Obrazy na stronie




useless, unless the holders could obtain ready cash No. VII. STATUE OF THOMAS GUY, IN

for them, in which case, discount, and therefore, loss, CHAPEL OF Guy's HOSPITAL SOUTHWARK. was unavoidable. With regard to the South Sea

stock, Mr. Guy had no hand in framing or conTrach me to soothe the helpless orphan's grief,

ducting that scandalous fraud; he obtained the stock With timely aid the widow's woes assuage, To misery's moving cries afford relief,

when low, and had the good sense to sell it at the And be the sure resource of drooping age.

time it was at its height. Never, indeed, can we With great pleasure we place on our list of Na- step out of the line of a particular calling, and to

approve of that speculative spirit, which leads men to tional Statues that of Guy, the amiable friend of make haste to be rich;” nor, while we admire the the poor and unfortunate, and founder of the noble mode in which a fortune has been spent, and contemHospital which bears his name. The monumental

plate some splendid endowment that has derived its group represented in our engraving, is of white origin from the “ bad success" of gambling or avarice, marble, and stands against the wall, facing the can we be so far misled as to allow that the end visiter as he enters the hospital-chapel. It was justifies the means.

Gay, who, under the form of a executed by the late Mr. Bacon, in 1779, and is said fable, often couched just and biting satire, alluding to to have cost 10001. Mr. Guy is represented in his the large fortunes suddenly made, by means livery gown, holding out one hand to raise a poor “South Sea bubble," remarks; invalid lying on the earth, and pointing with the

llow many saucy airs we meet, other to a distressed object, carried on a litter into

From Temple-bar, to Aldgate-street! one of the wards, the hospital being in the back

Proud rogues who shared the South Sea prey,

And sprung, like mushrooms, in a day. ground. On the pedestal is this inscription;

While we are compelled, in this sketch of Mr. . Underneath are deposited the remains of

Guy's life, to associate his name with one of the most Thomas Guy, Citizen of London, Member of Parliament, and the sole founder infamous transactions in the commercial history of of this bospital in his life-time.

our country, it is due to his memory, as well as to It is peculiar to this beneficent man to have persevered, during the cause of Christian charity, to add, that no disa long course of prosperity and industry, in pouring forth to the wants of others, all that he had earned by labour, honourable imputation ever attached to him or withheld from self-indulgence.

this score*. Warm with philanthropy, and exalted by charity, his mind expanded

Be it remembered, that much of his to those noble affections which grow but too rarely

money was acquired by labour and perseverance, from the most elevated pursuits.

as well as by that practice of self-denial, which proAfter administering with extensive bounty to the claims of consanguinity, he established this asylum for that stage of languor

bably was necessary at the outset of life, and afterand disease, to which the charity of others had not

wards became a habit. To his relations he was reached: he provided a retreat for hopeless

attentive while he lived; and his actions prove that insanity, and rivalled the endowments. of kings.

he did not hoard up his means until they could no He died the 27th of December, 1724, in the 80th year of his age. longer be of use to himself. He kindly lent money

Thomas Guy, the son of a lighterman and coal- to some of his connexions, and granted annuities to dealer, was born in Horsleydown, Southwark, in others. His liberal benefactions to St. Thomas's 1645. He was apprenticed to a bookseller in Cheap- Hospital, made during his life, have been long known side, and having been admitted a freeman of the and appreciated in that excellent establishment. He Stationers' Company in 1668, was received into their had, also, founded an alms-house (afterwards endowed livery in 1673. He began business with a stock by his will) for fourteen poor people, at Tamworth, his of about 2001., in the house which, till lately, formed mother's native town, which he represented in several the angle between Cornhill and Lombard Street, parliaments. He left annuities to his older relatives, but which has been pulled down for the improve amounting to 8701. a year; and to the younger, ments now making in that neighbourhood. His extending to grandchildren of his uncles and aunts, first success was owing to the great demand for he left stock in the funds, mostly in sums of 10001. English Bibles, printed in Holland, in which he each, to the extent of more than 74,0001., besides dealt largely: but on the importation of these being bequeathing land. To Christ's Hospital he gave a stopped by law, he contracted with the University of Perpetual annuity of 4001., to receive on the nomiOxford for the privilege of printing Bibles; and nation of his trustees, four children yearly, who must having furnished himself with types from Holland, be his connexions: and there are always applicants. carried on this branch of business for many years,

He left 10007. to discharge poor prisoners in London, with great profit.

