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EDINBURGH.

The Encyclopædia Edinensis, Part III. The Edinburgh Encyclopædia ; or, Dic. of Vol. II. 8s. tionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous The Lonely Heath, and other Poems ; Literature ; conducted by David Brewster, by William Knox. 58. LL.D.F.R.S. Lond. & Edin. &c. &c. hand Practical Observations on the Extraction somely printed in quarto, and illustrated by of the Placenta ; by James Murdoch, M.D. a map of Italy, and 15 beautiful engravings Traveller's Guide through Scotland and from original drawings by Blore, Provis, P. its Islands ; containing the Shires of Edin. Nicholson, Farey, &c. Volume XII. Part burgh, East Lothian, Berwick, Roxburgh, II. , Price One Guinea, boards.

Selkirk, Peebles, Linlithgow, Lanark, Dum* A few Copies are splendidly printed fries, Kirkcudbright, Wigton, Ayr, and on the finest royal paper, with proof im. Renfrew, 2 vols 12mo, seventh edition. pressions of the plates, price £2, 12s. 6d. 15s. boards. each part, in boards.

A Letter to Sir Samuel Romilly, M. P. Historical Memoirs of Rob Roy, and the from Henry Brougham, Esq. M.P., on the Clan of Macgregor, including Original No Abuse of Charitable Funds. 2s. 6d. tices of Lady Grange; with an Introduc Ministerial Qualification ; Sermon tory Sketch, illustrative of the Condition of preached at the Opening of a Pro Re Nata the Highlands prior to the year 1745; by Meeting of the Original Burgher Associate K. Macleay, M.D. 12mo. 18s. boards. Synod, which met at Alloa on July 22,

This very interesting volume con 1818; by James Smith, A. M. Minister of tains the Account of Rob Roy which ap the Gospel, Alloa, 8vo. Is. 6d. peared some months ago in this Magazine. A Statement of the Results of Practice in Dr Macleay has collected a great many ad. Continued Fever, as it prevailed in Auchditional Anecdotes of that extraordinary termuchty and Neighbourhood, in 1817; Personage, arranged them with judgment, with an Appendix, containing a few Practical and narrated them with spirit. A very cu Remarks on Measles, Scarlantina, &c.; by rious account is appended of Lady Grange, James Bonar, Surgeon. 35. 6d. sewed. and her singular fate. It is on the whole a The Standard Measurer ; containing New most amusing work.

Tables for the Use of Builders, Wood Mer. Life of James Sharp, archbishop of St chants, Slaters, and all Persons concerned Andrews, with an Account of his Death, by in Wood, Stones, &c. Also, a Ready Reckan Eye-witness.

oner, for the Value of Buildings; with ExDonald Monro's Description of the West-plations and Uses of the Tables, Observaern Isles in 1549, sewed, 12mo, 25.-8vo, tions on Measuring Timber, and Method As.

of Measuring Artificers' Work ; by Thomas *** The above forms Part I. Vol. II. of a Scotland, Ordained Land Surveyor and Series of Rare Scottish Tracts.

Measurer, 8vo. 7s.6d. boards.

MONTHLY REGISTER.

APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, &c.

1. CIVIL. His Grace the Duke of Gordon, Robert Viscount Melville, the Right Hon. Archibald Colquhoun, Lord Register; the Right Hon. Alexander Maconochie, Lord Advocate ; and the Right Hon. David Boyle, Lord Justice Clerk-are appointed Commissioners for keeping the Crown and Regalia of Scotland, by a warrant issued under the sign manual, and commission expede under the Great Seal of Scotland.

The Commissioners have appointed Capt. Adam Fergusson to ! e Deputy-keeper.

Donald MʻIntosh, Esq. is appointed his Majesty's Consul for the State of New Hampshire.

IJI. MILITARY. 2 L. Gd. Major Hon. H. E. Irby to be Major and Lieut.-Col.

23d June 1818 2 D. G. Lieut. A. Bolton, from h. p. 23 Dr. to be Lieut. vice Goate, dead

6th August 5 Lieut. W. Hodgson, from 22 Dr. to be

Lieut. vice Higginbotham, ex. 230 July 6 Lieut. J. W. Dunn, from h. p. 40 F. to be Lieut. vice Walker, ex. rec. diff.

