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TO THE READER:

GREETING

I offer the following apology to the Public, for the publication of the First Volume of The LAYMAN'S LEGACY:

The Sermons contained in said first volume, and a part of this second volume, were written for the press, previously to December 1838. Proposals for publishing said First Volume, were at that time before the public; and the work, such as it was, in its unpublished state, was, in a certain qualified sense, the property of the public. I also considered said first volume in the light of a pioneer ; and a promulgator of truth, in a measurable sense.

Having no personal or sinister views or ends to subserve ; and considering my pilgrimage on earth as drawing toward its close; and being desir. ous to avoid, both in appearance and in reality, whatever could savour of deception ; I have concluded that the proper course would be to exhibit things as they were, in the past tense ; and things as they are, in the present tense ; and let the reader be benefitted, or otherwise, hy my candid avowal of the truth, in all simplicity ; by receiving, or by rejecting my testimony, as he should be moved thereto by the spirit of charity, or be influenced by the god of this world.

1, therefore, have published my Fifty Sermons, in their proper order ; and I shall leave them as my LEGACY to my Brethren of the great Human Family.

In the first perusal of this book, the Reader is respectfully, and earnestly solicited, to commence it at the beginning, and to read on, each Sermon in its own proper order as arranged ; without any reference to, or being infiuenced by, an examination of the Table of Contents, or the Index to Subjects. My motive for this request, will, in case of a compliance, be discovered in due time, and properly appreciated.

The subjects presented to the reader, especially that of a world's FUTURE DESTINY, has been that of my most intense study, and laborious research. In the seclusion of my chamber, retired, my mind abstracted from the world around me, and all my powers concentrated on the momentous subjects before us; from early morn till dewy eve ushered in the midnight vigils; month after month, I inquired, researched, examined, com. pared, and weighed this matter; until, in an imbodied form, I now present my faith, opinions, and views to the reader.

The honest, candid, and liberal critic, will aid me; because he will aim for Truth. But the hypercritic may snarl—the bigot, who finds the dagon of his orthodoxy prostrate, may whine and execrate—the miscellaneous yengeance of sectarian wrath, may be poured out from the vials of popu. lar prejudice; and all combined, will be regarded by me as less than nothing.

There is one thing, however, that I shall esteem a matter of conse. quence; not to the author, but to the reader of this book: A superficial reader's idiosyncrasy detests the drudgery of thinking. The sincere in. quirer for TRUTH, who values truth, and estimates fiction and falsehood correctly, is earnestly requested to read the marginal notes carefully; to compare the whole ; instead of prematurely deciding the whole question on the evidence of a part ; whether the proof consists of testimony, general or particular facts, or arguments, etc. Read candidly, carefully; patient. ly investigate; and then judge for yourself. Reader, it is thy future des. tiny—the endless destiny of thyself; thy relatives and friends; and thy brethren, the great Human Family—that is the subject before thee.

HENRY FITZ. NEW YORK, Jan. 1st, 1840.

CONTENTS.

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SERMON I.-A Hint to Preachers.

* And what shall we do?"-LUKE Üï. 14.

· 13

II.-Retribution.

66

When thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and, when thou hast shut

thy door, pray to thy Father who is in secret"; and thy Father who

seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly.”—Matt. vi. 6.

26

III.- Paul's Doctrine and Argument.

" For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge,

that if one died for all, then were all dead.”--2 Cor. v. 14.

41

IV.-The Fiat of Omnipotence.

“ Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his

thoughts; and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy

upon him; and to our God; for he will abundantly pardon.”—Isa.

lv.7.

70

V.-The Prospect before Us.

" If a man die, shall he live again ?—Job xiv. 14.

91

VI.-The Resurrection of the Dead.

“I am the resurrection, and the life."-JOHN xi. 25.

119

VII.-Future Recompense and Punishment.

" And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall

be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, in flaming fire, ta-

king vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the

Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ; who shall be punished with ever-

lasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the

glory of his power; when he shall come to be glorified in his saints,

and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony

among you was believed) in that day.”—2 THESS. i. 7-10.

206

VIII.-The Gospel Paradox, or, Immortality of the Soul.

" And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believ-

est thou this?"_JOHN xi. 26.

263

IX.-The Last Day.

“ He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that

judgeth him; the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him

in the last day.”—John xii. 48.

326

X.-Salvation in Zion,

“There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away un.

godliness from Jacob."-Rom. xi. 26.

332

XI.-The Lost Sheep.

