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Apocrypha. is with me hasting me forward : depart from me, and be not against the Lord. 28 Howbeit, Josias did not turn back his chariot from him, but undertook to fight with him, not regarding the words of the prophet Jeremy, spoken by the mouth of the Lord : 29 But joined battle with him in the plain of Megiddo, and the princes came against king Josias. 30 Then said the king unto his servants, Carry me away out of the battle; for I am very weak. And immediately his servants took him away out of the battle. 31 Then gat he up upon his second chariot; and being brought back to Jerusalem died, and was buried in his father's sepulchre. 32 - And in all Jewry they mourned for Josias, yea, Jeremy the prophet lamented for Josias, and the chief men with the women made lamentation for him unto this day: and this was given out for an ordinance to be done continually in all the nation of Israel. 33 These things are written in the book of the stories of the kings of Judah, and every one of the acts that Josias did, and his glory, and his understanding in the law of the Lord, and the things that he had done before, and the things now recited, are reported in the book of the kings of Israel and Judea. 34 " And the people took Joachaz the son of Josias, and made him king instead of Josias his father, when he was twenty and three years old. 35 And he reigned in Judea and in Jerusalem three months: and then the king of Egypt deposed him from reigning in Jerusalem. 36 And he set a tax upon the land of an hundred talents of silver, and one talent of gold. 37 The king of Egypt also made king Joacin his brother king of Judea and Jerusalem. 38 And he bound Joacim and the nobles: but Zaraces his brother he apprehended, and brought him out of Egypt. 39 Five and twenty years old was Joacim when he was made king in the land of Judea and Jerusalem; and he did evil before the Lord. 40 Wherefore against him Nabuchodonosor the king of Babylon came up, and bound him with a chain of brass, and carried him into Babylon. 41 (Nabuchodonosor also took of the holy vessels of the Lord, and carried them away, and set them in his own temple at Babylon.) 42 But those things that are recorded of him, and of his uncleanness and impiety, are written in the chronicles of the kings. 43 And Joacim his son reigned in his stead: he was made king being eighteen years old; 44 And reigned but three months and ten

days in Jerusalem, and did evil before the Lord.

1. ESDRAS.

Apocrypha. 45 So after a year Nabuchodonosor sent and caused him to be brought unto Babylon, with the holy vessels of the Lord, 46 And made Zedechias king of Judea and Jerusalem, when he was one and twenty years old; and he reigned eleven years: 47 And he did evil also in the sight of the Lord, and cared not for the words that were spoken unto him by the prophet Jeremy from the mouth of the Lord. 48 And after that king Nabuchodonosor had made him to swear by the name of the Lord, he forswore himself, and rebelled; and hardening his neck and his heart, he transgressed the laws of the Lord God of Israel. 49 The governors also of the people, and of the priests, did many things against the laws, and passed all the pollutions of all nations, and defiled the temple of the Lord, which was sanctified in Jerusalem. 50 Nevertheless, the God of their fathers sent by his messenger to call them back, because he spared them and his tabernacle also. 51 But they had his messengers in derision; and look, when the Lord spake unto them, they made a sport of his prophets: 52 So far forth, that he, being wroth with his people for their great ungodliness, commanded the kings of the Chaldees to come up against them ; 53 who slew their young men with the sword, yea, even within the compass of their holy temple, and spared neither young man nor maid, old man nor child, among them; for he delivered all into their hands. 54 And they took all the holy vessels of the Lord, both great and small, with the vessels of the ark of God, and the king's treasures, and carried them away into Babylon. 55 As for the house of the Lord, they burnt it, and brake down the walls of Jerusalem, and set fire upon her towers: 56 And as for her glorious things, they never ceased till they had consumed and brought them all to nought; and the people that were not slain with the sword, he carried unto Babylon: 57 Who became servants to him and his children, till the Persians reigned, to fulfil the word of the Lord spoken by the mouth of Jeremy : 58 Until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths, the whole time of her desolation shall she rest, until the full term of seventy years. CHAP. II. 1 Cyrus moved by God to build the temple, 5 givetà leave to the Jews to return and contribute to itN the first year of Cyrus king of the Persians, that the word of the Lord might be accomplished, that he had promised by the mouth of Jeremy; 2 The Lord raised up the spirit of Cyrus the king of the Persians, and he made proclaApocrypha.