30th do. 7L. Dr. Lieut. F. Seymour, from 25 Dr. to be Lt. vice Custance, ex.

16th do. 9 Assist. Surg. E. Burton, from 12 F. to be

Assist. Surg. vice Knox, h. p. 23d do. 11 Lt. T. B. Wall, from h. p. 23 Dr. to be Lt.

vice Sicker, ex. rec. diff. 30th do. 13 Lt. J. Lynam, from 33 F. to be Lieut. vice Stopford, ex:

13th Aug 20 Lt. W. H. Smith, from h. p. 103 F. to be

Lt. vice Scott, ex. rec. diff. 30th July 22

Lt. H. Higginbotham, from 5 Dr. Gds. to

be Lieut. vice Hodgson, ex. 23d do. 25 Lt. N. Custance, from 7 L. Dr. to be Lt. vice Seymour, ex.

16th do. Gr. Gds. Lord John Bentinck to be Ens. & Lt. by purch. vice Swann, 98 F.

do. 1F. Lt. G. Mathias, from h. p. to be Lt. vice Vallancey, ex. rec. diff.

23d do. J. M Gregor to be Ens. vice Mainwaring, prom,

30th do. 3

Lt. J. S. Hughes, from h. p. to be Lt. vice
Moore, ex. rec. dift.

23d do.

II. ECCLESIASTICAL. The Right Honoural le Lord Napier has presented Mr John Bennet, preacher of the Gospel, to the church and parish of Ettrick, vacant by the death of the late Rev. Charles Paton.

The Magistrates and Town Council of Dumbarton have presented Mr William Jaffray, preacher of the Gospel at Stirling, to the church and parish of Dumbarton, vacant by the death of the Rev. James Oliphant.

The Right Honourable Lord Douglas of Douglas has presented the Rev. Archibald M°C nechy, Glasgow, to the united parish and church of 'Buncle and Preston, vacant by the death of the Rev. John Campbell.

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64

9F. Capt. H. Hill, from h. p. 14 F. to be Capt. Med. Dep. Dep. Ins. of Local Rank A. West, Dep.
vice Hackett, ex. rec. diff.

6th Aug.
Ins. by Brevet

29th April Ens. G. G. Watkins to be Lieut. vice Har.

Dr J. Mackenzie, from h. p. to be Phys. rison, cash.

23d July

to the forces, vice Bancroft, ex.” Ens. F. P. Clarkson, from h. p. 52 F. to

13th Aug. be Ens. vice Watkins

do.

Staff Surg. E. Doughty, from h. p. to 12 Ass. Surg. J. Ligertwood, from h. p. to be

be Surg. to the Forces

do. Ass. Surg. vice Burton, 9 Dr. do.

Hosp. Nate R. Melin to be Ass. Surg. 13 Tho. Jervis to be Ens. by purch. vice El

to the Forces

6th Aug. derton, ret.

30th do.

Disp. of Med. P.J. Macdonald to be 20 G. Eyre to be Ens. by purch. vice Camp

Apothecary to the Forces, vice Lyons, beil, i Life Gds.

do.

prom. 23 Ens. G. F. Morden, from h. p. 14 F. to be

J.Perkins to be Hosp. Mate to the Forces 2d Lieut. vice Poe, ex. rec. diff.

30th July 24 Lt. T. F. Smith to be Adj. vice Brook

Ass. Surg. J. Campbell, M.D. from h.p. sbank, rec. Adj. only

23d do.

7 W.I.R. to be Supernum. Ass. Surg26 Capt. A. C. Drawater, from h.

p.
62 F. to

in India, vice Ligertwood, cancelled be Capt. vice Addison, ex. rec. diff. do.

23d do. 27 Bt. Lt. Col. J. Hare to be Major by purch. R. Art. Gent. Cadet R. C. Smyth to be 2d Lt. vice vice Sparrow, ret.

30th do.
Watkins, prom.

8th do. Lieut. R. Handcock to be Capt. by purch.