Middlesex, and Surrey, at 51. each, and another 10001. But whatever foundation he might have laid for to be distributed among poor housekeepers at the his future wealth, in the usual course of trade, no

discretion of his executors. The erection of the small portion of his property arose from his pur- hospital, the earliest part of which was built by Mr. chase of seamen's tickets. These he bought at a

Dance, is said to have cost nearly 19,0001., the large discount, and afterwards subscribed in the amount of the residue of Mr. Guy's personal proSouth Sea Company, which was established in 1710, perty being stated at upwards of 219,0001. for the purpose of discharging those tickets, and The following anecdote has been supplied to us by giving a large interest. Here Mr. Guy was so

a correspondent, to whom, for this and other agreeextensively, as well as cautiously concerned, that in able contributions to our pages, we offer, once for all, 1720, he was possessed of 45,5001. stock, by dis

our best acknowledgements. posing of which when it bore an extremely advanced

“ The munificent founder of Guy's Hospital was price, he realized a considerable sum.

a man of very humble appearance, and of a melanIf it should seem to detract from the character of choly cast of countenance f. One day, while pensively this be gevolent man, that he trafficked in sailors' leaning over one of the bridges, he attracted the tickets and South Sea stock, it must be observed, attention and commiseration of a by-stander, who, that as to the former, the blame of the tickets being apprehensive that he meditated self-destruction, broug it to market, lay with the government of that could not refrain from addressing him with an time, who instead of paying the sailors in money, as * Notwithstanding the flippant and unfair remarks of Pennant, they ought, gave them bills or tickets, payable at a

in his History of London. future day: and to such as wanted money, these were

See also "his statue in bronze, by Scheemakers, in the firs* court of the hospital.

earnest entreaty, 'not to let his misfortunes tempt, a hundred inmates more being accommodated in him to commit any rash act;' then, placing in his consequence. hand a guinea, with the delicacy of genuine benevo- Passing directly through the colonnade, we arrive lence, he hastily withdrew. Guy, roused from his at the portion of the building which is assigned for reverie, followed the stranger, and warmly expressed the charge of twenty-four female lunatics; some of his gratitude; but assured him he was mistaken in whom, though they entered apparently hopeless cases, supposing him to be either in distress of mind or (as the epitaph on the founder implies,) have, we are of circumstances, making an earnest request to be happy to say, quitted their safe and hospitable retreat favoured with the name of the good man, his intended | in a sound state of mind. benefactor. The address was given, and they parted. Further on, amidst trees which flourish well and Some years after, Guy, observing the name of his give a look of cheerfulness, so delightful to many friend in the bankrupt-list, hastened to his house; a languid sufferer when permitted to walk forth into brought to his recollection their former interview; the air, we reach the Museum. This is a neat modern found, upon investigation, that no blame could be building, comprising a valuable surgical collection, attached to him under his misfortunes; intimated his the principal feature of which is a vast variety of wax ability, and also his full intention to serve him; models, illustrative of th wonders of the human entered into immediate arrangements with his frame, and of remarkable cases of disease, executed creditors, and finally, re-established him in a business, with surprising accuracy by Mr. Joseph Towne of which ever after prospered in his hands, and in the Guy's Hospital.

M. hands of his children's children, for many years, in Newgate Street." His humane plan of founding an hospital having

HISTORY OF NAVIGATION, DISCOVERY, AND been matured, Guy, at the age of seventy-six, procured II. ORIGIN OF NAVIGATION.


