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P. Grant made a motion for a commit. But they were listened to, both within tee on the state of the public finances, and without the House, with that susand on this occasion the attack on the picion which frequent experience of views and plans of the Chancellor of their fallacy had justified. The ration the Exchequer was renewed. The was distressed, but it was not despair. desponding prophecies of approaching ing ; and in the contemplation of its national ruin were as numerous, and, permanent gains, it found consolation stranger still, as confident as ever. for its temporary difficulties.
VOL. IX. PART I.
Bill for the Regulation of the Civil List.-Motion for abolishing the Office of
one of the Secretaries of State.- Motion respecting the Augmentation of the Salaries of the Secretaries of the Admiralty.- Motion concerning Salaries and Emoluments in Public Offices.-Mr Grenfell's Motion concerning the transactions with the Bank. Bank Restriction Act extended till 1818.Consolidation of the English and Irish Exchequers.—New Silver Coinage.
On the 3d of May, Lord Castlereagh be brought home to the actual sove.
That of the year 1812 was · 1,374,000
1,316,000 lutely necessary that the feelings cal.
Of 1814 - - - 1,361,000 culated to make his majesty's ministers Of 1815
1,436,000 avoid their discussion, should be over And the year ending 5th Jan. come. In his introduction, the minister 1816 - . - 1,480,000 reprobated the vulgar error of suppo- During this period the revenues of sing the whole, or even the greater the civil list, as he had already stated, part of the demands upon the civil list, were unequal to satisfy the demanda to arise out of the private expenditure they were intended to meet. In the of the sovereign and his family, while, seven years up to 1811, their average in truth, much the larger part of them amount, under the settlement of 1804, were as strictly caused by the necessi- was 995,0001. Since that period, from ties of the public service, as any of the various circumstances, they had been grants annually made for the army or swelled to 1,060,0001. It would be the navy. If the expences thrown on seen that the revenue, in the course of the country by the unhappy state of the seven years, had fallen short by the nominal sovereign should be de- about 1,000,0001. ; and since that pe. ducted from the annual expence of the riod the deficiency had considerably civil list, it would not exceed 1,339,000l. increased. On the face of this stateand of this sum only 409,0001, could meat it would appear that there was a tendency in the settlement which had in possession of its former revenues, it been made of the civil list to create would not have had occasion to apdebt. If the House looked to the le proach parliament for any assistance." ports of all the committees which had The second object of his lordship’s been appointed to inquire into this speech, was to give a perspective view subject, it would be found, that every of the probable future expenditure of one of them had uniformly pronoun. the civil list, with a consideration of ced that the estimate of 1804 had been the adequacy of the funds appropria. completely inadequate to its object, ted to it, and the most economical me. and was not in fact borne out either thod of augmenting them. The estiby those circumstances which had pre mate which he thought might be made, ceded, or by those which followed it, was 1,339,4951., presenting, when com Oo all hands, the insufficiency of the pared with that of last year, (larger, civil list income had been allowed, and of course, as being made during war), the augmentation of it had only been a reduction of 139,0001. Should this delayed on account of those casual be deducted from this sum, (as Lord aids derived from the war, of which he Castlereagh judged would be just and had already spoken. The gross amount proper,) the 170,000l. occasioned by of ihe debt which had accrued on the the Windsor establisbment, the privy civil list since 1804, was 2,500,0001. purse, and the allowance to her majesThe liberality of parliament had grant.' ty, in consequence of the state of the ed in discharge of that sum 762,0001. king, the estimate would be reduced An advance made by the Crown from to 7,169,4951. To this he thought its West Indian revenues, and from no objection could be made, as it was the surplus of the Scotch civil list, to precisely, the medium between the the amount of 1,738,0001. had still charges that had occurred on the civil further reduced the debt. During the list between 1804 and 1811, same period, it was to be recollected' . With regard to the proper mode of that the Crown out of the same funds meeting the future expenditure of the (in the year 1807, he believed,) had civil list, as thus estimated, he thought advanced the sum of 1,000,0001, for that parliament must either increase the service of the public, to meet the the general allowance, for that sersupplies of the year. If, instead of vice, by the 65,0001., which had been doing that, the Crown had applied for the seven years up to 1811, the this sum of one million to the discharge annual excess of its expenditure, and of the debt on the civil list, so far from by a sum adequate to cover the Winda having occasion to apply to parliament sor establishment extraordinary or for assistance, that sum would have withdraw from it certain charges which more than covered the whole of the would relieve it to the necessary exremaining debt, and would have effec: tent. The latter plan he recommend. tually prevented the inconvenient preg. ed for their adoption. He thought sure which it had experienced. But it nothing could be more unwise than to was not merely this sum of 1,000,0001. entail fluctuation in the expenditure of which had been advanced in 1807. that the civil list, by loading it with charges had been furnished for the public ser. of a public nature, from their very esvice, by the liberal consideration of sence so changeable. The charges which the Crown in the course of the war he wished to see removed from it were the sum of 2,800,0001. had been thus then particularized, (they consisted of appropriated. These facts would go various items connected with all the to prove, that if the Crown had been branches of public service,) and the
relief to be afforded by their removal, through both Houses by a large ma. was stated at 255,7681., being within jority. a few thousand pounds of what he had T he same charges made by the opdescribed as necessary.
