Obrazy na stronie

D'Estrades at Turin, and had the boldness to press | neighbourhood. The peasants observed that his teeth for payment of expenses incurred by him during and lips were seen, that he was tall, and had gray the late affair. Here he fell into his own trap: hair. The mask, to which he owed much of his fame, the application was craftily answered, and the parties seems to have been of black velvet, fitted to his face proceeded together to a place within the French with strong whalebones, fastened by a padlock behind territory,, where Matthioli was instantly arrested. his head, and further secured by a seal. That his Though armed, he offered no resistance, but was features were ever actually cased in iron is a tale not carried that night to Pignerol ;, the leader of the to be believed. Still, it is painful to reflect on the sufparty alone (Catinat) knowing the prisoner, whom, ferings a dishonest man, of an active mind, must have for better concealment, he named L'Estang. From undergone in his tedious confinement, during which that period to the day of his death, a space of more the horrible order issued by Louis was, That he than twenty-four years, Matthioli remained under the should have nothing which could make life agreeable." close and watchful custody of St. Mars, first at After an imprisonment of twenty-four years and Pignerol, next at Exiles, then at the Isle of St. Mar a half, Matthioli's deliverance came upon him almost guerite, and lastly in the Bastille.

as suddenly as his loss of freedom. On a Sunday It is needless to follow the poor sufferer through in November, 1703, he felt a slight illness on going all his mean prevarications : his treason was clearly from mass, and died the next morning, without any proved ; and certainly a more ingenious plan of apparently serious attack of disease, being then sixtyrevenge was never resorted to, than that adopted by three years of age. He was buried the following day, the capricious monarch in this remarkable case. in the neighbouring church-yard of St. Paul, and is After a confinement of nearly ten months at Pignerol, registered in the books of that parish, as “ Marchiali, the prisoner began to show symptoms of a wandering aged about forty-five years.Persons who died in of mind: he talked incoherently of unearthly visits the Bastille were frequently interred under false names and apparitions. This afforded an excuse for in- and ages; and it is by no means surprising, in the creasing his punishment, by placing him in the same case of such a notable state-prisoner, that his perseroom with a Jacobin monk, who was actually mad, cutors, who had adopted during his life every expeperhaps from ill-usage, and who annoyed him by dient to conceal his real name and history, should some outrageous attempts at preaching. A painful have resorted to this method of preventing discovery part of the story is, that Matthioli, on showing some after death, especially as this happened while Louis obstinate resistance, was threatened with the cudgel; and the Duke were still alive. On the decease of the a treatment which he received meekly, as it appears he pretended Marchiali, his keepers scraped and whitepresented a valuable ring to the officer who had washed his prison-walls; and not content with threatened him.

reducing to ashes even the doors and window-frames In 1681, St. Mars was removed to the command of his apartment, they melted down all the metal of Exiles, a few leagues from Pignerol; and the vessels, whether of copper, pewter, or silver, which Count and his companion were carried with him in had been used in his service. When the records a litter, and under military escort. Owing, it is of the prison were made public, in 1789, the register supposed, to the unwholesome air of this place, the was searched in vain for any thing that could throw monk died; and in 1687, St. Mars, who had become light on this affair: the leaf which contained it had governor of St. Marguerite, reported of one prisoner been carefully removed. only. This we are warranted in concluding was If it may appear strange, that a person of no Matthioli, the man in the iron mask. He passed greater consequence than the Duke of Mantua's eleven years of his existence in the Ísle of St. Mar- agent should have been the object of these anxious guerite. His chamber is described as lighted by a precautions, it must be again observed, that fiction single grated window on the north side, in a wall has thrown false lights on the history of his fate. nearly four feet thick, facing the sea. It is here that That Louis the Fourteenth should doom Matthioli he is described by Voltaire as richly dressed, supplied to captivity for life, and desire that no man should with laces from Paris, served at table with silver plate, hear his story, or even look upon his face, is, under wearing a mask of iron, and occasionally amusing the circumstances, not surprising. His crime was himself in solitude by plucking out the hairs of his peculiar; he had broken faith with the government beard with steel pincers. Here, too, it is said, Louvois of the great monarch, and exposed his baffled scheme visited him, and remained respectfully standing in his to the courts of Italy. Pride and rage called aloud presence. After the particulars we have given, it is for vengeance, and that in a way not uncommon in hardly necessary to point out the exaggerations which France at the period in question. Matthioli was to be appear in these and other highly-coloured statements as one dead: and though the king's hand was kept respecting him: and our readers will not be surprised from his blood, the whole transaction fixes a dreadful to learn that the mysterious writing picked up by the stain on the character of Louis. To invent means of fisherman was scribbled with "sorry stuff" by another effecting his design was the business of inferior agents : person, not on a silver, but in reality a pewter, dish; and the walls of old state-prisons, if they could speak, that the interesting "young" prisoner, though tall would, doubtless, record various instances of fantastic and dignified, was in the downhill of life ; and that and curious persecution, harassing alike to captive and his clothes, however rich and handsome they may to keeper, displaying the very excess and refinement of have been at the commencement of his captivity, cruelty; as if men aimed at perfection in the practice were ordered to last him three or four years together. of oppression, as of nobler arts.

