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ample account is prefixed of the circumstances, which individually gave rise to them. Only one regular list of these Forms has been discovered, and that where we should least have expected to discover it, viz. in Dr Williams's library, in Red-cross Street, London, a Dissenters' foundation of about 150 years standing. It occurs in a manuscript volume containing chiefly biographical notices, written, apparently, about the end of the seventeenth century and, it may be, by Dr Calamy, the eminent Nonconformist, and grandson of the no less eminent Presbyterian, divine. This list,

which enters somewhat into detail as to a few of the Services, and notices a good portion of those now reprinted between 1563 and 1601, commences thus: "There were severall forms of Prayer and Thanksgiving set forth in Queene Elizabeths Reigne upon severall Special Occasions, here followeth a list of the times and occasions of divers of them, taken out of a Printed Booke in 4°." Could the said 'Printed Booke' be recovered, we should obtain copies of two Forms (XXI., XLIII.), which seem to be completely lost; but, though searched for diligently, it is still missing. At the end of the list we are told, that "before all or most of these dayes of Fasting upon severall occasions in Queene Eliz. Reigne, there had been a Severe Prosecution of the Nonconformable Ministers, and a vigerous endeavor to suppress them from Preaching. 1. In Anno 1563. The first fast was for the Plague. A little before that, in Anno 1559, the Queenes Injunctions were put forth. And also, in Anno 1562, the Booke of Orders', which were very hard upon the Noncon

their Prayers, might be the more desirous to have their whole Service rendered intelligible.' Strype's Cranmer, Book i. chap. xxix. One of the two instances assigned to 1544 must, in the opinion of Dr Jenkyns (Remains of Cranmer, Vol. IV. p. 320), be referred to the following year. See Cranmer's Works, Parker Society edition, Vol. I. p. 154, note 2; and p. 188, note 1.

1 Parker (Strype's Life, p. 92.) framed 'Resolutions and Orders' in 1561 to serve for uniformity of ministration, and concord, in the church, until the meeting of a synod. But, surely, the writer has erred, and meant the Book of Orders sent by the archbishop to Grindal March the 28th, 1566, for distribution through the province of Canterbury. This was a re-publication, with amendments, of the Advertisements, which, though wanting the queen's sanction, he had caused to be printed about a year before. Ibid. p. 216.

formists, and had restrained many of them. 2. In Anno 1572 there was a Form of Prayer set forth to be used four dayes in a weeke. About that time the Nonconformists had been eruelly troubled with the Three Articles that Archb. Parker required them to subscribe to. Mr Field and Mr Wilcocks were imprisoned for writing the Admonition. [Neal, Vol. 1. pp. 190, 191.] 3. In Anno 1580 the Fast for the great Earthquake was kept every weeke. Before that Before that yeare there had been a very universall Check given to the spreading of the Gospell, and to the Nonconformable Preachers, by the suspension of Archb. Grindall, and the suppression of Prophesyings. 4. In Anno 1585, before Mr Bunney's Prayers and Exercises were set out, or the necessary and godly Prayers by the Bp. of London, which were put forth in the same yeare, there had been a universall and severe Prosecution of the Nonconformists for refusing to subscribe to Archb. Whitgift's Articles. [Strype's life, pp. 115, 125. Neal, Vol. 1. p. 308.] 5. In Anno 1593, Certain Prayers were put forth to be read four dayes in a weeke, for the Plague, by the Bp. of London. Before that there had been a most universall Prosecution of the Nonconformists: Mr Cartwright, Mr Egerton, and multitudes more of them had been, and some of them still were, in Prison."

Some libraries, of course, are richer in these Forms than others. Those, whence the greatest assistance was obtained, exist at Durham, Lambeth, Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and Colchester. Among the remains, indeed, of archbishop Harsnet's library, in the last-named place, is a volume in this department of literature invaluable, and whose preservation ought to be cared for most solicitously. An examination of the Privy Council Minutes for Orders respecting the observance of the Services, and of the records in the State Paper Office,

* Neither here, nor below (see p. 528), has the writer represented the matter accurately. The original passage runs, not onely on Sundayes and holy dayes, but also on Wednesdayes and Fridayes.'

3 Namely, to acknowledge the queen's supremacy, to agree to the Prayer Book with the Ordinal, and to allow the thirty-nine Articles of 1562. Subscription to the same three Articles Whitgift afterwards enforced, and in obedience to the same act passed in 1571.

* For the seventeenth of November, queen Elizabeth's accession-day. See some remarks by Brand (Popular Antiquities, Vol. 1. p. 318.) respecting the observance of this day even in very modern times.

as well as of the Registers at York, for the Services themselves, was instituted; of each of which, in this respect, a great expectation had been raised only to be disappointed. Some of the Forms, whose titles appear in the list, are not here reprinted numbers XXII., XXVII., and xxxv., because there seemed to be good reason for their omission: the others, because copies thereof could no where be discovered. The source, which in every instance furnished the transcript, is indicated between crotchets at the end of the title.

Sincere thanks are due to the Rev. W. Maskell for the ready access which he granted to his well-stored library of rare and choice books; also to the Rev. S. R. Maitland, the Rev. J. C. Crosthwaite, and the Rev. T. Lathbury, for the assistance so kindly rendered by them to the present publication. The editor equally wishes to acknowledge his obligations to the following gentlemen: P. de Bary, Esq. of the Privy Council Office, the Rev. E. J. Raines, librarian of the Minster library, York, the Rev. W. Greenwell, sublibrarian of bishop Cosin's library, Durham, the Rev. A. Tate, tutor of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and the late G. Stokes, Esq., of Cheltenham.

ERRATA.

p. 27, 1. 24, for alterations, read alteration, and omit the note. p. 301, 1. 29, read Etono.

1. 31, omit [edi.]

THE LITANY AND SUFFRAGES.

1558.

[The unique copy here reprinted is in the Library of the Rev. W. Maskell, Broadleaze, near Devizes.]

[LITURG. QU. ELIZ.]

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