THE ARK. ANCIENT from the governors of St. Thomas's Hospital, South

SHIP-BUILDING. EGYPT. ROMAN SHIPS. EARLY wark, the lease of a large piece of ground for a term of 999 years, at a rent of £30 a year. Having Ar what time the art of Navigation had its origin is

COMMERCE with India. cleared the space which was then occupied by a number of poor dwelling-houses, he laid the first stone of

unknown. We have no account of its existence previous

to the time of Noah. It is, however, not improbable that his new building in 1722. He lived to see it covered in : the antediluvians were acquainted with it in some degree. but before the excellent machine had begun to work, A period of sixteen centuries, in which the life of man he was laid in the grave; for the hospital received was so greatly protracted, it may reasonably be supposed within its walls the first sixty patients on the 6th of was not barren of inventions. But, however this may January, 1725. His trustees faithfully effected the be, we have no account of any naval or commercial

In completion of his great and good design, and soon

operations previous to the building of the ark.

the erection of that immense structure, Scripture informs procured an Act of Parliament for establishing the

us that Noali was particularly instructed from heaven. foundation, according to the directions of his will. This would, doubtless, be necessary, whether he had Large and profitable estates were afterwards purchased | any previous acquaintance with the art of ship-building in Herefordshire and Essex, for the benefit of the or not. In framing a structure for purposes so widely institution : the lease of an additional piece of ground different from those of common navigation, whatever general was also obtained, for which, with the former, the knowledge of that art he might have, would be of comgovernors still pay an annual sum to St. Thomas's. paratively little use to him. The dimensions of the ark,

too, were doubtless far greater than those of any work On this were erected two handsome wings, con- of naval architecture which he had before seen. The length nected by an iron railing and gates: and Guy's of the ark is supposed to have been about five hundred Hospital now occupies a site of five acres and a half. feet, its breadth not far from eighty, and its height about Against the stone front of the building, on entering, fifty. Its burden is computed to have been about 81,000

tons. are two emblematic figures, Æsculapius, the heathen

The circumstances in which the immediate descendants god of medicine, and Hygeia, the goddess of health, of Noah were placed, were by no means favourable to the daughter of Æsculapius. In the west wing is thechapel; retention, much less to the improvement, of whatever naval and opposite, in the east wing, which is the older, is the skill they had acquired from their great progenitor. They Court-room. Here is a picture of Guy.

Also a

were few in number, at some distance from the coast, in a portrait by Phillips of the present Treasurer, B. country which furnished all the necessaries and many of Harrison Esq., who has filled that situation for nearly the luxuries of life, and the world, untenanted and unculthirty-five years, and under whose kind and liberal have led to improvement in navigation, have been the

tivated, was all before them. The principal causes which management the hospital continues to prosper, and desire of commerce with others, and the passion for disto fulfil the good its pious founder intended. The covery. In an unpeopled world, there were none with wings, likewise, contain the residences of the principal whom the immediate descendants of Noah could carry on officers,

commerce, and the regions around them were, as yet, too Passing through the arches in the centre, we come

little explored, for them to think of searching for • realms to a long colonnade, on each side of which are two beyond the deep. Hence it is not till several centuries quadrangles, containing the wards for patients, there operations or attempts at discovery. Indeed, we have

after the Deluge that we find any records of commercial being altogether five hundred and thirty beds. reason to think that a period of very considerable length Some of the wards are for surgical cases, one for elapsed before the people removed far from those mild and accidents; the remainder are filled according to fertile regions, in which they found themselves at the circumstances. The buildings are airy, and well cessation of the Deluge. suited to promote recovery: and it is estimated that

Among the countries earliest settled, after the Deluge, of about three thousand patients who enter in the

were probably Egypt and Greece. The contiguity of those

countries to the regions from which the first migrations course of the year, (the present average of admis- must have been made, the fertility of their soil, the salusions,) nine-tenths go out cured. Besides this, brity of their climate, and the acknowledged antiquity of the hospital relieves upwards of fifty thousand out- their history, all warrant this supposition. Yet of Greece patients. The means of usefulness, indeed, enjoyed than 1600 years before Christ, and in regard to Egypt,

we have no authentic accounts which carry us back further by this admirable establishment, have lately admitted though its settlement can be traced back further than that of an abundant increase, by the munificent bequest of Greece, we have no evidence that it was settled till a of 196,0001., made a few years since by Mr. Hunt; considerable time after the Deluge. Tradition states, that the first settlements in Egypt were made by Misraim, f nience of their ships. The Romans transported from grandson of Ham, 160 years after the flood.

