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be transmitted to the Society before the end doubtful whether this be the true matrix of of September 1819.

the diamond, or only a consolidation of parNero Mineral, Hydrate. of Silicia and ticles around it. Alumind.-M. Leon Dufour has found a Zircon. This mineral has, we undermineral in the neighbourhood of Saint Se- stand, been discovered by Dr MacCulloch ver, which appears to be new. It occurs in in Sutherland. It occurs in a compound an argillaceous gravelly soil, in detached rock, formed of copper coloured mica, hornpieces, from two to four or five inches in blende, and felspar. This rock forms one diameter. It is generally of a fine white of the occasional beds in the gneiss, and colour, without lustre, but is found some- bears a resemblance in its composition to times with the semi-transparency of opal. the zircon syenite of the north of Europe: Its hardness is between that of limestone the crystals, a quarter of an inch in length, and lithomarga, and in many characters it are well defined, and their colour is an obapproaches to the latter substance. Its frac- scure crimson, approaching to that of cinnature is dull ; its composition homogenous. mon. It is easily cut by a knife, and yet is sin, Dr Bouée last summer met with the same gularly, fragile : when struck by a hammer, mineral in gneiss, near Fort Augustus in it breaks into very angular pieces. It is Inverness-shire. soft to the touch, and may be polished very Newly discovered Membrane in the Eye. highly by friction. It adheres strongly to -Dr Jacob, Demonstrator of Anatomy in the tongue, but has no argillaceous or earthy the University of Dublin, has discovered, odour when breathed upon. It does not ef- and demonstrated in his lectures on the disa fervesce with acids, nor form with water a eases of the eye, this spring, a membrane ductile paste. Its colour is not changed by covering the external surface of the retina, heat. It has been observed to diffuse a very in man

and other animals. Its extreme desingular smell of apples, particularly when licacy accounts for its not having been hinewly fractured.

therto noticed. He arrived at the discovery An analysis, made by M. Pelletier, has by means of a new method of displaying given the constituents of 100 parts of this and examining this and other delicate parts

. mineral, as silex 50, alumine 22, water 26, He argues from analogy, the necessity of there being a loss of 2 parts.

the existence of such a membrane, as Siliciferous Sub-sulphate of Alumine.-

parts so different in structure and function, Dr Henry of Manchester has described and as the retina and choroid coat must otheranalysed a peculiar substance, apparently wise be in contact, in contradiction to the result of slow chemical action, found in the provisions of the animal economy in the old hollows of a coal mine. It has general. A detailed account of the disexactly the appearance, as well as consist- covery, with the method of displaying the ency, of hogs-lard, and was mistaken at

membrane, is in preparation, and will shortfirst for it by the miners. Its taste is sub- ly be laid before the public. acid. It dries in the air, splitting like Plate presented to Dr Paris. On Tuesstarch. When heated strongly, it becomes day, the 16th instant, a deputation of noble

. so hard as to scratch glass. An analysis men and gentlemen of the county of Corngave its proportions as follows:

wall, waited upon Dr Paris, at his house Water,

m88.1 in Dover Street, with a magnificent present Alumine,

6.5 of plate for his acceptance. The inscription, Sulphuric acid,mamaraan 3.0 which is engraved on a massy silver waiter, Silica,

2.4

records the services for which it was given.

To John Ayrton Paris, M.D. F.L.S. Fel. 1.00 low of the Royal College of Physcians of

London, this plate is inscribed by the nobleIt has been called siliciferous sub-sulphate men, representatives in Parliament, and genof alumine.

tlemen of the county of Cornwall, in testiSliding Mountain. A large portion of mony of their grateful sense of his services

, mountain, covered with rocks and fir trees, in originating the plan, and promoting the separated from the highest region on the institution of the Royal Geological Society 4th of April, near the village of Soncebos, of the county, which has rendered their in the valley of St Imier in Switzerland, home the school of science, and their native and covered, with its stupendous wreck, riches increasing sources of prosperity.” more than 300 paces of the great road to Iron in Caithness. There are strong apBrienne. A few moments later, a party of pearances of iron upon the coast, about the travellers, who were witnesses of this terrific Ord of Caithness, and in many places bespectacle, would have been its victims.

tween the Ord and Wick, and to the northEmbedded Diamonds.-An aggregate sub- ward of Wick. The coast of Caithness is stance has been found in the Diamond remarkable for pretty high rocky cliffs, in Mines on the banks of the river ligitonhonha which great numbers of veins or perpendi

. in Brazil, containing or enveloping dia- cular mineral fissures appear, many

of which monds, gold, iron, &c. The rock consists contain iron ore.