S. A. Severne to be 2d Lieut. do. vice Cotton, prom.

do. Ens. W. B. Buchannan to be Lt. by purch.

. Hollingworth to be 2d Lt. 13th Aug. vice Jago, prom.

do. 32 Bt. Major G. Elliot, from h. p. 60 F. to be

C. W. Wingfield to be 2d Lt. Capt. vice Wallet, ex. rec. diff. 230 July

vice Palmer, prom.

do 33 Lt. T. Stopford, from 13 Dr. to be Lieut.

A. Tulloch to be 2d Lt. vice vice Lynam, ex.

13th Aug.
Griffin, prom.

do. 40 Lt. G. Hibbert, from h. p. 41 F. to be Lt.

J. S. Farrell to be 2d Lt. vice vice Lt. Gorman, ex.

16th July
Lethbridge, prom.

do. H. Master to be Ens. by purch. vice Cor

S. W. May to be 2d Lt. vice bet, ret.

30th do.
Ryves, res.

do.
15
Capt. R. Houghton, from i. p. 3 F. to be

G. P. Heywood to be 28 Lt. Capt. vice Stewart, ex. rec. diff. 23d do.

vice Somerville, prom.

do. 52

Maj. sir J. M. Tylden, from h. p: 3 F. to
be Maj. vice Mein, ex. rec. diff. 16th do.

Exchanges.
Lt. J. Montagu, from h. p. to be Lt. vice

Major Mein, from 52 F. rec. diff. with Major Sir
Cleghorn, ex. rec. diff.

23d do.

J. M. Tylden, h. p. 3 F. 53

Paym. R. Monk, from h. p. Brunsw. Hus. Capt. Addison, from 26 F. rec. dift, with Captain to be Paym. vice Sherwood, ex. do.

Drawwater, h. p. 62 F. 58 Ens. F. J. Ranie to be Lieut. vice Rolfe,

Wallet, from 32 F. rec. diff. with Bt. Major dead

6th Aug.

Elliott, h. p. 60 F
H. Browne to be Ensign

do.

Stewart, from 45 F. rec. diff. with Captain RO Quar. Mast. Howsman superseded, being

Houghton, h. p. 3 F. absent without leave

Hackett, from 9 F. rec. diff. with Capt. Hill, Ens. A. J. M'Pherson, from 2 W. I. R. to

h. p. 14 F. be Ens. vice Moriarty, ex.

16th July

Lieut. Walker, from 6 Dr. Gds, rec. diff. with Lieut. 67 Ass. Surg. M. W. Kenny to be Surg. vice

Dunn, h. p. 40 F.
Crake, dead

23d do.

Sicker, from 11 Dr. rec. diff. with Lieut. 73 Ens. J. Atkinson to be Lt. vice M'Connell,

Wall, h. p. 23 Dr. dead

24th Jan.

Stopford, from 13 Dr. with Lieut. Lynam,

33 F.
20 Lt. C. M. Mauger, from h. p. 3 Ceylon
Regt. to be Ens.

do.

Scott, from 20 Dr. rec. diff. with Lt. Smith, 76 Ens. H. Wood to be Lieut. by purch. vice

h. p. 103 F. Daniell, 99 F.

13th Aug.

Hodgson, 22 Dr. with Lieut. Higginbotham,

5 Dr. Gds.
Ensign C. Tinling, from h. p. 14 F. to be
Ens. vice M‘Donald, ex.

23 July

Seymour, 25 Dr. with Lt. Custance, 7 Dr. Geo, Stephens to be Qua. Mast. vice Bam Vallancey, from 1 F. rec. diff. with Lt. Ma. borough, res.

13th Aug.

thias, h. p. 30 E. Nixou to be Ass. Surg. vice Nicholls,

Moore, from 3 F. rec. diff. with Lt. Hughes, prom.

6th do. 31 Surg. W. Cogan, from 97 F. to be Surg.

Gorman, from 40 F. rec. diff. with Lieut. vice Schooles, dead

30th July

Hibbert, h. p. 41 F. 82 Lt. G. O. Field to be Capt. vice Walmes

Cleghorn, from 52 F. rec. diff. with Lieut. ley, dead

23d do.