Egypt to Rome obelisks formed out of a single stone, of Probably most of the early migrations of mankind were a length and size so enormous, that it is questionable made by land; for not only the ocean, but even a channel, whether they could have been put on board any modern or frith, of any considerable extent, would, in the infancy of ship whatever. This fact shows that the Roman ships society, be invested with enough of terror to deter the must have been large and strong, and that a considerable unpractised wanderer from trying so dangerous a path to degree of skill must have been exhibited in their condiscovery. The cobony that Misraim led to Egypt, probably struction. The following account of one of the ancient preferred to cross the isthmus of Suez, rather than tempt ships is given by Athenæus. the dangers, fearful indeed to them, of the Mediterranean " It had forty ranks of oařs, was four hundred and and Red Seas.

twenty-seven English feet in length and fifty-seven in We may, however, safely conclude, that the inventive breadth, and nearly eighty feet in perpendicular height genius of man did not rest very long without attempting to from the taffrel to the keel

. It was furnished with four find some way to surmount the obstacles to human inter- rudders, or steering-oars, forty-five feet in length, and the course and the settlement of the world, interposed by rivers longest of the oars by which it was impelled, were in and arms of the sea, and the still more formidable ones length equal to the extreme breadth of the vessel. The presented by the ocean itself. Doubtless, traditions, and crew consisted of upwards of 4000 rowers, and at least 3000 probably some remains of knowledge relative to Noah and other persons employed in the different occupations conthe ark, continued long to exist among his descendants. nected with navigating so immense a fabric." These would suggest the practicability of forming structures The earliest mode of conducting commerce was doubtwhich would form a safe means of conveyance across rivers less by caravans, which as appears from Scripture were and arms of the sea, as the ark had over the waters by known as early as the days of Joseph, and the merchants which the world was covered.

to whom he was sold probably belonged to a caravan. The first attempts at ship-building and navigation The earliest commerce with India, of which we have any after the Deluge, were probably the construction of rafts authentic account, was carried on in this way by the merand canoes, and the guiding of them, with more or chants of Arabia and Egypt. less skill, over the rivers that impeded the huntsman The Mediterranean and Red Seas were the scene of the in his pursuit of the chase, or the channels and arms first commerce carried on by water. This would naturally of the sea that interrupted the communication between be the case, as those seas border on the countries where the the occupants of opposite shores. Under these circum- human race was first planted, countries in former days disstances it would soon be found that the water, instead tinguished for the richness and variety of their productions. of impeding the intercourse of men with one another, The first people of whose maritime commerce we have furnished far better means and far greater facilities for any authentic and distinct account, are the Egyptian3. carrying on that intercourse, than the land. Hence They are said, soon after the estabishment of their monmaritime intercourse between comparatively distant cities archy, to have opened a commerce with the western coast on the same coast would arise, and the commodities of one of India, though of the extent of this commerce we know would be exchanged for those of the other. The conve- but little. It appears, however, that its flourishing period nience of water as a means of transporting these com- was short, for pursuits of this kind were by no means con modities would become more and more obvious, as their genial to the spirit of that proud and self-sufficient people, commercial operations became more extensive, and this who regarded themselves as superior to all other nations, would excite increased attention to the arts of ship-building and their country as superior to all other countries and navigation. In the course of the voyages thus made, Thus considering themselves the first of men, they new discoveries would from time to time occur, and these looked down with contempt on other nations, and were would stimulate the spirit of enterprise to more active disposed to stand at a haughty and repulsive distance efforts, and give it a higher tone. In this way we may from them. Sea-faring men were regarded by them safely conclude, that the foundation was laid for the advance with a feeling bordering on contempt. Their manners ment of commerce, and for the many splendid discoveries, and institutions differed widely from those of other nations. which have attended and rewarded the enterprise of sub- Possessing a character, and cherishing a spirit, so entirely sequent ages.

