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Pare clene thy nailes, thyn handes wasshe also

To-fore mete, and whan thow dooest arise ;
24 Sitte in that place thow art assigned to;

Prease nat to hye in no maner wise ;
And til thow se afore the thy service,

Be nat to hasty on brede for to byte,
28 Of gredynesse lest men wolde the endwyte.

Grennyng and mowes at the table eschowe;
Cry nat to loude; kepe honestly silence;

To enboce thy Iowis withe mete 2 is nat diewe ; 32 With ful mowthe speke nat, lest thow do offence;

Drynk nat bretheles 3 for hast ne necligence;
Kepe clene thy lippes from fat of flesshe or

fysshe;
Wype clene 4 thi spone, leve it nat in thy disshe.

36 [ Of brede I-byten no soppis that thow make;

In ale nor wyne withe hande leve no fattenes ;
With mowthe enbrewed thi cuppe thou nat take;

Enbrewe 5 no napery for no rekelesnes ;
40 For to souppe [loude) is agenst gentiles;

[N]evyr at mete begynne thow nath stryfe;
Thi teth also thow pike nat with no knyf.

[Fol. 153, back.)

Of honest myrth latt be thy daliaunce ;
44 Swere none othes, speke no ribawdrye;

The best morsel, have in remembraunce,
Hole to thyself alway do nat applie;

Part with thy felaw, for that is curtesie :
48 Laade not thy trenchour with many remyssailes;

And frome blaknes alwey kepe thy nayles.

Of curtesye also agenst the lawe,

With sowne ' dishonest for to do offence; 52 Of old surfaytes abrayde nat thy felawe;

Toward thy souerayne alwey thyn aduertence; I a-wite.

2 brede it 3 bridlid 5 Foul 6 be warre gynne no

7 Which sou

* fayre

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Pare

are clene þi nailis; þin hondis waische also

to-fore și mete, [&] whanne þou doist arise.
24 sitte pou in þat place þat þou art a-signed to ;

Prece not to hie in no maner wise ;
And whanne pou seest afore þee bi seruice,

be not to hasti upon breed to bite 28 lest men þerof Do þee edwite.

and don't be too hasty to begin eating.

Grennynge & mowynge at þi table eschewe; [Page 152.)

Don't grin, shout,
Crie not to lowde: honestli kepe silence.
To enbrace þi iowis with breed, it is not dewe; or stuff your

jaws with food, 32 with ful moup speke not lest þou do offence; Drinke not bridelid for haste ne necligence;

quickly. Kepe clene bi lippis from fleisch & fische ; Keep your lips

clean, and wipe Wipe faire pi spoon ; leue it not in þi dische.

or drink too

your spoon.

Don't make sop of bread,

or drink with a dirty mouth.

36 Of breed with þi teeb no soppis þou make ;

Lowde for to soupe is azen gentilnes :
With mouþ enbrowide și cuppe pou not take,

In ale ne in wiyn with hond leue no fatnes; 40 Defoule not þe naprie bi no richelesnes.

Be waar þat at þe mete pou bigynne no striif;
bi teep also at þe table picke with no knyf.

Don't dirty the
table-linen,
or pick your teeth
with your knife.

Don't swear or talk ribaldry, or take the best bits;

Of honest mirbe euere be bi daliaunce; 44 Swere noon oopis; speke no ribaudie.

De beste morsels,-haue pis in remembraunce,-
Holli alwey þi silf to take do not applie.

Parte with bi felawis, for þat is curteisie.
48 Lete not þi trenchour be with many morsels;

And fro blaknes kepe weel pi nailis.

share with your
fellows.
Eat up your
pieces, and keep
your nails clean.

Of curtesie it is azen þe lawe,

With dishoneste, sone, for to do difence; 52 Of oolde forfetis vpbraide not þi felawe;

Towarde pi souereyn do euere reuerence.