mation through all his kingdom, and also by writing, 3 Saying, Thus saith Cyrus king of the Persians; The Lord of Israel, the most high Lord, hath made me king of the whole world, 4 And commanded me to build him an house at Jerusalem in Jewry. 5 If therefore there be any of you that are of his people, let the Lord, even }. Lord, be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem that is in Judea, and build the house of the Lord of Israel: for he is the Lord that dwelleth in

Jerusalem.

6 Whosoever then dwell in the places about, let them help him, (those, I say, that are his neighbours) with gold and with silver, 7 With gifts, with horses, and with cattle, and other things, which have been set forth by vow, for the temple of the Lord at Jerusalem. 8 * Then the chief of the families of Judea and of the tribe of Benjamin stood up ; the priests also and the Levites, and all they whose mind the Lord had moved to go up, and to build an house for the Lord at Jerusalem, 9 And they that dwelt round about them, and helped them in all things with silver and gold, with horses and cattle, and with very many free gifts of a great number whose minds were stirred up thereto. 10 King Cyrus also brought forth the holy vessels which Nabuchodonosor had carried away from Jerusalem, and had set up in his temple of idols. 11 New when Cyrus king of the Persians had brought them forth, he delivered them to Mithridates his treasurer: 12 And by him they were delivered to Sanabassar the governor of Judea. 13 And this was the number of them : A thousand golden cups, and a thousand of silver, censers of silver twenty nine, vials of gold thirty, and of silver two thousand four hundred and ten, and a thousand other vessels. 14. So all the vessels of gold and of silver, which were carried away, were five thousand four hundred threescore and nine. 15 These were brought back by Sanabassar, together with them of the captivity, from Babylon to Jerusalem, 16 But in the time of Artaxerxes king of the Persians, Belemus, and Mithridates, and Tabellius, and Rathumus, Beeltethmus, and Semellius the secretary, with others that were in commission with them, dwelling in Samaria and other places, wrote unto him against them that dwelt in Judea and Jerusalem these letters following: 17 To king Artaxerxes our lord, Thy servants Rathumus the story-writer, and Semellius the scribe, and the rest of their council, and the judges that are in Celosyria and Phenice.