Montagu, h. p.
Ens. R. Elliot to be Lieut.

do.

Keen, from 97 F. with Lieut. Bradish, h. p. Lord W. F. Montagu to be Ens. do.

Potts, from R. Y. Ran. with Lt. O'Grady, 87 Ens. J. Cates, from 60 F. to be Ens. vice

h. p. 87 F. Baylee

2d Lieut. Poe, from 23 F. rec. dift. with Ens. Morprom.

30th do.
190 Corn. S. W Popham, from h. p. 13 Dr. to den, h. p. 14 F.

be Ens. vice Bayley, ex. rec. diff. do, Ens. Moriarty, 64 F.with Ens. M‘Pherson, 2 W.I.R. 97 Lt. R. Bradish, from h. p. to be Lieut. Vice M‘Donald, from 76 F. with Ens. Tinling, h.p. Keen, ex.

do.

14 F. Surg. H. Cowen, from h. p. 73 F. to be Bayley, from 90 F. rec. diff. with Cornet PopSurg. vice Cogan, 81 F.

do.

ham, h. p. 13 Dr. 98 Lt. F. D. Swann, from Gren. Gds. to be Paym. Sherwood, from 53 F. with Paym. Monk, Capt. by purch. vice Lidwell, ret.

h. p. Brunsw. Hus.
16th do.

Resignations and Retirements.
Lt. C. Daniell, from 76 F. to be Capt. by

Major Sparrow, 27th F.
purch. vice Burke, ret.

23d do.

Capt. Lidwell, 98 F.
2W. I. R. Ens. W. L. P. Moriarty, from 64 F. to

Burke, 99 F.
be Ens. vice M'Pherson, ex. 16th do. Ensign Elderton, 13 F.
R.Af.Cor. Lieut. W. Gray to be Capt. vice Leman,

Corbit, 40 F
dead

30th do.

Quart. Master Bamborough, 76 F.
Ens. J. P. Sparks to be Lt.
J. Chisholm to be Ens.

do.

Appointments Cancelled.
R.Y.Ran. Lt. S. O'Grady, from h. p. 87 F. to be Supernum. Ass. Surg. in India, Ligertwood
Lt. vice Platt, ex.

i3th Aug.

Dep. Ass. Commis. Gen. Bowman, having declined Staff. Col. J. Macdonald, h. p. 1 Gar. Bn. to

to proceed upon Foreign Service.
be Dep. Adj. Gen. vice Major Gen.

Superseded.
Darling, appointed to Staff of Mauri.
tius

14th do.
Quart.-Mast.'Howsman, 60 F. being absent without

leave.
Com.Dep. D. Bowman, appointment as Dep. Ass.

Cashiered.
Com. Gen. cancelled, having declined
to proceed on Foreign Service.

Licut. Harrison, 9 F.

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Burhamputa River, at a breadth of two in which the cow-tree yields the greatest miles, that the ehannel seemed full ; nor was quantity of milk. When this fluid is exthe end of the line perceptible, although posed to the air, perhaps, in consequence of they had been some time passing. the absorption of the oxygen of the atmosboat, going down the river, was obliged to phere, its surface becomes covered with put about, as it was impossible to get by membranes of a substance that appears to them; and it was a considerable time be. be of a decided animal nature, yellowish, fore the line had left the jungles of the thready, and of a cheesy consistence. These eastern side, whilst the jungles on the west membranes, when separated from the more ern side prevented their course being traced aqueous part of the fluid, are almost as by the eye.

elastic as caoutchouc; but at the same time The people of the country say, that the they are as much disposed to become putrid rhinoceros is much an overmatch for the as gelatine. The natives give the name of elephant; as the former being very nimble, cheese to the coagulum, which is separated gets round the elephant, makes his attack by the contact of the air ; in the course of in the same manner as the wild boar, and five or six days it becomes sour. The milk, rips up the belly of his antagonist.

kept for some time in a corked phial, had Gas Lights. By the list of the Local deposited a little coagulum, and still exhalActs, it appears, that legal powers were ob ed its balsamic odour. If the recent juice tained, in the last session of Parliament, to be mixed with cold water, the coagulum is light with gas.