the reverse of that which commerce is calculated to form Like all other arts the arts of ship-building and navigation and to foster, it is not strange that they soon retired from were at first very imperfect. Naval operations which, the theatre of commercial enterprise, and left it to be in subsequent ages, would have been considered as una occupied by a people possessing more of that free and worthy of mention, were, in the earlier ages of antiquity, social spirit which commerce requires. regarded with such wonder that the conducters of them were deified, and the names of the ships themselves The miseries of indolence are known only to those who transferred to the constellations of heaven. With many have no regular pursuit; nothing in view, however eager, of the great principles and operations in navigation, or arduous; nothing by which time may be shortened by which are now considered as the very elements on which occupation, and occupation rendered easy by habit.that science is founded, the ancients were wholly unac- Bishop MANT. quainted. The property of the magnet, by which it attracts iron, was known to them, but that more important To endeavour to gain the perfect happiness promised in property, by, which it points to the poles, had entirely the next world, is the surest way to gain the greatest hap escaped their observation. They had no other means of piness this present world can bestow, LA HARPE. regulating their course than the sun and stars. Their navigation of course was uncertain and timid. They SEEK not proud riches, but such as thou mayest get justly, seldom ventured far from land, but crept along the coast use_soberly, distribute cheerfully, and leave contentedly. exposed to all the dangers and retarded by all the obstruc- -Bacon. tions incident to a course so circuitous and so liable to interruption. A voyage which would now scarcely require The lands and houses, the goods and chattels, which the weeks, then required months for its completion. Even on parent bequeaths to his child in the hour of death, are the calm waters of the Mediterranean they ventured to scattered, and consumed, and swallowed up, by the rude sail only in summer, and few indeed were the hardy spirits assault of time; but the imperishable inheritance of a that did not shrink back as they thought of encountering sound, religious education, is a treasure, which, throughout the wild waves of the Atlantic. Winter laid an embargo the fiercest changes and storms of life, bears the richest on all their maritime operations. To put to sea at that and surest of fruits. season would have been deemed the height of rashness.

The art of ship-building appears to have made much The world is much mistaken in the value of a sceptre or more rapid progress than that of navigation. The account

a crown; we gaze upon its brightness, and forget its of the commerce of Tyre, given in the twenty-seventh brittleness; we look upon its glory, and forget its frailty; chapter of Ezekiel, affords strong evidence that the we respect its colour, and take no notice of its weight. Tyrians had made no small advances in this art, and it is But it all those gay things which we fondly fancy to reasonable to conclude that the naval and commercial ourselves, are really to be found in greatness, yet still he operations in which the Tyrians and other ancient nations pays too dear, that pawns his heaven for it; he that buys were engaged, would stimulate them to devise various a short bliss, gives not twenty, or an hundred years' pur. means of increasing the strength, and speed, and conve- chase, but (if mercy prevent not), eternity. SÁNCROFT

[merged small][graphic][merged small]

AMONGST the many noble examples of the archi- narrative which they give must be looked upon as tectural skill of our forefathers, which yet remain in fabulous*. this country, there are few which possess a higher The Conisborough estate subsequently passed from claim upon our interest than the majestic Castle of the family of Warren to Richard, Earl of Cambridge, Conisborough, which, after a lapse of nearly one who assumed the name of Richard of Conisborough, thousand years, still uprears its head; a visible relic in consequence, it is said, of, the castle having been of another time; a connecting link between the past his birth-place. After his death it passed into the and the present. If even the most insignificant hands of his grandson, King Edward the Fourth, memorial of former ages affords materials for and remained in the possession of the crown for thought to a reflecting mind, how much more should more than two centuries, when it was given by James a ruin like that of Conisborough, which has by many the Second to Lord Dover. It afterwards became been considered the most important of the few the property of the family of its present possessor, remaining strong-holds of our Saxon ancestors yet to the Duke of Leeds. be found in this country, engage the attention of the The historical records of Conisborough Castle are lover of history and antiquities. Of late years, unusually scanty and imperfect, and the period when however, Conisborough has acquired an interest of ait fell to decay, like that of its origin, can only be new, and it may be safely affirmed a lasting character, guessed at. The plan of the structure, which must from its being chosen by Sir Walter Scott for one once have been of considerable extent and importance, of the principal scenes of his romance of Ivanhoe. is irregular, though rather inclining in form to an