But we approach the end of this strange eventful Such is the true story of the Iron Mask, It history, by tracing the governor, attended by his will not now be the astonishment of future ages: but helpless burden, on bis way to that memorable prison it may still continue to instruct them, although its in Paris, the Bastille, which they entered in September, hero has descended from the rank of princes, 1698. Matthioli travelled in a litter ; and it is reported patriarchs, and admirals, to that of a mean Italian that on one occasion, when St. Mars halted in the adventurer, whose memoir may he concluded in the neighbourhood of his own estate of Palteau, the words of the poet ;– unknown was seen coming out of his vehicle in a Thou wretched, rash, intruding fool, farewell, black mask; a circumstance still talked of in the I took thee for thy better!

M. 142-2

[Partly taken from an article in the Quarterly Review.]

THE GYMNOTUS, OR ELECTRICAL EEL. faculty t; but the actual existence of any such sense In our notice of the remarkable properties of the has not been demonstrated, nor is it proved that a Gymnotus*, we did not attempt to account for them, considerable acuteness of one or other of the known though in the present state of human knowledge five senses might not be sufficient to account for the they are not perhaps inexplicable. We know that facts. In the case of the bat, any one of the senses the galvanic or electric influence, whatever it may of seeing, hearing, or feeling, might be so modified be, has a powerful effect upon living bodies, and is, and increased, as to enable the creature to perceive perhaps, the instrument, in whole or in part, by which an obstacle. nervous energy is conveyed from one part of the Some blind men can discover that they are apframe to another; as when the brain actuates the proaching a wall by the echo, the confinement of the limbs by means of the muscles through the nerves, air, and other minute circumstances, though instead or sensation is carried back from the limbs to the of having six senses, they have but four. The brain; and persons of weak and diseased habit are Gymnotus, in like manner, might, by a peculiarity often powerfully affected by the electrical changes of of feeling, or even by taste, discover when the circuit the atmosphere, especially before a thunder-storm. between the wires was formed. But we have no distinct perception of the power of

Take a piece of silver and another of zinc; place conveying or receiving galvanic influence, as developed the one under the tongue and the other over it; and in the case of the Gymnotus; and hence it has been let a third person complete the circle by making the conjectured by some persons, that that animal has a extremity of the one plate touch the extremity of the sixth sense wholly unknown to us. This was the other, and the person who is thus galvanised, will be opinion generally entertained when the electrical eel sensible of a metallic taste, though he sees not the became a subject of curiosity many years ago, as we junction of the metals. If sufficiently powerful, he find stated in the following curious letter, written by might also feel a shock through his tongue. There the learned Sir William Jones, to his pupil Lord is nothing, therefore, incredible in the notion, that Althorp, in 1777.

the Gymnotus could, by its delicate galvanic organs, I hasten, my dear lord, to impart to you the pleasure I ascertain the junction of the wires, without any new received to-day, from seeing a series of experiments, sense; and in our present knowledge of electric and exhibited by Mr. Walsh on the American eel, by which galvanic power, the latter of which was wholly unhe clearly proved, that the animal has a sensation wholly known in the time of Sir W. Jones, it would even distinct from any of the five senses. When he announced be easy to imitate the experiment upon a person the proposition to be demonstrated, I thought it might placed in a tub of water, and made part of the circuit possibly be true, but could not conceive how a new sense could be made perceptible to any sense of mine, as I of this subtile energy. imagined it would be like talking to a deaf man of har