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Apocrypha. 18 Be it now known to the lord the king, that the Jews that are come up from you to. us, being come into Jerusalem, (that rebellious and wicked city) do build the market places, and repair the walls of it, and do lay the foundation of the temple. 19 Now if this city and the walls thereof be made up again, they will not only refuse to give tribute, but also rebel against kings. 20 And forasmuch as the things pertaining to the temple are now in hand, we think it meet not to neglect such a matter, 21 But to speak unto our lord the king, to the intent that, if it be thy pleasure, it may be sought out in the books of thy fathers: 22 And thou shalt find in the chronicles what is written concerning these things, and shalt understand that that city was rebellious, troubling both kings and cities: 23 And that the Jews were rebellious, and raised always wars therein; for the which cause even this city was made desolate. 24 Wherefore now we do declare unto thee, O lord the king, that if this city be built again, and the walls thereof set up anew, thou shalt from henceforth have no passage into Celosyria and Phenice. 25 Then the king wrote back again to Rathumus the story-writer, to Beeltethmus, to Semellius the scribe, and to the rest that were in commission, and dwellers in Samaria, and Syria, and Phenice, after this manner : 26 I have read the epistle which ye have sent unto me; therefore I commanded to make diligent search, and it hath been found, that that city was from the beginning practising against kings ; 27 And the men therein were given to rebellion and war : and that mighty kings and fierce were in Jerusalem, who reigned and exacted tributes in Celosyria and Phenice. 28 Now therefore I have commanded to hinder those men from building the city, and heed to be taken that there be no more done In 11 ; 29 And that those wicked workers proceed no further to the annoyance of kings. 30 Then king Artaxerxes his letters being read, Rathumus, and Semellius the scribe, and the rest that were in commission with them, removing in haste toward Jerusalema with a troop of horsemen, and a multitude of people in battle array, began to hinder the builders ; and the building of the temple in Jerusalem ceased until the second year of the reign of Darius king of the Persians. CHAP. III. 4 Three strive to excel each other in wire speeckes 9 they refer themselves to the judgment of the king. 18. The first declareth the strength of wine. No. when Darius reigned, he made a great feast unto all his subjects, and unApocrypka. to all his household, and unto all the princes of Media and Persia, 2 And to all the governors, and captains, and lieutenants, that were under him, from India unto Ethiopia, of an hundred twenty and seven provinces. 3 And when they had eaten and drunken, and being satisfied were gone home, then Darius the king went into his bed-chamber, and slept, and soon after awaked. 4 * Then three young men that were of the guard, that kept the king's body, spake one to another ; 5 Let every one of us speak a sentence: he that shall overcome, and whose sentence shall seem wiser than the others, unto him shall the king Darius give great gifts and great things in token of victory. 6 As, to be clothed in purple, to drink in gold, and to sleep upon gold, and a chariot with bridles of gold, and an head-tire of fine linen, and a chain about his neck : . 7 And he shall sit next to Darius, because of his wisdom, and shall be called Darius his cousin. 8 And then every one wrote his sentence, sealed it, and laid it under king Darius his pillow ; 9 And said that, When the king is risen, some will give him the writings; and of whose side the king and the three princes of Persia shall judge that his sentence is the wisest, to him shall the victory be given, as was appointed. 10 The first wrote, Wine is the strongest. 11 The second wrote, The king is the strongest. 12 The third wrote, Women are strongest : But above all things, truth beareth away the victory. 13 * Now when the king was risen up, they took their writings and delivered them unto him, and so he read them. 14 And sending forth he called all the princes of Persia and Media, and the governors, and the captains, and the lieutenants, and the chief officers; 15 And sat him down in the royal seat of judgment; and the writings were read be. fore them. 16 And he said, Call the young men, and they shall declare their own sentences. So they were called, and came in. 17 And he said unto them, Declare unto us your mind concerning the writings. Then began the first, who had spoken of the strength of wine; 18 And he said thus, O ye men, how exceeding strong is wine ! it causeth all men to err that drink it : 19 It maketh the mind of the king, and of the fatherless child, to be all one ; of the

1. FSDRAS.

Apocrypha. bondman and of the freeman, of the poor man and of the rich : 20 it turneth also every thought into jollity and mirth, so that a man remembereth neither sorrow nor debt : 21 And it maketh every heart rich,so that a man remembereth neither king nor governor; and it maketh to speak all things by talents: 22 And when they are in their cups, they forget their love both to friends and brethren, and a little after draw out swords: 23 But when they are from the wine, they remember not what they have done. 24 O ye men, is not wine the strongest, that enforceth to do thus 2 And when he had so spoken, he held his peace. CHAP. IV. 1 The second declareth the power of a king. 13 The third the force of women, 33 and of truth. HEN the second, that had spoken of the strength of the king, began to say, 2 O ye men, Do not men excel in strength, that bear rule over sea and land, and all thinge in them * 3 But yet the king is more mighty; for he is lord of all these things, and hath dominion over them; and whatsoever he commandeth them they do. 4 If he bid them make war the one against the other, they do it: if he send them out against the enemies, they go and break down mountains, walls, and towers. 5 They slay and are slain, and transgress not the king's commandment: if they get the victory, they bring all to the king, as well the spoil, as all things else. 6 Likewise for those that are no soldiers, and have not to do with wars, but use husbandry, when they have reaped again that which they had sown, o bring it to the king, and compel one another to pay tribute unto the king. 7 And yet he is but one man : if he command to kill, they kill; if he command to spare, they spare; 8 if he command to smite, they smite; if he command to make desolate, they make desolate; if he command to build, they build ; 9 If he command to cut down, they cut down ; if he command to plant, they plant. lo So all his people and his armies him : furthermore, he lieth down, he eatet and drinketh, and taketh his rest: 11 And these keep watch round about him, neither may any one depart, and do his own business, neither disobey they him in anything. 12 oye men, How should not the king be mightiest, when in such sort he is obeyed 2 And he held his tongue. 13 * Then the third, who had spoken of women, and of the truth (this was Zorobabel)

began to speak.