The origin of this Castle is unknown. Tradition oval. The entire strong-hold, which crowns the assigns it a very remote antiquity, whilst several summit of an elevation, was surrounded by an modern antiquaries seem disposed to attribute the extensive fosse or ditch, still in many places forty foundation of the present structure to William, the feet deep, but now destitute of water, and full of first Earl of Warren, to whom the surrounding estate was granted by William the Conqueror.

* According to these writers, “ Hengist, the first Saxon invader,

It is, being defeated in this neighbourhood by the British Commandez however, indisputable, that a strong-hold of some Aurelius Ambrosius, in the year 487, was obliged to take refuge in sort existed here during the times of the Saxons. walls." Near the entrance to the castle is a tumulus, which is said

this castle, and hazarding a second engagement, was killed below its Geoffrey of Monmouth, and some of our old his- to cover the body of this chief; but Turner, the eminent historian torians, indeed, have carried back its origin to a period of the Anglo Saxons, as well as other writers of high authority, preceding the Saxon invasion of Britain, but the northern counties at all.

are of opinion that he never, at any time, penetrated into the

lofty oaks and elms: in the nortnern side, however, five or six feet in diameter and height;" its mouth is where the entrance was placed, the fosse is com two feet square, and is on a level with a passage, pletely filled with rubbish.

which seems to have run round the tower. The wall Before the invention of artillery, the castle must is here ten and a half feet thick, so that it dimihave been almost impregnable, but in later times, in nishes eighteen inches at every floor. The height of consequence of the superior height of the neighbour the three rooms we have described is 52 feet, and ing eminence on which the village of Conisborough the total height of the buttresses 86 feet, but they is situated, it must have been greatly reduced in have formerly been of loftier elevation. consequence, to which we may attribute its ultimate The village of Conisborough is of very high antidesertion. The remains, as far as they can be traced, quity; by the Britons it was called Caer Conan, and extend about 700 feet in circumference; but the by the Saxons Cyning, or Conan Burgh, both signichief object of interest is the magnificent tower; the fying a royal town; it must oncè have been a place subject of our engraving; in describing which we of some importance; as it is handed down that it was shall avail ourselves of the substance of a very the seat of a civil jurisdiction, which comprised curious paper which appeared in the Gentleman's twenty-eight towns. Magazine for the year 1801.

This picturesque village stands, as we have already

stated, on a lofty elevation, about six miles to the This noble round tower is strengthened by six massive south-west of Doncaster, overlooking a rich and square buttresses, running from the base to the summit at equal distances. Eighteen feet from the ground, both the

wooded country, through which the river Don tower and buttresses expand, sloping gradually to the meanders with a life-like effect. The church, which width of four feet, in order to give greater strength to the is dedicated to St. Peter, is an ancient and remarkbase The tower is situated at the south-eastern extremity able structure, exhibiting the several characteristics of the castle, two-thirds of it being within the walls, which of the Norman, the early English, and the later or rest against it. The other face forms of itself the outward

decorated styles of architecture; so that it has eviwall, and here the entrance, which is twenty-four feet from dently been built at different periods. The monuthe ground, and ascen-led to by a flight of thirty-two steps, is situated. On a level with this door is a floor, ments are not destitute of interest, and a singular on which we enter through the wall, which is here fifteen stone, carved with hieroglyphics, has frequently feet thick, and at each buttress twenty-three feet. It is an

excited the attention of the antiquary. The following undivided apartment, twenty-two feet in diameter, of account of a feast in the olden time, is framed and circular form, as is the whole interior of the structure. hung up in a room at an inn in this village; it The wall is quite plain, and wholly destitute of any

exhibits a curious example of the change which has aperture for light except the entrance. In the centre of the floor is a round hole, resembling the

taken place in the value of money. mouth of a well, which, however, forms the only entrance