+ See Saturday Magazine, Vol. V., p. 53. monic sounds, or to one who has no palate of nectarines and pine-apples; but he produced the fullest conviction in me, that his position was in a degree just. His first experi- A HARE, closely pursued by the hounds, was suddenly lost ment was by fixing four wires about two inches in the sight of; she had plunged into a deep ditch overgrown water where the fish was swimming, one in each quarter with briers; and, after running some distance along its of the elliptical trough; each of these wires communicated bottom, crept slowly up the bank and stretched herself, with a large glass of water placed on a table at a little breathless and almost dead with terror and fatigue, beneath distance, though the distance signified nothing, for the the legs of a group of school-boys, who had there seated experiment, had the wires been long enough, might have themselves, watching with deep anxiety and interest the been conducted in another room; while the four glasses fortunes of the chase. As soon as the astonishment excited remained separate, the gymnotus, (for that is his technical by this unexpected appearance of poor puss had somewhat name,) was perfectly insensible of the wires, but in the subsided, an animated debate arose amongst the youngvery instant when a communication was made by an sters, respecting the disposal of the exhausted creature. instrument between any two of the glasses, he seemed to The majority, allured by the hope of reward, voted for the start, and swam directly to the wires which were thus prompt surrender of the unfortunate refugee to her merciless joined, paying no attention to the others, till a junction pursuers. One boy, however, declared loudly against this was made between them also. This could not be sight, meditated act of perfidy,--the violation of sanctuary; and because he did not see the wires while they were insulated, avowed himself resolutely bent, if need were, upon wager though they were equally conspicuous; it could not be of battle in the cause of humanity. The intrepid fellow feeling, (at least not like our feeling,) because the water was, at length, joined by one or two of his more generous was not in the least agitated; still less could it be hearing, associates. After a brief, but stormy altercation, the voices and least of all, smell or taste. It was, therefore, a of honour and of mercy prevailed : and, although many an distinct electrical sense of feeling, or power of conceiving

anxious and eventful year has since passed over us, we any stronger conductor than the water around him, for have not yet forgotten the glow of exultation which lighted which reason he did not perceive the wires till their junc up the eyes, and expanded the hearts of the youthful tion, because they were still at the extremities of the tub,

defenders of the persecuted creature, when they heard the and so little in the water, that they were less-powerful

voices of dog and man, after a short panse, grow fainter conductors. Several other experiments were exhibited upon the breeze; and saw the poor hare herself, recruited with equal success; one of them only I will mention. A by a few minutes' respite, limp off to rest in safety, or at triangular instrument of brass was held over the tub, and least to die in peace, beneath the sheltering underwood of one of the legs placed gently in the water, to which the an adjacent coppice.--Field Naturalist. fislı was wholly inattentive, though he swam close to it; but when the other leg was immersed to complete the cir The circumstance of the very general diffusion over the culation, he instantly started. It is by this faculty that the surface of the globe of the remains of the elephant, would wonderful animal has notice of his prey and his enemies.

indicate either that the climate of our planet was more There is nothing unreasonable in the notion that

equal in temperature at the time these animals inhabited

the earth, or, which is now rendered more probable by the there may exist among the inferior animals, senses

recent speculations of scientific men, that some very gradual unknown to man. The habits which many kinds of changes have modified the temperature of different portions fishes and birds display of migration, as if under of the earth's surface in succession, so as to render each the direction of a process of reasoning, has by some habitable by animals now exclusively confined to the persons been supposed to be in each case the result warmer regions; but whether those species of animals of a peculiar sense.

Even the bat’s facility of avoid which no longer exist were destroyed by similar changes, ing obstacles as it flies in the dark, has by some

rendering the countries they inhabited unfit for their exist

ence, or by some violent convulsion, is probably a question writers been conjectured to arise from a distinct which, with our limited means of knowledge, wo may never • See Saturday Magazine, Vol. IV., po 144.

be able to answer.

[merged small][graphic][merged small]