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14 O ye men, it is not the great king, nor the multitude of men, neither is it wine that excelleth : Who is it then that ruleth them, or hath the lordship over them 2 Are they not women 15 Women have born the king and all the people that bear rule by sea and land. 16 Even of them came they; and they nourished them up that planted the vineyards from whence the wine cometh. 17 These also make garments for men; these bring glory unto men; and without women cannot men be. 18 Yea, and if men have gathered together gold and silver, or any other goodly thing, Do they not love a woman which is comely in favour and beauty 2 19 And letting all those things go, Do they not gape, and even with open mouth fix their eyes fast on her; and have not all men more desire unto her than unto silver or gold, or any goodly thing whatsoever ? . 20. A man leaveth his own father that brought him up, and his own country, and cleaveth unto his wife. 21 He sticketh not to spend his life with his wife, and remembereth neither father, nor nother, nor country. 22 By this also ye must know that women have dominion over you : Do ye not labour and toil, and give and bring all to the woman 2 23 Yea, a man taketh his sword, and goeth his way to rob and to steal, to sail upon the sea and upon rivers; 24 And looketh upon a lion, and goeth in the darkness; and when he hath stolen, spoiled, and robbed, he bringeth it to his love. 25 Wherefore a man loveth his wife better than father or mother. 26 Yea, many there be that have run out of their wits for women, and become servants for their sakes. 27 Many also have perished, have erred, and sinned, for women. 28 And now, Do ye not believe me? Is not the king great in his power Do not all regions fear to touch him 29 Yet did I see him and Apame the king's concubine, the daughter of the admirable Bartacus, sitting at the right hand of the king, 30 And taking the crown from the king's head, and setting it upon her own head : she also struck the king with her left hand. 31 And yet for all this the king gaped and gazed upon her with open mouth : if she laughed upon him, he laughed also : but if she took any displeasure at him, the king was fain to flatter, that she might be reconciled to him again. 32 O ye men, How can it be but women should be strong, seeing they do thus?

CHAP. IV.

33 1. Then the king and the princes looked

Apocrypka. one upon another: so he began to speak of the truth. 34 O ye men, Are not women strong 2 Great is the earth, high is the heaven, swift is the sun in his course, for he compasseth the heavens round about, and fetcheth his course again to his own place in one day. 35 is he not great that maketh these things? therefore great is the truth, and stronger than all things. 36 All the earth calleth upon the truth, and the heaven blesseth it : all works shake and tremble at it; and with it is no unrighteous thing. 37 Wine is wicked, the king is wicked, women are wicked, all the children of men are wicked, and such are all their wicked works ; and there is no truth in them : in their unrighteousness also they shall perish. 38 As for the truth, it endureth, and is always strong ; it liveth and conquereth for evermore. 39 With her there is no accepting of persons or rewards; but she doeth the things that are just, and refraineth from all unjust and wicked things ; and all men do well like of her works. 40 Neither in her judgment is ..". unrighteousness; and she is the strength, kingdom, power, and majesty of all ages. Blessed be the God of truth. 41 And with that he held his peace. And all the people then shouted, and said, Great is truth, and mighty above all things. 42 Then said the king unto him, Ask what thou wilt more than is appointed in the writing, and we will give it thee, because thou art found wisest ; and thou shalt sit next me, and shalt be called my cousin. 43 Then said he unto the king, Remember thy vow which thou hast vowed, To build Jerusalem, in the day when thou camest to thy kingdom, 44 And to send away all the vessels that were taken away out of Jerusalem, which Cyrus set apart, when he vowed to destroy Babylon, and to send them again thither. 45 Thou also hast vowed to build up the temple, which the Edomites burned, when Judea was made desolate by the Chaldees. 46 And now, O lord the king, this is that which I require, and which I desire of thee, and this is the princely liberality proceeding from thyself; I desire therefore that thou make good the vow, the performance whereof with thine own mouth thou hast vowed to the King of heaven. 47 Then Darius the king stood up and kissed him, and wrote letters for him unto all the treasurers, and lieutenants, and captains, and governors, that they should safely convey on their way both him, and all those that go up with him to build Jerusalem.