formed in small quantity only; but the seBath, Liverpool,

paration of the viscid membranes occurs Leeds,

Edinburgh, when it is placed in contact with nitric acid. Nottingham, Worcester,

This remarkable tree seems to be peculiar Oxford,

Kidderminster, to the Cordilliere du Littoral, especially Sheffield,

Brighthelmstone, from Barbula to the lake of Maracaybo. rten of the most considerable and most in. There are likewise some traces of it near the telligent cities and towns in the empire. village of San Mateo ; and, according to ,

Gas Light Apparatus. Mr Mair, of the account of M. Bredmeyer, in the valley Kelso, has, by a simple process, construct of Caucagua, three days journey to the east ed an apparatus which produces gas suf- of the Caraccas. This naturalist has likeficient to supply ten different burners, the wise described the vegetable milk of the cow. fiame of each far surpassing that of the tree as possessing an agreeable flavour and largest candle, and which completely il an aromatic odour; the natives of Caucagua luminaté his shop, work-shop, and dwel, call it the milk-tree. ling-house, with the most pure pellucid

New Researches on Heat.-MM. Dulong brightness, the cost of which is only about and Petit have lately given to the world a three. pence per night.. Wax cloth bags Memoir on Heat, which gained the prize, have been invented, which, when inflated, medal for 1818, of the Academy of Sciences. with gas, are removed at pleasure from place The title of the paper is, “ On the Measure to place, and when ignited, they answer all of Temperatures, and on the Laws of the the purposes of candles. By this process, Communication of Heat.it would seem that any person, with bags as Law l. If the cooling of a body placed above prepared, may be furnished with gas in a vacuum terminated by a medium abfrom the coal-pits, and apply the gas so solutely deprived of heat, or of the power of procured to whatever number of tubes for radiating, could be observed, the velocity of lights he has occasion for.

cooling would decrease in a geometrical proCoro Tree.-M. Humboldt and his com- gression, whilst the temperature diminished, panions, in the course of their travels, heard in an arithmetical progression. an account of a tree which grows in the 2. For the same temperature of the bounvalleys of Aragua, the juice of which is a dary of the vacuum in which a body ishourishing milk, and which, from that cir- placed, the velocity of cooling for the excess cumstance, has received the name of the of temperature, in arithmetical progression, cow-tree. The tree in its general aspect re will decrease, as the terms of geometrical sembles the chrysophyllum cainito; its leaves progression diminished by a constant numare oblong, pointed, leathery, and alternate, ber. The ratio of this geometrical progresmarked with lateral veins, projecting down“ sion is the same for all bodies, and equal to wards; they are parallel, and are ten inches 1.0077. long. When incisions are made into the 3. The velocity of cooling in a vacuum trunk, it discharges abundantly, a glutia for the same excess of temperature increases nous milk, moderately thick, without any in a geometrical progression, the temperaacridness, and exhaling an agreeable balsa- ture of the surrounding body increasing in mic odour. The travellers drank consider. an arithmetical progression. The ratio of able quantities of it without experiencing the progression is also 1.0077 for all bodiese any injurious effects; its viscidity only ren 4. The velocity of cooling due to the condering it rather unpleasant. The superin- tact of a gas is entirely independent of the tendent of the plantation assured them that nature of the surface of bodies. the negroes acquire flesh during the season 5. The velocity of cooling due to the con

tact of a fluid (gas), varies in a geometrical even and fine grain, which are capable of progression, the excess of temperature vary, taking a good polish with pumice-stone, and ing also in a geometrical progression. If having the quality of absorbing water, may the ratio of the last progression be 2, that of be used for lithography. the first is 2.35; whatever the nature of the Composition of the Ink.--Heat a glazed gas, or whatever its force of elasticity. This earthen vessel over the fire ; when it is hot, law may also be expressed by saying, that introduce one pound by weight of white the quantity of heat abstracted by a gas in Marseilles soap, and as much mastic in all cases proportional to the excess of the grains ; melt these ingredients, and mix temperature of the body raised to the power them carefully; then incorporate five parts of 1.233.