" But if our Gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost.”—2 Cor. iv. 3. 336

XII.-The Persuasives of the Gospel.

Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men.”—

2 Cor. v. 11.

348

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XIII.-The Sinner in Danger.

" Lord, savo us; we perish.”—Matt. viii. 25.

357

XIV.—The Christian Minister.

“For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ in them that are saved,

and in them that perish; to the one the savour of death unto death ;

and to the other the savour of life unto life. And who is sufficient

for these things ?”—2 Cor. ii. 15, 16.

364

XV.-A Word to the Young.

“ Rejoice, O young man in thy youth, and let thy heart cheer thee in

the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in

the sight of thine eyes'; but know thou, that for all these Gód shall

bring thee into judgment. Therefore remove sorrow from thy heart,

and put away evil from thy flesh; for childhood and youth are van-

ity.”—EccLEs. xi. 9, 10.

371

XVI.-The Hell of Paganism, the Cause of the Orthodox Cry.

“Father Abraham, have mercy on me.”—LUKE xvi. 24.

383

XVII.-The Kingdom of Heaven.

"Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me; for of

such is the kingdom of heaven.”—Matt. xix. 14.

XVIII.-The Parabola of the Prophets.

“And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might

break my covenant which I had made with all the people.”-ZECH.

xi. 10.

418

XIX.-The Spirits in Prison.

“For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust,

that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but

quickened by the Spirit ; by which also he went and preached 'unto

the spirits in prison.”—1 PETER iii. 18, 19.

427

XX.-The Inheritance of the Wicked.

" And thou shalt take thine inheritance in thyself in the sight of the

heathen, and thou shalt know that I am the LORD.”-EZEK. xxii. 16. 434

XXI.-Man's Last Hope.

“For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus

Christ."-1 Cor. iii. 11.

443

XXII.-- The Worldling.

- This their way is their folly: yet their posterity approve their say.

ings.”—Psa. xlix. 13.

450

XXIII.-The Fate of the Impenitent Sinner.

" And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but

to them that believed not ?"-HEB. iii, 18.

454

XXIV.--The Glory of the Heavens.

"The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth

his hardiwork."--Psa. xix. 1.

470

XXV.-The Judgment.

“Be wise now therefore, ( ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the

earth. Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss

the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his

wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust

in him.”—Psa. ii. 10–12.

480

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Arminianism, A measure or balance for, 26, 29, 31, 462 note, 465.

Good, practical, 21, 30.
The dogma of, contradicted by Paul, 27.
Correctly defined, consists of bribery! 29, 30.
A call on, 73, 111.
Illustrated, 83–84, and impiety shown, ibid, 169, 450, 486.
In an awful condition, 438, 466, 490.

Monstrosity of, exposed, 494, 495.
Alarm, Cause of, to sinners, 470.
Ages, The seven, considered, 378.
Athenians, The ancient, Paul's sermon to, considered, 98, 106.

The first preacher of the soul's immortality to the, 97.
Astronomy the handmaid of Science, etc., 471.
Ascension to heaven of the Man Christ Jesus, considered, 138—140.
"Aon, (Hades,) Explanation of the term, 392 note, 393, 396.

Etymology of the term, 396, note, 397, 409, note.
Aaron, The priesthood of, how and when destroyed, 225–228, 403.
Apokalypsis, or Book of Revelation, why not understood by the Ortho-

dox, 229, 230, note, 235, 321, 328, 347, 431.
Angels, The fallen, considered, 366, 367 note.
Books, The three, considered, 180, 185, 317.

Opening of the, explained, 315.
Book of Life, considered, 318 noté.
Book of Nature corroborates the written Book, 372.
Baptists, Mistake of, illustrated, 15, 262, 333, 432 note.

John the, Morality of, 20.
Body, Man's, considered, and Scripturally examined, etc., 121–125, 131.

Resurrection of thé, unscriptural, and false, etc., 121-136, 140313.

Metonymical sense of the term, illustrated, 311, 312, 349, 350.
Bondage of corruption, explained, etc., 133—135.
Brethren, The phrase, The five, explained, 405_407.
Blindness, Judicial, considered, 436, 437.
Believers, The rest of, illustrated, etc., 456_460.

And unbelievers, Christ's distinction between considered, 492.
Clergymen, Orthodox, like their reward in this world ! 39.
Comets, electricity, etc., opinions and predictions relative thereto, 159.
Calvinism of the father of lies, the Devil, 41, 42.
Covenant, God's, in Christ, considered, 483 note, 484, 495.
Children a part of God's heritage, and Christ's inheritance, 415 417.
Christ, Love of, a criterion of its existence in the believer, 40–45.