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and that they should build the city with him. 49 Moreover he wrote for all the Jews that went out of his realm up into Jewry, concerning their freedom, that no officer, no ruler, no lieutenant, nor treasurer, should forcibly enter into their doors; 50 And that all the country which they hold should be free without tribute; and that the Edomites should give over the villages of the Jews which then they held : 51 Yea, that there should be yearly given twenty talents to the building of the temple, until the time that it were built ; 52 And other ten talents yearly, to maintain the burnt offerings upon the altar every day, as they had a commandment to offer seventeen. 53 And that all they that went from Babylon to build the city should have free liberty, as well they as their posterity, and all the priests that went away. 54 He wrote also concerning the charges, and the priests' vestments wherein they min1ster ; 55 And likewise for the charges of the Levites, to be given them, until the day that the house were finished, and Jerusalem builded up. 56 And he commanded to give to all that kept the city pensions and wages. 57 He sent away also all the vessels from Babylon, that Cyrus had set apart; and all that Cyrus had given in commandment, the same charged he also to be done, and sent unto Jerusalem. 58 Now when this young man was gone forth, he lifted up his face to heaven, toward Jerusalem, and praised the King of heaven, 59 And said, From thee cometh victory, from thee cometh wisdom, and thine is the glory, and I am thy servant. 60 Blessed art thou, who hast given me wisdom : for to thee I give thanks, O Lord of our fathers. 61 And so he took the letters, and went out, and came unto Babylon, and told it all his brethren. 62 And they praised the God of their fathers, because he had given them freedom and liberty 63 To go up, and to build Jerusalem, and the temple which is called by his name: and they feasted with instruments of musick and gladness seven days. CHAP. V. 4 The names and number of the serve that returned bome. 57 The foundation of the temple is laid. FTER this were the principal men of the families chosen according to their

1. ESDRAS.

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Apocrypha. tribes, to go up with their wives, and sons, and daughters, with their men-servants, and maid-servants, and their cattle. | 2 And Darius sent with them a thousand horsemen, till they had brought them back to Jerusalem safely, and with musical [instruments] tabrets and flutes. 3 And all their brethren played, and he made them go up together with them. 4 And these are the names of the men which went up, according to their families, among their tribes, after their several heads. 5 The priests, the sons of Phinees the son of Aaron : Jesus the son of Josedec the son of Saraias, and Joacim the son of Zorobabel the son of Salathiel of the house of David, out of the kindred of Phares, of the tribe of Judah ; 6 Who spake wise sentences before Darius the king of Persia in the second year of his reign, in the month Nisan, which is the first month. 7 And these are they of Jewry that came up from the captivity, where they dwelt as strangers, whom Nabuchodonosor the king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon. 8 And they returned unto Jerusalem, and to the other parts of Jewry, every man to his own city, who came with Zorobabel, with Jesus, Nehemias, and Zacharias, and Reesaias, Enenius, Mardocheus, Beelsarus, Aspharasus, Reelius, Roimus, and Baana, their guides. 9 The number of them of the nation, and their governors, sons of Phoros, two thousand an hundred seventy and two ; the sons of Saphat, four hundred seventy and two : 10 The sons of Ares, seven hundred fifty and six : 11 The sons of Phaath Moab, two thousand eight hundred and twelve: 12 The sons of Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four: the sons of Zathui, nine hundred forty and five: the sons of Corbe, seven hundred and five: the sons of Bani, six hundred forty and eight: 13 The sons of Bebai, six hundred twenty and three: the sons of Sadas, three thousand two hundred twenty and two: 14 The sons of Adonikam, six hundred sixty and seven : the sons of Bagoi, two thousand sixty and six: the sons of Adin,

four hundred fifty and four:

15 The sons of Aterezias, ninety and two: the sons of Ceilan and Azetas, threescore and seven: the sons of Azuran, four hundred

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