by weight of shell lac, and continue to stir 6. The cooling power of 'a fluid (gas) di- it; to mix the whole, drop in gradually a minishes in a geometrical progression, when solution of one part of caustic alkali in five its tension or elasticity diminishes also in a times its bulk of water. Caution, however, geometrical progression. If the ratio of must be used in making this addition, bethis second progression be 2, the ratio of cause should the ley be put in all at once, the first will be for air 1.366; for hydrogen the liquor will ferment and run over. When 1.301 ; for carbonic acid 1.431 ; for olefiant the mixture is completed by a moderate gas 1.415. This law may be expressed in heat and frequent stirring, a proportionate the following manner :

quantity of lamp-black must be added, after The cooling power of gas is, other things which a sufficient quantity of water must be being equal, proportionate to a certain poured in to make the ink liquid. power of the pressure. The exponent of Drawing. This ink is used for drawing this power, which depends on the nature of ing on the stone, in the same manner as on the gas, is for air 0.45 ; for hydrogen 0.315; paper, either with a pen or pencil ; when for carbonic acid 0.517; for olefiant gas the drawing on the stone is quite dry, and 0.501.

an impression is required, the surface of the 7. The cooling power of a gas varies stone must be wetted with a solution of ni. with its temperature ; so that, if the gas can tric acid, in the proportion of fifty to one of dilate so as to preserve the same degree of water ; this must be done with a soft sponge, elasticity, the cooling power will be found taking care not to make a friction in the diminished by the rarefaction of the gas, drawing. The wetting must be repeated as just as much as it is increased by its being soon as the stone appears dry ; and when heated ; so that ultimately it depends upon the effervescence of the acid has ceased, the its tension alone.

stone is to be carefully rinsed with clean It may be perceived, from the above propositions, that the law of cooling, com Printing..

While the stone is moist, it posed of all the preceding laws, must be should be passed over with the printer's ball very complicated; it is not therefore given charged with ink, which will adhere only to in common language, but may be found in those parts not wetted.

A sheet of paper, a mathematical form in the body of the me- properly prepared for printing, is then to moir.

be spread on the stone, and the whole comLithography. The French Academy of mitted to the press, or passed through a rolFine Arts, having appointed a Committee ler. to examine the lithographical drawings of To preserve the drawing on the stone M. Engelmann of Mulhause, in the Upper from dust, when not in use, a solution of Rhine, have reported, that the stone must gum-arabic is passed over it, which can be be rendered capable of imbibing water, and easily removed by a little water. Instead also of receiving all greasy or resinous sub- of ink, chalk crayons are sometimes used stances. The first object can be effected by for drawing upon the stone or upon paper, an acid, which will corrode the stone, take from which a counter-proof is taken upon off its fine polish, and thus make it suscep

the stone. The crayons are thus made tible of water.

Any greasy substance is three parts of soap, two parts of tallow, and capable of giving an impression upon stone, one part of wax, are all dissolved together whether the lines be made with a pencil or in an earthen vessel. When the whole is with ink; or otherwise, the ground of a well mixed, a sufficient quantity of lampdrawing may be covered with a black greasy black, called Frankfort black, to give it an mixture, leaving the lines in white.

intense colour, is added ; the mixture is Hence result two distinct processes : first, then poured into moulds, where it must rethe engraving, by tracing, produced by the main till it is quite cold, when it will be line of the pencil, or brush dipped in the proper to be used as chalk pencils. greasy ink : secondly, the engraving by dots French Kaleidoscopes. Our readers will or lines, as is done on wood or copper. no doubt have seen the various paragraphs

Impressions of prints may be easily ob- in the French papers respecting the im. tained without any reversing, by transpos. provements on the kaleidoscope, and will ing on the stone a drawing traced on paper have formed their own opinion of the prewith the prepared ink.

tensions of that class of inferior opticians. All kinds of close calcareous stone, of an We have had occasion to see several of their

water.

Deaths.
General,
Captain.

Ensign.
Lord Muncaster, of late 4 Royal Leman, Royal. Afr. Corps Vernon, 80 F. 2 Aug. 1818
Vet. Bn. 29th July 1818
Majors.
Lieutenants.

Surgeons.
Walmesley, 82 F. 17th do. Ferguson, 10 F.