Some of these have been of an aggregate of small quartz pebbles, observed near the old ruinous castle of Girfirmly set in indurated iron sand ; but it is nigo, and the Castle of Arkergil. These

texture.

veins appear to be bold and roomy, and to rope the result of his operations for ascer. contain plenty of good iron ore, from the taining the heights of some of the principal abundance of a bright red iron earth found mountains in the Nepaul country; from in the surface of them. There is great a- which it is found, that many of those mounbundance of bog ore over all the low coun- tains much exceed in height any before try of Caithness. In many places it almost known; that out of 27 peaks, 19 are higher covers the whole face of the ground to a than Cimboraso, and that the highest ex. considerable depth. It is easily known and ceeds the mountain of the Andes (heretofore distinguished by the friable constitution of supposed the highest in the world), nearly its misshapen masses, by its external black. 5,000 feet. Lieutenant Webb’s results were ish and rusty colour, and by its internal transmitted by a correspondent, to the Ediblackish gray colour and granulated porous tor of the Madras Gazette, and published

It is always found loose on the in that paper, from which we copy the fol. surface of the ground in the same manner lowing table, in which the altitude above as float ore, without any connexion with the the sea is calculated. vein or stratum.

Peaks. Feet.

Peaks. Feet. Discovery of Antimony in Banffshire.

i 22,345

15 22,419 A promising appearance of antimony ore has 2 22,058

16 17,994 been lately discovered on the estate of Lord 3 22,840

17 19,153 Fife. This ore, we understand, has been 4 21,611

18 21,439 examined by Professor Jameson, who finds

19,106

19 22,635 that it is the radiated gray antimony, and 6 22,498

20 20,407 contains 70 parts antimony and 30 of sul.

22,578

21 19,099 phur. We trust this very promising dis- 8 23,164

22 19,497 covery will be vigorously pursued.

9 21,311

23 22,727 Two New Minerals. We understand 10 15,733

24 22,238 that Dr Macculloch has discovered two new 11 20,686

25 22,277 minerals in Scotland, an account of which 12 23,263

26 21,045 will be given in his work on the Hebrides. 13 22,310

27 20,923 We have obtained the following sketches of 14 25,669 their prominent characters.

The first is easily recognised by its re- Copper in Caithness. Many of the mi. semblance to indurated steatite or noble ser- neral veins on this coast contain copper, sepentine, and by its green colour, on a fresh veral are hollowed by the waves of the sea fracture, shortly turning to black, when it washing out the softer mineral soils. There can scarcely be distinguished by the eye are several fine rake veins tending towards from jet or drycoal : it is also infusible be. the north and south, and others towards an fore the blowpipe. Dr M. has given it the east and west direction, near the castle of name of chlorophacite, from its most obvi. Old Wick. These veins intersect one anous property. It occupies amygdaloidal ca- other at right angles, and in some of them vities in the trap rocks.

pretty good copper ore is found. The veins The second is a white powder, of a harsh at Wick are remarkably good and promise feel, but incapable of scratching glass, and ing, and regularly open between the sides, nearly as fusible as that substance, produc. containing some copper ore, even at the suring a transparent colourless bead; charac- face, with various other mineral soils, both ters sufficient to distinguish it from any mi- hard and soft. One of the places is on the neral hitherto described. It occupies similar cliff of the sea, about half way down from cavities in trap, and he has given to it, from its summit, in a strong bold vein containing its leading character, the name of conite. some copper ore ; but as most of the miner

Caducium.-Another New Metal.-M. al soils in this vein were hard, there was but Gay Lussac communicated, in the last little done in it. The other vein was found sitting of the French Academy of Sciences, open and good, immediately below the up a note upon a new metal, which has receive per soil, containing spar and vein-stone, and ed the name of caducium, discovered by a blackish brown chun, or soft mineral soil, Professor Stromeyer of Gottingen. The with some copper ore at the very surface. caducium is white as tin, very ductile, com- The copper was found in small masses on bines easily with other metals, fuses and vo. the chun, and mixed or blended through latizes in less time than zinc. It is found all the vein-stones and spar. It did not apin abundance in the mines of this last metal. pear to be very rich in quality ; but, perIts specific weight is 8.65. This discovery, haps, that is not ultimately against it. In M. Gay Lussac expects, will be of great con- Cornwall, where they have the richest copsequence to the arts, on account of the pro- per mines, the ore is generally poor in quaperties which the new metal possesses ; and lity, which defect is compensated by the of those which it can communicate to metals great quantity produced ; and if we may with which it is capable of amalgamating. judge from appearances, Old Wick promises

On ascertaining the heights of Mountains to be a productive copper mine, when the in India. Lieutenant Webb, of the Ben- best veins are opened and effectually explorgal Establishment, has transmitted to Eu. ed. Inverness Courier.

WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.

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Dr Busby's Musical Grammar, compris.

ing the Developement of the Harmonic DR AYRE of Hull, will soon publish, in Science, from its first rudiments to the most an octavo volume, Practical Observations abstruse of its rules, is just ready for publion Marasmus, and those disorders allied to cation. it, that may be strictly denominated bilious. A work, entitled Universal Commerce,

The Hon. and Rev. E. 1. Turnour has by the Editor of Mortimer's Commercial in the press, the Warning Voice, a sacred Dictionary, will appear in the course of the poem, addressed to Infidel Writers of ensuing month. Poetry.

A Description of the Islands of Java, The Rev. R. Brook is preparing for pub- Bali, and Celebes, with an Account of the lication, the State and Progress of Religious principal Nations and Tribes of the Indian Liberty, from the first propagation of Chris- Archipelago, by John Crawford, Esq. late tianity in Britain to the present time. resident at the Court of the Sultan of Java,

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intimate acquaintance with the district of Dr Clarke Abel will soon publish, Per- the Lakes, and its Curiosities, had frequentsonal Observations made during the Pro- ly occasioned him to be selected as a guide gress

of the British Embassy through China, to visitors, is about to publish an improved and on its Voyage to and from that Coun- Map of all the Lakes in Cumberland, West. try, in a quarto volume, illustrated by en- moreland, and Lancashire. gravings.

A small volume will soon appear, Mr J. W. Whittaker of St John's Col- entitled, Nugæ Modernæ, or Morning lege, Cambridge, has in the press, a Critical Thoughts and Midnight Musings ; by Mr Examination of Mr Bellamy's Translation Park, Editor of Nugæ Antiquæ. of Genesis ; comprising a Refutation of his Mr Carmichael of Dublin, will shortly Calumnies against the English Translators publish, Observations on the Symptoms and of the Bible.

Specific Distinctions of Venereal Diseases ; Mr John Nichols is preparing for public interspersed with Hints for the more Effeccation, in three octavo volumes, the Miscel. tual Prosecution of the Present Inquiry into laneous Works of the late George Hardinge, the Uses and Abuses of Mercury in their Esq.

Treatment. Dr Spiker's Travels through England are Mr A. A. Watts is preparing a volume published at Berlin, and an English Trans- of Poems for early publication. sation is preparing for the press.

M. La Beaume has in the press, ObJohn Galt, Esq. is preparing the Second servations on the Properties of the AirPart of the Life of Benjamin West, Esq. pump and Vapour-bath; pointing out their

M. A. Picquot is printing, a Chronologi- efficacy in Gout, Rheumatism, Palsy, &c. cal Abridgement of the History of Modern with Remarks on Factitious Airs, and on Europe, compiled from the best English, the Improved State of Electricity and GalFrench, and German Historians.

vinism, and their supposed efficacy in vari. Mr Wm Carey has in the press, a Bio- ous diseases. graphical Sketch of B. R. Haydon, Esq. Udine, a Fairy Romance, translated from with Critical Observations on his Paintings, the German of Baron de la Motte Fouque, and some notice of his Essays in the Public by Mr Soane, is in great forwardness for Journals.

publication. Dr Hallaran has in the press, a second Messrs Bentham and Ray, of Sheffield, edition, with considerable additions, of his will publish, on the 1st of August, the Practical Observations on the Causes and Northern Star, or Monthly Magazine for Cure of Insanity.

Yorkshire, Lancashire, Derbyshire, NorMaterials for Thinking, by the late Wil. thumberland, Cheshire, Nottinghamshire, liam Burdon, is reprinting, with many Al- and the adjoining counties ; being a conti. terations and Corrections, and a Portrait of nuation, on a more extensive scale, of the the Author.

