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ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE,
For JANUARY, 1802.
Quidquid auri supra et infra terram eft, nullius pretii est, fi cum virtute comparctur.
LIFE OF JOHN LORD HARRINGTON, BARON OF EXTON.
JOHN Lord Harrington was the eldest son of the Lord and Lady Harrington, to whose care and tuition King James committed the education of his daughter Elizabeth, who was married afterwards to Frederick, Prince Elector Palatine. They were persons eminent for prudence and piety, who carefully educated this their son, both in religion and learning; and this honourable lord,, thankful for the care and honour received. from them, returned honour to them again with advantage, being no less honourable, than they were to him.
He was of an excellent wit, firm memory, sweet nature, and prompt to learning; so that, in a short time, he was able to read Greek authors, and to make use of them in their own language: he spake Latin well, wrote it in a pure aud grave style, and was able to confer with any stranger readily and laudably in the French and Italian ton<*ues. Understood the authors which he read in Spanish; and, for arts, he was • well read in logic, philosophy, and the mathematics. He made a good progress in the theoretic part of the military art, and navigation: so that he. wanted nothing but practice to make him perfect in both. And, for his understanding in heavenly matters, and the mysteries of salvation, it was admirable, so that there was scarce any question could be propounded to him, about those matters, unto which he was not able to give an understanding and quick answer.
Being well grounded in religion and learning at home, his noble father lent him to travel abroad in France and Italy, that by experience he might ripen that knowledge which he had before gained; and, for a guicle and tutor for him in his travels, he ,-,chose and sent over one Master Tovey, a grave and learned religious man,' and formerly the head toaster of the. free-school at Coventry. But how dangerous a thing it is for religious gentlemen to travel into these Popish countries may appear by the example of this nobleman and his tutor, whole found religion, and heavenly ze3l for the truth, being taken notice of
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by the Jesuits, they took their opportunity to administer a slow-working poison to them, that, seeing they had no hopes of corrupting their minds, they might destroy their bodies, and bring them to their graves.
Of this poison Mr. Tovey, being aged, and so less able to encounter with the strength of it, died presently after his return to England; but the Lord Harrington, being of a strong and able body, and in the prime of his age, bore it better, and conflicted with it longer; yet the violence of it appeared in his face' presently after his return, and, not long after, hastened his death.
He was eminent for sobriety and chastity; his lips were never heard to utter any unchaste or unseemly speech; which was die more admirable, considering that he was in the heat of youth, living in the court, and had been a traveller into thole countries \yhich are schools of uncleanliness, whence few return such as they went outj but, if chaste, are made unchaste, or, if unchaste before, are made seven-fold worse than they were: but this our nobleman was as fish fresli in salt waters, and kept himself undefiled, as Lot in the midst of Sodom: and, indeed, he took the right way to preserve his chastity, by avoiding the incentives and provocations to lust. He (pent not his time in courting of ladies, aud amourously contemplating the beauty of women, which are bellows of Just and baits of uncleanness: but he preferred his books before their beauty; and, for his society, chose, men of parts and learning for arts and arms. Besides, he was very temperate in his diet, shunning tasting; and was frequent in fasting; and hated idleness and much sleep, which are she two nurses of uncleanness; and in the night, when he lay awake, to prevent temptation, he exercised his thoughts with heavenly meditations.
His justice, so far as he had occasion to soew it, was very exemplary: he dealt honourably and honestly with every body he had to deal with; and, whereas his father had contracted great debts by his prince-like house-keeping, and other public and private occasions, he was very solicitous for the discharge of the same, giving power to his executrix to sell part or all his land, if need were, therewith speedily to discharge the creditors; and being asked, when the writing was drawn up, whether he afl'ented to it? he answered, yea, with all my heart, for my honour aud my honesty are my nearest heirs.