[Page 153.) It's bad manners to bring up old complaints,

Play withe no knyf, take heede to my sentence;

At mete and soupper kepe the stille and soft; 56 Eke to and fro meve nat thy foote to oft.

| Droppe nat thi brest withe sawce ne with potage ;

Brynge no knyves vnskoured to the table ;

Fil nat thy spone, lest in the cariage
60 It went beside, whiche were nat comendable ;

Be quyke and redy, meke and seruisable,
Wele awaityng to fulfylle anone
What that thy souerayne comav[n]dithe the to

be done.

64 | And whare-so euer that thow dyne or soupe,

Of gentilesse take salt withe thy knyf;
And be wele ware thow blowe nat in the cuppe.

Reuerence thy felawe, gynne withe hym no stryf; 68 Be thy powere kepe pees all thy lyf.

Interrupt nat, where so thow wende,
None other mans tale, til he have made an ende.

f With thy fyngres make thow nat thy tale;
72 Be wele avised, namly in tendre age,

To drynk by mesure bothe wyne and ale;
Be nat copious also of langage;

As tyme requyrithe, shewe out thy visage,
76 To gladde ne to sory, but kepe atwene tweyne,

For losse or lucre or any case sodayne.

(Fol. 154 or 149.)

Be meke in mesure, nat hasti, but tretable;

Quer moche is nat worthe in no maner thyng ; 80 To children it longithe nat to be [vengeable,?]

Sone meved and sone forgyvyng;
And as it is remembrid bi 3 writyng,

Wrathe of children is sone ouergone,
84 With an apple the parties be made at one.
1 Rel. Ant., marke 2 MS. Harl., tretable 3 Rel. Ant., by olde

Pleie with no knif, take hede to my sentence;

At mete & at soper kepe þee stille & softe, 56 And eek to & fro meeue not þi feep to ofte.

Don't play with
your knife,
or shuffle
your feet about.

Don't spill your broth on your chest, or use dirty knives, or fill your spoon too full.

Droppe not și brest with seew & oper potage,
Bringe no foule knyues vnto pe table;

Fille not þi spoon lest in þe cariage
60 It scheede bi side, it were not commendable.

Be quik & redi, meke & seruiable,
Weel awaitinge to fulfille anoon
What þat þi souereyn commaundip to be doon.

Be quick to do whatever your lord orders.

your knife; don't blow in your cup, or begin quarrels.

64 And where-so-euere bou be to digne or to suppe, Take salt with

Of gentilnes take salt with pi knyf,
And be weel waar pou blowe not in þe cuppe.

Reuerence bi felawis; bigynne with hem no strijf; 68 To bi power kepe pees al pi lijf.

Interrupt no man Intrippe no man where so þat pou wende,

in his story. No man in his tale, til he haue maade an eende.

With pi fyngris marke not þi tale ;

(Page 154.)

Drink wine and 72 be weel avysid, & nameli in tendir age,

ale in moderation. To drinke mesurabli bope wiyn & ale.

Don't talk too Be not to copiose of langage ;

much, As tyme requirip schewe out þi visage, 76 To glad, ne to sory, but kepe þee euene bitwene but keep a middle.

For los, or lucre, or ony case sodene.

course.

Be gentle and
tractable, but not
too soft.
Children must not
be revengeful;

Be soft in mesure, not hasti, but treteable ;

Quer soft is nouzt in no maner ping;
80 To children longiþ not to be vengeable,

Soone meued and soone fiztinge ;
And as it is remembrid bi writynge,

wrappe of children is ouercome soone,
84 With be partis of an appil ben made at oon.

their anger is appeased with a bit of apple.

In children werre ' now myrthe and now debate,
In theyr quarel no grete violence;

Now pley, now wepyng, sielde in one estate; 88 To theyr playntes gyve no credence ;

A Rodde refourmythe all theyr insolence;
In theyr corage no Rancour dothe abyde ;
Who sparithe the yerd, all vertue set aside.

LENVOYE.

92 Go, litel bille, bareyn of eloquence,

Pray yonge children that the shal see or Reede,
Thoughe thow be compendious of sentence,

Of thi clauses for to taken heede,
96 Whiche to al vertu shal theyr yowthe leede.

Of the writyng, thoughe ther be no date,
If ought be mysse, --worde, sillable, or dede-
Put all the defaute vpon John Lydegate.

* Rel. Ant., In childre

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