The expenses of Sir Ralph de Beeston and Sir into a lower apartment, or dungeon, from whence, accord-Gunon de Baldriston of Conisborough, on Monday, ing to tradition, there was a subterraneous passage from the morrow of the exaltation of the Holy Cross, in the castle. Ascending by a flight of twenty-five stone the fourteenth year of King Edward the Second, stairs from the entrance-passage, lighted by two loop-holes,

A.D. 1321. we reach the level of another apartment, but the thoor has

$ d entirely fallen away. The fire-place, which is deserving of

Im bread, bot

xviitd. 16 minute attention, is surrounded by a triple pillar on each Im 4 gallons of wine, bot

us. side, with carved capitals supporting a chimney-piece Im 12 gallons of ale, bot in Doncaster, xviij d. twelve feet long, now partly ornamented with ivy. Oppo

Im 16 gallons of ale, bot in Conisborough, xvj d. site, is a large arched window, ascended to by three bold

Im shambles meat, bot

Im 8 fowls, bot steps. The only other objects in this room are a closet,

Im 2 geese, bot

viij d. and a niche and trough in the wall, which is here 13 feet Im eggs, bot

nj d. thick. An ascent of thirty-four steps leads to the next Im 2 lbs. of candles, bot

0 3} room, which has also a fire-place. Few persons ascend

Im a woman's wages in fetching the ale, jd.

0 1 further than this, as the upper room is exceedingly difficult

Im provender for the horses, but

xy d.

1 3 and dangerous of access, being only to be reached by In the neighbourhood of Conisborough may be venturing along a narrow ledge scarcely nine inches broad. | discovered several traces of a Roman road,

On at last gaining an entrance, (says the writer,) the certain antiquity of the chamber, and the idea that here, perhaps, our warlike ancestors had offered up their prayers, or buckled on their armour, or taken their repose, filled us with a pleasing awe' and veneration, that was heightened

TIME speeds away-away-away: to superstition by a charming sound like that of an Eolian

Another hour another dayharp, which we both distinctly heard at several intervals,

Another month-another yearunable to conjecture how it was occasioned. This beautiful room is of hexagonal proportion, and the

Drop from us like the leaflets sear;

Drop like the life-blood from our hearts
ceiling is composed of a series of arches" decorated in the
Gothic manner."

The rose-bloom from the cheek departs,
It is very imperfectly lighted, there

The tresses from the temples fall,
being only one large loop-hole or aperture in the wall, six
feet in height, which diminishes in width from six feet on

The eye grows dim and strange to all. the outer wall of the tower, to thirty inches in the inner.

Time speeds away-away-away, The ceiling and other parts of this interesting chamber

Like torrent in a stormy day; have been richly ornamented with carved-work, which is

He undermines the stately tower, now much defaced; but the room is sufficiently perfect to

Uproots the tree, and snaps the flower; afford a vivid idea of the state of the castle in the olden

And sweeps from our distracted breast time.

The friends that loved the friends that blest :

And leaves us weeping on the shore, Our antiquaries next ascended by a flight of

To which they can return no more. twenty-five stone-stairs to the summit of the tower,

Time speeds away-away-away: which commands a prospect of exceeding richness

No eagle through the skies of da and beauty, over field and flood. The buttresses, as

No wind along the hills can flee depicted in our Illustration, rise several feet higher

So swiftly or so smooth as he. than the walls ; in one of them appear steps ; three

Like fiery steed—from stage to stage,

He bears us on from youth to age; others each contain a large arched alcove, whilst in

Then plunges in the fearful sea a fifth is " a broad place exactly resembling an oven,

Of fathomless Eternity.----Knox,

1) S. .

2 0 1 6 1 4 2 0

0 0 8 03

ilj d. ob.


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