But the splendor of his religion outfhined all his moral and natural accompliihments: this was the temple that sanctified the gold, and the altar that sanctified the offering: This was that which ennobled his sobriety, justice, and other virtues. And this appeared both by his private and public exercises of piety, which were rare in a young man, more rare in a young nobleman, and hardly found in such a measure in any man, of what age or condition soever. He usually rose every morning about four or five o'clock, seldom sleeping above five or six hours at a time. When he first waked, his constant care was to set his heart in order, and fit it for holiness all the day after, offering the first-fruits of the day, and of his thoughts unto God. Being up, he read a chapter out of the holy scriptures; then, with his servants in his chamber, he went to prayer > then did he spend about an hour in reading some holy treatise td enliven his affections and increase hjs knowledge. He read over Calvin's Institutions, and R ogers's treatise, which were his two last books. Before dinner and supper, he had a psalm, chap
ter, and prayer in his family, and prayer after supper; and besides those public duties, he prayed privately every morning in his closet, after which he betook himself to some serious study, for ihree or four hours together, except he was interrupted by some special business. The residue of the morning he spent in converse with his friends, riding lie great horse, or some such other honest and noble recreation, till dinner-time. Thus avoided he idleness, and prevented temptations, which commonly ensue thereon. Presently after dinner, he retired into his study, to meditate on sermons he had lately heard; or, if he was disappointed of that opportunity, he neglected not to take the first that was offered to him; yea, many times, in his travels by land, or by water, he thus busied himself. The rest of the afternoon he spent in business, study of histories, the art of war, mathematics, and navigation; wherein he attained to a great measure of perfection. After supper, he prayed with his servants; then withdrew himself into his stud)', where he kept a diary or day-book, wherein he recorded what he had done that day; how he had offended, or what good he had done; whgt temptations he met with, and how he had resisted them; and, surveying his failings, he humbled himself to God for them; and, for such failings as were fit to be known only to God and his own foul, he wrote them down in a private character, which none could read but himself, and then betook himself to his rest; and to prevent evil thoughts before sleep, one that waited on him in his chamber read a chapter or two to him out of the holy scripture, and this practice he continued for four years together before his death. And, that his public care as well as private to walk with his God might the better appear, the use of his time in the means of God's worsliip bore sufficient testimony; being a most religious observer of the Lord's-day, both in public and private duties, yet preferring the public before the private, so that, though he had an household chaplain, yet he ever frequented tbe public assemblies twice a day; yea, whilst he was a courtier; and, if his occasions cast him into a place where the word was not preached, he would ride to some other place, many miles, rather than want it. Immediately after sermon, he withdrew himself from company, for about half an hour, to meditate and apply what he had heard to his foul. After the evening sermon, two of his servants having written, he caused them to repeat both the sermons in his family before supper; and such was his memory, that he could usually repeat more than they had written. Then wrote he them down in his book, and prayed himself with his family, wherein he had an excellent gift. And, by way of preparation to the sabbath, every Saturday-night, he used to call himself to a strict account how he had spent the whole week; and accord* ingly he humbled himself to God for his failing's, and returned praise for mercies received from him. On the sabbath morning, rising betimes, he used, as he was making himself ready, to repeat to his servants those sermons he had heard the Lord's-day before. He used, monthly, to receive the sacrament of the Lord's-supper; and to fit himself \o feast at the Lord's-table, he kept a private fast the day before, and then he looked over his books for his carriage that month, and spent the whole day in prayer and meditation and self-examination; observing how it was with him since his last receiving; what progress he had made in piety; how he had thrived in grace, and what more strength he had gotten over his corruptions. Thus he spent the whole day, not coming out ot
B 2 hU his study till about supper-time. Also, the morning before Be received, he read 1 Corinth, xi. wherein is contained the institution of the Lord's-supper; and, to his servants that were to communicate with him, he read a little treatise to them, wherein the right manner of communicating was contained. And, besides these' monthly fasts, he kept many other days of afflicting his foul, upon sundry occasions. He was wondrous attentive in hearing the word of God preached or read; and carried himself wondrous and exceedingly reverent therein, knowing that he was in the presence of God; 'shewing thereby, that, when he came to hear, not the words of man, but God, he willingly laid down his honour at Christ's feet. And, to avoid ostentation, or the appearance of it, in his private duties, he never admitted any one, either to his prayers, or his repetition of his sermon, in and with his family, but only one friend, that was