afford sheltet to immense flocks of wild-fowl*,) derive Tas mild and genial climate of this island, added to their name from a lofty pointed one, somewhat rethe variety of its picturesque attractions, has long sembling a needle in shape, which had been dis. rendered it a favourite resort during the summer- jointed with the others from the main-land, whether months. In every direction, some new and peculiar by the force of the waves, or in one of those confeature arrests the eye : here, it calmly dwells upon vulsions of nature, which have so distorted the strata the unobtrusive beauties of some cultivated and of the whole island, it is impossible to say. This retired valley ; there, it is bewildered by the wild and rock rose to a height of 120 feet above low-water frowning aspect of masses of rock, that betray by mark; but about fifty years since, its base having their confusiun the effects of some fearful convulsion been undermined by the action of the waves, it gave of nature, in times beyond the reach of human way, and totally disappeared. record. Hill and dale, the swelling promontory, and At Alum Bay, to the north of the needles, the cliff the lowly glen, appear in quick succession, to animate is beautifully variegated, for the distance of about and give interest to the prospect. The land, almost 3000 feet, by the different strata, or beds of earth, entirely round the south coast, is high and precipitous, which are here almost perpendicular, and very numethe cliffs very steep, and huge fragments, torn from rous, succeeding each other in narrow, well-defined their summits, lie scattered in wild and irregular stripes. These strata present a great diversity of masses along the shore. Many of these are of great colour, some consisting of layers of red and yellow extent, and are known by the name of the Under- ochre, others of fuller's earth, and others, again, cliff, forming, as the term indicates, a lower terrace, of several kinds of sand, of almost every hue. The that extends to the very edge of the sea. A wild bay derives its name from the alum found there, scene of confusion is thus produced : masses of the which was an article of commerce so far back as the sandstone, of which the lower strata consist, project reign of Elizabeth. Sir R. Worsley, in his history of in uncouth and beetling crags, combining in a thou- the island, gives the copy of a curious warrant from sand fantastic forms with the luxuriant foliage, .to that queen, empowering an ancestor of his own to which the deep dingles between the terraces afford a search for alum on this spot. This document bears shelter.

the signature of the lord treasurer, Burleigh, and is On the northern coast, the ground slopes to the dated the 7th of March, 1561. water in easy declivities, excepting towards the The climate of the Isle of Wight is very salubrious, Needles, or western extremity, where the rocks are and highly favourable to vegetation; its genial bare, broken, and precipitous. The height of the qualities, and near approach to the climate of more cliffs of which the Needles form the extreme point, is southern latitudest, is sufficiently evidenced by the in some places upwards of 600 feet, and when viewed from a short distance at sea, these huge bulwarks • Puffins, razor-bills, gulls, cormorants, Cornish choughs, daws, have a grand and stupendous effect. These rocks, starlings, wild

pigeons, &c

+ For the cause of this temperature seo page 34 of the present (which, like the neighbouring cliffs of Freshwater, volume


luxuriance of the foliage, which flourishes even to

ON WILLS. No. V. the very shore ; myrtles and geraniums being found, WILLS OF PERSONAL PROPERTY CONTINUED. of enoromous growth, almost within reach of the

§ 8. On Bequests of Annuities, The central parts of the island are subject to frequent rains, from the vapours attracted by the In our last paper we explained the nature of legacies,

and pointed out the difference between general and high range of hills that traverse it from east to west; and in the winter-months these rains prevail to a

specific legacies. We will now say a few words on great extent. The general fertility is, however, so

a particular sort of legacy : viz., on bequests of an

nuities. little affected, and the produce of the soil so abundant, that this island has long been styled “ The bequeath an annual sum to a legatee, to be paid

There are several ways in which a testator may garden of England." Springs of clear water are very numerous, and are

during his life, or some other period. He direct

may in general very pure and transparent, from the natural his executors to purchase an annuity of the proposed

insurance office, or percolation they undergo through the limestone, of amount and duration from an which all the higher portions of the island are com

from government. Or he may direct his executors posed.

to set apart a portion of his property, which will Mineral springs have from time to time been dis- yield the intended amount, and to pay the income covered in different parts. At Shanklin, one of the arising from that portion to the legatee during his most romantic spots in the island, ä spring was dis- life, or during such other period as may be proposed : covered by Dr. Frazer, physician to Charles II., the and proceed to declare what shall be done with the waters of which are slightly tinged with alum. At portion set apart when the annuity shall have ceased. Pitland, there is another, containing sulphur. And Or, thirdly, he may bequeath the annuity in general of those impregnated with iron, that at Black Gang to the payment, and his executors must take care, at

and then his whole property will be liable Chine, under Chale Cliff, is the most celebrated.

But the attraction of this wild spot consists rather their own peril, to retain a sufficient part of it for the in the romantic grandeur of the cliff, than in the purpose.