The Head of every man, 62–64.
Personality of, considered, 136–140, 154, 313, 332.
The active agent, and not a passive recipient, etc., 138.
Faith of, considered, note 189, 201 note.
The heir of all things (men) 64 note, 334, 487.

Pilate's opinion of, considered, 408.
Clock, Simile of a, illustrative of the earthly man, etc., 100, 103.
CLARKE, Dr. Adam, Opinions of, and opinions of him, etc., 159 note, 169

note, 281 note, 420, 430 not
Impiety of, 436.

CAMPBELL, Dr., Honest and honourable concession of, 395 note.

Dr. J. N., his book, trinity, and notions, considered, 441.
Chemical affinity considered, 133, 143, 151.
Catholic host,

The falsehood of, exposed, 438—442.
Cause and Effect illustrated, 267–274, 276.
Crucifixion of Jesus Christ explained, etc., 135, 136.
Condemnation, (katakpipa) illustrated, etc., 157, 189.
Christ's coming explained, 214 note, 216 note, 235, 242, 252, 302, 400 note.
Doctrine, A specimen of beautiful 15, Sound 374.

Paul's, exhibited in contrast with Calvin's, 40-50.
Dreams, Opinions on the subject of, 176.

A remarkable one of a German physician 177.
DECREE of God considered, and the decree of orthodoxy, 481-484, 488.
DEATH, The Second, explained, 179, 181, 184, 201--205, 237, 243, 245, 251,

270_214, 315, 318 note, 323, 331, 345, 349, 368, 458, 467, 468.
A first and a second, in relation with a first and second resurrec-

tion, 179, 184, 268 note, 270.
Devils, Origin and nature, and opinions relative to, 294 note, 383, 411 note.
Dispensations, ages, etc., considered metonymically, 153, 208, 242, 268, 328.

The three, considered, 156, 181.
Day, The last, considered, 156, 157, 187, 201—205, 239, 243, 251, 257–262,

279, 326, 328.
DESTRUCTION, Everlasting, explained and illustrated, 179, 181, 222—228,

236, 245, 270, 272, 322, 330, 337, 345 note, 468.
Distinctions, Very important, 201 note, 272 note, 279, 287, 319, 323, 346

note, 365, 483, note, 492,
Daniel, The prophet, Dark saying of the, considered, 282–288.
Evil men, capable of doing well, 34.
Evil, Natural, or physical, God's design in permitting 65, 66.
Embassador of Christ, Manner of preaching of, 50–52.

Pretended, manner of, etc., 53, 339.
Evidence, Greatest possible measure of, considered, 92.
Egyptians, The opinion of the, of the soul of man, 96, 104, 111.
Education of youth considered, 379-382.
Everlasting, Illustration of the term, note 386, 243.
FATHER, Relation of, considered 33, 34, 35-37.
Futurity, Ancient and modern Pagan's opinions of, how, and where derived

94, 96, 103-106.
Job's opinion of, 108–110.
Facts exhibited, showing the whole subject of origin of men's opinions,

91–93, 111.
Females, Error in education of, considered, 381.
Faith in Jesus Christ, illustrated, 151–153, 201 note.

One, and only ONE true, 178.
Fables, The teachers of, considered, 465, 466.
FIRE, the Refiner's, illustrations of, 222-228.
Foundation, God's Son Jesus the only sure, 446—449.
Greek criticisms, 18, 19, 46, 55, 64, 73, 99, 114, 116, 118, 123, 138, 185, 186,

217, 232, 237, 238, 242, 243, 245, 268, 279, 288, 292, 301,
302, 305, 306-309, 312, 322, 345, 366, 385, 386, 392, 395,

396, 400, 462, 463, 464, 465, 466, 468, 487, 493.
God, A consuming fire in Christ, 19.

In Christ, a reconciling, and not a vindictive being, 48–50.
True character of, illustrated, 33–38, 52, 70—73.
Magnitude of the works of, considered, 472.

Absolute sovereignty of, 488, 489.
Great gulf, The phrase explained, 404, 405.
Ghost, Origin of the term, etc., 23.
T'ećvuns, (Gehenna,) Etymology of the term, 395 note.
Bungling attempt to foist the Jews', into the Pagan hell, 396 note,

409 note.
NOT the location of the Rich Man in the parable !!! 409.

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