Northern Star, or Yorkshire Magazine. The Author of Headlong Hall has in The editors allege, that they have already the press, a new Novel, entitled, Night obtained the co-operation and support of Mare Abbey.

the most distinguished literary characters in the north of England; and can promise of Poems and Songs, chiefly in the Scottish their readers much original information on dialect, by the late Richard Gall, is in the a yast variety of subjects.

press. Mr Gall died several years ago, in Consolations for Mourners; five Sermons, the bloom of youth, when his genius and by the late Rev. John Hill, are in consider- taste had introduced him to the notice of able forwardness.

gentlemen eminent in the literary world. The Meditations of a Neophyte are in the He enjoyed the friendship and correspond. press.

ence of Burns, Campbell, Macniell, and Translations of Memoirs of Lucien Bo- other celebrated poets of the day. It is said naparte, and of Anecdotes of the Court and that his Poems breathe a tenderness and Family of Napoleon, are just ready for pub- simplicity honourable to the head and heart lication.

of the author. Mr Harris of Walworth, will, in a few The Elements of Euclid, viz. the first six days, publish the Algebraist's Assistant, books, with the eleventh and twelfth, in written upon the plan of Walkingame's which the corrections of Dr Simpson are Arithmetic, and intended to follow that use- generally adopted, but the errors overlooked ful work in the course of instruction. by him are corrected, and the obscurities of

Dr Carey has in the press, an improved his and other editions explained : also, some edition of his larger work on Latin Prosody of Euclid's Demonstrations are restored, and Versification.

others made shorter and more general, and

several useful Propositions are added ; toEDINBURGH.

gether with Elements of Plane and Spheri

cal Trigonometry, and a Treatise on PractiWe are happy to inform our readers, that cal Geometry ; by Alexander Ingram, MaDr M Crie has in the press “ The Life of thematician, Leith, 8vo. Andrew Melville, containing Illustrations of Ruddiman's Latin Grammar, edited by the Ecclesiastical and Literary History of Dr Hunter, Professor of Humanity in the Scotland, during the latter part of the Six- University of St Andrews, 12mo. teenth and beginning of the Seventeenth Sentimental Scenes, selected from celeCentury; with an Appendix, consisting of brated Plays, &c.; by John Wilson. Third Original Papers.” 2 vols 8vo.

edition, 12mo. This work may be viewed as a continuation Early Genius, exemplified in the Juvenile of the history of the Scottish Church given in Pursuits of Eminent Foreigners, 18mo. the Life of John Knox, by the same author; In the press, and speedily will be pubbut as Melville, besides taking an active lished, Elegant Selections in Verse ; conpart in the public transactions of his time, sisting of short Extracts, chiefly from the was successively at the head of two of the Works of Scott, Byron, Southey, and other universities of Scotland, it will enter much popular Poets of the present age; by David more fully into the state of education and Grant, Teacher of English, Writing, &c. in the progress of literature than the author Aberdeen. found himself warranted to do in the Life The late Rev. Mr Scott of Perth is well of the Reformer.

known to have paid a great deal of attention We understand that Dr Brewster is pre- to the earlier periods of Scottish history, and paring for publication a Treatise on the particularly to those transactions which had Kaleidoscope, containing a full account of the any cornexion with the city in which he Principles and Construction of the Instru- was long a useful and much respected clerment, and of its application to the nume- gyman. We are happy to learn that he has rous branches of the fine and useful arts. left, in a state fit for publication, a History

Preparing for publication, An Essay on of the Life and Death of John Earl of the Office and Duties of the Eldership in Gowrie, in which he gives a variety of new the Church of Scotland. To which is added, and interesting details respecting what is an Account of the Management of the Poor commonly called the “ Gowrie Conspiracy.” in the Parishes of Paisley and Greenock. To the History he has prefixed some PreliTogether with a variety of Observations on minary Dissertations illustrative of his subthe Comparative State of the English and ject. The work is already in the press. It Scotch System of Poor Laws; on the Plans will appear in the form of an octavo volume, proposed in the Glasgow Report ; on the handsomely printed on royal paper, and Reasonings of the Edinburgh Review ; on containing nearly 350 pages. The price the Causes and Cure of Pauperism ; and will be One Guinea in boards; and as only on various other topics connected with the a limited number of copies will be thrown general Business of Charity and Provision off, it is hoped that such as are desirous to for the Poor ; by the Rev. Robert Burns, obtain it will lose no time in giving orders Paisley, author of a Letter to the Rev. Dr. for it to their booksellers. Chalmers on the Distinctive Character of Historical Account of Discoveries and Protestantism and Popery, &c. &c.

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