Of these three modes, the first will generally be virtues of the chalybeate. Chale Bay, which extends from the southernmost point of the island towards found the best. The gift is satisfied at once, and the west, is about three miles in extent, and has at

the testator's property is for ever discharged from it. low water a fine broad beach, separated from the high In adopting the second mode, there is danger of the country above by a continued range of perpendicular portion directed to be set apart falling in value, and cliffs, .extremely dangerous to shipping. This is the not yielding enough to pay the annuity. And the Undercliff before mentioned, and here situated the

third plan exposes the executors to too much hazard, chasm represented in our engraving. The pathway

and might prevent timid or cautious men from disleading to the strand at Black Gang is very terrific, tributing any part of the property until the annuity the descent being through an immense gully, among

has ceased to be payable. vast masses of broken ground and disjointed rock,

$ 9. Of the Residue. the ruins of the land above. From an arched exca- Waen a testator has made all the particular bequests vation, at the base of the rock--under the projecting out of his property which he intends to do, he crag, from whence water is continually dripping, usually gives the remainder of it to some person, who issues the chalybeate spring we have alluded to. is called the residuary legatee. If he omits to do From this depth the surrounding scene is truly grand, this, he is said to die intestate as to the residue; and and from our engraving a very fair conception may the surplus then goes to his next of kin in the same be formed of its beauties. But art, as well as lan

manner as the whole of his property would have guage, must ever fall far behind, in attempting to gone, if he had made no Will at all. excite the sensations which Nature herself awakens in

The residue may be disposed of in the same form these wilder portions of her domain. admire, indeed, the fidelity of the picture-we may position of the whole of a testator's property; except

as was recommended in our last paper, for the distalk of the sublimity of the scene; but it is only that, instead of bequeathing "all his personal estate amid the scenes themselves that we are truly humbled, and effects whatsoever and wheresoever,” he will and are compelled to acknowledge the littleness of bequeath all the residue of his personal estate and man, and all his mightiest works, compared with the effects whatsoever and wheresoever, not otherwise by very meanest of Nature's productions. And insen- him disposed of.” The same caution, too, which is sible must be that heart, that is at such times un

there given against mentioning particular articles by moved-stubborn the understanding that does not name in a bequest of the whole, applies equally to a here perceive the hand of that Almighty Architect, at bequest of the residue. whose word “ the mountains were brought forth, and Some testators will omit to make any disposition the earth and the world were made.” Much, indeed, of the residue, believing that they have exhausted all does that man deserve our pity, who cannot feel as

their property in particular legacies, and have nothing did the poet, when he exclaimed

left to dispose of. But this ought never to be deTo sit on rocks, to muse o'er flood and fell,

pended on; both because a Will operates on the To slowly trace the forest's shady scene,

personal property which the testator has at the time Where things that own not man's dominion dwell, And mortal foot hath ne'er or rarely been ;

of his death, and he cannot therefore tell, when he is To climb the trackless mountain all unseen,

making his Will, what the amount of it will be; and With the wild flocks that never need a fold

also, because some of his particular legacies may Alone o'er steeps and foaming falls to lean ;

fail by the objects of his bounty dying in his lifetime, This is not solitude ; 'tis but to hold

and may thus create a residue to be disposed of. Converse with Nature's God, and view His stores unroll'd.

Ε. Α. Ι.
§ 10. Of the Appointment of Executors and

The practices of the best men are more subject to error

In cases of complicated disposition of property, it than their speculations. I will honour good examples: but becomes necessary to introduce in a Will various I will live bv good precepts. --Bishop Hall.

clauses and provisions, some of which we may shortly

We may



notice in a future paper. But in ordinary cases, \ It became, therefore, of the utmost importance, to when a testator has bequeathed all his particular learn the time when it was written; and the parties legacies, and disposed of the residue, nothing remains used every effort to discover that fact, but in vain. to be done but to declare who shall execute his The question was at length decided by a test, which Will.

has been applied in other cases, but is, we believe, Such a declaration not necessary. The Will is by no means a sure The residuary legatee not rendered less valid by the omission of it, but named in the Will, whose interest it was to set aside may be executed by any of the persons who are in the other paper, examined the watermark on the latter terested in carrying it into effect. But a testator document, and found that it bore a date later than would seldom wish to leave this to chance, and would that of the Will. He had the generosity to commuprefer selecting those who are to distribute his pro- nicate his discovery, and to allow the disputed paper perty. Any form is sufficient for this purpose; for to be established as a valid Codicil.

