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CHAP. XXXIII. Of the last Judgment. GO
OD hath appointed a day, wherein he will judge thç
world in righteousness by Jesus Christ a, to whom all power and judgment is given of the Father b. In which day, not only the apostate angels shall be judged c; but likewise all persons, that have lived upon earth, shall appear before the tribunal of Christ, to give an account of their thoughts, words and deeds; and to receive according to what they have done in the body, whether good or evil d.
II. The end of God's appointing this day is for the manifestation of the glory of his mercy, in the eternal salvation of the elect; and of his justice, in the damnation of the reprobate, who are wicked and disobedient. For then shall the righteous go into everlasting life, and receive that fulness of joy and refreshing which shall come from the presence of the Lord: but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and be punised with everlasting destruction from the presence of
the Marvel not at this for the hour is b John v.22. For the Fatherjudg. coming, in the which all that are in eth no man; but hath committed all the graves shall hear his voice, v. judgınent unto the Son: v. 27. And 29. And ihall come forth, they that hath given him authority to execute have done good, unto the returrec- judgment also, because he is the Son tion of life; and they that have done of Man. evil, unto the resurrection of dam ci Cor. vi. 3. Know ye not that nation. 1 Cor. xv. 43. (See in letter we shall judge angels? how much f.) Phil. iii. 21. Who ihall change more things that pertain to this life? our vile body, thatit may be fashion- Jude 6. (See letter d chapter foregoed like unto his glorious body, ac. ing.) 2 Pet. ii. 4. For if God spared cording to the working whereby he not the angels that sinned, but caft is able even to subdue all things un- them down to hell, and delivered to himself.
them into chains of darkness, to be I.a A&ş xvi. 31. Because he hath referved unto judgment. appointed a day in the which he will d 2 Cor, v. 10 For we must all judge the world in righteousness, appear before the judgment-seat of by that man whom he hath, ordainChrist, that every one may receive ed; whereof he hath given assurance the things done in his body, accordunto all men, in that he hath raised ing to that he hath done, whether him from the dead.
it be good or bad. Eccl. xii, 14. For
the Lord, and from the glory of his powere.
III. As Christ would have us to be certainly perswaded that there shall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from fin, and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversityf. So will he have that day unknown to men, that they may lake of all carnal security, and be always watchful, be
caure God shall bring every work unto many things: enter thou into the judgment, with every secret thing, joy of thy lord, Acts iii. 19. Repent whether it be good, or whether it ye therefore, and be converted, that be evil. Rom. ii. 16 In the day when your sins may be blotted out when God shall judge the secrets of men the times of refreihing shall come by Jefus Chriit, according to my from the presence of the Lord. gospel. Rom. xiv. 10. But why doit 2 Thess. i. 7, 8.9, 10. (See in the thou judge thy brother? or why Bible.) doit thou let at nought thy brother? III.1 2 Pet. iii. 11. Seeing then we shall all stand before the judge that all these things thall be dissolvment-seat of Christ. v. 12. So then ed, what manner of persons ought every one of us shall give account ye to be in all holy conversation and of himself to God. Mat. xii. 36. godliness? v. 14. Wherefore, beBut I say unto you, that every idle loved, seeing that ye look for such word that men shall speak, they shall things, be diligent that ye may be give account thereof in the day of 'found of him in peace, without spot judgment, v. 37. For by thy words and blemish. 2 Cor. v. 10. (See thou thalt be justified, and by thy letter d.) v. 11. Knowing therefore words thou shalt be condemned. the terror of the Lord, we periwade
II . (Mat. xxv. 31. to the end.) men; but we are made manifeit unRom. ii. 5. But after thy hardness to God, and I trust also are made and impenitent heart, treasurelt up manifest in your consciences. 2 unto thyself wrath against the day Thefl. i. 5. Which is a manifelt toof wrath, and revelation of the righ- ken of the righteous judgment of teous judgment of God; v. 6. Who God, that ye may be counted worwill render to every man according thy of the kingdom of God, for to his deeds. Rom. ix. 22. What if which ye also suffer. v. 6. Seeing it God, willing to thew his wrath, and is a righteous thing with God to reto make his power known, endured compense tribulation to them that with much long-suffering the vessels trouble you; v.7. And to you who of wrath fitted to destruction: v. are troubled, rest with us, when 23. And that he might make known the Lord Jesus shall be revealed the riches of his glory on the vessels from heaven, with his mighty anof mercy which he had afore pre gels. Luke xxi. 27. And then shall pared unto glory? Mat. xxv. 21. they see the Son of man coming in His lord said unto him, Well done, a cloud with power and great glothou good and faithful servant; ry. v. 28. And when these inings thou hast been faithful over a few begin to come to pais, then look up, things, I will make thee ruler over and lift up your heads; for your re.
cause they know not at what hour the Lord will come; and may be ever prepared to say, Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly. Amen.g. siemption draweth nigh. Rom. viii. even, or at mid-night, or at the 23. And not only they, but our cock-crowing, or in the morning,) felves also, who have the first fruits V. 36. Lest coming suddenly, he of the Spirit, even we ourselves find you sleeping. v. 37. And what groan within ourselves, waiting for I say unto you, I say unto all. the adoption, to wit, the redempti. Watch. Luke xii. 35. Let your loins on of our body. v. 24. For we are be girded about, and your lights saved by hope: but hope thatis feen,' burning; v. 36. And ye yourselves is not hope for what a man seeth, like unto men that wait for their why doth he yet hope for? v. 25. lord, when he will return from the But if we hope for that we fee not, wedding, that when he cometh and then do we with patience wait for it. knocketh, they may open unto him
g Mat. xxiv. 36, 42, 43, 44. (See immediately. Rev. xxii. 20. He who in the Bible.) Mark xiit. 35. Watch testifieth these things, faith, surely ye therefore, (for ye know not when I come quickly. Amen. Even fe the master of the house cometh; at come, Lord Jesus.
Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Religion betwixt the Churches of CHRIST in the Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.
approved Anno 1648, by the GENERAĻ ASSEMBLY of the CHURCH OF
SCOTLAND, to be a Directory for Catechising such as have made fome Proficiency in the Knowledge of the Grounds of Religion.
WITH THE PROOFS FROM THE SCRIPTURE.
Assembly at Edinburgh, July 2d, 1648. Sesl. 10.
Act approving the LARGER CATECHISM.
THE General Asembly, having exactly examined and seriously cons
dered the Larger Catechism, agreed upon by the Asembly of Divines fitting at Westminster, with assistance of Commisioners from this Kirk, copies thereof being printed, and sent to Presbyteries, for the more exact trial thereof, and publick intimation being frequently made in this Assembly, that every one that had any doubts or objections upon it might put them in ; do find, upon due examination thereof, that the faid Catechism is agrecable to the word of God, and in nothing contrary to the received doctrine, worship, discipline and government of this Kirk; a necessary part of the intended uniformity in religion, and a rich treasure for increasing knowledge among the people of God: and therefore the Assembly, as they bless the Lord, that so excellent a Catechism is prepared; so they approve the same, as a part of uniformity; agreeing, for their part, that it be a common Catechism for the three kingdons, and a diretory for Catechising such as have made some preficiency in the knowledge of the Grounds of Religion.