Crake, 67 F. Elder, h. p. 31 F.

Roife, 58 F. 24th May 1818 Schooles, 81 F. 7th July
Butcher, ħ. p. 92 F.

16th Aug
M'Connell, 75 F.

Armstrong, City of Dub. Mil.
Green, h. p. Portu. Service

COMMERCIAL REPORT.-Sept. 11th 1818.

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Sugars. The market for Sugar has, during last month, been upon the whole lively, and the prices good. There has been some fuctuation in prices, but nothing of a magnitude to alter the general results. The stock on hand in London is 11,000 casky less than at the same period last year. As the greater proportion of the crops from the West Indies are now arrived, the prices can hardly fail to be maintained, if not to become higher. The crops this year in the Colonies have been unusually late, owing to the exces. sive wet weather in the early part of the season, which always injures the succeeding crop. When the first rains commence in June, if the canes cannot be got soon and regularly weeded, they get overrun with weeds, which prevent them from becoming as thick on the ground as they otherwise would.

When employed in taking off the latter part of the crop at this period, as has been the case this season, this labour cannot be attended to. In consequence of which, an evil is sustained which cannot be remedied. The following crop, if good, can never be any thing uncommon. Sugars, therefore, may be expected to keep high prices from this cause alone, independent of any other cause which may occur to raise them.-Coffee. The prices of this article, as might have been expected, have fluctuated greatly. Prices have, however, given way considerably, and the market is at present heavy and dull. The stock on hand in London, is at present 5,400 tons, being 4,300 less than at the same period last year. The market for this article is likely to fluctuate considerably for some time, as the breath of speculation may move it, till it finds its proper level, and it is ascertained how far the supply is adequate to the demand. At present, it is a very unsafe article for the speculator to meddle with. ---Cotton. The prices of this article have remained steady, and been fully supported, notwithstanding the total stagnation which had taken place in the spinning business in the chief manufacturing districts in England. Now that the unpleasant dispute between the masters and workmen are settled, or in a fair train of being so, it may reasonably be presumed, that Cotton will maintain its price, and the demand continue in full, if not in increased, activity. The quantity imported this year, exceeds that to the same period last year, by 130,000 bags. The crops in America are represented as having suffered considerably from excessive dry weather in

June and July. The prices in the East Indies are raised to an unprecedented height, by native speculators, in consequence of the great demand from Europe. The consequences are likely to prove very injurious to those engaged, or newly engaging in that trade, as it is scarcely to be expected that they can obtain the high prices in this country, to which the first cost, freight, and charges, entitle them. The consequences also may be very various, in a political point of view, to our national interests in India. Cotton exported to Great Britain, from that portion of our empire, is allowed duty free, while for internal consumpt it bears a considerable tax. The produce of our Cotton manufactures is allowed to be imported duty free into India, while their own productions are heavily taxed. This cannot fail to make a deep and unfavourable impression upon the minds of the more active and intelligent classes in India ; namely, the labouring and commercial bodies, to our interests, which they must consider as partial and oppressive to them. Corn. Notwithstanding the favourable appearance of the Grain last month, it advanced in price. During last week, the prices have been steady, and the sales of Flour limited. The probability is

, that Grain has reached its highest price for this season.-- Irish Provisions. In the article of Beef few sales have been made. The holders, however, anticipate higher prices, from the high prices of Pork. This article is in brisk demand.—Tobacco. The prices for some days remain steady, and the demand good. A report was industriously circulated some weeks ago, of the great scarcity of this article, both in America and the different markets in Europe. This probably originated with some interested speculators, but it does not ap. pear to have had the effect on the market which they anticipated. —Hemp, Flax, and Tallow. The latter article has been in great demand, and at a very considerable advance. Hemp is also in considerable request. Flax may be stated as formerly.-Rum, Brandy, and Hollands. The price of Rum has lately advanced, but the prices at that advance are now become nominal. Brandy is more in demand, and at advanced rates. Owing to excessive dry weather, the vintage in France is greatly fallen off in quantity, which must have the effect of keeping the price of Brandy high. Geneva is without variation.Dyewoods. Logwood has continued in demand. Considerable sales have been made in

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