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and where they find their own Do&rine and Worship to differ from it in any thing which was then thought material, that they use their best Endeavours, and labour by Prayers to God, and Arguments to Men, to get all Things restored agreeable to that Platform. For my own part, I must declare, that whatever was then believed effential to the Christian Do&rine and Worship, I believe to be so still : Whatever was then the universal Practice of all Churches, I am persuaded ought to be so now. Nor let it be said, what can a private Bishop or Priest do in this Case? Should he discover never so many essential Defects in Do&rine or Worship, his Hands are so tied by Laws and Canons, that he has it not in his power to correct the least of them. For in fuch a Cafe, that is, in Matters effential to Chriftianity, no Laws or Canons can bind the Conscience; for no Human Authority can make void the Laws of Christ, or. give us a Dispensation for not observing them. It is true, a Man may expose himself to Suffering by ading contrary to such Laws: But Fear of suffering for the Truth's fake, whatever may be thought of it in this degenerate Age, never affrighted the Primitive Christians from their Duty. And they conquered by Suffering, and made more Converts by that Testimony which they gave to the Truth, by Dying for it, than they could do by Preach ing and Writing. So that Sanguis Martyrum est Semen Ecclefiæ, The Blood of the Martyrs is the Seed of the Church, became a Proverb. And I doubt not but if it should please God to call any Bishop or Priest, or other pious Christian, to suffer for doing his Endeavour to restore Primitive Truths, and give him Grace to bear with Courage and Constancy whatever may be indiced on him, it will be so far from doing any Differvice to those Truths, that it will make many Converts to them, and will be a means of propagating them further than they would have reached otherwise. Whatever is essential to Salvation must be had, whatever Hazards we run to obtain it. And therefore if any private Bishop or Priest find an essential Defe&t in the Do&rine or Worship of that Church to which he belongs, and has not means to get it amended by publick Authority or Allowance he is obliged to correct it within his own Cure , whatever Danger he runs by so doing. And for this reason, tho' I was sure to stand alone in the Pra&ice (as I thank God I am not) I would mix Water with the Wine at the Ministration of the holy Eucharist. I would offer the Eucharistick Bread and Cup to GOD the Father, as the Sacramental or Representative Body and Blood of his SON Jesus Christ our LORD. And I would also pray to GOD the Father to send the Holy Ghost upon the Euchariftick Elements, to make them the Body and Blood of CHRIST our SAVI O Ú R. And I shall pray for the Faithful departed, that they may rest in Peace, and obtain an happy Resurrection. For I am fully convinced that All THESE ARE NECESSARY, PRIMITIVE AND CATHOLICK Parts Of DIVINE WORSHIP, and therefore that no Human Authority can abolith or dispense with our Obligation to the Practice of them. And by GOD's Grace I intend to give my Reasons why I am so persuaded, in the Traes



which are to follow; and in the mean time shall refer myself to the Pamphlets lately published by a learned Gentleman; and which I have before mentioned, called, Reasons for restoring fome Prayers and Directions , as they stand in the Communion Service of the first reformed Liturgys compiled by the Bishops in the Second and Third Years of the Reign of King Edward VI. and the Defense of those Reasons.

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Books printed for and

fold by H. Clements, at the Half Moon in $. Paul's Churchyard.

R. Brett's Vindication of him: D Ꭰ

felf from the Calumnies thrown upon him in some late News Papers, wherein he is falfly charged with turning Papift.

The Independency of the Church upon the State, as to its pure Spiri. tual Powers, proved from the holy Scriptures, and the Writings of the Primitive Fathers, with Answers to fome Objections : Both by Thomas Brett, L. L. D.


Some Memorials concerning the Life of that Reverend Divine Doctor Richard Field, Prebendary of Windsor, and Dean of Glocester, the learned Author of Five Books of the Church; written by his Son Nathaniel Field, Rector of Stourton in the County of Wilts.

The Divine Authority of the Gospel: A Sermon preach'd in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London, before the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor, &c. By Tobias Swinden, M. A. Rector of Coxton, and Vicar of Shorn in Kent,

A Commentary upon the Prophet Isaiah. By William Lowth, B. D. Prebendary of Winchester.

A Commentary upon the Prophecy and Lamentations of Jeremiah, by the fame Author.


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