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ast abhorence and execration. There are, however, in Europe, who think it is not the man, or rather the monster, who has waded deepest in blood-that it is not the conquerer, or rather the despoiler of a world, who is best en. tiled to the world's applause ; but that it is the supporter, defender, and protector of the rights, liberties, peace, and temporal happiness of mankind, who is truly great, and to whom the precious tributes of praise, gratitude, and love are justly due; it is Alexander the First of Russia, and not Alexander the Great, the Macedonian madman.
But it would seem that even a state of long uninterrupted peace and prosperity is not without its inconveniencies, as, notwithstanding the voft extent of your domin. ion, fuch, we are told, is the 'immensity of population, that the territory is incumbered with inhabitants, info. much that fome writers pretend that one-fourth part of your subject are forced to live in boats on your rivers, and that many of the most indigent of them make no more scruple to drown their supernumerary infants, than the Europeans their surplus puppies and kittens. But though this seemingly barbarous customs in China is not to be compared with the more grievous and complicate evils resulting from war, and though we are by no means infensible of the material difference between an infant born in a Christian land, and a new-born Chinese heathen brat; yet (probably from its novelty) it seems to strike Christians with much more horror than war, and is confidered as an act of heathen barbarity. But, for my.own part, I am free to confefs, I do not thence infer that a Chinese Pagan is more cruel than an European Christian, because I find the fame tender-hearted Christian, who seems to feel so sensibly for a Pagan germe, and who execrates the unnatural heathen monfter of a mother who is capable of of perpetrating fuch an horrid deed, can, without' remorse, or even any plausible, motive, destroy thousands, and even tens of thousands, of his much more useful fellow men and brother Christians, in a day; thereby robbing of their props, fupport, comfort, and protection, thofands of innocent mothers, widows, and orphans: Yet Prould these murderers, or those who charged them with the fatal commiffion, be asked why they committed such horrid outrages against the laws of nature, of reason, of justice, of God, they could rarely affiga with truth any other causes than ambition, avarice, and revenge; while the pror Chinefe mother, with a bleeding heart, is forced by misery to commit an act of violence against herself, and for which she is the only sufferer: so that the mode adopted in Europe for thinning the country of its inhabitants inuft naturally appear to Pagan minds, much more cruel and unjust than that practised in China. But there is another argument more dire&ily to the point, wlrich proves that the Christian mode of reasoning is not only absurd, but also that their conduct towards their own chiidren is infinitely more cruel, unnatural, and unjust, than that of the Pagan: it is only among the most needy of the people in China, thar the seemingly cruel act of drowning some of their children is committed, and that immediately after the birth; which, when all circum, stances are confidered without prejudice, will.rather appear to be an act of humanity, and even maternal tenderzels. Suppofe, for example, a Chinese mother to have two children, and that the is able to support but one, reason and humanity prompt her in such a case to drown one, in order to preserve the other from starving; by which means the may be considered as having preserved both from dying by inches.
To be continued.
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PROSPECT; or, View of the Moral World.
'HIS Number compleats the first year of the Prospect, or View of the Moral World.
We return our fincere thanks to those who have patronized and encouraged a work of this kind ; their individual exertions to promote the cause of moral truth, it is confidently hoped will meet a just reward in the scientific resucitation of future ages. The nature of moral truth requires that its progress be flow ; but if flow, it is rendered certain, when not impeded by external force. The intellectual character of man enlarges the sphere of human confi. dence and gives to a dubious anxiety that strength and courage which the local predicaments of human aflociá. tions cannot furnish. The former is immortal and de: fies the fucceflive ravages of time; while the latter is temporary, and subjected to dislipation by the incalculable force of a thoufand different caufes. The philofo. pher and the philanthropist hould march with a firm and steady step, and develope all their energies in the accoma plishment of the most important object--that of render: ing scientific, virtuous and happy the great mass of their fellow beings. A refult lo important must be accomplished by a combination of individual efforts; we chearfully throw our mite into the general scale and for the purpose of accelerating the cause of moral truth shall continue this periodical publication with renewed confidence of its fuccefs; especially as we have been assured by many of our literary friends, that they will not be deficient in furnishing collateral aid for the promo. tion of a caufe lo interesting and important.
It is the intention of the Editor to keep each years Prospect as separate and different as possible, są far as the nature of the matter and the #tility of the publicati.
on will possibly warrant. It is an injury to the cause of truth, and especially to a moral periodical work, to prefume upon a connection which has no existance. Truth is inherent in the nature of things and it is not necessary for any one to know what a man thought last year in order to decide upon the truth or correctness of his present reAecuiors. We shall publith the first number of the Prof. pect, for the year eighteen hundred and live, or the first Saturday of January next; this will leave a small chafm between the first and second years publication ; but this upon the proposed plan can produce no poslible injury. It may, perhaps be objected that the chain of our com. ments upon the facred writing of the Jews and Christians will be broken ; this would fallow of courle upon any plan, on account of the incomerence of the matters contained in the bible itielt, It would be just as well to be. gin at revelation, and read and comment backward, as to begin at Genesis and proceed forward. There is no connection in the book, either as to principle or fact, and whoever has examined it with an unprejudiced eye, will recognize the truth of this observation, Comments there. · fore, of the second year are perfectly distinct fro:n thole of the first, and all the other principles advanced will Test upon the bafis of their own merit, without any spescial anterior relationship of any kind whatever.
TO THE EMPEROR OF CHINA.
AUGUST SIRE, On the other hand, we suppose a rich, or noble, Chris tian, a professed disciple of the meek and lowly Jesus, to have half a dozen children: he has much more than is necessary amply to supply all his real,wants by an equal division of his property among them, but they cannot of course be so rich individually as himself, or make the fame parade after his death, or as if he had but one son and heir: this reflection mortifies his pride, from the idea that it will lessen the influence and consequence of his
mame and family among his neighbours.. What is to be done in such a case? Has religion provides a salve for every fore, as well for the gratification as the humiliation of inordinate pride; therefore, after having nourished, cherished, and fondly reared all his children to adult age, made them his companions and friends, and given them a taste and high relish for the pleasures of society -he folicits, and his religion provides, the tombs in in which to bury five of his children alive, solely to gratisy his vanity, iu swelling the fortune of his eldest son: from this execrable motive, he chusts the innocent injured vi@ins into lonely, gloomy, separate cells, there to lin.. ger out a long, long, tedious, cheerless, useless, fruitless, folitary, painful life, in the privation of overy enjoyment ordained by Heaven to make life fupportable; and for their comfort they are told they are married to Jefus. Yet will this fame Chriftian exclaim-0, the barbarous, Pagan !--Such is the Christian mode of reasozing, and thus are the are ignorant amused if not abufed:
I cannot suppose that mothers in Afia have less natural affection for their children than thofe in Europe. I be. lieve that human nature is the same every where, but that pcculiar circumstances, situations, customs, and prejudices may weakeng, and sometimes overcome, natural: ties. Thus, among Christians, we hear of mothers deftroying their new-born infants, not for want of tendernels, or sensibility, but probably from an excess of the latter, and a consequent proportionate dread of public: shame and disgrace ; for, had the same children. been born in wedlock, it is more than probable that those fame. mothers would have been the most fond and doting. But. as the Chinese mothers are actuated by a different motive, it is to be presumed they would long ere this day have been relieved from the cruel necessity of destroying their fupernumerary children, had it been the fate of China to be so situated, or exposed, as to have been forced to receive frequent visits from the European powers
But, notwithstanding the dreadful conflict which must necessarily rage in the breast of a mother before the car.