most intimate with him. And thus was this holy servant of Christ blameless and sure, and this child of God without rebuke, in a naughty aud crooked generation, Amongst wham hefliined as a light in the world, holding forth the words' of life, that he might rejoice in the day of Christ's coming, that he had hot run in vain, nor laboured without fruit. He further manifested the sincerity of his religion, by his love to all that were truly godly, especially to faithful and painful ministers; as also by his mercy and charity to the needy saints and poor members of Jesus Christ. After his Return from his travels, by way of thankfulness to God, he gave yearly, by the hand of a private friend, twenty pounds to the poor. And, the second sabbath after his landing in England (having spent the day before with his tutor, Mr. Tovey, in prayer, fasting, and thanksgiving) he heard the word, received the sacrament, and g3ve to the poor of that parish five pounds; and, beside, he gave forty pounds, to be bestowed upon poor ministers, and other Christians, for the relief of their neceflities. Yea, such were his bowels of tender mercy, that he gave a tenth part of his yearly allowance, which was a thousand pounds, to pious and charitable uses; besides much that he gave occasionally, as he travelled, or walked abroad, &c. Also, all his other graces were beautified by the ornament of admirable humility; which is rarely found in persons so honourable, and honoured both of God and man. From the first day of his last sickness, he strongly apprehended the approach of his death, and therefore accordingly prepared himself for it. Besides his private meditations, he called often others to pray for him, and often prayed himself; made confession of his sins, and often confessed his faith, and an undoubted hope of salvation by Christ Jesus; professing with so much chearfulness, that he feared not death, in what shape soever it came. He uttered many heavenly speeches, desiring to be dissolved, and to be at home with God his Father; professing, not above two hours before his death, that he still felt the assured comforts and joys of his salvation by Christ; and when death itself approached, he breathed forth these longing expressions: O Thou my joy! O my God! when shall I be with Thee! and in the midst of such desires, sweetly and quietly resigned up his spirit unto God. Anno Domini 16lo, aged 22 years.
ADDITION TO THE CATALOGUE OF BISHOPS TO THE YEAR 1608; Beix.% a Character and History of the Bijhops during the Rtigns of Qtieex Elizabeth, and King James; and an additional Supply to Dr. GobWin's Catalogue. By Sir John Harrington-, Kt. Written for the private use of Prince Henry.
NUMBER I. CANTERBURY.
DR. MATTHEW PARKER. '117 HEN I consider with myself die hard beginning, though moro prosperous successe of the reformed Church of England, methiiiks it may be compared to a foughten battell; in which ibme captaines and ibuldiers, that gave the first charge, either died in the field, of came bleeding home} but such as followed, putting their enemies to flight, remained quiet and victorious. Or I may more fitly (without offence) liken that to the successe of them of the Primitive Church, wherein the apostles and their immediate succeflbrs were one while honoured and magnified, by their followers the Christians; as. St. Peter, at whose feet the believers layd down all their goods: and St. Paul, who was received as an angel of God; another while tormented and persecuted, by Jews and Heathen; as the fame apostles, whipped byJews; hanged and beheaded by the Romans; sometimes (I fay) a centurion, a lieutenant, a proconlull, favouring them; straight. a priest, a scribe, and a lawyer, promoting against them. A tew of Cæsar's houfhold willing well unto them, and believing them. But the Cæsars themselves for three hundred yeeres (except a very few) detesting and suppressing them. For in such sort Cranmer, Ridley^ Larimer, Hooper, Rogers, Coverdale, and many others enduring great conflicts in those variable times of King Henry the Eighth, King Edward, and Queen Mary, suffering by fire, by imprisonment, banishment, losse and deprivation, with many fights, many flights, and many frights for their conscience sake; those that died had the glory of valiant ibuldiers, and worthy martyrs; such as survived, have since in a long and happy peace, enjoyed the, comfort of their victory, and are like still to hold the same, if some mutinous souldiers of their own camp, doe not by disturbing the peace at home, give heart to the enemy abroad. Among the surveyors of these first leaders, that past ib many pikes, the first in time, and the highest in place, was Dr. Matthew Parker, who, (as by this author is noted) having lost all his livings for his marriage, now being made Archbiihop of Canterbury, dissembled not his marriage, as Cranmer in King Henry the Eighth's time, was found to doe; which, because some have taken occasion to note with too black inke, to exclude him from the reputation of a rubricated martyr; and have cited the testimony of his sonne's widdow, yet living, that slie was carried in a trunk, and by misfortune almost stifled, by being set by an ignorant porter with her head downward; which tale goes very current among the Papists. I can truly affirme, that this is a meere fiction, for I have examined the gentlewoman her seise (being of kin to my wise, and a Rogers by name) and she hath sworn to me, she never reported, nor ever her self heard, of any such misfortune.
But now though this archbiihop (Parker) dissembled not his marriage, yet Queen Elizabeth would not dissemble her dislike of it. For whereas it pleased her often, to come to his house, in respect of her