
with good prouysion,
for that doth breede deuysion.
and flye farre from excesse :
Inough is a feast; more then ynough 52 is counted foolishnesse.
A dilligent seruaunt taking payne
for his mayster truth to show,
No doubt his mayster will consyder, 56 and agayne for him doe,
A mayster will know where he is,
and sometyme for his pleasure
A seruaunt to suffer in anger, 60 to his mayster is a treasure;
A seruaunt not reformable, that
takes to his charge no heede,
Ofte tymes falleth to pouertye, 64 in wealth he may not byde.
Spend warily, avoid excess.
Enough is a feast.
A truthful servant will be rewarded,
and one who will put up with anger is a treasure.
A careless servant
cannot be rich.
Be manly at neede, begin no quarrell
in wrong, ne yet in right;
in wrong doe not fyght.
thee if thou stand in neede ;
should at no tyme be fylde :
play the man, being compelde.
and neuer sweare thou oath :
for tyme tryeth thy troth :
and in all thinges trusty,
nor thy selfe honesty.
for one word giue not fower;
if he passe but one hower. Few wordes in a seruaunt wyse
are yll of operation.
aboue thee in degree,
to handfast honesty.
attendaunt be, and wyse :
a seruaunt gyuen to vyce.