W. instance, “I nominate C. D. (or C. D. and E. F.) to

[To be continued.] be the executor (or executors, or executrix, if a woman) of this my Will." It is very useful, if convenient in other respects,

NIAGARA. to appoint as your executor the person whom you

Arise, thou sluggard: thy death is near! have made your residuary legatee. You thus prevent the necessity of a general account, which is the chief On one of the mightiest of those mighty streams source of dispute and litigation. For all that your which flow across America, and with which our executor has then to do is, to pay your debts, and to largest rivers are in comparison but little brooks, is satisfy the particular legacies given by your Will; the noblest fall of water known in the world. The and if he discharges these duties, he is accountable width of the river, and the enormous volume of water to no one for his dealings. Whereas, if your cxecu which comes roaring and splashing down an tor and residuary legatee are different persons, the broken height of 100 feet, make it impossible for former must account to the latter for every fraction any boat to shoot the fall without being torn to atoms of your property, and for all his acts and dealings in the “ hell of waters” below, nor is ever any vesas executor; in the course of which it is easy to tige found of the vessel which has once plunged into conceive that much difference of opinion may occur. the unfathomed and unfathomable gulf. As a general rule, therefore, the residuary legatee is Above this frightful scene, two or three miles up the most proper person to be appointed executor. the stream, an Indian canoe was one day observed

Where a testator leaves infant children, he may floating quietly along, with its paddle upon its side. choose 'to appoint some one to be their guardian. At first, it was supposed to be empty: no one could This may be done in the simplest form; but it is imagine that a man would expose himself to such necessary, in order to give the guardian full power well-known and imminent danger. But a turn in as such, that the Will be attested by two witnesses. the current soon gave the travellers a sight of an

Indian, lying idly asleep at the bottom. They were $11. Of the Date and Conclusion.

shocked. They called aloud, but he did not hear : It is usual, after appointing executors, to conclude a they shouted in an agony of pity and alarm; but he Will in some such words as the following; “ And I was deaf to their saving cry. It chanced that the hereby revoke all former Wills by me at any time current, which was now hurrying along with increased heretofore made, and declare this to be my last Will speed as it neared the fatal precipice, drove the little and Testament. In witness whereof, I, the said boat against a point of rock with such violence, that A. B., have hereunto” (or, if the Will consists of it was whirled round and round several times. He's several sheets, “ to each of the three sheets hereof) safe! He's safe! cried the spectators, joyfully: the signed my name this 1st day of August, 1834." And man is safe ; that shock must wake him. But, alas ! then follows the signature.

No! Fatigue or drunkenness (to which savages are Sometimes a testator will seal, as well as sign, his particularly addicted) had so oppressed his senses, Will; either for greater solemnity, or to tender it a that it seemed more like death than sleep which held valid appointment under some power which requires him ;-it was, indeed, the sleep of death. All chance that formality. And in such a case, if the Will was gone, and they hurried along the shore, more in consists of several sheets, he usually signs and seals alarm than hope, to see the end. It soon came; for the last, and contents himself with signing only the the torrent was now rolling so rapidly, that they former sheets. He should then conclude his Will could scarcely keep pace with the object of their inthus: “ In witness whereof, I, the said A. B., have terest. At length the roar of the water, which had subscribed my name to each of the two first sheets been hitherto almost buried within the high banks of this my Will, and have set my hand and seal to below, by a sudden change of the wind broke upon the third and last sheet thereof, this 1st day of August, them with double violence. This dreadful noise, with 1834.

which the Indian ear was so familiar, did at last It is hardly necessary to state that these forms are arouse him. He was seen to start up, and snatch his of no essential importance, and are recommended paddle. But it was too late : 'the same dinning only for their convenience and on the ground of sound which had roused him from insensibility, told prudence. It is, however, of the highest consequence him at the same time that it was in vain to seek for that the date of a Will or Codicil be distinctly given safety now by rowing: nor, indeed, had he time to in some part of it, as upon that, the whole validity try-upright, as be stood, he went over the precipice, of the instrument may depend. We happen to know and the boat and its occupant were seen no more. a case in which the want of a date caused the great Reader, the river is the current of life-the falls, est perplexity.

are man's end the travellers, the ministers of the A testator left a Will regularly drawn up and Gospel : listen thou to their call, for the boatman dated, and also a paper, written by himself, bequeath- is, perhaps, thyself !

D. K. ing several legacies, but without a date. If this paper was written before the Will, it was revoked by The gift of prayer may have the praise of men, but it is The Will. but if after, it was good as a Codicil. the grace of prayer that nas power with God,

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