position against the civil list, were, on His lordship concluded with de various occasions during the session, tailing certain prospective regulations brought against various other departwhich would be necessary for uphold. ments of the public expence. One of ing the proper splendour of the crown, the most conspicuous of these occa
The principal topic in this part of the sions was that on which Mr Tierney detail was the necessity of a new offi. brought forward his motion with re. cer, who should act as the representa. gard to the offices of the seeretaries tive of the treasury in the superintend. of state. According to the view given ance of the whole civil list expendi. by this member, the old establishment ture ; who should have all facility of of two secretaries of state had been communicating with the different de increased by the addition of a third in partments, and of calling the officers the year 1794, solely on account of before him and inspecting their ac- the war; and that having ceased, the counts; and who should thus be ena. officer created on account of it should, bled to controul extravagance in every he alleged, be immediately discontipoint, and to make proper represent. nued. In reply to these observations, ations to the treasury whenever he Mr Golbourn and Mr Addington sta. should see occasion. His lordship ted, that the immense additional labour proposed, that the salary annexed to which had, within the last 20 years, this office should be 15001.
become necessary in the management On the 6th of the month, Mr Tier- of our colonies, had alone been more ney entered into a long and detailed than enough to justify the creation of examination of the various accounts an additional secretary submitted to the House by the mini. The personal and bitter recriminasters, in order to guide their judgment tions lavished by the two parties against respecting the civil list bill. The each other upon this occasion need not charges of extravagance and profu- be embodied in the annals of the time, sion which he brought against almost The increase which has obviously ta. every department of these, were an- ken place in our population and in our swered, chiefly by statements of detail, power, seems to afford some presumpby Lord Castlereagh and the Chan. tion, that the labours of another great cellor of the Exehequer. Upon the state officer might not be unnecessary. whole, it would seem that the attacks We believe that, in the midst of all made on the personal expenditure of the zeal of their debates, no charge of the Regent were by no means merited idleness was brought against any of by the late conduct of that prince; the persons actually filling any of these that his situation, as it was one with high and responsible situations. From out precedent, so it might have occa, the statement given by Mr Adding. sioned some expences (such as build, ton, it would appear, that even the ing, &c.) a little out of the ordinary toils of professional men, active and course, but that, on the whole, he had eager in their professions, admit of been endeavouring, and that success. greater intervals of repose, and defully, to suit his expence to the situa. mand, during their continuance, a less tion of the country. In the end, the intense application, than the exertions bill of Lord Castlereagh was carried of the persons filling these high official situations, which, in our country, are The motion was lost by a majority of derer adequately rewarded, except by 43. the honour of worthily discharging · Several important financial debates them. The House rejected the mo- occurred this session, in consequence tion of Mr Tierney by a large majority of the public transactions with the
A similar attack was made by Mr Bank, the nature of which, and the Methuen upon certain regulations, alleged grounds of suspicion concern. whereby the salaries of the secretaries ing them, were in some measure ex. and clerks of the admiralty had been plained in our last volume. * It will kept up at the rate of war salaries af. be recollected, that Mr Grenfell and ter the conclusion of the war. Lord Mr Mellish moved two counter sets Castlereagh alleged, that when the of resolutions, stating their respective peace with America was concluded, 'views concerning the state of the pubthe period of reduction might have lic transactions with the Bank, and been supposed to be arrived, but that that the House agreed to take up the the subsequent re-appearance of Buodiscussion of both upon the same oce naparte had demanded new hostilities, casion. and new labours on the part of the · The production of the accounts ora officers in question, and had conse. dered towards the close of last session quently rendered the continuance of had not, in any measure, altered the their salaries at the war rate not only opinion then expressed by Mr Grenreasonable but indispensable. At a fell respecting the unequal nature of subsequent period of the session, how the transactions with this immense ever, it was declared by Mr Warren. corporation, On the 14th of March der, that there was no intention on the he made a long and most elaborate part of government of moving for any speech, which terminated in a recapipermament continuance of the salaries tulation of the advantages gained to of the admiralty secretaries at the rate the Bank, and of the corresponding allowed during the war.
loss to the public, arising out of the Another debate of a similar charac. possession by the Bank of the public ter occurred on the 7th of May, when balances since 1806, assuming the ag. Lord Althrope made a motion on gregate amount during the whole of the subject of the increase of, or di. this period to have been about eleven minution of, the salaries of public of- millions and a half. According to this ficers. His lordship mentioned, that statement, in 1806, the Bank advanced this important subject was in the hands a loan of three millions to the public, of a committee appointed by the trea. at three per cent., which reduced the sury, but that he was of opinion that aggregate amount of the deposits from no progress had been made by them in eleven millions and a half to eight mil. removing the grounds of public dis- lions and a half, content, and that, therefore, the mat. ter would be better in the hands of a The interest on eight mil. committee of the whole House. The lions and a half, is, per Chancellor of the Exchequer entered annum..................... £425,000 into a long detail of facts, with a view To which add interest on to prove that the charge against mi- . the loan of three mil. nisters was unfounded, and that the lions........................ - 90,000 matter was already in excellent hands.
* Sec Edinburgh Annual Register for 1815, Part I. p. 93. et seq.